Events on Sep 12

  • 1015Henry I becomes Earl of Leuven
  • 1217French Prince Louis and English King Henry III sign peace treaty
  • 1396Crusaders under Earl of Nevers reaches Nicopolis
  • 1543Treaty of Venlo: Duke Willem of Gulik and Emperor Charles V
  • 1556Emperor Charles resigns, his brother Ferdinand van Austria takes over
  • 16241st submarine tested (London)
  • 1635Sweden and Poland sign ceasefire Treaty of Stuhmsdorf
  • 1639Viceroy Thomas Wentworth sails back to England
  • 1673Prince Willem III occupies Naarden
  • 1683Turkish troops attacks Vienna overthrows by Polish King Sobieski
  • 1695New York Jews petition Governor Dongan for religious liberties
  • 1703Emperor Leopold I ends contacts on Spanish heritage
  • 1703English army under Archduke Charles of Austria lands in Portugal
  • 1722Russian troops occupy Baku and Derbent on Persia
  • 1733Polish Landowners select Stanislaw Lesczynski King
  • 1745Duke of Toscane chosen German Emperor Frans I Stefanus
  • 1751Amsterdam refuses establishment of Jewish ghetto
  • 1758Charles Messier observes Crab Nebula and begins catalog
  • 1776Nathan Hale leaves Harlem Heights Camp (127th St) for spy mission
  • 1787Black Masons form 1st lodge
  • 1814Battle of North Point fought near Baltimore during War of 1812
  • 1840Composer Robert Schumann marries Clara Wieck
  • 1857423 die when "Central America" sinks off Cape Romain, South Carolina
  • 1862Battle of Harpers Ferry, Virginia
  • 18672nd synagogue in Curacao, Emanu-El of Willemstad, inaugurated
  • 1876King Leopold II opens Congo-conference
  • 1878Cleopatra Needle installed in London
  • 1882Belgian King Leopold II receives Pierre de Brazza
  • 1885Highest score (35) recorded in any 1st-class soccer match is set
  • 1888Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Greek Interpreter" (BG)

Born on Sep 12

  • 1559Lodovico Cardi da Cigoli: Italian painter / architect
  • 1575Henry Hudson: England, United Kingdom -- Navigator / explorer (Hudson River)
  • 1655Sebastien de Brossard: Composer
  • 1720Frederick Philipse III: NYC, New York -- Land owner (Bronx, Westchester and Putnam)
  • 1761Georg Friedrich Theodor Wolf: Composer
  • 1768Bemnjamin Carr: Composer
  • 1788Alexander Campbell: Irish / US founder (Disciples of Christ)
  • 1801Giuseppe Concone: Italian singing-teacher
  • 1803Frantisek Matej Hilmar: Composer
  • 1806Andrew Hull Foote: Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1863
  • 1811James Hall: US geologist (Natural history of NY)
  • 1818Richard Jordan Gatling: United States -- Inventor (hand-cranked machine gun)
  • 1829Anselm Feuerbach: German painter
  • 1829Charles Dudley Warner: Massachusetts, United States -- Newspaperman / author (Being a Boy)
  • 1830William Sprague: Governor of Rhode Island (1859-63)
  • 1852Hubert H Asquith: Premier Great Britain (L, 1908-16)
  • 1856Johann Heinrich Beck: Composer
  • 1857George H Breitner: Dutch impressionist painter / water colors painter
  • 1858Fernand Khnopff: Belgian painter / sculptor
  • 1871Friedrich: Romania -- Prince of Liechtenstein
  • 1876Flor Alpaerts: Flemish composer (Tyl Uilenspiegel, Pallieter)
  • 1877Maria "Marie" Hens: Flemish actress (Jane Eyre)
  • 1879Fausto Agnelli: Switzerland -- Painter
  • 1880Henry L Mencken: Baltimore, Maryland -- Newspaperman / critic (Prejudices)
  • 1887George Georgescu: Composer
  • 1888Maurice Chevalier: Paris, France -- Thanked heaven for little girls (Gigi)
  • 1890Guido Guerrini: Composer
  • 1891Adolph Weiss: Composer
  • 1892Alfred A Knopf: United States -- Publisher (1966 Alexander Hamilton Medal)
  • 1894Billy Gilbert: Louisville, Kentucky -- (Great Dictator, His Gal Friday)

Died on Sep 12

  • 0352Maximinus van Trier: Bishop of Trier / saint
  • 1012Guido van Anderlecht: Flemish pilgrim / saint
  • 1015Lambert I with the Beard: Count of Leuven, dies in battle at about 65
  • 1185Andronicus I Comnenus: Byzantine Emperor (1183-85), lynched
  • 1213Pedro II [el Catolico]: King of Aragon, dies in battle
  • 1362Innocent VI [Etienne Aubert]: Pope (1352-62)
  • 1500Albrecht III van Saxon-Meisen: Duke of Saxon, dies at 57
  • 1591Richard Grenville: Vice-admiral (Roanoke) dies in battle at 49
  • 1604Louis Gunther: Earl of Nassau, dies in battle at about 29
  • 1642Cinq Mars: French plotter, executed
  • 1647Joos Banckert: Swiss Admiral (Spanish silver fleet), dies at 48
  • 1660Jacob Cats [Father Cats]: Pension advisor of Holland, dies at 82
  • 1661Jacobus de la Torra: RC apostole vicar of Holland, dies at about 53
  • 1674Claes P "Nicolas" Tulip: Mayor of Amsterdam, dies at 80
  • 1683Afonso VI: Mentally ill King of Portugal (1656-67), dies at 40
  • 1691Johan Georg III: Monarch of Saxon (1680-91), dies at 44
  • 1732Eugene JP Earl the Merode: Belgian Marquis of Westerloo, dies at 58
  • 1739Reinhard Keiser: German conductor / Composer (Markus-Passion), dies at 65
  • 1764Jean Philippe Rameau: French Composer (Castor en Pollux), dies at 80
  • 1789Franz Xaver Richter: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1806Christian Gottfried Thomas: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1807Edward Miller: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1812Pyotr I Bagration: Georgian / Russian ruler / General, dies in battle
  • 1815Jose Mauricio: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1836Grabbe: Writer, dies at 34
  • 1871Karl Collan: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1877Julius Reitz: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1878Friedrich August von Alberti: Geologist (Triasic Age), dies at 83
  • 1879Peter Arnold Heise: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1894Rafael Nunez: Colombia -- 3 times President, dies at 68

Historical events on September 13

  • 0604Sabinian begins his reign as Pope replacing Pope Gregory the Great
  • 1125Duke Lotharius of Supplinburg crowned as German King Lotharius III
  • 1549Pope Paul III signs Council of Bologna
  • 1553English Hugh Latimer arrested
  • 1556Charles V and Maria of Hungary march into Spain
  • 1574Turkish fleet recaptures Tunis
  • 1579Breda forms Union of Utrecht
  • 162516 Rabbis (including Isiah Horowitz) are imprisoned in Jerusalem
  • 1631Admiral Tholen conquerors 30+ Spanish frigates
  • 16631st serious slave conspiracy in colonial America (Virginia)
  • 1751England signs Austrian and Russian alliance
  • 1759British beat French forces at Plains of Abrahams (Quebec)
  • 1787Prussian army moves into Netherlands
  • 1788New York City becomes 1st capital of US
  • 17891st loan to US Government (from NYC banks)
  • 1800Curacao in English hands (until Jan 1803)
  • 1847American-Mexican war: US General Winfield Scott captures Mexico City
  • 18491st US prize fight fatality (Tom McCoy)
  • 1858Hamburg-US ship Austria catches fire and sinks, 471 die
  • 18611st naval battle of Civil War, Union frigate "Colorado" sinks privateer "Judah" off Pensacola, Florida
  • 1867Gen E R S Canby orders SC courts to impanel blacks jurors
  • 1869Jay Gould and James Fisk attempt to control US gold market
  • 1881Lewis Latimer invents and patents electric lamp with a carbon filament
  • 1882Battle at Count el-Kebir: British troops invade Egypt
  • 1883Cleveland Hugh Daily no-hits Philadelphia 1-0
  • 1883Hugh Daily, a one-armed pitcher for Cleveland (Forest City), tosses 1-0 no-hitter against Philadelphia
  • 189820,000 Paris construction workers go on strike
  • 1898Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film
  • 19061st airplane flight in Europe
  • 1907Interprovincial Rugby Football union (Big Four) forms with Hamilton Tigers, Toronto Argonauts, Ottawa Rough Riders and Montreal Foot Ball

Born on September 13

  • 1157Alexander Neckum / de Sancto Albano: English theologist / encyclopedist
  • 1520William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley: English Premier
  • 1551Pandolfo Zallamella: Composer
  • 1594Francesco Manelli: Composer
  • 1673Hercule Brehy: Composer
  • 1682Theodor Christleib Reinhold: Composer
  • 1688Luca Antonio Praedieri: Composer
  • 1739Giuseppe Sigismondo: Composer
  • 1751Henry Kobell: Dutch painter / cartoonist
  • 1755Oliver Evans: Pioneered high-pressure steam engine
  • 1806Joseph Lewis Hogg: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in 1862
  • 1806Moritz Ganz: Composer
  • 1813John Sedgwick: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
  • 1814Nicolas Beets [Hildebrand]: Dutch writer (Camera Obscura)
  • 1817John McAuley Palmer: US Union msj-General / (Gov-Ill, 1868-72)
  • 1818Olivier Gloux [Aimard]: French world explorer / writer (Grande Flibuste)
  • 1836John McCausland: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1927
  • 1841Johannes de Koo: Dutch journalist / stage writer
  • 1842Odon Peter Jozsef de Mihalovich: Composer
  • 1846Richard Kiepert: German cartographer (Africa)
  • 1847Charles Dupee Blake: Composer
  • 1851Walter Reed: US Army Surgeon ( proved mosquitoes transmit yellow fever)
  • 1858Catherinus Elling: Composer
  • 1860John J [Blackjack] Pershing: US commander (WWI)
  • 1862Dirk Bos: Dutch liberal 2nd Member of parliament
  • 1863Arthur Henderson: Britain -- Socialist / disarmament worker (Nobel 1934)
  • 1866Adolf Meyer: United States -- Psychiatrist / neurologist (pioneered mental hygiene)
  • 1871Alma Kruger: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania -- Actress (Made For Each Other)
  • 1874Arnold Franz Walter Schonberg: Vienna, Austria -- Composer (2nd Quartet)
  • 1876Sherwood Anderson: Winesburg, Ohio -- Author / publisher (Winesburg)

Died on September 13

  • 0081Titus Flavius Vespasianus: Emperor of Rome (69-81), dies at about 42
  • 1596Pieter D Keyzer / Keyser: Astronomer / navigator (Java)
  • 1598Philip II: King of Spain (1556-98), dies at 71
  • 1650Ferdinand: Of Bayern, prince-bishop of Luik / Archbishop, dies at 72
  • 1803John Barry: 1st American commodore
  • 1859Cornelis J van Axes: Lawyer, dies at 71
  • 1872Ludwig A Feuerbach: German philosopher (Man what he eats), dies at 68
  • 1881Ambrose Everett Burnside: US Union General, dies at 57
  • 1906Georg Jacobi: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1913Alfred Gaul: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1921Ludwig-Alexander von Battenberg [Mountbatten]: Admiral (WWI), dies at 67
  • 1924Pekka Hannikainen: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1932Julius Rontgen: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1932Paul Gorguloff: Murderer of French President Doumer, beheaded
  • 1938Samuel Alexander: Engl philosopher (Space, time & deity), dies at 79
  • 1948Paul Wegener: German actor / director (Golem, Svengali), dies at 73
  • 1950Sara Allgood: Irish actress (Jane Eyre, Spiral Staircase), dies at 56
  • 1959Gilbert Adrian: Costume designer, dies of heart attack at 56
  • 1960Leo Weiner: Hungarian Composer (Toldi), dies at 75
  • 1967Russell L Rogers: USAF / Astronaut (X-20), dies in explosion at 38
  • 1969Charles Foulkes: Canadian General / honorary citizen of Wageningen, dies at 66
  • 1971Nelly A "Nell" Knoop: Dutch actress (Silent Waters), dies at 72
  • 1973Betty Field: Actress (Kings Row), dies of cerebral hemorrhage at 60
  • 1977Leopold Stokowski: Symphonic conductors, dies in England at 95
  • 1981William Loeb: Publisher of Manchester Union Leader, NH, dies at 75
  • 1982Grace: Princess of Monaco, dies at 52 in a car crash
  • 1982Philip Ober: Actor (General Stone-I Dream of Jeannie), dies at 80
  • 1985Dane Rudhyar: Composer, dies at 90
  • 1987Mervyn Leroy: Actor / screenwriter / director (Quo Vadis), dies at 86
  • 1989Yamada Koun: Zen teacher Sanbo Kyodan line, dies at 82