Events on Sep 22

  • 0530Boniface II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0530Discorus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0530St. Felix IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1504Settle engagement of Karel of Luxembourg and Claudia the Beaujeu
  • 1529Cardinal Thomas Wolsey lays-off English Lord Chancellor
  • 1586Battle at Zutphen: English vs. Dutch army
  • 1656All female jury hears case of woman who killed her child (acquit her)
  • 1692Last (8) person hanged for witchcraft in US (Salem, Massachusetts)
  • 1699People of Rotterdam strike over high cost of butter
  • 1711French troops occupy Rio de Janeiro
  • 1733Polish King Lesczynski flees to Danzig
  • 1735Robert Walpole is 1st British Prime Minister to live at 10 Downing Street
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charlies army returns to Edinburgh
  • 1753Pangeran Gusti installed as Sultan of Banten
  • 1756Nassau Hall opens at Princeton University
  • 1784Russian trappers established a colony on Kodiak Island, Alaska
  • 1789Office of Postmaster General is created under the Treasury Department
  • 1792Origin of French Republican Era
  • 1817John Quincy Adams becomes Secretary of State
  • 1861Fort Fauntleroy (Wingate), rapes Navaho Indians
  • 1862President Lincoln, says he will free slaves in all states on Jan 1
  • 1864Sheridan sets up camp in Harrisonburg, Virginia
  • 1868Race riots in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 18931st auto built in US (by Duryea brothers) runs in Springfield
  • 1903Italo Marchiony granted patent for ice cream cone
  • 190511th US Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 314 at Myopia Club, Massachusetts
  • 1905Race riot in Atlanta Georgia (10 blacks & 2 whites killed)
  • 1906Race riot in Atlanta Georgia, kills 21
  • 1908Bulgaria declares independence from Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  • 1910Saskatchewan Rugby Football Union forms

Born on Sep 22

  • 0130Claudius Galenus: Italian Physician / Scholar
  • 1290Bilbo Baggins: (in Shire Reconning)
  • 1515Anna van Kleef: Queen of England / 4th Wife of Henry VIII
  • 1601Anna van Oostenrijk: Queen of France / Daughter of Philip III
  • 1694Lord Chesterfield: Letter writer; introduced Gregorian calendar (1752)
  • 1720Adolph Carl Kunzen: Composer
  • 1729George Wilhelm Gruber: Composer
  • 1733Anton Filtz: Composer
  • 1738Dionysius G Van de Keessel: Lawyer (Theses Selectae)
  • 1741Peter S Pallas: German geologist / zoologist (Siberia / Krim)
  • 1757Herman H Vitringa: Politician (National Meetings)
  • 1791Michael Faraday: Discovered principle of electric motor
  • 1796Ret Cornelius Kinchiloe Stribling: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1880
  • 1822Brigadier General Eppa Hunton: Fought in most ANV campaigns
  • 1827John Grubb Parke: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1900
  • 1829William Worth Belknap: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1833Stephen Dill Lee: Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1908
  • 1849John Godden: English explorer (Curacao)
  • 1860Heinrich Reitsch: Composer
  • 1864Louis Van Deyssel: Writer (Small Republic, One Love)
  • 1870Arthur Willard Pryor: Composer
  • 1872Luis Villalba Munoz: Composer
  • 1878Shigeru Yoshida: Japanese Prime Minister (most of 1946-54)
  • 1880Asser B Kleerekoper: Journalist / 2nd-Member of parliament (SDAP)
  • 1882Emil Abranyi: Composer
  • 1882Wilhelm Keitel: German Field Marshal
  • 1883Robert Franz Richard Hernried: Composer
  • 1884Minerva Urecal: California, United States -- Actress (Accent on Love, Crazy Knights)
  • 1885Erich von Stroheim: Early film director / actor (Grand Illusion)
  • 1887Hobart Cavanaugh: United States -- Actor (Border Town, Black Angel)

Died on Sep 22

  • 1197Petrus Cantor: French Theologist (Verbum Abbreviatum)
  • 1253Dogen Kigen: 1st Zen patriarch of Japanese Soto line, dies at 53
  • 1286Mugaku Sogen: Zen Rinzai line founder of Engakuji temple, dies at 60
  • 1392Aleid van Poelgeest: Lover of Earl Albrecht of Bavaria, murdered at 22
  • 1392Willem Cuser: Earl Albrecht of Beierens, murdered
  • 1408Johannes VII Palaeologus: Byzantine Emperor (1376-77, 90 / 1404-8)
  • 1520Selim I: Captured Baghdad / Sultan of Turkey (1512-20), dies at 53
  • 1531Louise Van Savoye: French regent of King Francois I, dies at 55
  • 1566John Agricola [Schneider]: German Theologist / Prime Minister
  • 1607Alessandro Agnolo Allori: Italian Painter / carpet designer, dies at 72
  • 1712Jose Solana: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1737Francesco Mancini: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1737Michel Pignolet de Monteclair: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1774Clement XIV [Giovanni Ganganelli]: Pope (1769-74)
  • 1776Nathan Hale: US captain / patriot / spy, hanged by British at 21
  • 1796George Wilhelm Gruber: Composer, dies on 67th birthday
  • 1796Joseph Lederer: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1814A W Iffland: Writer
  • 1826J P Hebel: Writer, dies at 66
  • 1865Heinrich Christian Pander: Russian zoologist, dies at 71
  • 1890Johanna D Courtmans-Berchmans: Flemish author, dies at 79
  • 1914Alain-Fournier: French writer (Grand Meaulnes), dies in battle at 27
  • 1923Marquess of Ripon: Game hunter, dies after shooting 52nd grouse
  • 1927Giannotto Bastianelli: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1935Karl Schroder: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1944"Cab" Calloway: British scout, dies in battle of Oosterbeek
  • 1949Sam Wood: US communist fighter / director (Night at Opera), dies at 66
  • 1959Josef Matthais Hauer: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1961Marion Davies: Actress (Not So Dumb, 5 & 10), dies of cancer at 64
  • 1969Adolfo Lopez Mateos: President of Mexico, dies at 59

Historical events on September 23

  • 0951Otto I the Great becomes King of Italy
  • 1122Concord of Worms
  • 1513King Henry III and Emperor Maximilian conquer Doornik
  • 1561King Philip II of Spain forbids Spanish settlements in Florida
  • 1642Harvard College in Cambridge, Mass, 1st commencement
  • 1666Princess Maria of Orange-Nassau marries Mauritius Earl of Simmeren
  • 1719Liechtenstein declares independence from German empire
  • 1739Russia and Turkey sign Peace of Belgrade
  • 1746Jacob Gilles appointed Dutch pension advisor
  • 1795Conseil of the Cinq-Cents (Council of 500), forms in Paris
  • 1803Battle of Assaye-British-Indian forces beat Maratha Army
  • 1806Lewis and Clark return to St. Louis from Pacific Northwest
  • 1830Dutch troops occupy Brussels
  • 1835HMS Beagle sails to Charles Island in Galapagos archipelago
  • 18451st baseball team, New York Knickerbockers organize, adopt rule code
  • 1845Hunger strike in Hague
  • 1857Russian warship Leffort disappears in Finland Gulf in storm; 826 die
  • 1863Confederate siege of Chattanooga begins
  • 1864Battle of Athens, Virginia
  • 1873Tom Allen beats Mike McCale for Heavyweight Boxing title
  • 1876Ottawa Rough Riders play their 1st game
  • 1877Hurricane strikes Curacao and Bonaire kills 200
  • 1879Baldwin steam motors tram 1st tried in Sydney Australia
  • 1879Richard Rhodes invented a hearing aid called the Audiophone
  • 1880Jules Ferry forms French government
  • 1890Ed Cartwright bats in 7 RBIs in 1 inning
  • 18971st frontier days rodeo celebration (Cheyene Wyoming)
  • 1904Francis Younghusbands leaves Lhasa Tibet
  • 1905Mbunga-siege of Fort Mahenge German East-Africa broken
  • 1907Proclamation sets fineness and weight of silver and bronze coins of Canada

Born on September 23

  • 1555Louise de Coligny: French 4th Wife of Willem of Orange
  • 1591Michael Lohr: Composer
  • 1596Joan Blaeu: Cartographer / publisher
  • 1605Daniel von Czepko: German poet
  • 1641Adrian "Aart" van Wijck: Theologist (against jansenisme)
  • 1642Giovanni Maria Bononcini: Composer
  • 1684Johann Theodor Romhild: Composer
  • 1703Jean-Marie Leclair: Composer
  • 1712Ferdinand VI [the wise]: King of Spain (1746-59)
  • 1745John Sevier: Tennessee, United States -- Indian fighter (Gov / Rep-Tn)
  • 1768William Wallace: Scottish mathematician (Rights of Wallace)
  • 1782Jacques-Fereol Mazas: Composer
  • 1791Johann F Encke: German astronomer (Encke Comet)
  • 1800William H McGuffey: Educator (McGuffey Readers)
  • 1804David Van de Kellen: Coin engraver
  • 1805Matthew Adams Stickney: Rowley, Massachusetts -- Numismatist
  • 1816Elihu Benjamin Washburne: MC (Union), died in 1887
  • 1816Julius White: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1890
  • 1820Thomas Kilby Smith: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1838Martin Woodhull Victoria Chaflin: United States -- Feminist / Reformer (Woodhull)
  • 1838Victoria Chaflin Woodhull: Ohio, United States -- Feminist / Reformer / free love
  • 1842Karl Munzinger: Composer
  • 1849Mikhail Mikhaylovich Ivanov: Composer
  • 1852William Stewart Halsted: Established 1st US surgical school
  • 1853Marcel Planiol: French private law Scholar
  • 1854Cornelis W Lely: Dutch engineer / gov of Suriname (1902-05)
  • 1856William Archer: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Writer (Green Goddess)
  • 1861Edmond H H Allenby: English Field Marshal / high director (Egypt)
  • 1863Alexandre EJ Yersin: Swiss / French bacteriologist (bacteria plague)
  • 1863Mary Church Terrell: Civil rights activist

Died on September 23

  • 0775Constantine V Copronymus: Emperor of Byzantium (720-75)
  • 0918Koenraad I: German duke / King (911-18), dies at 42
  • 0965Aboe a-Taia-H al-Moetanabbi: Arabic royal Poet (Diwan), murdered
  • 1541Philippus A Paracelsus: Swiss Physician / alchemist, dies at 47
  • 1624Willem Pietersz Buytewech: Painter / etcher, dies at about 32
  • 1694Francesco Passarini: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1700Nicolaus Adam Strungk: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1738Hermannus Boerhaave: Medical / botanist, dies at 69
  • 1778Balthazar Huydecoper: Translator / historian, dies at 83
  • 1780John Andre: Hanged as a British spy at 29
  • 1797Johann Georg Roser: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1835Vincenzo Bellini: Italian opera Composer (Norma), dies at 33
  • 1837Richard John Samuel Stevens: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1847Henri MG Earl the Merode: Belg revolutionary (Souvenirs), dies at 65
  • 1871Alexander N Afanasjev: Russian story teller, dies at 45
  • 1877Urbain JJ Leverrier: Codiscoverer of Neptune
  • 1889William W Collins: English writer (Moonstone)
  • 1896Ivar A Aasen: Norwegian linguistic / poet, dies at 83
  • 1896Louis-Gilbert Duprez: Composer, dies at 89
  • 1902John Wesley Powell: US geologist (Grand Canyon), dies at 68
  • 1906Jan van Rijswijck: Flemish journalist / Mayor of Antwerp
  • 1929Richard A Zsigmondy: Austria chemist (Nobel 1925), dies at 64
  • 1930Jonkvrouw Catharina AM de Savornin Lohman: Author, dies at 62
  • 1937Caro Roma: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1939Sigmund Freud: Created psychoanalysis, dies at 83
  • 1944Colijn: Netherlands Prime Minister, buried
  • 1947Nikola Petkov: Leader of Bulgaria Boer party, hanged
  • 1956Earl Godwin: Newscaster (Meet the Veep), dies at 75
  • 1960Kathlyn Williams: Actress (Single Man), dies of heart attack at 72
  • 1961Billy House: Actor (Imitation of Life, Bedlam, Egg & I), dies at 71