Events on Sep 16

  • 1575King Johan Casimir of Palts promises military aid to hugenots
  • 1597French troops chase away Albrecht of Austria
  • 1630Mass village of Shawmut changes name to Boston
  • 1652Spanish troops occupy Dunkerk
  • 1654Russian troops occupy Smolensk on Poland
  • 1662Flamsteed sees solar eclipse, 1st known astronomical observation
  • 1666"Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi becomes Islamiet
  • 1668King John II Casimir of Poland resigns, flees to France
  • 1702Emperor Leopold I declares war on France, Cologne and Bavaria
  • 1729Willem KH Friso installed as Viceroy of Groningen
  • 1747French troops occupy Bergen on Zoom
  • 1782Great Seal of US used for 1st time
  • 1795British capture Cape Town South Africa
  • 1810Mexico issues Grito de Dolores, which called for the end of Spanish rule Mexican Independence Day celebrates this event
  • 1812Fire of Moscow
  • 1830Oliver Wendell Holmes writes "Old Ironsides"
  • 1847United Shakespeare Company buys his home in Stratford-upon-Avon
  • 1848Slavery abolished in all French territories
  • 1857Mexican constitution of force (fiercely attacked by Pope Pius IX)
  • 1857Typesetting machine patent
  • 18581st overland mail for California
  • 1861Battle of Princeton, West Virginia
  • 1861British Post Office Savings Banks opens
  • 1862Battle of Antietam, bloodiest day in Civil War (Sharpsburg Md)
  • 1862Liliuokalani, Queen of Hawaii (1891-93) marries John Owen Dominis
  • 1867Ottawa Rough Riders and Senators play Canadian Football game
  • 1873German troops leave France
  • 1890Newswriter George Whitney Calhoun names Green Bay team Packers
  • 1892Amsterdam swim club renamed "The Y"
  • 1893Cherokee Strip, Oklahoma opens white settlement homesteaders

Born on Sep 16

  • 1386Traversari Ambrosius: Italian humanist / Scientist / General
  • 1547Abu al-Faiz ibn Mubarak Faizi: Persian-Dutch East Indies poet
  • 1557Jacques Mauduit: Composer
  • 1574Samuel Coster: Dutch Physician / playwright (Polyxena)
  • 1584Matthias Gallas: Austria -- Earl of Campo / Duke of Lucerna / General Major
  • 1736Johann N Tetens: German / Danish philosopher / mathematician
  • 1762Charles G G: Earl of Merode / Mayor of Brussels / French senator
  • 1797Anthony Panizzi: Librarian at British Museum
  • 1800Jozef Nowakowski: Composer
  • 1818Francis Seymour Haden: English surgeon / graphic artist
  • 1822Charles S Crocker: President of Central and South Pacific Railroad
  • 1823Francis Parkman: American historian / author (Oregon Trail)
  • 1823Michael Obrenovic: Ruler of Serbia
  • 1832George Washington Custis Lee: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1837Pedro V van Alcantara: King of Portugal (1853-61)
  • 1838James J Hill: Canada -- RR entrepreneur (Great Northern Railroad)
  • 1847Albert Ross Parsons: Composer
  • 1858Andrew Bonar Law: British Prime Minister (C, 1922-23)
  • 1872Henriette de Vreker-Verschuur: Dutch / Flemish actress (Rose Kate)
  • 1877James J Jeans: Cosmologist / astrophysicist (Mysterious Universe)
  • 1877Willem H Rassers: Dutch cultural anthropologist (Panji)
  • 1878Karl Albiker: German sculptor (German Art, female nudes)
  • 1880Alfred Noyes: British poet / essayist (Loom of Years, Highwayman)
  • 1882Mart Saar: Composer
  • 1885Karen Horney: German / US, neo-freudian psychoanalyst
  • 1887Hans / Jean Arp: French / Swiss painter / poet / sculptor
  • 1888Almira Sessions: Washington, DC -- Actress (Okla Annie)
  • 1889Claude A Barnett: Founder (Associated Negro Press)
  • 1890Ernst Deutsch [Dorian]: Prague, Czechoslovakia -- Actor (Moon is Down, 3rd Man)
  • 1891Czeslaw Josef Marek: Composer

Died on Sep 16

  • 0096Titus Flavius Domitianus: Emperor of Rome (81-96), murdered at 45
  • 0655Martinus I: Bannished Pope (649-53)
  • 1087Victor III [Dauferio / Desiderius]: Italian Pope (1086-87)
  • 1380Charles V [the Wise]: King of France (1364-80)
  • 1498Tomas de Torquemada: Inquisitor who burned 10, 000 people
  • 1589Michael Bajus [Michel de Bay]: Belgian theologist
  • 1652Dirck Janszoon Sweelinck: Dutch composer, dies at 61
  • 1672Anne Bradstreet: American poet
  • 1696Lambert Pietkin: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1736Daniel G Fahrenheit: Prussian / Netherlands physicist (thermometer), dies at 50
  • 1798Damasus Brosmann: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1824Louis XVIII SX: Earl of Province / King of France (1814-24)
  • 1834Antoine-Vincent Arnault: French writer (Guillaume the Nassau)
  • 1845John Kinker: Translator / philosopher / poet, dies at 81
  • 1896Carlos Gomez: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1911Edward Whymper: English mountaineer (Ascent of Matterhorn)
  • 1920Daniel Andersson: Swedish Poet / writer (Polar History), dies at 32
  • 1925Leo Fall: Austria operetta Composer (That Pink von Stambul)
  • 1925Leopold Fall: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1926Rudolf C Eucken: German philosopher (Nobel 1908), dies at 80
  • 1936Irving Thalberg: US producer (MGM)
  • 1936Karl Buresch: Austrian politician
  • 1945John "Pa" van de Steur: Philanthropist (Java), dies at 80
  • 1945John McCormack: Irish singer (Irish national anthem / folk songs)
  • 1946James Jeans: English physicist / Mathematician / astronomer, dies at 69
  • 1948Ferdinand I MKLM: Prince of Saxony-Coburg / tsar of Bulgaria
  • 1950Pedro De Cordoba: Actor (Club Havana, Swamp Fire), dies at 68
  • 1953Colin G Fink: US chemist (electro-chemistry)
  • 1955Leopold C M S Amery: British Minister of Colonies (India), dies at 81
  • 1961Yme C Schuitmaker: Potato farmer / dramatist

Historical events on September 17

  • 0335Church of Heilig Grave initiated in Jerusalem
  • 0642Arabs conquer Alexandria, library destroyed
  • 1156Markgraafschap Austria becomes a temple (Privilegium minus)
  • 1394Jews are expelled from France by order of King Charles VI
  • 1562Council of Trente takes ecclesiastical canon
  • 1584Gent surrenders to Duke of Parma
  • 1595Pope Clemens VIII recognizes Henri IV as King of France
  • 1598Netherland sailors discover Mauritius
  • 1631Battle of Breitenfeld: King Gustaaf Adolf defeats General Tilly
  • 1644French troops occupy Mainz
  • 1678France and Spain signs peace treaty
  • 1683Antonie van Leeuwenhoek reports existence of bacteria
  • 1691Colony Massachusetts Bay gets new charter
  • 1697Battle at Zenta: Prince Eugen of Savoye beats Turks
  • 1730Turkish coup under Mahmud I; Sultan Ahmed III flees
  • 1745Edinburg occupied by Jacobites under Young Pretenders
  • 1776Presidio of SF forms as a Spanish fort
  • 17781st treaty between the US and Indian tribes signed (Fort Pitt)
  • 1787Prussian troops conquer Gorinchem
  • 1787US constitution adopted by Philadelphia convention
  • 1789William Herschel discovers Mimas, satellite of Saturn
  • 1796President George Washington delivers his farewell address
  • 18191st whaling ship arrives in Hawaii
  • 1835Charles Darwins lands on Chatham Galapagos-archipelago
  • 1850Great fire in San Francisco
  • 1859Man in SF claims himself Norton I, Emperor of America
  • 18611st day school for freedmen forms at Fortress Monroe Virginia
  • 1861Hampton Institute forms
  • 1862Battle of Cumberland Gap, TN-evacuted by Federals
  • 1862Battle of Mumfordville, KY-US Col J Wilder surrenders city

Born on September 17

  • 0879Charles III [The Simple]: King of France (893-923)
  • 1271Wenceslas II: King of Bohemia and Poland (1278-1305)
  • 1552Paul V [Camillo Borghese]: Italy -- Pope (1605-21)
  • 1580Charlotte Brabantia: Countess of Nassau / Daughter of Willem of Orange
  • 1605Francesco Sacrati: Composer
  • 1619John Lambert: English General Major / parliament leader
  • 1643Gilbert Burnet: Bishop of Salisbury / author
  • 1711Ignaz Jakob Holzbauer: Composer
  • 1714Gottlieb W Rabener: German author (Vom Misbrauch of the Satire)
  • 1743Jean-Marie Caritat: France -- Mathematician
  • 1743Marquis de Condorcet: France -- Enlightenment philosopher
  • 1748Robert Wainwright: Composer
  • 1764John Goodricke: English astronomer / member Royal Society
  • 1765Gregory XVI [Bartolomeo A Cappellari / Mauro]: Italy -- Pope
  • 1767Henri-Montan Berton: Composer
  • 1774Joseph Caspar Mezzofanti: Cardinal / linguist (understood 70 languages)
  • 1783Samuel Prout: Water-color painter
  • 1795Giuseppi Saverio Rafaele Mercadante: Composer
  • 1798Antonia M B Antonucci: Italian Cardinal / diplomat
  • 1800Franklin Buchanan: Admiral (Confederate Navy), died in 1874
  • 1801Edward William Lane: Translator (Thousand & 1 Nights)
  • 1814Stefano Ronchetti-Molnteviti: Composer
  • 1818Halfdan Kjeruif: Composer (Kjerulf)
  • 1819Marthinus Wessels Pretorius: 1st President (Republic South Africa)
  • 1819Thomas Andrews Hendricks: (D) 21st US VP; died in office
  • 1820Earle Van Dorn: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1821Charles Victor Arthur Saint-Leon: Composer
  • 1825Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar: MC (Confederacy), died in 1893
  • 1826G F Berhard Riemann: German mathematician (zeta-function)
  • 1834Edouard Pailleron: French attorney / stage writer

Died on September 17

  • 1179Hildegard van Bingen: Mystic / Composer (Ordo Virtutum), dies at 81
  • 1574Pedro Menendez de Aviles: Soldier / navigator
  • 1604Lucas Osiander: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1652Bonaventura Elsevier: Book publisher / merchant, dies at about 69
  • 1665Philip IV: King of Spain (1621-55)
  • 1679Juan Jose of Austrian: Spanish General / gov of the Netherlands, dies at 50
  • 1702Olof Rudbeck: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1732Josef Antonin Planicky: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1762Francesco Xaverio Geminiani: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1771Tobias George Smollett: Novelist (Adventures of Roderick Random), dies at 50
  • 1803Franz Xaver Sussmayr: Composer
  • 1820Henri Hamal: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1823Abraham L Breguet: French clock maker, dies at 76
  • 1824Giacomo Tritto: Composer, dies at 91
  • 1839Ethel Mary Dell [Mrs G T Savage]: Romantic Novelist
  • 1846Francesco Giuseppi Pollini: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1858Dred Scott: US slave (REV-decision Supreme court)
  • 1862William Edwin Starke: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at about 48
  • 1863Albartus Telting: Fries Poet / 2nd-Member of parliament
  • 1863Alfred Victor Comte de Vigny: Poet
  • 1864Walter Savage Landor: Author
  • 1868Roman Nose (Wiquini): Cheyenne indian leader
  • 1877William Henry Fox Talbot: Photographic pioneer, dies at 77
  • 1879Eugene Emmanuel Violletle-Duc: Gothic archetect
  • 1884Louis Schubert: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1892Ignaz V Zingerle Edler von Simmersberg: Austrian
  • 1895Auguste Toulet: Belgian balloonist
  • 1907Ignaz Brull: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1908Thomas E Selfridge: Earlier US aviator, 1st to die in an air crash
  • 1926August Sauer: Austria literature historian, dies at 70