Events on Sep 18

  • 0324Chrysopolis Emperor Constantine beats Emperor Licinius
  • 1437Farmer uprising in Transsylvania
  • 1502Christopher Columbus lands at Costa Rica on his 4th and last voyage
  • 1544Charles V of Germany and Francis I of France sign Peace of Crepy
  • 1573Spanish attack Alkmaar
  • 1635Emperor Ferdinand II declares war on France
  • 1679New Hampshire becomes a county Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • 1739Turkey and Austria sign peace treaty-Austria cedes Belgrade to Turks
  • 1755Ft Ticonderoga, New York opens
  • 1759Battle of Quebec ends, French surrender to British
  • 1769John Harris builds 1st spinet piano (US)
  • 17891st loan is made to pay salaries of the Presidents and Congress
  • 1793President Washington lays cornerstone of Capitol Building
  • 1809Royal Opera House in London opens
  • 1810Chile declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • 1811English expeditionary army conquerors Dutch Indies
  • 1812Fire in Moscow destroys 90% of houses and 1,000 churchs
  • 1830Horse beats 1st US made locomotive (near Baltimore)
  • 1838Anti-Corn Law League established by Richard Cobden
  • 18421st edition of Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, published
  • 1846Elizabeth Barrett and R Browning exchange last letters before eloping
  • 1848Baseball rules 1st baseman can tag base for out instead of runner
  • 1850Congress passes Fugitive Slave Law as part of Compromise of 1850
  • 1851New York Times starts publishing (2 cents a copy)
  • 1862Confederate armies officially divide into corps
  • 1862General Read army pulls out of Antietam Creek Virginia
  • 1864Battle of Martinsburg, West Virginia
  • 1873Government bond agent Jay Cooke and Co collapses, causing panic on Wall St
  • 1881Chicago Tribune reports on a televideo experiment
  • 1882Pacific Stock Exchange opens (as Local Security Board)

Born on Sep 18

  • 1574Claudio Achillini: Italian lawyer / poet
  • 1636Pietro Sanmartini: Composer
  • 1684Johann Gottfried Walther: Erfurt, Germany -- Composer / Musicographer
  • 1713Jean Allamand: French theologist / natural philosopher
  • 1733George Read: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1750Tomas de Iriarte: Spanish writer (Fabulas Literarias)
  • 1752Adrien-Marie Lagendre: Mathematician, worked on elliptic integrals
  • 1752Johann Anton Sulzer: Composer
  • 1765Oliver Holden: Composer
  • 1772Martin-Pierre Dalvimare: Composer
  • 1779Joseph Story: Massachusetts, United States -- 19th Supreme Court Justice (1812-45)
  • 1786Justinus AC Kerner: German family doctor / poet / writer
  • 1787Johann D Passavant: German historian / painter / graphic artist
  • 1805Robert Cowdin: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1874
  • 1815Henry Constantine Wayne: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1818Marcellus Augustus Stovall: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1838Anton Mauve: Painter / graphic artist / Cousin of Vincent Van Gogh
  • 1860Alberto Franchetti: Composer
  • 1863Hermann Kutter: Switzerland -- Christ-social theologist
  • 1870Clark Wissler: Anthropologist (American Indian)
  • 1874Johannes Anker Larsen: Danish writer (Vises Sten)
  • 1876Milan Rakic: Serbian poet (Pesme)
  • 1877Jozef de Voght: Flemish priest / songwriter (Under the Snow)
  • 1883Lord Berners [Gerald Tyrwhitt]: England, United Kingdom -- Composer (1st Childhood)
  • 1885Abdul Muslim Mahomayev: Composer
  • 1890Vladimir Ambros: Composer
  • 1893Arthur Benjamin: Sydney, NSW -- Composer (Jamaican Rumba)
  • 1893William March [Campbell]: United States -- Writer (Company K)
  • 1895John G Diefenbaker: Neustadt, Ontario -- 13th Canadian Prime Minister (C) (1957-63)
  • 1897John Mens: Writer (People Without Money)

Died on Sep 18

  • 0031Sejanus: Roman head of praetorisch guard, executed
  • 0096Domitian: Roman Emperor
  • 0993Arnulf vanf Gent: Westfries Earl (988-93), dies in battle
  • 1137Erik II Eimune [Onvergetelijke]: King of Denmark (1134-37), murdered
  • 1261Koenraad van Hochstaden: Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1426Hubert [Huybrecht] van Eyck: Painter
  • 1684Jan A "Joannes" Antonides van der Goes: Poet (Ystroom), dies at 37
  • 1721Matthew Prior: Poet / diplomat
  • 1735Justus van Effen: Writer / founder (Holland Spectator), dies at 51
  • 1775Andrew Foulis: Bookseller / printer
  • 1792Gottlieb August Spangenberg: Founder (Moravian Church in America)
  • 1797Louis-Lazare Hoche: French revolutionary General
  • 1818Olaf Swaertz: Botanist
  • 1827Robert Pollok: Poet
  • 1830William Hazlitt: Critic / essayist
  • 1831Peter Hansel: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1857Karol Kazimierz Kurpinski: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1860Casimiro de Abreu: Brazilians Poet (Primaveras)
  • 1860Joseph Locke: Railway engineer
  • 1872Charles XV Louis E: King of Sweden / Norway (1859-72)
  • 1890Dion Boucicault: Irish / US actor / playwright (Octoroon), dies at 67
  • 1896Armand-Hippolyte-Louis Fizeau: Physicist
  • 1903Isidor Vorobchievici: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1903Theodore Furchtegott Kirchner: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1904Herbert von Bismarck: German politician / Son of Otto
  • 1905George MacDonald: Sci-fi Author (Princess & Curdie), dies at 80
  • 1918Ernest Bristow Farrar: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1924Francis Herbert Bradley: British philosopher (neo-idealism)
  • 1929Hermann Gradener: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1934Marie Shotwell: Actress (Sally of the Sawdust), dies at 54

Historical events on September 19

  • 1356English defeat French at Battle of Poitiers
  • 1523Emperor Charles I and England sign anti-French covenant
  • 15595 Spanish ships sinks in storm off Tampa, about 600 die
  • 1580Treaty of Plessis-lez-Tours (Anjou / Dutch States-General)
  • 1602Grave surrenders to Earl Mauritius
  • 1642Perpignan surrenders to French troops
  • 1656Treaty of Labiau: Sweden gives Prussia, Brandenburg
  • 1657Brandenburg and Poland sign Treaty of Wehlau
  • 1668Polish King John II Kazimierz resigns / goes to France
  • 1676Rebels under Nathaniel Bacon set Jamestown Va on fire
  • 1755England and Russia sign military agreement
  • 1795Tula, leader of Curacao slave opposition, imprisoned
  • 1799English and Russian invasion army conquerors Receiver
  • 1833Charles Darwin visits Guardia del Monte, Argentina
  • 1838Ephraim Morris patents railroad brake
  • 1846Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning elopes
  • 1848Hyperion, moon of Saturn, discovered by Bond (US) and Lassell (England)
  • 18491st commercial laundry established, in Oakland, California
  • 1854Henry Meyer patents sleeping rail car
  • 1862Battle at Iuka Mississippi (1,700 casualties)
  • 1863Battle of Chickamauga Georgia (near Chattanooga) begins; Union retreat
  • 18643rd Battle of Winchester Virginia (Opequon, 3rd Winchester)
  • 1865Atlanta University forms
  • 1870Siege of Paris begins
  • 1873Black Friday: Jay Cooke and Co fails, causing a securities panic
  • 18761st carpet sweeper patented (Melville Bissell of Grand Rapids, Michigan)
  • 1876Talks begin to set up a football club in Ottawa
  • 1890Turkish frigate "Ertogrul" burns off of Japan, kills 540
  • 1893New Zealand is 1st country to grant all its women the right to vote
  • 190111 baseball games canceled due to funeral of President William McKinley

Born on September 19

  • 0086Antoninus Pius: 15th Roman Emperor (138-161)
  • 0866Leo VI Sophos: Byzantine Emperor (886-912) / writer (Problematica)
  • 1551Henry III: Duke of Anjou / King of Poland / France (1573 / 4-89)
  • 1655Jan Luyts: Netherlands -- Scholar / physicist / mathematician / astronomer
  • 1705Henri-Jacques de Croes: Flemish composer / band master
  • 1737Charles Carroll: Signed Declaration of Independence
  • 1769Joseph Comb: Missionary to Molukkas
  • 1770Johann G Repsold: German instrument maker
  • 1800William Wister McKean: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1865
  • 1802Louis Kossuth: Hungary -- President of Hungary (1849)
  • 1822Joseph Rodman West: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1824Carl Ignaz Franz Umlauf: Composer
  • 1837Adolf Gustaw Sonnenfeld: Composer
  • 1862Adeline De Walt Reynolds: Benton County, Iowa -- Actress (Son of Dracula)
  • 1871Fritz Schaudinn: German animal expert (examined syphilis)
  • 1882Paul-Marie Masson: Composer
  • 1888Porter Hall: Cincinnati, Ohio -- Actor (Half-Breed, Double Indenity)
  • 1889Ernest Truex: Kansas City, Missouri -- Actor (Pop-Pete & Gladys, Mr Peepers)
  • 1889Ricardo Cortez [Jack Krantz]: Vienna, Austria -- Actor / dir (Blackmail)
  • 1889Sarah Delany: Author / teacher
  • 1894Cornelis Rijnsdorp: Writer (Kings Children)
  • 1898Giuseppe Saragat: President of Italy (1964-71)
  • 1900Solomon Pimsleur: Composer
  • 1901Joseph Pasternak: Film producer (Anchors Aweigh, Date With Judy)
  • 1902James Van Alen: Created Simplified Scoring System for tennis
  • 1902Pieter John Bouman: Sociologist / historian
  • 1904Bergen Evans: Ohio, United States -- English Professor ($64,000 Question)
  • 1904Karen Aabye: Danish author (Less bedstemor there jomfru)
  • 1905Betty Garde: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Actress (Aggie-Real McCoys)
  • 1905James Holland: Artist / exhibition organiser

Died on September 19

  • 1356Gautier de Brienne: Duke of Athens / French Supreme Commander
  • 1356Geoffroy de Charny: French nobleman, dies in battle
  • 1356Jean de Clermont: French marshal, dies in battle
  • 1719Frans Anneessens: Belgian Merchant / lord of the manor, executed at 59
  • 1719Jan Weenix: Dutch painter, buried
  • 1756Josef Antonin Sehling: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1761Peter Musschenbroek: Physician / physicist (Leidse Bottle), dies at 69
  • 1830Stanislas Champein: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1836Carl Friedrich Ebers: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1862[Lewis] Henry Little: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 45
  • 1863Preston Smith: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 39
  • 1864Archibald Campbell Godwin: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 1864David Allen Russell: US Union General Major, dies in battle at 43
  • 1864Robert Emmet Rodes: US Confederate General Major, dies in battle at 35
  • 1881James A Garfield: 20th President (1881), dies of gunshot wound at 49
  • 1882Andreas I Schaepman: Archbishop of Utrecht (1868-82), dies at 67
  • 1902Maria Hendrika: Queen of the Belgians
  • 1918Liza Nina Mary Frederica Lehmann: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1935Jules M Cambron: French Governor-General to Algeria / ambassador
  • 1944David Lord: British lieutenant / Dakota-pilot DFC / VC, dies in battle
  • 1944Hilary Barlow: British Colonel
  • 1944John AC Fitch: British Lieutenant Colonel, dies in battle in Arnhem
  • 1952Giuseppe Zoppi: Swiss writer (Presento il mio Ticino)
  • 1954Tibor Harsanyi: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1961Helen Kimble: Fictional Wife of Dr Richard Kimble (Fugitive)
  • 1961Pieter Tesch: Mine engineer / geology (Pedestal of the Netherlands)
  • 1962Pogodin: Writer
  • 1967Martin Block: TV announcer (Chesterfield Supper Club), dies at 64
  • 1968Chester F Carlson: Inventor (photocopying), dies at 62
  • 1968Red Foley: Country singer (Mr Smith Goes to Washington), dies at 58