Events on Sep 26

  • 1371Battle of Maritsa: Serbia-Turkey
  • 1396Sultan Bajezid I beheads 100s of crusaders
  • 1404Brussels Brabants / Limburgse audit-office established
  • 1580Francis Drake with Spanish treasure returns to England
  • 1629Sweden and Poland signs Peace of Altmark
  • 1655Peter Stuyvesant recaptures Dutch Ft Casimir from Swedish in Delaware
  • 1680Tax revolt in Gorinchem due to tax on cereal
  • 1687Acropolis in Athens attacked by Venetian army trying to eject Turks Parthenon destroyed in war between Turks and Venetians
  • 1733France, Spain and Sardinia sign anti-German covenant
  • 1772New Jersey passes bill requiring a license to practice medicine
  • 1777British troops occupy Philadelphia during American Revolution
  • 1786England and France sign trade agreement
  • 17894th Postmaster General: Samuel Osgood of Mass takes office
  • 1789Jefferson appointed 1st Secretary of State; John Jay 1st chief justice;
  • 1789Samuel Osgood 1st Postmaster and Edmund J Randolph 1st Attorney General
  • 1815Russia, Prussia and Austria sign Holy Alliance
  • 1824Kapiolani defies Pele (Hawaiian volcano goddess) and lives
  • 18612nd British Golf Open: Tom Morris Sr shoots a 163 at Prestwick Club
  • 18741st Grand International Rifle match held
  • 18761st Belgian parachute jump (Glorieux)
  • 1884Suriname army shoots on British-Indian contract workers, 7 killed
  • 1887Emile Berliner patents the Gramophone
  • 1890US stops minting $1 and $3 gold coin and 3 cent piece
  • 1892Diamond Match Co patented book matches
  • 1895Italian general Oreste Baratieri lands in Massawa, Eritrea
  • 1901Boer General Botha captures Fort Itala in Natal
  • 1901Great Britain annexes Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • 1904Charles Kleins "Music Master, " premieres in New York City
  • 1904Earl Grey is named British Governor-General of Canada
  • 1906Pitts Lefty Leifield no-hits Phillies, 8-0 in 6 inning game

Born on Sep 26

  • 1729Moses Mendelssohn: Philosopher / critic / Bible translator
  • 1759Hans D L Earl Yorck von Wartenburg: Prussian Field Marshal / Governor-General
  • 1767Wenzel Muller: Composer
  • 1820Isvar Chandra Vidyasagar: Father of Bengali prose (Exile of Sita)
  • 1821Alvin Peterson Hovey: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1823Ivan S Aksakov: Russian journalist (Denj, Moskvitsh)
  • 1841Pavel Ivanovich Blaramberg: Composer
  • 1867Maggie L Walker: Black business and civic leader
  • 1868Henry Franklin Belknap Gilbert: Composer
  • 1870Christian X: King of Denmark (1912-47)
  • 1872Ottokar T Czernin von und zu Chudenitz: Austrian Foreign min (1916-18)
  • 1873Amilcare Zanella: Composer
  • 1875Edmund Gwenn: Wales, United Kingdom -- Actor (Miracle on 34th Street)
  • 1876Edith Abbott: Dean (University of Chicago Social Sciences)
  • 1877Alfred Cortot: French pianist
  • 1879Petko J Todorov: Bulgaria -- Writer (Fairy, Samodiva Fee)
  • 1887Antonio Moreno: Madrid, Spain -- Actor / director (It, Careers)
  • 1889Martin Heidegger: Germany -- Existentialist (Being & Time)
  • 1891Alfred Plane: US sharp shooter (1912, 20 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1893Milos Crnjanski: Serbian poet (Seobe)
  • 1894Gladys Brockwell: Brooklyn, New York -- Actress (Long Pants, Oliver Twist)
  • 1895Fay Holden: Birmingham, England -- Actress (Mother-Andy Hardy films)
  • 1897Pope Paul VI [Giovanni Montini]: 262nd Roman Catholic Pope (1963-78)
  • 1897Victor O Stomps: Writer
  • 1897Wilhelmina J "Willy" Haak: Dutch actress / act teacher (Goethe / Brecht)
  • 1901Donald Cook: Portland, Oregon -- Actor (Too Young To Go Steady)
  • 1902Umberto "Albert" Anastasia: US gangster (Murder Inc)
  • 1903Gerhard Nebel: Writer
  • 1907Anthony F Blunt: British historian / spy for USSR
  • 1907Bep [Lambertus] van Klaveren: European Boxing Champ (1928 Olympics - Silver Medalist)

Died on Sep 26

  • 1023Godfried I: Duke of Neth-Lutherans
  • 1342John I: Ruler of Poland
  • 1345Willem IV: Earl of Henegouwen / Holland / Zealand, dies at about 27
  • 1371Vlkasin: Hungarian General / co-king of Serbia
  • 1614Felice Anerio: Italian Composer (pontifical royal chapel)
  • 1626Lancelot Andrewes: English Theologist / Bishop of Winchester, dies at 71
  • 1788Francois Bainville: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1808Pavel Vranicky: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1820Daniel Boone: Frontiersman, dies in Missouri at 85
  • 1866Carl Almqvist: Swedish Author (Amorina), dies at 72
  • 1871Philip Cipriani Hambly Potter: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1904Lafcadio Hearn: Author (Soul of the Great Ball), dies at 54
  • 1917Edgar H G Degas: French Painter (ballerina)
  • 1935Andy Adams: US writer (Cattle fire), dies at 76
  • 1937Bessie Smith: Singer, dies of injuries sustained in car crash at 43
  • 1944Ernst Isler: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1945R Beer-Hofmann: Writer, dies at 78
  • 1947Hugh Lofting: Writer (Gub Gub Book), dies at 61
  • 1952George Santayana: US philosopher / Poet (Last Puritan), dies at 88
  • 1956Lucien Febvre: French Historian (Un Destin, Martin Luther), dies at 78
  • 1958Carl Brisson: Actor (Ship Cafe, Ring, Song of Soho), dies at 64
  • 1959Solomon Bandaranaike: Prime Minister of Ceylon (1956-59), assassinated at 60
  • 1961Eily Malyon: Actress (Jane Eyre, I Married a Witch), dies at 81
  • 1961Juanita Hansen: Actress (Fast Company), dies of heart ailment at 67
  • 1964Ida Moore: Actress (Mr Music, Johnny Belinda), dies at 82
  • 1966Helen Kane: Actress (Heads Up, Pointed Heels), dies of cancer at 62
  • 1971Muriel Kirkland: Actress (Nana, Fast Workers), dies of emphysema at 68
  • 1972Charles J Correll: Actor / voice (Calvin & the Colonel), dies at 82
  • 1973Anton Schnack: German writer / poet, dies at 81
  • 1979Arthur Hunnicutt: Actor (Big Sky, Apache Uprising), dies at 68

Historical events on September 27

  • 0070Walls of upper city of Jerusalem battered down by Romans
  • 1290Earthquake in Gulf of Chili China, reportedly kills 100,000
  • 1312Duke John II of Brabant ends Charter of Kortenberg
  • 1509Storm ravages Flemish / Dutch / Friese coast, 1000s killed
  • 1540Pope Paul III recognizes Society of Jesus / Order of the Jesuits
  • 1540Society of Jesus (Jesuits) founded by Ignatius Loyola
  • 1694Hurricane hits Carlisle Bay Barbados; 27 British ships sink and 3,000 die
  • 1777English General William Howe occupies Philadelphia
  • 1779John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Britain
  • 1787Constitution submitted to states for ratification
  • 1821Mexican Empire declares its independence
  • 1821Revolutionary forces occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw
  • 1825Railroad transportation is born with 1st track (Stockton-Darlington)
  • 1830Dutch army leaves Brussels, after 100s killed
  • 1833Charles Darwin rides horse to Santa Fe
  • 1834Charles Darwin returns to Valparaiso
  • 1854Steamship "Arctic" sinks with 300 people on board
  • 1864Battle at Pilot Knob (Ft Davidson), Missouri: 1700 killed / injured
  • 1864Centralia Massacre (Missouri): "Bloody Bill" Anderson / Frank
  • 1877John Mercer Langston named Minister of Haiti
  • 1881Chicago Cubs beat Troy 10-8 before record small "crowd" of 12
  • 1892Book matches are patented by Diamond Match Company
  • 1894Aqueduct racetrack opens in New York
  • 1900Victory Theater (Republic, Belasco) opens at 207 W 42nd St, New York City
  • 19051st published blues composition forms sale, WC Handy Memphis Blues
  • 190929th US Mens Tennis: W A Larned beats W J Clothier (61 62 57 16 61)
  • 19101st test flight of a twin-engined airplane (France)
  • 1912W C Handy publishes "Memphis Blues" 1st Blues Song, 1912
  • 1914Cleveland 2nd baseman Nap Lajoie collects his 3,000th hit
  • 19161st Native American Day celebrated, honoring American Indians

Born on September 27

  • 1600John Galle: Flemish engraver / printer, baptised
  • 1601Louis XIII: King of France (1610-43)
  • 1637Hieronymus Gradenthaler: Composer
  • 1657Sophia: Regent of Russia (1682-89)
  • 1677Giovanni Carlo Maria Clari: Composer
  • 1722Samuel Adams: Revolutionary rabble rouser / (Lt Gov-Mass, 1789-94)
  • 1729Michael Dennis: Jesuit / author
  • 1776Maria E J Versfelt: Actress / mistress (General Moreau & Marshal Ney)
  • 1786Jose Mariano Elizaga: Composer
  • 1792George Cruikshank: London, England -- Caricaturist (Oliver Twist)
  • 1803Samuel Francis DuPont: Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1865
  • 1809Raphael Semmes: Rear Admiral (Confederate Navy), died in 1877
  • 1817Hiram R Revels: Fayetteville, North Carolina -- 1st black US senator
  • 1824William Nelson: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1830William Babcock Hazen: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1887
  • 1838Antony E J Modderman: Dutch Minister of Justice (1879-83)
  • 1840Alfred Thayer Mahan: United States -- Naval officer (Influence of Sea Power)
  • 1840Thomas Nast: Political cartoonist of late 1800s America
  • 1858Giuseppe Peano: Italian mathematician, founder of symbolic logic
  • 1858Porsteinn Erlingsson: Iceland -- Poet (Pyrnar)
  • 1862Louis Botha: Greytown, South Africa -- 1st Prime Minister of South Africa (1910-19)
  • 1864Alexander Cohen: Dutch anarchist / author
  • 1866Tryggve Andersen: Norwegian writer (Fra Cancelliraadens Dage)
  • 1867Rosa Lewis: Society caterer / owner (Cavandish Hotel-England)
  • 1875Grazia Deledda: Italy -- Novelist (Old Man of the Mtn-Nobel 1926)
  • 1879Cyril M Scott: English pianist / composer / author (Heroic Suite)
  • 1881Ernest Samuel Williams: Composer
  • 1881Johanna "Annie" Bakker: Dutch revue-artist / singer / actress
  • 1881William J Clothier: 1st President of tennis hall of fame / (US Open-1906)
  • 1887Anton Roemer: Dutch actor (Potasch & Perlemoer, Boefje)

Died on September 27

  • 1259Ezzeline III da Romano: Gentleman of Verona / "cruel monster"
  • 1404William of Wykeham: Chancellor / Bishop of Winchester
  • 1566Marcus A Vida [Marcus Hieronymus]: Italian humanist / Poet / Bishop
  • 1590Urban VII [Giambattista Castagna]: Italian Pope (1590)
  • 1612Piotr Skarga: Polish theology / PM (Sanctity of Life), dies at 76
  • 1617Johan Earnest Count of Nassau-Siegen
  • 1651Maximilian I: Duke / ruler of Bayern (Codex Maximilianus), dies at 78
  • 1660St Vincent de Paul: Vincentian Cong founder
  • 1674Thomas Traherne: English Poet / mystic (Roman Forgeries)
  • 1700Innocent XII [Antonio Pignatelli]: Pope (1691-1700), dies at 85
  • 1784Boniface Stoecki: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1808Gaetano B Vestris: Ballerina, dies at 79
  • 1821Luis (Philippus) Brion: Curacaos Admiral / Supreme Commander, dies at 39
  • 1831Henry van Wine: Archivist / founder General Rijksarchief, dies at 91
  • 1844Charles Nodier: French writer (History du chien the Brisquet)
  • 1868Alexander Walewski: French Earl / duke / diplomat / Foreign minister
  • 1870Henry TP Comstock: Canadian silver prospector, dies at 50
  • 1891I Gontscharow: Writer
  • 1915Conrad T van Deventer: Dutch jurist / MP (liberal), dies at 57
  • 1915Kaspar C E Ritter von Zumbusch: German / Austrian sculptor, dies at 84
  • 1916Emile A G Verhaeren: Belgian writer (Les Heures du Soir), dies at 61
  • 1917Edgar Degas: Painter, Paris
  • 1919Adelina [Adela JM] Patti: Italian soprano (Lucio), dies at 76
  • 1921Engelbert Humperdinck: German opera Composer (Schneewittchen), dies at 67
  • 1935Alan Gray: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1942Douglas Munro: Only US Coast Guard with WWII-Med of Honor
  • 1943Waclaw Gieburowski: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1944Aimee Semple McPherson: Canada / US evangelist / faith healer, dies at 53
  • 1944Aristide Maillol: Fr Sculptor / graphic artist, dies in car crash at 82
  • 1948Frank Cellier: Actor (Spider, Quiet Wedding, Big Blockade), dies at 64