Events on Sep 15

  • 0608St. Boniface IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1514Thomas Wolsey appointed Archbishop of York
  • 1556Vlissingen ex-Emperor Charles V returns to Spain
  • 1584San Lorenzo del Escorial Palace in Madrid finished
  • 1590Giambattista Catagna elected as Pope Urban VII
  • 1621Swedish troops occupy Riga
  • 1644Giambattista Pamfili replaces Pope Urban VII as Innocent X
  • 1656England and France sign peace treaty
  • 1683Germantown Pa founded by 13 immigrant families
  • 1733King Frederik Willem I divides Prussia-Brandenburg in Cantons
  • 1774Cossack Emilian Pugachev captured
  • 1789Department of Foreign Affairs, renamed Department of State
  • 1795Cape Colony surrenders to England
  • 1812French army under Napoleon reaches Kremlin, Moscow
  • 1821Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras and Nicaragua gain independ
  • 18301st National Negro Convention begins in Philadelphia
  • 18301st to be run-over by a railroad train (William Huskisson, England)
  • 1830Duke of Wellington opens Liverpool and Manchester Railway
  • 1835HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin reaches Galapagos Islands
  • 1846Jung Bahadur Rana grabs power in Nepal
  • 18531st US woman ordained a minister, Antoinette Blackwell
  • 1857Timothy Alder patents typesetting machine
  • 1862Confederates conquer Union - weapon arsenal at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
  • 1870Dutch 1st Chamber abolishes Capital punishment (20-18)
  • 1873Last German troops leave France
  • 1879Pim Mulier forms "Haarlem Football Club"
  • 1882British general Wolseley occupies Cairo
  • 1887Philadelphia celebrates 100th anniversary of US Constitution
  • 1894Japan defeats China in Battle of Ping Yang
  • 1898National Afro-American Council forms in Rochester, New York

Born on Sep 15

  • 0053Mark U Trajanus: 13th Roman Emperor (98-117) / Conqueror of Ctesiphon
  • 1505Maria: Queen of Hungary / Wife of Louis II / Governess of the Netherlands (1531-55)
  • 1572Erasmus Widmann: Composer
  • 1586Cristobal de Isla Diego: Composer
  • 1685Gottfried Kirkhoff: Composer
  • 1690Ignazio Prota: Composer
  • 1736Jean-Sylvain: French historian (History of France)
  • 1744Georg Ritschel: Composer
  • 1764Friedrich Heine: Composer
  • 1764Paolo Francesco Parenti: Composer
  • 1789James Fenimore Cooper: 1st major US Novelist (Last of Mohicans)
  • 1808Louis Clapisson: Composer
  • 1811Jan Nepomuk Skroup: Composer
  • 1811Willem J van Zeggelen: Dutch author
  • 1816Edward Wolff: Composer
  • 1834Heinrich von Treitschke: German historian / parliament member
  • 1837Leo van Gheluwe: Composer
  • 1843Willem F Mauritius HK: Prince of Orange / Son of King Willem III
  • 1851Emilia Pardo Bazan: Spanish countess / writer (Sirena Negra)
  • 1851Josif Marinkovic: Composer
  • 1852Jan E Matzeliger: Surinamese inventor (shoe lacing machine)
  • 1857William Howard Taft: Cincinnati, Ohio -- (R) 27th President (1909-13), chief justice
  • 1858Charles E Vicomte de Foucauld: French explorer / hermit
  • 1858Jeno Hubay: Composer
  • 1863Horatio William Parker: Composer
  • 1865Henri [Lucien] Capitant: French lawyer (Loi Falcidie)
  • 1865Nicolaus Adriani: Linguist (Middle-Celebes languages)
  • 1868Dirk B Nanninga: Dutch painter
  • 1876Bruno Walter [B W Schlesinger]: Berlin, Germany -- Conductor (NY Phil)
  • 1876Frank E Gannett: Rochester -- Newspaper publisher (Gannett)

Died on Sep 15

  • 0009Publius Quinctilius Varus: Roman Viceroy of Syria, suicide at 59
  • 0921Ludmilla: Wife of 1st Christian Bohemian King Borijov I / saint
  • 1231Louis I: Duke of Wittelsbach
  • 1525John Pistorius: Church reformer, burned at the stake
  • 1598Hidejoshi [Hijoshi]: Japanese General strategist / kampaku
  • 1654Cornelis Bicker: Merchant / Mayor of Amsterdam, dies at 61
  • 1747Johann Gotthilf Ziegler: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1750Charles Theodore Pachelbel: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1840Franz Xaver Pechacek: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1841Alessandro Rolla: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1842Pierre MF de Sales Baillot: French violinist / composer, dies at 70
  • 1859John LA Luyten: Catholic Member of Dutch 2nd parliament, dies at 72
  • 1862R E V Miles: US Union Colonel, killed at Harpers Ferry
  • 1875Jeanne-Louise Farrenc: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1880William Hauser: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1883Joseph AF Plateau: Belg physicist (Blue Moon)
  • 1885Juliusz Zarebski: Composer, dies at 31
  • 1895Jan Kleczynski: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1914Jacobus Herculas de la Rey [Uncle Chose]: Boer General, dies at 66
  • 1916Isidore Edouard Legouix: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1921Roman von Ungern-Sternberg: Russ Baron / General
  • 1923Sayed Darwish: Composer, dies at 31
  • 1924Anthony Johnson Showalter: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1927Herman Gorter: Socialist / Poet (Mai, Pan), dies at 62
  • 1929Sara Amsel: Indon / Dutch actress / Wife of Carel van Hoisted, dies at 58
  • 1932Charles Hutchison Gabriel: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1934David Vaughan Thomas: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1936Bela Anton Szabados: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1937Clifford Heatherley: Actress (For Love or Money, Cash), dies at 48
  • 1938Thomas Wolfe: US writer (Enigma), dies at 62

Historical events on September 16

  • 1575King Johan Casimir of Palts promises military aid to hugenots
  • 1597French troops chase away Albrecht of Austria
  • 1630Mass village of Shawmut changes name to Boston
  • 1652Spanish troops occupy Dunkerk
  • 1654Russian troops occupy Smolensk on Poland
  • 1662Flamsteed sees solar eclipse, 1st known astronomical observation
  • 1666"Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi becomes Islamiet
  • 1668King John II Casimir of Poland resigns, flees to France
  • 1702Emperor Leopold I declares war on France, Cologne and Bavaria
  • 1729Willem KH Friso installed as Viceroy of Groningen
  • 1747French troops occupy Bergen on Zoom
  • 1782Great Seal of US used for 1st time
  • 1795British capture Cape Town South Africa
  • 1810Mexico issues Grito de Dolores, which called for the end of Spanish rule Mexican Independence Day celebrates this event
  • 1812Fire of Moscow
  • 1830Oliver Wendell Holmes writes "Old Ironsides"
  • 1847United Shakespeare Company buys his home in Stratford-upon-Avon
  • 1848Slavery abolished in all French territories
  • 1857Mexican constitution of force (fiercely attacked by Pope Pius IX)
  • 1857Typesetting machine patent
  • 18581st overland mail for California
  • 1861Battle of Princeton, West Virginia
  • 1861British Post Office Savings Banks opens
  • 1862Battle of Antietam, bloodiest day in Civil War (Sharpsburg Md)
  • 1862Liliuokalani, Queen of Hawaii (1891-93) marries John Owen Dominis
  • 1867Ottawa Rough Riders and Senators play Canadian Football game
  • 1873German troops leave France
  • 1890Newswriter George Whitney Calhoun names Green Bay team Packers
  • 1892Amsterdam swim club renamed "The Y"
  • 1893Cherokee Strip, Oklahoma opens white settlement homesteaders

Born on September 16

  • 1386Traversari Ambrosius: Italian humanist / Scientist / General
  • 1547Abu al-Faiz ibn Mubarak Faizi: Persian-Dutch East Indies poet
  • 1557Jacques Mauduit: Composer
  • 1574Samuel Coster: Dutch Physician / playwright (Polyxena)
  • 1584Matthias Gallas: Austria -- Earl of Campo / Duke of Lucerna / General Major
  • 1736Johann N Tetens: German / Danish philosopher / mathematician
  • 1762Charles G G: Earl of Merode / Mayor of Brussels / French senator
  • 1797Anthony Panizzi: Librarian at British Museum
  • 1800Jozef Nowakowski: Composer
  • 1818Francis Seymour Haden: English surgeon / graphic artist
  • 1822Charles S Crocker: President of Central and South Pacific Railroad
  • 1823Francis Parkman: American historian / author (Oregon Trail)
  • 1823Michael Obrenovic: Ruler of Serbia
  • 1832George Washington Custis Lee: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1837Pedro V van Alcantara: King of Portugal (1853-61)
  • 1838James J Hill: Canada -- RR entrepreneur (Great Northern Railroad)
  • 1847Albert Ross Parsons: Composer
  • 1858Andrew Bonar Law: British Prime Minister (C, 1922-23)
  • 1872Henriette de Vreker-Verschuur: Dutch / Flemish actress (Rose Kate)
  • 1877James J Jeans: Cosmologist / astrophysicist (Mysterious Universe)
  • 1877Willem H Rassers: Dutch cultural anthropologist (Panji)
  • 1878Karl Albiker: German sculptor (German Art, female nudes)
  • 1880Alfred Noyes: British poet / essayist (Loom of Years, Highwayman)
  • 1882Mart Saar: Composer
  • 1885Karen Horney: German / US, neo-freudian psychoanalyst
  • 1887Hans / Jean Arp: French / Swiss painter / poet / sculptor
  • 1888Almira Sessions: Washington, DC -- Actress (Okla Annie)
  • 1889Claude A Barnett: Founder (Associated Negro Press)
  • 1890Ernst Deutsch [Dorian]: Prague, Czechoslovakia -- Actor (Moon is Down, 3rd Man)
  • 1891Czeslaw Josef Marek: Composer

Died on September 16

  • 0096Titus Flavius Domitianus: Emperor of Rome (81-96), murdered at 45
  • 0655Martinus I: Bannished Pope (649-53)
  • 1087Victor III [Dauferio / Desiderius]: Italian Pope (1086-87)
  • 1380Charles V [the Wise]: King of France (1364-80)
  • 1498Tomas de Torquemada: Inquisitor who burned 10, 000 people
  • 1589Michael Bajus [Michel de Bay]: Belgian theologist
  • 1652Dirck Janszoon Sweelinck: Dutch composer, dies at 61
  • 1672Anne Bradstreet: American poet
  • 1696Lambert Pietkin: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1736Daniel G Fahrenheit: Prussian / Netherlands physicist (thermometer), dies at 50
  • 1798Damasus Brosmann: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1824Louis XVIII SX: Earl of Province / King of France (1814-24)
  • 1834Antoine-Vincent Arnault: French writer (Guillaume the Nassau)
  • 1845John Kinker: Translator / philosopher / poet, dies at 81
  • 1896Carlos Gomez: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1911Edward Whymper: English mountaineer (Ascent of Matterhorn)
  • 1920Daniel Andersson: Swedish Poet / writer (Polar History), dies at 32
  • 1925Leo Fall: Austria operetta Composer (That Pink von Stambul)
  • 1925Leopold Fall: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1926Rudolf C Eucken: German philosopher (Nobel 1908), dies at 80
  • 1936Irving Thalberg: US producer (MGM)
  • 1936Karl Buresch: Austrian politician
  • 1945John "Pa" van de Steur: Philanthropist (Java), dies at 80
  • 1945John McCormack: Irish singer (Irish national anthem / folk songs)
  • 1946James Jeans: English physicist / Mathematician / astronomer, dies at 69
  • 1948Ferdinand I MKLM: Prince of Saxony-Coburg / tsar of Bulgaria
  • 1950Pedro De Cordoba: Actor (Club Havana, Swamp Fire), dies at 68
  • 1953Colin G Fink: US chemist (electro-chemistry)
  • 1955Leopold C M S Amery: British Minister of Colonies (India), dies at 81
  • 1961Yme C Schuitmaker: Potato farmer / dramatist