Events on Sep 13

  • 0604Sabinian begins his reign as Pope replacing Pope Gregory the Great
  • 1125Duke Lotharius of Supplinburg crowned as German King Lotharius III
  • 1549Pope Paul III signs Council of Bologna
  • 1553English Hugh Latimer arrested
  • 1556Charles V and Maria of Hungary march into Spain
  • 1574Turkish fleet recaptures Tunis
  • 1579Breda forms Union of Utrecht
  • 162516 Rabbis (including Isiah Horowitz) are imprisoned in Jerusalem
  • 1631Admiral Tholen conquerors 30+ Spanish frigates
  • 16631st serious slave conspiracy in colonial America (Virginia)
  • 1751England signs Austrian and Russian alliance
  • 1759British beat French forces at Plains of Abrahams (Quebec)
  • 1787Prussian army moves into Netherlands
  • 1788New York City becomes 1st capital of US
  • 17891st loan to US Government (from NYC banks)
  • 1800Curacao in English hands (until Jan 1803)
  • 1847American-Mexican war: US General Winfield Scott captures Mexico City
  • 18491st US prize fight fatality (Tom McCoy)
  • 1858Hamburg-US ship Austria catches fire and sinks, 471 die
  • 18611st naval battle of Civil War, Union frigate "Colorado" sinks privateer "Judah" off Pensacola, Florida
  • 1867Gen E R S Canby orders SC courts to impanel blacks jurors
  • 1869Jay Gould and James Fisk attempt to control US gold market
  • 1881Lewis Latimer invents and patents electric lamp with a carbon filament
  • 1882Battle at Count el-Kebir: British troops invade Egypt
  • 1883Cleveland Hugh Daily no-hits Philadelphia 1-0
  • 1883Hugh Daily, a one-armed pitcher for Cleveland (Forest City), tosses 1-0 no-hitter against Philadelphia
  • 189820,000 Paris construction workers go on strike
  • 1898Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film
  • 19061st airplane flight in Europe
  • 1907Interprovincial Rugby Football union (Big Four) forms with Hamilton Tigers, Toronto Argonauts, Ottawa Rough Riders and Montreal Foot Ball

Born on Sep 13

  • 1157Alexander Neckum / de Sancto Albano: English theologist / encyclopedist
  • 1520William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley: English Premier
  • 1551Pandolfo Zallamella: Composer
  • 1594Francesco Manelli: Composer
  • 1673Hercule Brehy: Composer
  • 1682Theodor Christleib Reinhold: Composer
  • 1688Luca Antonio Praedieri: Composer
  • 1739Giuseppe Sigismondo: Composer
  • 1751Henry Kobell: Dutch painter / cartoonist
  • 1755Oliver Evans: Pioneered high-pressure steam engine
  • 1806Joseph Lewis Hogg: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in 1862
  • 1806Moritz Ganz: Composer
  • 1813John Sedgwick: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
  • 1814Nicolas Beets [Hildebrand]: Dutch writer (Camera Obscura)
  • 1817John McAuley Palmer: US Union msj-General / (Gov-Ill, 1868-72)
  • 1818Olivier Gloux [Aimard]: French world explorer / writer (Grande Flibuste)
  • 1836John McCausland: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1927
  • 1841Johannes de Koo: Dutch journalist / stage writer
  • 1842Odon Peter Jozsef de Mihalovich: Composer
  • 1846Richard Kiepert: German cartographer (Africa)
  • 1847Charles Dupee Blake: Composer
  • 1851Walter Reed: US Army Surgeon ( proved mosquitoes transmit yellow fever)
  • 1858Catherinus Elling: Composer
  • 1860John J [Blackjack] Pershing: US commander (WWI)
  • 1862Dirk Bos: Dutch liberal 2nd Member of parliament
  • 1863Arthur Henderson: Britain -- Socialist / disarmament worker (Nobel 1934)
  • 1866Adolf Meyer: United States -- Psychiatrist / neurologist (pioneered mental hygiene)
  • 1871Alma Kruger: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania -- Actress (Made For Each Other)
  • 1874Arnold Franz Walter Schonberg: Vienna, Austria -- Composer (2nd Quartet)
  • 1876Sherwood Anderson: Winesburg, Ohio -- Author / publisher (Winesburg)

Died on Sep 13

  • 0081Titus Flavius Vespasianus: Emperor of Rome (69-81), dies at about 42
  • 1596Pieter D Keyzer / Keyser: Astronomer / navigator (Java)
  • 1598Philip II: King of Spain (1556-98), dies at 71
  • 1650Ferdinand: Of Bayern, prince-bishop of Luik / Archbishop, dies at 72
  • 1803John Barry: 1st American commodore
  • 1859Cornelis J van Axes: Lawyer, dies at 71
  • 1872Ludwig A Feuerbach: German philosopher (Man what he eats), dies at 68
  • 1881Ambrose Everett Burnside: US Union General, dies at 57
  • 1906Georg Jacobi: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1913Alfred Gaul: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1921Ludwig-Alexander von Battenberg [Mountbatten]: Admiral (WWI), dies at 67
  • 1924Pekka Hannikainen: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1932Julius Rontgen: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1932Paul Gorguloff: Murderer of French President Doumer, beheaded
  • 1938Samuel Alexander: Engl philosopher (Space, time & deity), dies at 79
  • 1948Paul Wegener: German actor / director (Golem, Svengali), dies at 73
  • 1950Sara Allgood: Irish actress (Jane Eyre, Spiral Staircase), dies at 56
  • 1959Gilbert Adrian: Costume designer, dies of heart attack at 56
  • 1960Leo Weiner: Hungarian Composer (Toldi), dies at 75
  • 1967Russell L Rogers: USAF / Astronaut (X-20), dies in explosion at 38
  • 1969Charles Foulkes: Canadian General / honorary citizen of Wageningen, dies at 66
  • 1971Nelly A "Nell" Knoop: Dutch actress (Silent Waters), dies at 72
  • 1973Betty Field: Actress (Kings Row), dies of cerebral hemorrhage at 60
  • 1977Leopold Stokowski: Symphonic conductors, dies in England at 95
  • 1981William Loeb: Publisher of Manchester Union Leader, NH, dies at 75
  • 1982Grace: Princess of Monaco, dies at 52 in a car crash
  • 1982Philip Ober: Actor (General Stone-I Dream of Jeannie), dies at 80
  • 1985Dane Rudhyar: Composer, dies at 90
  • 1987Mervyn Leroy: Actor / screenwriter / director (Quo Vadis), dies at 86
  • 1989Yamada Koun: Zen teacher Sanbo Kyodan line, dies at 82

Historical events on September 14

  • 0891Stephen V ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1163Pastor Frederik forms convent at Mariengaarde Friesland
  • 1515Battle at Marignano ends in French / Venetian victory
  • 1629Spanish garrison surrenders to Prince Frederik Henry
  • 1662Netherlands and England sign peace treaty
  • 17161st lighthouse in US lit (Boston Harbor)
  • 1741George Frederick Handel finishes "Messiah" oratorio, after working on it non-stop for 23 days
  • 1759Austrian troops occupy Dresden
  • 1807Aaron Burr acquitted of a misdemeanor charge
  • 1812Napoleon occupies Moscow and fires start (fire extinguished on the 19th)
  • 1814Francis Scott Key inspired to write "Star-Spangled Banner"
  • 1829Peace of Adrianopel: ends Russian-Turkish war
  • 1830Princess WFLC Marianne marries Albrecht of Prussia
  • 1834Charles Darwins company passes Tagua-tagua-more Chile
  • 1847US Marines under General Scott enter Mexico City (halls of Montezuma)
  • 1848Alexander Stewart opens 1st US department store
  • 185218th Postmaster General: Samuel D Hubbard of Conn takes office
  • 1854Allied armies, including those of Britain and France, land in Crimea
  • 1856Battle of San Jacinto, Nicaragua defeats invaders
  • 1862Battle at South Mountain: Union troops chases away Confederates
  • 1862Battle of Munfordsville, Kentucky
  • 1862Federal troops escape from beleaguered Harpers Ferry West Virginia
  • 1876Leopold II closes Congo-conference
  • 1882British General Wolseley reaches Cairo
  • 1886George K Anderson of Memphis, Tennessee patents typewriter ribbon
  • 1891"Empire State Express" train goes from NYC to East Buffalo, a distance of 436 miles, in a record 7H6M
  • 1892AP Giannini marries Clorinda Cuneo
  • 1894Hottentotten uprising in Southwest-Africa fails
  • 1899Henry Bliss becomes 1st automobile fatality (NY)
  • 1903New York Giant Red Ames no-hits St. Louis, 5-0 in a 5 inning game

Born on September 14

  • 1486Agrippa von Nettesheim: German occultist / Alchemist / royal Astrologer
  • 1531Philipp Apianus [Bennewitz / Bienewitz]: German geography / cartographer
  • 1547Johan van Oldenbarnevelt: Dutch Grand Pensionary
  • 1644Gijsbert Cuper: Dutch classicist / regent
  • 1722Joseph Paul Ziegler: Composer
  • 1737Johann Michael Haydn: Composer
  • 1742James Wilson: Scot / US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1748Johann Paul Schulthesius: Composer
  • 1760M Luigi CZS Cherubini: Italian prodigy / composer
  • 1761Pavel Lambert Masek: Composer
  • 1768Georg Johann Schinn: Composer
  • 1792Gino Capponi: Italian Marquis / literary / Premier of Toscane
  • 1817Theodor Storm: German judge / author (Imense China)
  • 1819Henry Jackson Hunt: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1889
  • 1835J A de Smit-Rog: Oldest citizen of the Netherlands (Died 1940)
  • 1835Joseph Hayes: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1912
  • 1835YES de Smit-Rog: Oldest citizen of the Netherlands (Died 5 / 30 / 1940)
  • 1836Abraham PC Van Karnebeek: Dutch Foreign Minister (Liberal, 1918-27)
  • 1838John Pelham: Major (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1840George Elbridge Whiting: Composer
  • 1849Ivan Pavlov: Russia -- Physiologist / pioneer in psychology (Nobel 1904)
  • 1864Lord Cecil of Chelwood: United Kingdom -- Help form League of Nations (Nobel 1937)
  • 1864Robert Cecil: Viscount of Chelwood (Nobel 1937)
  • 1867Charles Dana Gibson: Illustrator (drew "Gibson Girl")
  • 1879Margaret Sanger: Feminist / nurse / birth control proponent
  • 1880Paul Fechter: German writer (Der Zauberer Gottes)
  • 1882Harald Fryklof: Composer
  • 1883Martin Dibelius: German theologist (Die Lade Jahwes)
  • 1886Jan Garrique Masaryk: Czechoslovakia -- Statesman / Minister to London (1918-35)
  • 1887Karl Taylor Compton: Physicist / atomic bomb Scientist

Died on September 14

  • 0258Thascius C Cyprian: Saint / Bishop of Carthage, dies at 58
  • 0407Johannes Chrysostomus: Patriarch
  • 0891Stephen V [VI]: Italian Pope (885-91)
  • 1146Imad ad-Din Zengi: Gov of Basra, murdered
  • 1321Dante Alighieri: Italian Poet (Divine Commedy), dies at 56
  • 1523Adrian VI [Adriaan F Bieyens]: Only Dutch Pope (1522-23), dies at 64
  • 1538Henry of Nassau-Dillenburg and Dietz: Viceroy of Holland
  • 1637Pierre Vernier [Peter Werner]: French mathematician
  • 1645Heinrich Steuccius: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1646Thomas H Earl of Arundel: English art collector (Marbles)
  • 1693Aert Jansz van Nes [Young boer Jaep]: Lieutenant Admiral, dies at 67
  • 1712Jean [Giovanni] D Cassini: Italian / French astronomer
  • 1743Johann Michael Muller: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1750Carl T Pachelbel: US Organist / Composer
  • 1759Louis Joseph Montcalm: French General (Plains of Abraham), dies at 47
  • 1763Johann Philipp Sack: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1788John Penn: US attorney, signed (Declaration of Independence), dies at 47
  • 1788Theodore-Jean Tarade: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1819Erik Acharius: Swedish botanist
  • 1836Aaron Burr: 3rd VP
  • 1836Vincenzo Lavigna: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1844Oliver Holden: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1852Arthur Wellesley: General / Duke of Wellington, dies at 83
  • 1852James F Cooper: Writer, dies at 62
  • 1861Fortunato Santini: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1862Jesse Lee Reno: Union General Major (Reno Nevada), dies at 39
  • 1862Samuel Garland, Jr.: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 1872Yury Nikolayevich Golitsin: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1886Hubert Reis: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1887Friedrich T Vischer: German philosopher / writer (Auch einer)