Events on Sep 14

  • 0891Stephen V ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1163Pastor Frederik forms convent at Mariengaarde Friesland
  • 1515Battle at Marignano ends in French / Venetian victory
  • 1629Spanish garrison surrenders to Prince Frederik Henry
  • 1662Netherlands and England sign peace treaty
  • 17161st lighthouse in US lit (Boston Harbor)
  • 1741George Frederick Handel finishes "Messiah" oratorio, after working on it non-stop for 23 days
  • 1759Austrian troops occupy Dresden
  • 1807Aaron Burr acquitted of a misdemeanor charge
  • 1812Napoleon occupies Moscow and fires start (fire extinguished on the 19th)
  • 1814Francis Scott Key inspired to write "Star-Spangled Banner"
  • 1829Peace of Adrianopel: ends Russian-Turkish war
  • 1830Princess WFLC Marianne marries Albrecht of Prussia
  • 1834Charles Darwins company passes Tagua-tagua-more Chile
  • 1847US Marines under General Scott enter Mexico City (halls of Montezuma)
  • 1848Alexander Stewart opens 1st US department store
  • 185218th Postmaster General: Samuel D Hubbard of Conn takes office
  • 1854Allied armies, including those of Britain and France, land in Crimea
  • 1856Battle of San Jacinto, Nicaragua defeats invaders
  • 1862Battle at South Mountain: Union troops chases away Confederates
  • 1862Battle of Munfordsville, Kentucky
  • 1862Federal troops escape from beleaguered Harpers Ferry West Virginia
  • 1876Leopold II closes Congo-conference
  • 1882British General Wolseley reaches Cairo
  • 1886George K Anderson of Memphis, Tennessee patents typewriter ribbon
  • 1891"Empire State Express" train goes from NYC to East Buffalo, a distance of 436 miles, in a record 7H6M
  • 1892AP Giannini marries Clorinda Cuneo
  • 1894Hottentotten uprising in Southwest-Africa fails
  • 1899Henry Bliss becomes 1st automobile fatality (NY)
  • 1903New York Giant Red Ames no-hits St. Louis, 5-0 in a 5 inning game

Born on Sep 14

  • 1486Agrippa von Nettesheim: German occultist / Alchemist / royal Astrologer
  • 1531Philipp Apianus [Bennewitz / Bienewitz]: German geography / cartographer
  • 1547Johan van Oldenbarnevelt: Dutch Grand Pensionary
  • 1644Gijsbert Cuper: Dutch classicist / regent
  • 1722Joseph Paul Ziegler: Composer
  • 1737Johann Michael Haydn: Composer
  • 1742James Wilson: Scot / US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1748Johann Paul Schulthesius: Composer
  • 1760M Luigi CZS Cherubini: Italian prodigy / composer
  • 1761Pavel Lambert Masek: Composer
  • 1768Georg Johann Schinn: Composer
  • 1792Gino Capponi: Italian Marquis / literary / Premier of Toscane
  • 1817Theodor Storm: German judge / author (Imense China)
  • 1819Henry Jackson Hunt: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1889
  • 1835J A de Smit-Rog: Oldest citizen of the Netherlands (Died 1940)
  • 1835Joseph Hayes: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1912
  • 1835YES de Smit-Rog: Oldest citizen of the Netherlands (Died 5 / 30 / 1940)
  • 1836Abraham PC Van Karnebeek: Dutch Foreign Minister (Liberal, 1918-27)
  • 1838John Pelham: Major (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1840George Elbridge Whiting: Composer
  • 1849Ivan Pavlov: Russia -- Physiologist / pioneer in psychology (Nobel 1904)
  • 1864Lord Cecil of Chelwood: United Kingdom -- Help form League of Nations (Nobel 1937)
  • 1864Robert Cecil: Viscount of Chelwood (Nobel 1937)
  • 1867Charles Dana Gibson: Illustrator (drew "Gibson Girl")
  • 1879Margaret Sanger: Feminist / nurse / birth control proponent
  • 1880Paul Fechter: German writer (Der Zauberer Gottes)
  • 1882Harald Fryklof: Composer
  • 1883Martin Dibelius: German theologist (Die Lade Jahwes)
  • 1886Jan Garrique Masaryk: Czechoslovakia -- Statesman / Minister to London (1918-35)
  • 1887Karl Taylor Compton: Physicist / atomic bomb Scientist

Died on Sep 14

  • 0258Thascius C Cyprian: Saint / Bishop of Carthage, dies at 58
  • 0407Johannes Chrysostomus: Patriarch
  • 0891Stephen V [VI]: Italian Pope (885-91)
  • 1146Imad ad-Din Zengi: Gov of Basra, murdered
  • 1321Dante Alighieri: Italian Poet (Divine Commedy), dies at 56
  • 1523Adrian VI [Adriaan F Bieyens]: Only Dutch Pope (1522-23), dies at 64
  • 1538Henry of Nassau-Dillenburg and Dietz: Viceroy of Holland
  • 1637Pierre Vernier [Peter Werner]: French mathematician
  • 1645Heinrich Steuccius: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1646Thomas H Earl of Arundel: English art collector (Marbles)
  • 1693Aert Jansz van Nes [Young boer Jaep]: Lieutenant Admiral, dies at 67
  • 1712Jean [Giovanni] D Cassini: Italian / French astronomer
  • 1743Johann Michael Muller: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1750Carl T Pachelbel: US Organist / Composer
  • 1759Louis Joseph Montcalm: French General (Plains of Abraham), dies at 47
  • 1763Johann Philipp Sack: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1788John Penn: US attorney, signed (Declaration of Independence), dies at 47
  • 1788Theodore-Jean Tarade: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1819Erik Acharius: Swedish botanist
  • 1836Aaron Burr: 3rd VP
  • 1836Vincenzo Lavigna: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1844Oliver Holden: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1852Arthur Wellesley: General / Duke of Wellington, dies at 83
  • 1852James F Cooper: Writer, dies at 62
  • 1861Fortunato Santini: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1862Jesse Lee Reno: Union General Major (Reno Nevada), dies at 39
  • 1862Samuel Garland, Jr.: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 1872Yury Nikolayevich Golitsin: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1886Hubert Reis: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1887Friedrich T Vischer: German philosopher / writer (Auch einer)

Historical events on September 15

  • 0608St. Boniface IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1514Thomas Wolsey appointed Archbishop of York
  • 1556Vlissingen ex-Emperor Charles V returns to Spain
  • 1584San Lorenzo del Escorial Palace in Madrid finished
  • 1590Giambattista Catagna elected as Pope Urban VII
  • 1621Swedish troops occupy Riga
  • 1644Giambattista Pamfili replaces Pope Urban VII as Innocent X
  • 1656England and France sign peace treaty
  • 1683Germantown Pa founded by 13 immigrant families
  • 1733King Frederik Willem I divides Prussia-Brandenburg in Cantons
  • 1774Cossack Emilian Pugachev captured
  • 1789Department of Foreign Affairs, renamed Department of State
  • 1795Cape Colony surrenders to England
  • 1812French army under Napoleon reaches Kremlin, Moscow
  • 1821Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras and Nicaragua gain independ
  • 18301st National Negro Convention begins in Philadelphia
  • 18301st to be run-over by a railroad train (William Huskisson, England)
  • 1830Duke of Wellington opens Liverpool and Manchester Railway
  • 1835HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin reaches Galapagos Islands
  • 1846Jung Bahadur Rana grabs power in Nepal
  • 18531st US woman ordained a minister, Antoinette Blackwell
  • 1857Timothy Alder patents typesetting machine
  • 1862Confederates conquer Union - weapon arsenal at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
  • 1870Dutch 1st Chamber abolishes Capital punishment (20-18)
  • 1873Last German troops leave France
  • 1879Pim Mulier forms "Haarlem Football Club"
  • 1882British general Wolseley occupies Cairo
  • 1887Philadelphia celebrates 100th anniversary of US Constitution
  • 1894Japan defeats China in Battle of Ping Yang
  • 1898National Afro-American Council forms in Rochester, New York

Born on September 15

  • 0053Mark U Trajanus: 13th Roman Emperor (98-117) / Conqueror of Ctesiphon
  • 1505Maria: Queen of Hungary / Wife of Louis II / Governess of the Netherlands (1531-55)
  • 1572Erasmus Widmann: Composer
  • 1586Cristobal de Isla Diego: Composer
  • 1685Gottfried Kirkhoff: Composer
  • 1690Ignazio Prota: Composer
  • 1736Jean-Sylvain: French historian (History of France)
  • 1744Georg Ritschel: Composer
  • 1764Friedrich Heine: Composer
  • 1764Paolo Francesco Parenti: Composer
  • 1789James Fenimore Cooper: 1st major US Novelist (Last of Mohicans)
  • 1808Louis Clapisson: Composer
  • 1811Jan Nepomuk Skroup: Composer
  • 1811Willem J van Zeggelen: Dutch author
  • 1816Edward Wolff: Composer
  • 1834Heinrich von Treitschke: German historian / parliament member
  • 1837Leo van Gheluwe: Composer
  • 1843Willem F Mauritius HK: Prince of Orange / Son of King Willem III
  • 1851Emilia Pardo Bazan: Spanish countess / writer (Sirena Negra)
  • 1851Josif Marinkovic: Composer
  • 1852Jan E Matzeliger: Surinamese inventor (shoe lacing machine)
  • 1857William Howard Taft: Cincinnati, Ohio -- (R) 27th President (1909-13), chief justice
  • 1858Charles E Vicomte de Foucauld: French explorer / hermit
  • 1858Jeno Hubay: Composer
  • 1863Horatio William Parker: Composer
  • 1865Henri [Lucien] Capitant: French lawyer (Loi Falcidie)
  • 1865Nicolaus Adriani: Linguist (Middle-Celebes languages)
  • 1868Dirk B Nanninga: Dutch painter
  • 1876Bruno Walter [B W Schlesinger]: Berlin, Germany -- Conductor (NY Phil)
  • 1876Frank E Gannett: Rochester -- Newspaper publisher (Gannett)

Died on September 15

  • 0009Publius Quinctilius Varus: Roman Viceroy of Syria, suicide at 59
  • 0921Ludmilla: Wife of 1st Christian Bohemian King Borijov I / saint
  • 1231Louis I: Duke of Wittelsbach
  • 1525John Pistorius: Church reformer, burned at the stake
  • 1598Hidejoshi [Hijoshi]: Japanese General strategist / kampaku
  • 1654Cornelis Bicker: Merchant / Mayor of Amsterdam, dies at 61
  • 1747Johann Gotthilf Ziegler: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1750Charles Theodore Pachelbel: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1840Franz Xaver Pechacek: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1841Alessandro Rolla: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1842Pierre MF de Sales Baillot: French violinist / composer, dies at 70
  • 1859John LA Luyten: Catholic Member of Dutch 2nd parliament, dies at 72
  • 1862R E V Miles: US Union Colonel, killed at Harpers Ferry
  • 1875Jeanne-Louise Farrenc: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1880William Hauser: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1883Joseph AF Plateau: Belg physicist (Blue Moon)
  • 1885Juliusz Zarebski: Composer, dies at 31
  • 1895Jan Kleczynski: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1914Jacobus Herculas de la Rey [Uncle Chose]: Boer General, dies at 66
  • 1916Isidore Edouard Legouix: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1921Roman von Ungern-Sternberg: Russ Baron / General
  • 1923Sayed Darwish: Composer, dies at 31
  • 1924Anthony Johnson Showalter: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1927Herman Gorter: Socialist / Poet (Mai, Pan), dies at 62
  • 1929Sara Amsel: Indon / Dutch actress / Wife of Carel van Hoisted, dies at 58
  • 1932Charles Hutchison Gabriel: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1934David Vaughan Thomas: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1936Bela Anton Szabados: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1937Clifford Heatherley: Actress (For Love or Money, Cash), dies at 48
  • 1938Thomas Wolfe: US writer (Enigma), dies at 62