Events on Sep 19

  • 1356English defeat French at Battle of Poitiers
  • 1523Emperor Charles I and England sign anti-French covenant
  • 15595 Spanish ships sinks in storm off Tampa, about 600 die
  • 1580Treaty of Plessis-lez-Tours (Anjou / Dutch States-General)
  • 1602Grave surrenders to Earl Mauritius
  • 1642Perpignan surrenders to French troops
  • 1656Treaty of Labiau: Sweden gives Prussia, Brandenburg
  • 1657Brandenburg and Poland sign Treaty of Wehlau
  • 1668Polish King John II Kazimierz resigns / goes to France
  • 1676Rebels under Nathaniel Bacon set Jamestown Va on fire
  • 1755England and Russia sign military agreement
  • 1795Tula, leader of Curacao slave opposition, imprisoned
  • 1799English and Russian invasion army conquerors Receiver
  • 1833Charles Darwin visits Guardia del Monte, Argentina
  • 1838Ephraim Morris patents railroad brake
  • 1846Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning elopes
  • 1848Hyperion, moon of Saturn, discovered by Bond (US) and Lassell (England)
  • 18491st commercial laundry established, in Oakland, California
  • 1854Henry Meyer patents sleeping rail car
  • 1862Battle at Iuka Mississippi (1,700 casualties)
  • 1863Battle of Chickamauga Georgia (near Chattanooga) begins; Union retreat
  • 18643rd Battle of Winchester Virginia (Opequon, 3rd Winchester)
  • 1865Atlanta University forms
  • 1870Siege of Paris begins
  • 1873Black Friday: Jay Cooke and Co fails, causing a securities panic
  • 18761st carpet sweeper patented (Melville Bissell of Grand Rapids, Michigan)
  • 1876Talks begin to set up a football club in Ottawa
  • 1890Turkish frigate "Ertogrul" burns off of Japan, kills 540
  • 1893New Zealand is 1st country to grant all its women the right to vote
  • 190111 baseball games canceled due to funeral of President William McKinley

Born on Sep 19

  • 0086Antoninus Pius: 15th Roman Emperor (138-161)
  • 0866Leo VI Sophos: Byzantine Emperor (886-912) / writer (Problematica)
  • 1551Henry III: Duke of Anjou / King of Poland / France (1573 / 4-89)
  • 1655Jan Luyts: Netherlands -- Scholar / physicist / mathematician / astronomer
  • 1705Henri-Jacques de Croes: Flemish composer / band master
  • 1737Charles Carroll: Signed Declaration of Independence
  • 1769Joseph Comb: Missionary to Molukkas
  • 1770Johann G Repsold: German instrument maker
  • 1800William Wister McKean: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1865
  • 1802Louis Kossuth: Hungary -- President of Hungary (1849)
  • 1822Joseph Rodman West: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1824Carl Ignaz Franz Umlauf: Composer
  • 1837Adolf Gustaw Sonnenfeld: Composer
  • 1862Adeline De Walt Reynolds: Benton County, Iowa -- Actress (Son of Dracula)
  • 1871Fritz Schaudinn: German animal expert (examined syphilis)
  • 1882Paul-Marie Masson: Composer
  • 1888Porter Hall: Cincinnati, Ohio -- Actor (Half-Breed, Double Indenity)
  • 1889Ernest Truex: Kansas City, Missouri -- Actor (Pop-Pete & Gladys, Mr Peepers)
  • 1889Ricardo Cortez [Jack Krantz]: Vienna, Austria -- Actor / dir (Blackmail)
  • 1889Sarah Delany: Author / teacher
  • 1894Cornelis Rijnsdorp: Writer (Kings Children)
  • 1898Giuseppe Saragat: President of Italy (1964-71)
  • 1900Solomon Pimsleur: Composer
  • 1901Joseph Pasternak: Film producer (Anchors Aweigh, Date With Judy)
  • 1902James Van Alen: Created Simplified Scoring System for tennis
  • 1902Pieter John Bouman: Sociologist / historian
  • 1904Bergen Evans: Ohio, United States -- English Professor ($64,000 Question)
  • 1904Karen Aabye: Danish author (Less bedstemor there jomfru)
  • 1905Betty Garde: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Actress (Aggie-Real McCoys)
  • 1905James Holland: Artist / exhibition organiser

Died on Sep 19

  • 1356Gautier de Brienne: Duke of Athens / French Supreme Commander
  • 1356Geoffroy de Charny: French nobleman, dies in battle
  • 1356Jean de Clermont: French marshal, dies in battle
  • 1719Frans Anneessens: Belgian Merchant / lord of the manor, executed at 59
  • 1719Jan Weenix: Dutch painter, buried
  • 1756Josef Antonin Sehling: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1761Peter Musschenbroek: Physician / physicist (Leidse Bottle), dies at 69
  • 1830Stanislas Champein: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1836Carl Friedrich Ebers: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1862[Lewis] Henry Little: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 45
  • 1863Preston Smith: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 39
  • 1864Archibald Campbell Godwin: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 1864David Allen Russell: US Union General Major, dies in battle at 43
  • 1864Robert Emmet Rodes: US Confederate General Major, dies in battle at 35
  • 1881James A Garfield: 20th President (1881), dies of gunshot wound at 49
  • 1882Andreas I Schaepman: Archbishop of Utrecht (1868-82), dies at 67
  • 1902Maria Hendrika: Queen of the Belgians
  • 1918Liza Nina Mary Frederica Lehmann: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1935Jules M Cambron: French Governor-General to Algeria / ambassador
  • 1944David Lord: British lieutenant / Dakota-pilot DFC / VC, dies in battle
  • 1944Hilary Barlow: British Colonel
  • 1944John AC Fitch: British Lieutenant Colonel, dies in battle in Arnhem
  • 1952Giuseppe Zoppi: Swiss writer (Presento il mio Ticino)
  • 1954Tibor Harsanyi: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1961Helen Kimble: Fictional Wife of Dr Richard Kimble (Fugitive)
  • 1961Pieter Tesch: Mine engineer / geology (Pedestal of the Netherlands)
  • 1962Pogodin: Writer
  • 1967Martin Block: TV announcer (Chesterfield Supper Club), dies at 64
  • 1968Chester F Carlson: Inventor (photocopying), dies at 62
  • 1968Red Foley: Country singer (Mr Smith Goes to Washington), dies at 58

Historical events on September 20

  • 0368Emperor Valentinianus visits Nijmegen
  • 0451General Aetius defeats Attila the Hun at Chalons-sur-Marne
  • 0622Prophet Mohammed / Abu Bakr arrives in Jathrib (Medina)
  • 1258Cathedral of Salisbury inaugurated
  • 1519Ferdinand Magellan starts 1st successful circumnavigation of world
  • 1530Luther advises protestant monarch compromise
  • 1565Spaniards capture Fort Caroline, Florida and massacre the French
  • 1604Spanish army under Spinola recaptures Oostende
  • 1620Battle at Jassy: Turks beat King Sigismund III of Poland
  • 1664Maryland passes 1st anti-amalgamation law to stop intermarriage of English women and black men
  • 16742nd West Indie Company forms
  • 1688French troops occupies Palts
  • 1697Peace of Saki (ends 9 years war)
  • 1746Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France from Scotland
  • 1777Paoli massacre
  • 1787Prince Willem V returns to Hague
  • 1792French defeat Prussians at Valmy
  • 1793British troops under Major-General Williamson lands on (French) Haiti
  • 1797US frigate Constitution (Old Ironsides) launched in Boston
  • 18301st Negro Convention of Free Men agree to boycott slave-produced goods
  • 1833Charles Darwin rides horse to Buenos Aires
  • 18391st railroad in the Netherlands opens (Amsterdam-Haarlem)
  • 1850Slave trade abolished in DC, but slavery allowed to continue
  • 1854Battle at Alma Krim: 1,000 British soldiers died
  • 1854British and French defeat Russians at Alma, in Crimea
  • 1859George Simpson patents electric range
  • 18601st British royalty to visit US, Prince of Wales (King Edward VII)
  • 1861Battle of Lexington, MI-captured by Union
  • 1863Battle of Shepardstown, Virginia
  • 1863Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga Tenn, ends

Born on September 20

  • 1593Gottfried Scheidt: Composer
  • 1653Benedict Schultheiss: Composer
  • 1665Johannes van der Hagen: Vicar / genealogist / chronologer
  • 1706Franz Habermann: Composer
  • 1744Giacomo Quarenghi: Italian / Russian master builder (Hermitage Theater)
  • 1767Jose Mauricio Nunes Garcia: Composer
  • 1771Mungo Park: Scotish explorer (Africa)
  • 1777Ramon Felix Cuellar y Altarriba: Composer
  • 1791Sergei T Aksakov: Russian writer (Semejnaja chronika)
  • 1795Charles Heinrich Christoph Zeuner: Composer
  • 1795Peter of Limburg Brouwer: Physician / classical / author
  • 1809Sterline "Old Pap" Price: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1810Alpheus Starkey Williams: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1820George Washington Morgan: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1820John Fulton Reynolds: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1832Johann Joseph Abert: Composer
  • 1833Ernesto Teodoro Moneta: Italy -- Journalist (Nobel Peace Prize 1907)
  • 1842James Dewar: Scottish chemist / physicist (Dewarfles / cordiet)
  • 1846Agnes Tyrrell: Composer
  • 1847Sergei G Netsjajev: Russian nihilist (Catechism Revolutionary)
  • 1852Edouard Baron Empain: Belgian railway builder (Paris Metro)
  • 1865Lubor Niederle: Czechoslovakia -- Archaeologist / slavist
  • 1866Gustave Doret: Composer
  • 1869George Robey [George Edward Wade]: Comic
  • 1869Marcel Cachin: Co-founder (French Communistic Party)
  • 1872Maurice Gamelin: French Generalissimo
  • 1873Robert D Wrenn: Tennis champ (US Open - 1893)
  • 1877Armand Louis Joseph Marsick: Composer
  • 1878Upton Beall Sinclair: US writer (Jungle)
  • 1879Jacobo Conrad [Coco Lepol / Elias Martinus]: Curacaos composer

Died on September 20

  • 1168Paschal III [Guido di Crema]: Italian anti-Pope
  • 1384Louis: Duke of Anjou / Wife of Marie of Bretagne
  • 1493Philippe Pot: Governor / Viceroy of Burgundy
  • 1586Anthony Babington: Page / conspirator to Mary Stuart, executed at 24
  • 1613Willem H van Est (Estius): Theologist
  • 1639John Meursius [van Meurs]: Historian, dies at 60
  • 1647Giovanni Del Turco: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1648Marco Ivan Lukacic: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1679Cornelis Evertsen the Young: Vice-admiral of Zealand, dies at 51
  • 1706Pierre Verdier: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1731Sicco van Goslinga: Fries diplomat / Secretary of High Council, dies at 67
  • 1773Pieter de Swart: Architect (Delfts Port Rotterdam), dies at 63
  • 1803Robert Emmet: Irish nationalist, executed
  • 1806Utamaro Kitagawa: Painter
  • 1810Wouter J van Troostwijk: Painter, dies at 28
  • 1823Daniel Steibelt: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1839Jose Gaspar de Francia: Dictator of Paraguay (1816-39), dies at 74
  • 1863Benjamin Hardin Helm: US attorney / Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 33
  • 1863Jakob Grimm: Writer, dies at 78
  • 1865William H Revere, Jr.: US Union Brigadier General
  • 1873Lulu Strauss und Torney: German poetess / writer
  • 1886John Liptrot Hatton: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1896Gottfried Conradi: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1897Karel Bendl: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1898Theodor Fontane: German Author (Der Stechlin), dies at 78
  • 1908Pablo Martin Melitou de Sarasate y Navascuez: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1917Herbert Morris: Jamaican deserter in France, executed at 17
  • 1927George Nichols: Actor (His Favorite Pastime, Star Boarder), dies at 62
  • 1932Max Slevogt: German painter, dies at 63
  • 1933Annie Besant: English theosophy (Esoteric Christianity)