Events on Sep 20

  • 0368Emperor Valentinianus visits Nijmegen
  • 0451General Aetius defeats Attila the Hun at Chalons-sur-Marne
  • 0622Prophet Mohammed / Abu Bakr arrives in Jathrib (Medina)
  • 1258Cathedral of Salisbury inaugurated
  • 1519Ferdinand Magellan starts 1st successful circumnavigation of world
  • 1530Luther advises protestant monarch compromise
  • 1565Spaniards capture Fort Caroline, Florida and massacre the French
  • 1604Spanish army under Spinola recaptures Oostende
  • 1620Battle at Jassy: Turks beat King Sigismund III of Poland
  • 1664Maryland passes 1st anti-amalgamation law to stop intermarriage of English women and black men
  • 16742nd West Indie Company forms
  • 1688French troops occupies Palts
  • 1697Peace of Saki (ends 9 years war)
  • 1746Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France from Scotland
  • 1777Paoli massacre
  • 1787Prince Willem V returns to Hague
  • 1792French defeat Prussians at Valmy
  • 1793British troops under Major-General Williamson lands on (French) Haiti
  • 1797US frigate Constitution (Old Ironsides) launched in Boston
  • 18301st Negro Convention of Free Men agree to boycott slave-produced goods
  • 1833Charles Darwin rides horse to Buenos Aires
  • 18391st railroad in the Netherlands opens (Amsterdam-Haarlem)
  • 1850Slave trade abolished in DC, but slavery allowed to continue
  • 1854Battle at Alma Krim: 1,000 British soldiers died
  • 1854British and French defeat Russians at Alma, in Crimea
  • 1859George Simpson patents electric range
  • 18601st British royalty to visit US, Prince of Wales (King Edward VII)
  • 1861Battle of Lexington, MI-captured by Union
  • 1863Battle of Shepardstown, Virginia
  • 1863Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga Tenn, ends

Born on Sep 20

  • 1593Gottfried Scheidt: Composer
  • 1653Benedict Schultheiss: Composer
  • 1665Johannes van der Hagen: Vicar / genealogist / chronologer
  • 1706Franz Habermann: Composer
  • 1744Giacomo Quarenghi: Italian / Russian master builder (Hermitage Theater)
  • 1767Jose Mauricio Nunes Garcia: Composer
  • 1771Mungo Park: Scotish explorer (Africa)
  • 1777Ramon Felix Cuellar y Altarriba: Composer
  • 1791Sergei T Aksakov: Russian writer (Semejnaja chronika)
  • 1795Charles Heinrich Christoph Zeuner: Composer
  • 1795Peter of Limburg Brouwer: Physician / classical / author
  • 1809Sterline "Old Pap" Price: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1810Alpheus Starkey Williams: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1820George Washington Morgan: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1820John Fulton Reynolds: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1832Johann Joseph Abert: Composer
  • 1833Ernesto Teodoro Moneta: Italy -- Journalist (Nobel Peace Prize 1907)
  • 1842James Dewar: Scottish chemist / physicist (Dewarfles / cordiet)
  • 1846Agnes Tyrrell: Composer
  • 1847Sergei G Netsjajev: Russian nihilist (Catechism Revolutionary)
  • 1852Edouard Baron Empain: Belgian railway builder (Paris Metro)
  • 1865Lubor Niederle: Czechoslovakia -- Archaeologist / slavist
  • 1866Gustave Doret: Composer
  • 1869George Robey [George Edward Wade]: Comic
  • 1869Marcel Cachin: Co-founder (French Communistic Party)
  • 1872Maurice Gamelin: French Generalissimo
  • 1873Robert D Wrenn: Tennis champ (US Open - 1893)
  • 1877Armand Louis Joseph Marsick: Composer
  • 1878Upton Beall Sinclair: US writer (Jungle)
  • 1879Jacobo Conrad [Coco Lepol / Elias Martinus]: Curacaos composer

Died on Sep 20

  • 1168Paschal III [Guido di Crema]: Italian anti-Pope
  • 1384Louis: Duke of Anjou / Wife of Marie of Bretagne
  • 1493Philippe Pot: Governor / Viceroy of Burgundy
  • 1586Anthony Babington: Page / conspirator to Mary Stuart, executed at 24
  • 1613Willem H van Est (Estius): Theologist
  • 1639John Meursius [van Meurs]: Historian, dies at 60
  • 1647Giovanni Del Turco: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1648Marco Ivan Lukacic: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1679Cornelis Evertsen the Young: Vice-admiral of Zealand, dies at 51
  • 1706Pierre Verdier: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1731Sicco van Goslinga: Fries diplomat / Secretary of High Council, dies at 67
  • 1773Pieter de Swart: Architect (Delfts Port Rotterdam), dies at 63
  • 1803Robert Emmet: Irish nationalist, executed
  • 1806Utamaro Kitagawa: Painter
  • 1810Wouter J van Troostwijk: Painter, dies at 28
  • 1823Daniel Steibelt: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1839Jose Gaspar de Francia: Dictator of Paraguay (1816-39), dies at 74
  • 1863Benjamin Hardin Helm: US attorney / Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 33
  • 1863Jakob Grimm: Writer, dies at 78
  • 1865William H Revere, Jr.: US Union Brigadier General
  • 1873Lulu Strauss und Torney: German poetess / writer
  • 1886John Liptrot Hatton: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1896Gottfried Conradi: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1897Karel Bendl: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1898Theodor Fontane: German Author (Der Stechlin), dies at 78
  • 1908Pablo Martin Melitou de Sarasate y Navascuez: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1917Herbert Morris: Jamaican deserter in France, executed at 17
  • 1927George Nichols: Actor (His Favorite Pastime, Star Boarder), dies at 62
  • 1932Max Slevogt: German painter, dies at 63
  • 1933Annie Besant: English theosophy (Esoteric Christianity)

Historical events on September 21

  • 1066Battle at Fulford: Norway King Harald III Hardrada beats British militia
  • 1192English King Richard I the Lion hearted, captured
  • 1348Jews in Zurich Switzerland are accused of poisoning wells
  • 1435Treaty of Atrecht: Philip of Bourgondy vs. French King Charles II
  • 1451Cardinal Nicholas of Cusa orders Jews of Holland to wear a badge
  • 1589Battle at Arques: French King Henri IV beats Catholic League
  • 1591French bishops recognize Henri IV as King of France
  • 1621King James of England gives Canada to Sir Alexander Sterling
  • 1676Benedetto Odescalchi elected as Pope Innocent XI
  • 1677John and Nicolaas van der Heyden patents fire extinguisher
  • 1745Battle at Preston Pans: Bonnie Prince Charles beats English army
  • 1746French expeditionary army occupies Labourdonnais and Dupleix Madras
  • 1776Great fire in New York
  • 1776Nathan Hale, spied on British for American rebels, arrested
  • 17841st daily newspaper in America (Penns Packet & General Advertiser)
  • 1784Pennsylvania Packet and Daily Advertiser 1st success US daily newspaper
  • 17921st French Republic forms
  • 1814"Star Spangled Banner" published as a poem
  • 1815King Willem I takes oath in Brussels
  • 1823Moroni 1st appears to Joseph Smith, according to Smith
  • 1837Charles Tiffany founded his jewelry and china stores
  • 1863Union forces retreat to Chattanooga after defeat at Chickamauga
  • 1872John Henry Conyers of SC becomes 1st black student at Annapolis
  • 18831st direct US-Brazil telegraph connection
  • 1885Dutch demonstrate for general voting right
  • 1893Frank Duryea drives 1st US made gas propelled vehicle (car)
  • 18951st auto manufacturer opens-Duryea Motor Wagon Company
  • 1896General Kitcheners army occupies Dongola Sudan
  • 1897New York Sun runs famous "Yes, Virginia there is a Santa Claus, " editorial
  • 19031st cowboy film "Kit Carson, " premieres in US

Born on September 21

  • 1372Frederik I van Hohenzollern: Monarch of Brandenburg (1417-40)
  • 1415Frederick III: Innsbruck, Austria -- German Emperor (1440-1493)
  • 1452Girolamo Savonarola: Monk / Reformer / Dictator of Florence (1494-98)
  • 1527Matthaus Ludecus: Composer
  • 1706Jacob Wilhelm Lustig: Composer
  • 1728Louis Emmanuel Eadin: Composer
  • 1752Louise MC: Countess of Albany
  • 1756John Loudon McAdam: Created macadam road surface (asphalt)
  • 1760Gaetano Valeri: Composer
  • 1788Margaret Smith Taylor: 1st lady (1849-50)
  • 1817Carter Littlepage Stevenson: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1817Charles Balmer: Composer
  • 1820Williams Carter Wickham: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1824Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1827Michael Corcoran: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1832Friedrich Wilhelm Langhans: Composer
  • 1832Samuel Sprigg Carroll: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1893
  • 1833Josef Richard Rozkosny: Composer
  • 1840Murad V: Sultan of Turkey (1876)
  • 1843David Emlyn Evans: Composer
  • 1849Edmund Gosse: London, England -- Translator / critic (Father & Son)
  • 1853Heike Kamerlingh Onnes: Dutch physicist (liquid helium, Nobel 1913)
  • 1859Cyriel Buysse: Flemish Baron / writer (Sursum Corda, Ace Knave)
  • 1866Charles Jean Henri Nicolle France: Bacteriologist (Nobel-1928)
  • 1867Henry Lewis Stimson: US Minister of War (1911-13)
  • 1869Henryk Melcer-Szczawinski: Composer
  • 1871Ernst Heldring: Dutch Merchant / ship owner / financier
  • 1874Gustav Theodore Holst: Cheltenham, England -- Composer (Planets)
  • 1880Henry Louis Mencken: US essayist / critic (American Mercury)
  • 1882Alf Thorbald Hurum: Composer

Died on September 21

  • 0687Conon: Sicilian Pope (686-87)
  • 1327Edward II: King of England (1307-1327), assassinated at 43
  • 1433Zweder van Kuilenberg: Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1440Frederik I van Hohenzollern: Ruler Brandenburg (1417-40), dies at 68
  • 1481Bartholomeus Platinum: Italian humanist / pontifical librarian
  • 1519Hans Backofen / Backoffen: German sculptor, dies at about 49
  • 1558Charles V: King of Spain (Carlos I) / Holy Roman Emperor, dies at 58
  • 1576Girolamo Cardano: Italian mathematician, dies at 74
  • 1586Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle: Viceroy of Naples (1571-75), dies at 69
  • 1590Ascanio Trombeti: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1629John Pieterszoon Coen: Merchant / Governor-General of East-Indies, dies at 42
  • 1705Willem Hadriaan of Nassau: Corrupt mister of Odijck
  • 1798George Read: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 65
  • 1809Alexander Reinagle: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1812Emmanuel Johann Joseph Schikaneder: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1820Joseph R Drake: US Poet (American Flag), dies at 25
  • 1832Walter Scott: Scottish attorney / Poet / writer (Ivanhoe)
  • 1836John Stafford Smith: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1839Jacob Gottfried Weber: German composer, dies at 60
  • 1883Johannes van Vloten: Dutch man of letters / theologist, dies at 65
  • 1905Rudolf Baumbach: Writer of German student drinking songs, dies at 64
  • 1908Pablo de Sarasate: Spanish violinist / Composer (Spanish Dancer)
  • 1911Arab Pasha: "al-Misri" [Pasha Ahmad Arab), Egyptian minister
  • 1915Anthony Comstock: Anti-vice crusader, dies at 71 in New York City
  • 1937Henri [Lucien] Capitant: French lawyer, dies at 72
  • 1946Leo Bittermieux: Flemish Missionary (Congo), dies at 66
  • 1947Harry Carey, Sr.: Actor / director (Red River, Sundown), dies at 69
  • 1953Roger Quilter: British composer, dies at 75
  • 1956Robert Mills Delaney: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1957Haakon VII (CF Charles WA): Danish King of Norway (1905-57)