Events on Sep 23

  • 0951Otto I the Great becomes King of Italy
  • 1122Concord of Worms
  • 1513King Henry III and Emperor Maximilian conquer Doornik
  • 1561King Philip II of Spain forbids Spanish settlements in Florida
  • 1642Harvard College in Cambridge, Mass, 1st commencement
  • 1666Princess Maria of Orange-Nassau marries Mauritius Earl of Simmeren
  • 1719Liechtenstein declares independence from German empire
  • 1739Russia and Turkey sign Peace of Belgrade
  • 1746Jacob Gilles appointed Dutch pension advisor
  • 1795Conseil of the Cinq-Cents (Council of 500), forms in Paris
  • 1803Battle of Assaye-British-Indian forces beat Maratha Army
  • 1806Lewis and Clark return to St. Louis from Pacific Northwest
  • 1830Dutch troops occupy Brussels
  • 1835HMS Beagle sails to Charles Island in Galapagos archipelago
  • 18451st baseball team, New York Knickerbockers organize, adopt rule code
  • 1845Hunger strike in Hague
  • 1857Russian warship Leffort disappears in Finland Gulf in storm; 826 die
  • 1863Confederate siege of Chattanooga begins
  • 1864Battle of Athens, Virginia
  • 1873Tom Allen beats Mike McCale for Heavyweight Boxing title
  • 1876Ottawa Rough Riders play their 1st game
  • 1877Hurricane strikes Curacao and Bonaire kills 200
  • 1879Baldwin steam motors tram 1st tried in Sydney Australia
  • 1879Richard Rhodes invented a hearing aid called the Audiophone
  • 1880Jules Ferry forms French government
  • 1890Ed Cartwright bats in 7 RBIs in 1 inning
  • 18971st frontier days rodeo celebration (Cheyene Wyoming)
  • 1904Francis Younghusbands leaves Lhasa Tibet
  • 1905Mbunga-siege of Fort Mahenge German East-Africa broken
  • 1907Proclamation sets fineness and weight of silver and bronze coins of Canada

Born on Sep 23

  • 1555Louise de Coligny: French 4th Wife of Willem of Orange
  • 1591Michael Lohr: Composer
  • 1596Joan Blaeu: Cartographer / publisher
  • 1605Daniel von Czepko: German poet
  • 1641Adrian "Aart" van Wijck: Theologist (against jansenisme)
  • 1642Giovanni Maria Bononcini: Composer
  • 1684Johann Theodor Romhild: Composer
  • 1703Jean-Marie Leclair: Composer
  • 1712Ferdinand VI [the wise]: King of Spain (1746-59)
  • 1745John Sevier: Tennessee, United States -- Indian fighter (Gov / Rep-Tn)
  • 1768William Wallace: Scottish mathematician (Rights of Wallace)
  • 1782Jacques-Fereol Mazas: Composer
  • 1791Johann F Encke: German astronomer (Encke Comet)
  • 1800William H McGuffey: Educator (McGuffey Readers)
  • 1804David Van de Kellen: Coin engraver
  • 1805Matthew Adams Stickney: Rowley, Massachusetts -- Numismatist
  • 1816Elihu Benjamin Washburne: MC (Union), died in 1887
  • 1816Julius White: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1890
  • 1820Thomas Kilby Smith: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1838Martin Woodhull Victoria Chaflin: United States -- Feminist / Reformer (Woodhull)
  • 1838Victoria Chaflin Woodhull: Ohio, United States -- Feminist / Reformer / free love
  • 1842Karl Munzinger: Composer
  • 1849Mikhail Mikhaylovich Ivanov: Composer
  • 1852William Stewart Halsted: Established 1st US surgical school
  • 1853Marcel Planiol: French private law Scholar
  • 1854Cornelis W Lely: Dutch engineer / gov of Suriname (1902-05)
  • 1856William Archer: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Writer (Green Goddess)
  • 1861Edmond H H Allenby: English Field Marshal / high director (Egypt)
  • 1863Alexandre EJ Yersin: Swiss / French bacteriologist (bacteria plague)
  • 1863Mary Church Terrell: Civil rights activist

Died on Sep 23

  • 0775Constantine V Copronymus: Emperor of Byzantium (720-75)
  • 0918Koenraad I: German duke / King (911-18), dies at 42
  • 0965Aboe a-Taia-H al-Moetanabbi: Arabic royal Poet (Diwan), murdered
  • 1541Philippus A Paracelsus: Swiss Physician / alchemist, dies at 47
  • 1624Willem Pietersz Buytewech: Painter / etcher, dies at about 32
  • 1694Francesco Passarini: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1700Nicolaus Adam Strungk: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1738Hermannus Boerhaave: Medical / botanist, dies at 69
  • 1778Balthazar Huydecoper: Translator / historian, dies at 83
  • 1780John Andre: Hanged as a British spy at 29
  • 1797Johann Georg Roser: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1835Vincenzo Bellini: Italian opera Composer (Norma), dies at 33
  • 1837Richard John Samuel Stevens: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1847Henri MG Earl the Merode: Belg revolutionary (Souvenirs), dies at 65
  • 1871Alexander N Afanasjev: Russian story teller, dies at 45
  • 1877Urbain JJ Leverrier: Codiscoverer of Neptune
  • 1889William W Collins: English writer (Moonstone)
  • 1896Ivar A Aasen: Norwegian linguistic / poet, dies at 83
  • 1896Louis-Gilbert Duprez: Composer, dies at 89
  • 1902John Wesley Powell: US geologist (Grand Canyon), dies at 68
  • 1906Jan van Rijswijck: Flemish journalist / Mayor of Antwerp
  • 1929Richard A Zsigmondy: Austria chemist (Nobel 1925), dies at 64
  • 1930Jonkvrouw Catharina AM de Savornin Lohman: Author, dies at 62
  • 1937Caro Roma: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1939Sigmund Freud: Created psychoanalysis, dies at 83
  • 1944Colijn: Netherlands Prime Minister, buried
  • 1947Nikola Petkov: Leader of Bulgaria Boer party, hanged
  • 1956Earl Godwin: Newscaster (Meet the Veep), dies at 75
  • 1960Kathlyn Williams: Actress (Single Man), dies of heart attack at 72
  • 1961Billy House: Actor (Imitation of Life, Bedlam, Egg & I), dies at 71

Historical events on September 24

  • 0312Start of Imperial Indication
  • 0366Liberius ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0673Synod of Hertford opens; canons made for English Church
  • 07872nd Council of Nicaea (7th ecumenical council) opens in Asia Minor
  • 1625Dutch attack San Juan, Puerto Rico
  • 1629Jacques Specx appointed Governor-General of Dutch-Indies
  • 1664Dutch Fort Orange (Albany NY) surrenders to English
  • 1683King Louis XIV expels all Jews from French possessions in America
  • 1688France declares war on German
  • 173221 homosexuality burned in South Horn
  • 1742Faneuil Hall opens to public
  • 17761st St. Leger horesrace held at Doncaster
  • 1776St. Leger horse race run for 1st time
  • 1789Congress creates Post Office
  • 1789Federal Judiciary Act is passed and creates a six-person Supreme Court
  • 1789President George Washington appointed John Jay the 1st Chief Justice
  • 1789US Attorney General Office is created
  • 1829Russia and Ottoman Empire sign Peace Treaty of Adrianople
  • 1838Anti-Corn-Law League forms to repeal English Corn Law
  • 1841Britain obtains Sarawak from Brunei (James Brooke appointed Rajah)
  • 18451st baseball team is organized
  • 1850Papal Bull issued, establishes Roman Catholic hierarchy in England
  • 1852Henri Giffard, a French engineer, makes 1st dirigible flight
  • 18531st round-the-world trip by yacht (Cornelius Vanderbilt)
  • 1853France annexes Caledonia
  • 1853Northern Daily Times, 1st provincial daily newspaper, starts in London
  • 1862Confederate Congress adopts confederacy seal
  • 1864Battle of Pilot Knob, Missouri
  • 1864Invasion of MO by Price
  • 1865James Cooke walks tightrope from Cliff House to Seal Rocks, San Francisco

Born on September 24

  • 1501Girolamo Cardano: Italy -- Mathematician / Astrologer (Ars Magna-1545)
  • 1583Albrecht Eusebius Wenzel von Wallenstein: German General
  • 1625Johan de Witt: Statesman / advisor of Holland
  • 1667Jean-Louis Lully: Composer
  • 1717Horace Walpole: England, United Kingdom -- British horror writer (Cattle of Ontario)
  • 1739Grigorij A Potemkin: Monarch of Tauris / friend of Catherine II
  • 1748Philipp Meissner: Composer
  • 1755John Marshall: Virginia, United States -- 4th Supreme Court Chief Justice (1801-35)
  • 1762William Lisle Bowles: English poet (14 Sonnets)
  • 1773Johann Philipp Christian Schulz: Composer
  • 1806George Alexander Osborne: Composer
  • 1821Cyprian K Norwid: Polish painter / poet / playwright (Wanda)
  • 1824Truman Seymour: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1891
  • 1825Frances E W Harper: Famous African
  • 1827Henry Warner Slocum: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1894
  • 1829James St Clair Morton: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
  • 1833Henry Alanson Barnum: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1848Pieter Louis Tak: Literary (The Chronicle)
  • 1859Julius Klengel: Cellist / composer
  • 1860Samuel Rutherford Crockett: Novelist
  • 1870Georges Claude: Inventor (neon light)
  • 1886James Burke: NYC, New York -- Actor (Mystery Theater, Great Guy)
  • 1890Alan Herbert: England, United Kingdom -- Journalist / writer (Punch, Helen)
  • 1892Sam[uel] de Vries: Actor (Wandering Jew)
  • 1893Julia Faye: Richmond, Virginia -- Actress (10 Commandments, Samson & Delilah)
  • 1898Charlotte D Baroness of Pallandt: Dutch sculptress
  • 1899Eduardo Hernandez Moncada: Composer
  • 1902Cheryl Crawford: Producer (Touch of Venus, Brigadoon)
  • 1904Cemal Resit Rey: Composer
  • 1904Owen Saunders: Mechanical engineer

Died on September 24

  • 0366Liberius: Italian Pope (352-66)
  • 0768Pippin III [the Short]: King of France, dies at 53
  • 0786Al-Hadi: Arabic kalief of Islam (185-86)
  • 0911Ludwig III [the Child]: Last Carolingian German King (899-911)
  • 1180Manuel I Comnenus: Byzantine Emperor (1143-80)
  • 1228Stefanus I Nemanjic de Eerstgekroonde: King of Serbia (1217-28)
  • 1435Isabella of Bayern: Queen of France (Treaty of Troyes)
  • 1517Frederik IV: Of Baden, Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1536Janus Secundus: Neo latin Poet (Basia), dies at 24
  • 1545Albrecht von Brandenburg: Archbishop / Monarch of Mainz, dies at 55
  • 1568Antoon van Stralen: Flemish Mayor of Antwerp, beheaded at about 47
  • 1755Georg Gebel: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1790John Keyse Sherwin: Engraver / painter
  • 1813Andre-Ernest-Modeste Gretry: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1815John Sevier: Indian fighter (Gov / Rep-Tn), dies at 70
  • 1834A J Pedro I van Alcantara: Emperor of Brazil (1822-31)
  • 1855Alexandre Stievenard: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1856Henry: 1st viscount Hardinge of Lahore, Governor-General of India
  • 1865Frantiszek Soltyk: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1881Luigi Ferdinando Casamorata: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1892Cornelis A van Sypesteyn: Dutch Governor of Suriname, dies at 69
  • 1892Patrick S Gilmore: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1896Francis SK Fitzgerald: US writer (Great Gatsby, Zelda)
  • 1898Bartel Wilton: Ship builder, dies at 70
  • 1910Rudolf Dellinger: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1934Edwin Lehare: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1939Carl Laenmie: Film producer
  • 1948Warren William: Actor (Fear, Wolf Man, Madame X), dies at 53
  • 1949Pierre Breville: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1951Georges Rency: Belgian Poet / literature, dies at 75