Events on Sep 17

  • 0335Church of Heilig Grave initiated in Jerusalem
  • 0642Arabs conquer Alexandria, library destroyed
  • 1156Markgraafschap Austria becomes a temple (Privilegium minus)
  • 1394Jews are expelled from France by order of King Charles VI
  • 1562Council of Trente takes ecclesiastical canon
  • 1584Gent surrenders to Duke of Parma
  • 1595Pope Clemens VIII recognizes Henri IV as King of France
  • 1598Netherland sailors discover Mauritius
  • 1631Battle of Breitenfeld: King Gustaaf Adolf defeats General Tilly
  • 1644French troops occupy Mainz
  • 1678France and Spain signs peace treaty
  • 1683Antonie van Leeuwenhoek reports existence of bacteria
  • 1691Colony Massachusetts Bay gets new charter
  • 1697Battle at Zenta: Prince Eugen of Savoye beats Turks
  • 1730Turkish coup under Mahmud I; Sultan Ahmed III flees
  • 1745Edinburg occupied by Jacobites under Young Pretenders
  • 1776Presidio of SF forms as a Spanish fort
  • 17781st treaty between the US and Indian tribes signed (Fort Pitt)
  • 1787Prussian troops conquer Gorinchem
  • 1787US constitution adopted by Philadelphia convention
  • 1789William Herschel discovers Mimas, satellite of Saturn
  • 1796President George Washington delivers his farewell address
  • 18191st whaling ship arrives in Hawaii
  • 1835Charles Darwins lands on Chatham Galapagos-archipelago
  • 1850Great fire in San Francisco
  • 1859Man in SF claims himself Norton I, Emperor of America
  • 18611st day school for freedmen forms at Fortress Monroe Virginia
  • 1861Hampton Institute forms
  • 1862Battle of Cumberland Gap, TN-evacuted by Federals
  • 1862Battle of Mumfordville, KY-US Col J Wilder surrenders city

Born on Sep 17

  • 0879Charles III [The Simple]: King of France (893-923)
  • 1271Wenceslas II: King of Bohemia and Poland (1278-1305)
  • 1552Paul V [Camillo Borghese]: Italy -- Pope (1605-21)
  • 1580Charlotte Brabantia: Countess of Nassau / Daughter of Willem of Orange
  • 1605Francesco Sacrati: Composer
  • 1619John Lambert: English General Major / parliament leader
  • 1643Gilbert Burnet: Bishop of Salisbury / author
  • 1711Ignaz Jakob Holzbauer: Composer
  • 1714Gottlieb W Rabener: German author (Vom Misbrauch of the Satire)
  • 1743Jean-Marie Caritat: France -- Mathematician
  • 1743Marquis de Condorcet: France -- Enlightenment philosopher
  • 1748Robert Wainwright: Composer
  • 1764John Goodricke: English astronomer / member Royal Society
  • 1765Gregory XVI [Bartolomeo A Cappellari / Mauro]: Italy -- Pope
  • 1767Henri-Montan Berton: Composer
  • 1774Joseph Caspar Mezzofanti: Cardinal / linguist (understood 70 languages)
  • 1783Samuel Prout: Water-color painter
  • 1795Giuseppi Saverio Rafaele Mercadante: Composer
  • 1798Antonia M B Antonucci: Italian Cardinal / diplomat
  • 1800Franklin Buchanan: Admiral (Confederate Navy), died in 1874
  • 1801Edward William Lane: Translator (Thousand & 1 Nights)
  • 1814Stefano Ronchetti-Molnteviti: Composer
  • 1818Halfdan Kjeruif: Composer (Kjerulf)
  • 1819Marthinus Wessels Pretorius: 1st President (Republic South Africa)
  • 1819Thomas Andrews Hendricks: (D) 21st US VP; died in office
  • 1820Earle Van Dorn: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1821Charles Victor Arthur Saint-Leon: Composer
  • 1825Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar: MC (Confederacy), died in 1893
  • 1826G F Berhard Riemann: German mathematician (zeta-function)
  • 1834Edouard Pailleron: French attorney / stage writer

Died on Sep 17

  • 1179Hildegard van Bingen: Mystic / Composer (Ordo Virtutum), dies at 81
  • 1574Pedro Menendez de Aviles: Soldier / navigator
  • 1604Lucas Osiander: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1652Bonaventura Elsevier: Book publisher / merchant, dies at about 69
  • 1665Philip IV: King of Spain (1621-55)
  • 1679Juan Jose of Austrian: Spanish General / gov of the Netherlands, dies at 50
  • 1702Olof Rudbeck: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1732Josef Antonin Planicky: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1762Francesco Xaverio Geminiani: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1771Tobias George Smollett: Novelist (Adventures of Roderick Random), dies at 50
  • 1803Franz Xaver Sussmayr: Composer
  • 1820Henri Hamal: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1823Abraham L Breguet: French clock maker, dies at 76
  • 1824Giacomo Tritto: Composer, dies at 91
  • 1839Ethel Mary Dell [Mrs G T Savage]: Romantic Novelist
  • 1846Francesco Giuseppi Pollini: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1858Dred Scott: US slave (REV-decision Supreme court)
  • 1862William Edwin Starke: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at about 48
  • 1863Albartus Telting: Fries Poet / 2nd-Member of parliament
  • 1863Alfred Victor Comte de Vigny: Poet
  • 1864Walter Savage Landor: Author
  • 1868Roman Nose (Wiquini): Cheyenne indian leader
  • 1877William Henry Fox Talbot: Photographic pioneer, dies at 77
  • 1879Eugene Emmanuel Violletle-Duc: Gothic archetect
  • 1884Louis Schubert: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1892Ignaz V Zingerle Edler von Simmersberg: Austrian
  • 1895Auguste Toulet: Belgian balloonist
  • 1907Ignaz Brull: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1908Thomas E Selfridge: Earlier US aviator, 1st to die in an air crash
  • 1926August Sauer: Austria literature historian, dies at 70

Historical events on September 18

  • 0324Chrysopolis Emperor Constantine beats Emperor Licinius
  • 1437Farmer uprising in Transsylvania
  • 1502Christopher Columbus lands at Costa Rica on his 4th and last voyage
  • 1544Charles V of Germany and Francis I of France sign Peace of Crepy
  • 1573Spanish attack Alkmaar
  • 1635Emperor Ferdinand II declares war on France
  • 1679New Hampshire becomes a county Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • 1739Turkey and Austria sign peace treaty-Austria cedes Belgrade to Turks
  • 1755Ft Ticonderoga, New York opens
  • 1759Battle of Quebec ends, French surrender to British
  • 1769John Harris builds 1st spinet piano (US)
  • 17891st loan is made to pay salaries of the Presidents and Congress
  • 1793President Washington lays cornerstone of Capitol Building
  • 1809Royal Opera House in London opens
  • 1810Chile declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • 1811English expeditionary army conquerors Dutch Indies
  • 1812Fire in Moscow destroys 90% of houses and 1,000 churchs
  • 1830Horse beats 1st US made locomotive (near Baltimore)
  • 1838Anti-Corn Law League established by Richard Cobden
  • 18421st edition of Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, published
  • 1846Elizabeth Barrett and R Browning exchange last letters before eloping
  • 1848Baseball rules 1st baseman can tag base for out instead of runner
  • 1850Congress passes Fugitive Slave Law as part of Compromise of 1850
  • 1851New York Times starts publishing (2 cents a copy)
  • 1862Confederate armies officially divide into corps
  • 1862General Read army pulls out of Antietam Creek Virginia
  • 1864Battle of Martinsburg, West Virginia
  • 1873Government bond agent Jay Cooke and Co collapses, causing panic on Wall St
  • 1881Chicago Tribune reports on a televideo experiment
  • 1882Pacific Stock Exchange opens (as Local Security Board)

Born on September 18

  • 1574Claudio Achillini: Italian lawyer / poet
  • 1636Pietro Sanmartini: Composer
  • 1684Johann Gottfried Walther: Erfurt, Germany -- Composer / Musicographer
  • 1713Jean Allamand: French theologist / natural philosopher
  • 1733George Read: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1750Tomas de Iriarte: Spanish writer (Fabulas Literarias)
  • 1752Adrien-Marie Lagendre: Mathematician, worked on elliptic integrals
  • 1752Johann Anton Sulzer: Composer
  • 1765Oliver Holden: Composer
  • 1772Martin-Pierre Dalvimare: Composer
  • 1779Joseph Story: Massachusetts, United States -- 19th Supreme Court Justice (1812-45)
  • 1786Justinus AC Kerner: German family doctor / poet / writer
  • 1787Johann D Passavant: German historian / painter / graphic artist
  • 1805Robert Cowdin: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1874
  • 1815Henry Constantine Wayne: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1818Marcellus Augustus Stovall: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1838Anton Mauve: Painter / graphic artist / Cousin of Vincent Van Gogh
  • 1860Alberto Franchetti: Composer
  • 1863Hermann Kutter: Switzerland -- Christ-social theologist
  • 1870Clark Wissler: Anthropologist (American Indian)
  • 1874Johannes Anker Larsen: Danish writer (Vises Sten)
  • 1876Milan Rakic: Serbian poet (Pesme)
  • 1877Jozef de Voght: Flemish priest / songwriter (Under the Snow)
  • 1883Lord Berners [Gerald Tyrwhitt]: England, United Kingdom -- Composer (1st Childhood)
  • 1885Abdul Muslim Mahomayev: Composer
  • 1890Vladimir Ambros: Composer
  • 1893Arthur Benjamin: Sydney, NSW -- Composer (Jamaican Rumba)
  • 1893William March [Campbell]: United States -- Writer (Company K)
  • 1895John G Diefenbaker: Neustadt, Ontario -- 13th Canadian Prime Minister (C) (1957-63)
  • 1897John Mens: Writer (People Without Money)

Died on September 18

  • 0031Sejanus: Roman head of praetorisch guard, executed
  • 0096Domitian: Roman Emperor
  • 0993Arnulf vanf Gent: Westfries Earl (988-93), dies in battle
  • 1137Erik II Eimune [Onvergetelijke]: King of Denmark (1134-37), murdered
  • 1261Koenraad van Hochstaden: Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1426Hubert [Huybrecht] van Eyck: Painter
  • 1684Jan A "Joannes" Antonides van der Goes: Poet (Ystroom), dies at 37
  • 1721Matthew Prior: Poet / diplomat
  • 1735Justus van Effen: Writer / founder (Holland Spectator), dies at 51
  • 1775Andrew Foulis: Bookseller / printer
  • 1792Gottlieb August Spangenberg: Founder (Moravian Church in America)
  • 1797Louis-Lazare Hoche: French revolutionary General
  • 1818Olaf Swaertz: Botanist
  • 1827Robert Pollok: Poet
  • 1830William Hazlitt: Critic / essayist
  • 1831Peter Hansel: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1857Karol Kazimierz Kurpinski: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1860Casimiro de Abreu: Brazilians Poet (Primaveras)
  • 1860Joseph Locke: Railway engineer
  • 1872Charles XV Louis E: King of Sweden / Norway (1859-72)
  • 1890Dion Boucicault: Irish / US actor / playwright (Octoroon), dies at 67
  • 1896Armand-Hippolyte-Louis Fizeau: Physicist
  • 1903Isidor Vorobchievici: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1903Theodore Furchtegott Kirchner: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1904Herbert von Bismarck: German politician / Son of Otto
  • 1905George MacDonald: Sci-fi Author (Princess & Curdie), dies at 80
  • 1918Ernest Bristow Farrar: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1924Francis Herbert Bradley: British philosopher (neo-idealism)
  • 1929Hermann Gradener: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1934Marie Shotwell: Actress (Sally of the Sawdust), dies at 54