Events on Sep 11

  • 0813Charles the Great crowns Louis I Emperor
  • 1297Battle at Stirling Bridge, Scottish rebel Wm Wallace beats English
  • 1304Willem III becomes Earl of Holland
  • 1557Catholic and Lutheran theology debated in Worm
  • 1649Massacre of Drogheda-Cromwell kills 3,000 royalists
  • 1649Oliver Cromwell seizes Drogheda Ireland, most inhabitants massacred
  • 1697Battle at Zenta: Prince Eugen van Savoye beats Turkish superior power
  • 1709Battle at Malplaquet: Engl / Aust / Dutch Great Alliance beat France
  • 1714French and Spanish troops under Duke of Berwick occupy Barcelona
  • 1741Queen Maria Theresa addresses Hungarian Parliament
  • 1773Benjamin Franklin writes "There never was a good war or bad peace"
  • 1777Battle of Brandywine, Pa; Americans lose to British
  • 1786Annapolis Convention to determine interstate commerce
  • 1789Alexander Hamilton appointed 1st Secretary of Treasury
  • 1814Battle of Lake Champlain, NY; American Navy defeats British
  • 1831Charles Darwin meets with Captain Fitzroy at Plymouth
  • 18391st Canadian track and field meet held (Caer Howell Grounds)
  • 18471st singing of Stephen Fosters "Susanna" (in Pittsburgh)
  • 1850"Swedish Nightingale" Jenny Lind gives 1st US concert
  • 1852Olympia Columbian is 1st newspaper published north of Columbia R
  • 1857Mountain Meadows Massacre-120 colonists killed by indians in Utah
  • 18751st newspaper cartoon strip
  • 1877Rijkslandbouwhoge school opens in Wageningen
  • 1881Triple landslides bury Elm Switzerland
  • 1883James Cutler patents postal mail chute
  • 1885Moses Hopkins, named Minister to Liberia
  • 1889Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Crooked Man" (BG)
  • 1893Bronx Gas and Electric Company opens on Frisby and Tremont Ave
  • 1893Shaku Soen is 1st Zen teacher to visit the West (Chicago)
  • 1895FA Cup stolen in Birmingham

Born on Sep 11

  • 1458Bernardo Accolti [Unico Aretino]: Italian writer (Virginia)
  • 1476Louise of Savoye: French mother / regentes of King Francois I
  • 1522Ulisse Aldrovandi: Italian biologist / medical
  • 1523Pierre de Ronsard: Poet
  • 1525Johan Georg: Elector of Brandenburg (1571-91)
  • 1584Thomas Erpenius [van Erpe]: Dutch orientalist / arabist (grammar)
  • 1614Philipp Buchner: Composer
  • 1700James Thomson: Songwriter (Rule Britannia)
  • 1741Johann J Angel: German author (Herr Lorenz Stark)
  • 1753Friedrich August Baumbach: Composer
  • 1764Valentino Fioravanti: Composer
  • 1786Friedrich Kuhlau: Composer
  • 1798Franz E Neumann: German mineralogist / mathematician / physicist
  • 1806Joshua Blackwood Howell: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
  • 1807Ignaz Lachner: Composer
  • 1813Conrad Feger Jackson: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1835William Wirt Allen: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1894
  • 1838John Ireland: Irish / US Archbishop of St Paul
  • 1844George Clement Martin: Composer
  • 1861Juhani Aho: Fins journalist / writer (Panu, Tuomio)
  • 1874Heinrich Kaspar Schmid: Composer
  • 1876Alfonso Broqua: Composer
  • 1877Feliks E Dzjerzjinski: Lithuania -- Founder (KGB)
  • 1877James Jeans: England, United Kingdom -- Physicist / mathematician / astronomer
  • 1883Asta Nielsen: Copenhagen, Denmark -- Actress (Joyless Street)
  • 1883Grogorij J Zinovjev [Gerson Radomyslski]: Russian
  • 1885Herbert Stothart: Composer
  • 1890Marius Moaritz Ulfrstad: Composer
  • 1891Noel Gallon: Composer
  • 1892Pinto Colvig: Oregon, United States -- Animation voice (Goofy, Pluto)

Died on Sep 11

  • 1297Hugh de Cressingham: English treasurer, dies in battle
  • 1599Cornelis de Houtman: Navigator (1st Dutch trip to Java), murder at 35
  • 1630John de White: Calvinist / banker to Prague, commits suicide
  • 1646Johann Stobaeus: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1712Giovanni D Cassini: French astronomer
  • 1713John Foot: Lawyer, dies at 65
  • 1721Rudolph J Camerarius: German Physician (sexuality plans)
  • 1789Luca Sorkocevic: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1848Henri-Philippe Gerard: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1870Eugenio Lucas y Padilla: Spanish poet, dies at about 46
  • 1888Domingo F Sarmiento: President of Argentina (1868-74), dies at 77
  • 1892Charles-Louis-Adolphe Vogel: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1896Anton Joseph Bruckner: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1898Adolphe-Abraham Samuel: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1917Georges Guynemer: French WWI pilot, dies at 22
  • 1922Louis Coerne: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1924Mieczyslaw Surzynski: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1948Mohammed Ali Jinnah: 1st Governor of Pakistan (1947-48), dies at 71
  • 1950John C Smuts: Co-found British RAF / South African Prime Minister (1919..48), dies at 80
  • 1954Licinio Refice: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1957Petar Stojanovic: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1958Robert Lach: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1959Paul Douglas: Actor (Adventure Theater), dies at 52
  • 1966Charlie Cantor: Actor (Artie-Ray Bolger Show), dies at 68
  • 1970Chester Morris: Actor (Diagnosis: Unknown), dies at 69
  • 1971Nikita Khrushchev: Dies of a heart attack at 77
  • 1971Percy Helton: Actor (Homer-Beverly Hillbillies), dies at 77
  • 1973Salvador Allende Gossens: President Chile (1970-73), dies at 65
  • 1976Jan Kunc: Composer, dies at 93
  • 1977Don Blackman: Actor (Old Man & Sea, Desert Legion), dies at 65

Historical events on September 12

  • 1015Henry I becomes Earl of Leuven
  • 1217French Prince Louis and English King Henry III sign peace treaty
  • 1396Crusaders under Earl of Nevers reaches Nicopolis
  • 1543Treaty of Venlo: Duke Willem of Gulik and Emperor Charles V
  • 1556Emperor Charles resigns, his brother Ferdinand van Austria takes over
  • 16241st submarine tested (London)
  • 1635Sweden and Poland sign ceasefire Treaty of Stuhmsdorf
  • 1639Viceroy Thomas Wentworth sails back to England
  • 1673Prince Willem III occupies Naarden
  • 1683Turkish troops attacks Vienna overthrows by Polish King Sobieski
  • 1695New York Jews petition Governor Dongan for religious liberties
  • 1703Emperor Leopold I ends contacts on Spanish heritage
  • 1703English army under Archduke Charles of Austria lands in Portugal
  • 1722Russian troops occupy Baku and Derbent on Persia
  • 1733Polish Landowners select Stanislaw Lesczynski King
  • 1745Duke of Toscane chosen German Emperor Frans I Stefanus
  • 1751Amsterdam refuses establishment of Jewish ghetto
  • 1758Charles Messier observes Crab Nebula and begins catalog
  • 1776Nathan Hale leaves Harlem Heights Camp (127th St) for spy mission
  • 1787Black Masons form 1st lodge
  • 1814Battle of North Point fought near Baltimore during War of 1812
  • 1840Composer Robert Schumann marries Clara Wieck
  • 1857423 die when "Central America" sinks off Cape Romain, South Carolina
  • 1862Battle of Harpers Ferry, Virginia
  • 18672nd synagogue in Curacao, Emanu-El of Willemstad, inaugurated
  • 1876King Leopold II opens Congo-conference
  • 1878Cleopatra Needle installed in London
  • 1882Belgian King Leopold II receives Pierre de Brazza
  • 1885Highest score (35) recorded in any 1st-class soccer match is set
  • 1888Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Greek Interpreter" (BG)

Born on September 12

  • 1559Lodovico Cardi da Cigoli: Italian painter / architect
  • 1575Henry Hudson: England, United Kingdom -- Navigator / explorer (Hudson River)
  • 1655Sebastien de Brossard: Composer
  • 1720Frederick Philipse III: NYC, New York -- Land owner (Bronx, Westchester and Putnam)
  • 1761Georg Friedrich Theodor Wolf: Composer
  • 1768Bemnjamin Carr: Composer
  • 1788Alexander Campbell: Irish / US founder (Disciples of Christ)
  • 1801Giuseppe Concone: Italian singing-teacher
  • 1803Frantisek Matej Hilmar: Composer
  • 1806Andrew Hull Foote: Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1863
  • 1811James Hall: US geologist (Natural history of NY)
  • 1818Richard Jordan Gatling: United States -- Inventor (hand-cranked machine gun)
  • 1829Anselm Feuerbach: German painter
  • 1829Charles Dudley Warner: Massachusetts, United States -- Newspaperman / author (Being a Boy)
  • 1830William Sprague: Governor of Rhode Island (1859-63)
  • 1852Hubert H Asquith: Premier Great Britain (L, 1908-16)
  • 1856Johann Heinrich Beck: Composer
  • 1857George H Breitner: Dutch impressionist painter / water colors painter
  • 1858Fernand Khnopff: Belgian painter / sculptor
  • 1871Friedrich: Romania -- Prince of Liechtenstein
  • 1876Flor Alpaerts: Flemish composer (Tyl Uilenspiegel, Pallieter)
  • 1877Maria "Marie" Hens: Flemish actress (Jane Eyre)
  • 1879Fausto Agnelli: Switzerland -- Painter
  • 1880Henry L Mencken: Baltimore, Maryland -- Newspaperman / critic (Prejudices)
  • 1887George Georgescu: Composer
  • 1888Maurice Chevalier: Paris, France -- Thanked heaven for little girls (Gigi)
  • 1890Guido Guerrini: Composer
  • 1891Adolph Weiss: Composer
  • 1892Alfred A Knopf: United States -- Publisher (1966 Alexander Hamilton Medal)
  • 1894Billy Gilbert: Louisville, Kentucky -- (Great Dictator, His Gal Friday)

Died on September 12

  • 0352Maximinus van Trier: Bishop of Trier / saint
  • 1012Guido van Anderlecht: Flemish pilgrim / saint
  • 1015Lambert I with the Beard: Count of Leuven, dies in battle at about 65
  • 1185Andronicus I Comnenus: Byzantine Emperor (1183-85), lynched
  • 1213Pedro II [el Catolico]: King of Aragon, dies in battle
  • 1362Innocent VI [Etienne Aubert]: Pope (1352-62)
  • 1500Albrecht III van Saxon-Meisen: Duke of Saxon, dies at 57
  • 1591Richard Grenville: Vice-admiral (Roanoke) dies in battle at 49
  • 1604Louis Gunther: Earl of Nassau, dies in battle at about 29
  • 1642Cinq Mars: French plotter, executed
  • 1647Joos Banckert: Swiss Admiral (Spanish silver fleet), dies at 48
  • 1660Jacob Cats [Father Cats]: Pension advisor of Holland, dies at 82
  • 1661Jacobus de la Torra: RC apostole vicar of Holland, dies at about 53
  • 1674Claes P "Nicolas" Tulip: Mayor of Amsterdam, dies at 80
  • 1683Afonso VI: Mentally ill King of Portugal (1656-67), dies at 40
  • 1691Johan Georg III: Monarch of Saxon (1680-91), dies at 44
  • 1732Eugene JP Earl the Merode: Belgian Marquis of Westerloo, dies at 58
  • 1739Reinhard Keiser: German conductor / Composer (Markus-Passion), dies at 65
  • 1764Jean Philippe Rameau: French Composer (Castor en Pollux), dies at 80
  • 1789Franz Xaver Richter: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1806Christian Gottfried Thomas: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1807Edward Miller: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1812Pyotr I Bagration: Georgian / Russian ruler / General, dies in battle
  • 1815Jose Mauricio: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1836Grabbe: Writer, dies at 34
  • 1871Karl Collan: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1877Julius Reitz: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1878Friedrich August von Alberti: Geologist (Triasic Age), dies at 83
  • 1879Peter Arnold Heise: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1894Rafael Nunez: Colombia -- 3 times President, dies at 68