Events on Sep 21

  • 1066Battle at Fulford: Norway King Harald III Hardrada beats British militia
  • 1192English King Richard I the Lion hearted, captured
  • 1348Jews in Zurich Switzerland are accused of poisoning wells
  • 1435Treaty of Atrecht: Philip of Bourgondy vs. French King Charles II
  • 1451Cardinal Nicholas of Cusa orders Jews of Holland to wear a badge
  • 1589Battle at Arques: French King Henri IV beats Catholic League
  • 1591French bishops recognize Henri IV as King of France
  • 1621King James of England gives Canada to Sir Alexander Sterling
  • 1676Benedetto Odescalchi elected as Pope Innocent XI
  • 1677John and Nicolaas van der Heyden patents fire extinguisher
  • 1745Battle at Preston Pans: Bonnie Prince Charles beats English army
  • 1746French expeditionary army occupies Labourdonnais and Dupleix Madras
  • 1776Great fire in New York
  • 1776Nathan Hale, spied on British for American rebels, arrested
  • 17841st daily newspaper in America (Penns Packet & General Advertiser)
  • 1784Pennsylvania Packet and Daily Advertiser 1st success US daily newspaper
  • 17921st French Republic forms
  • 1814"Star Spangled Banner" published as a poem
  • 1815King Willem I takes oath in Brussels
  • 1823Moroni 1st appears to Joseph Smith, according to Smith
  • 1837Charles Tiffany founded his jewelry and china stores
  • 1863Union forces retreat to Chattanooga after defeat at Chickamauga
  • 1872John Henry Conyers of SC becomes 1st black student at Annapolis
  • 18831st direct US-Brazil telegraph connection
  • 1885Dutch demonstrate for general voting right
  • 1893Frank Duryea drives 1st US made gas propelled vehicle (car)
  • 18951st auto manufacturer opens-Duryea Motor Wagon Company
  • 1896General Kitcheners army occupies Dongola Sudan
  • 1897New York Sun runs famous "Yes, Virginia there is a Santa Claus, " editorial
  • 19031st cowboy film "Kit Carson, " premieres in US

Born on Sep 21

  • 1372Frederik I van Hohenzollern: Monarch of Brandenburg (1417-40)
  • 1415Frederick III: Innsbruck, Austria -- German Emperor (1440-1493)
  • 1452Girolamo Savonarola: Monk / Reformer / Dictator of Florence (1494-98)
  • 1527Matthaus Ludecus: Composer
  • 1706Jacob Wilhelm Lustig: Composer
  • 1728Louis Emmanuel Eadin: Composer
  • 1752Louise MC: Countess of Albany
  • 1756John Loudon McAdam: Created macadam road surface (asphalt)
  • 1760Gaetano Valeri: Composer
  • 1788Margaret Smith Taylor: 1st lady (1849-50)
  • 1817Carter Littlepage Stevenson: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1817Charles Balmer: Composer
  • 1820Williams Carter Wickham: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1824Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1827Michael Corcoran: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1832Friedrich Wilhelm Langhans: Composer
  • 1832Samuel Sprigg Carroll: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1893
  • 1833Josef Richard Rozkosny: Composer
  • 1840Murad V: Sultan of Turkey (1876)
  • 1843David Emlyn Evans: Composer
  • 1849Edmund Gosse: London, England -- Translator / critic (Father & Son)
  • 1853Heike Kamerlingh Onnes: Dutch physicist (liquid helium, Nobel 1913)
  • 1859Cyriel Buysse: Flemish Baron / writer (Sursum Corda, Ace Knave)
  • 1866Charles Jean Henri Nicolle France: Bacteriologist (Nobel-1928)
  • 1867Henry Lewis Stimson: US Minister of War (1911-13)
  • 1869Henryk Melcer-Szczawinski: Composer
  • 1871Ernst Heldring: Dutch Merchant / ship owner / financier
  • 1874Gustav Theodore Holst: Cheltenham, England -- Composer (Planets)
  • 1880Henry Louis Mencken: US essayist / critic (American Mercury)
  • 1882Alf Thorbald Hurum: Composer

Died on Sep 21

  • 0687Conon: Sicilian Pope (686-87)
  • 1327Edward II: King of England (1307-1327), assassinated at 43
  • 1433Zweder van Kuilenberg: Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1440Frederik I van Hohenzollern: Ruler Brandenburg (1417-40), dies at 68
  • 1481Bartholomeus Platinum: Italian humanist / pontifical librarian
  • 1519Hans Backofen / Backoffen: German sculptor, dies at about 49
  • 1558Charles V: King of Spain (Carlos I) / Holy Roman Emperor, dies at 58
  • 1576Girolamo Cardano: Italian mathematician, dies at 74
  • 1586Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle: Viceroy of Naples (1571-75), dies at 69
  • 1590Ascanio Trombeti: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1629John Pieterszoon Coen: Merchant / Governor-General of East-Indies, dies at 42
  • 1705Willem Hadriaan of Nassau: Corrupt mister of Odijck
  • 1798George Read: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 65
  • 1809Alexander Reinagle: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1812Emmanuel Johann Joseph Schikaneder: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1820Joseph R Drake: US Poet (American Flag), dies at 25
  • 1832Walter Scott: Scottish attorney / Poet / writer (Ivanhoe)
  • 1836John Stafford Smith: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1839Jacob Gottfried Weber: German composer, dies at 60
  • 1883Johannes van Vloten: Dutch man of letters / theologist, dies at 65
  • 1905Rudolf Baumbach: Writer of German student drinking songs, dies at 64
  • 1908Pablo de Sarasate: Spanish violinist / Composer (Spanish Dancer)
  • 1911Arab Pasha: "al-Misri" [Pasha Ahmad Arab), Egyptian minister
  • 1915Anthony Comstock: Anti-vice crusader, dies at 71 in New York City
  • 1937Henri [Lucien] Capitant: French lawyer, dies at 72
  • 1946Leo Bittermieux: Flemish Missionary (Congo), dies at 66
  • 1947Harry Carey, Sr.: Actor / director (Red River, Sundown), dies at 69
  • 1953Roger Quilter: British composer, dies at 75
  • 1956Robert Mills Delaney: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1957Haakon VII (CF Charles WA): Danish King of Norway (1905-57)

Historical events on September 22

  • 0530Boniface II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0530Discorus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0530St. Felix IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1504Settle engagement of Karel of Luxembourg and Claudia the Beaujeu
  • 1529Cardinal Thomas Wolsey lays-off English Lord Chancellor
  • 1586Battle at Zutphen: English vs. Dutch army
  • 1656All female jury hears case of woman who killed her child (acquit her)
  • 1692Last (8) person hanged for witchcraft in US (Salem, Massachusetts)
  • 1699People of Rotterdam strike over high cost of butter
  • 1711French troops occupy Rio de Janeiro
  • 1733Polish King Lesczynski flees to Danzig
  • 1735Robert Walpole is 1st British Prime Minister to live at 10 Downing Street
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charlies army returns to Edinburgh
  • 1753Pangeran Gusti installed as Sultan of Banten
  • 1756Nassau Hall opens at Princeton University
  • 1784Russian trappers established a colony on Kodiak Island, Alaska
  • 1789Office of Postmaster General is created under the Treasury Department
  • 1792Origin of French Republican Era
  • 1817John Quincy Adams becomes Secretary of State
  • 1861Fort Fauntleroy (Wingate), rapes Navaho Indians
  • 1862President Lincoln, says he will free slaves in all states on Jan 1
  • 1864Sheridan sets up camp in Harrisonburg, Virginia
  • 1868Race riots in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 18931st auto built in US (by Duryea brothers) runs in Springfield
  • 1903Italo Marchiony granted patent for ice cream cone
  • 190511th US Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 314 at Myopia Club, Massachusetts
  • 1905Race riot in Atlanta Georgia (10 blacks & 2 whites killed)
  • 1906Race riot in Atlanta Georgia, kills 21
  • 1908Bulgaria declares independence from Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  • 1910Saskatchewan Rugby Football Union forms

Born on September 22

  • 0130Claudius Galenus: Italian Physician / Scholar
  • 1290Bilbo Baggins: (in Shire Reconning)
  • 1515Anna van Kleef: Queen of England / 4th Wife of Henry VIII
  • 1601Anna van Oostenrijk: Queen of France / Daughter of Philip III
  • 1694Lord Chesterfield: Letter writer; introduced Gregorian calendar (1752)
  • 1720Adolph Carl Kunzen: Composer
  • 1729George Wilhelm Gruber: Composer
  • 1733Anton Filtz: Composer
  • 1738Dionysius G Van de Keessel: Lawyer (Theses Selectae)
  • 1741Peter S Pallas: German geologist / zoologist (Siberia / Krim)
  • 1757Herman H Vitringa: Politician (National Meetings)
  • 1791Michael Faraday: Discovered principle of electric motor
  • 1796Ret Cornelius Kinchiloe Stribling: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1880
  • 1822Brigadier General Eppa Hunton: Fought in most ANV campaigns
  • 1827John Grubb Parke: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1900
  • 1829William Worth Belknap: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1833Stephen Dill Lee: Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1908
  • 1849John Godden: English explorer (Curacao)
  • 1860Heinrich Reitsch: Composer
  • 1864Louis Van Deyssel: Writer (Small Republic, One Love)
  • 1870Arthur Willard Pryor: Composer
  • 1872Luis Villalba Munoz: Composer
  • 1878Shigeru Yoshida: Japanese Prime Minister (most of 1946-54)
  • 1880Asser B Kleerekoper: Journalist / 2nd-Member of parliament (SDAP)
  • 1882Emil Abranyi: Composer
  • 1882Wilhelm Keitel: German Field Marshal
  • 1883Robert Franz Richard Hernried: Composer
  • 1884Minerva Urecal: California, United States -- Actress (Accent on Love, Crazy Knights)
  • 1885Erich von Stroheim: Early film director / actor (Grand Illusion)
  • 1887Hobart Cavanaugh: United States -- Actor (Border Town, Black Angel)

Died on September 22

  • 1197Petrus Cantor: French Theologist (Verbum Abbreviatum)
  • 1253Dogen Kigen: 1st Zen patriarch of Japanese Soto line, dies at 53
  • 1286Mugaku Sogen: Zen Rinzai line founder of Engakuji temple, dies at 60
  • 1392Aleid van Poelgeest: Lover of Earl Albrecht of Bavaria, murdered at 22
  • 1392Willem Cuser: Earl Albrecht of Beierens, murdered
  • 1408Johannes VII Palaeologus: Byzantine Emperor (1376-77, 90 / 1404-8)
  • 1520Selim I: Captured Baghdad / Sultan of Turkey (1512-20), dies at 53
  • 1531Louise Van Savoye: French regent of King Francois I, dies at 55
  • 1566John Agricola [Schneider]: German Theologist / Prime Minister
  • 1607Alessandro Agnolo Allori: Italian Painter / carpet designer, dies at 72
  • 1712Jose Solana: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1737Francesco Mancini: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1737Michel Pignolet de Monteclair: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1774Clement XIV [Giovanni Ganganelli]: Pope (1769-74)
  • 1776Nathan Hale: US captain / patriot / spy, hanged by British at 21
  • 1796George Wilhelm Gruber: Composer, dies on 67th birthday
  • 1796Joseph Lederer: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1814A W Iffland: Writer
  • 1826J P Hebel: Writer, dies at 66
  • 1865Heinrich Christian Pander: Russian zoologist, dies at 71
  • 1890Johanna D Courtmans-Berchmans: Flemish author, dies at 79
  • 1914Alain-Fournier: French writer (Grand Meaulnes), dies in battle at 27
  • 1923Marquess of Ripon: Game hunter, dies after shooting 52nd grouse
  • 1927Giannotto Bastianelli: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1935Karl Schroder: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1944"Cab" Calloway: British scout, dies in battle of Oosterbeek
  • 1949Sam Wood: US communist fighter / director (Night at Opera), dies at 66
  • 1959Josef Matthais Hauer: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1961Marion Davies: Actress (Not So Dumb, 5 & 10), dies of cancer at 64
  • 1969Adolfo Lopez Mateos: President of Mexico, dies at 59