Events on Sep 27

  • 0070Walls of upper city of Jerusalem battered down by Romans
  • 1290Earthquake in Gulf of Chili China, reportedly kills 100,000
  • 1312Duke John II of Brabant ends Charter of Kortenberg
  • 1509Storm ravages Flemish / Dutch / Friese coast, 1000s killed
  • 1540Pope Paul III recognizes Society of Jesus / Order of the Jesuits
  • 1540Society of Jesus (Jesuits) founded by Ignatius Loyola
  • 1694Hurricane hits Carlisle Bay Barbados; 27 British ships sink and 3,000 die
  • 1777English General William Howe occupies Philadelphia
  • 1779John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Britain
  • 1787Constitution submitted to states for ratification
  • 1821Mexican Empire declares its independence
  • 1821Revolutionary forces occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw
  • 1825Railroad transportation is born with 1st track (Stockton-Darlington)
  • 1830Dutch army leaves Brussels, after 100s killed
  • 1833Charles Darwin rides horse to Santa Fe
  • 1834Charles Darwin returns to Valparaiso
  • 1854Steamship "Arctic" sinks with 300 people on board
  • 1864Battle at Pilot Knob (Ft Davidson), Missouri: 1700 killed / injured
  • 1864Centralia Massacre (Missouri): "Bloody Bill" Anderson / Frank
  • 1877John Mercer Langston named Minister of Haiti
  • 1881Chicago Cubs beat Troy 10-8 before record small "crowd" of 12
  • 1892Book matches are patented by Diamond Match Company
  • 1894Aqueduct racetrack opens in New York
  • 1900Victory Theater (Republic, Belasco) opens at 207 W 42nd St, New York City
  • 19051st published blues composition forms sale, WC Handy Memphis Blues
  • 190929th US Mens Tennis: W A Larned beats W J Clothier (61 62 57 16 61)
  • 19101st test flight of a twin-engined airplane (France)
  • 1912W C Handy publishes "Memphis Blues" 1st Blues Song, 1912
  • 1914Cleveland 2nd baseman Nap Lajoie collects his 3,000th hit
  • 19161st Native American Day celebrated, honoring American Indians

Born on Sep 27

  • 1600John Galle: Flemish engraver / printer, baptised
  • 1601Louis XIII: King of France (1610-43)
  • 1637Hieronymus Gradenthaler: Composer
  • 1657Sophia: Regent of Russia (1682-89)
  • 1677Giovanni Carlo Maria Clari: Composer
  • 1722Samuel Adams: Revolutionary rabble rouser / (Lt Gov-Mass, 1789-94)
  • 1729Michael Dennis: Jesuit / author
  • 1776Maria E J Versfelt: Actress / mistress (General Moreau & Marshal Ney)
  • 1786Jose Mariano Elizaga: Composer
  • 1792George Cruikshank: London, England -- Caricaturist (Oliver Twist)
  • 1803Samuel Francis DuPont: Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1865
  • 1809Raphael Semmes: Rear Admiral (Confederate Navy), died in 1877
  • 1817Hiram R Revels: Fayetteville, North Carolina -- 1st black US senator
  • 1824William Nelson: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1830William Babcock Hazen: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1887
  • 1838Antony E J Modderman: Dutch Minister of Justice (1879-83)
  • 1840Alfred Thayer Mahan: United States -- Naval officer (Influence of Sea Power)
  • 1840Thomas Nast: Political cartoonist of late 1800s America
  • 1858Giuseppe Peano: Italian mathematician, founder of symbolic logic
  • 1858Porsteinn Erlingsson: Iceland -- Poet (Pyrnar)
  • 1862Louis Botha: Greytown, South Africa -- 1st Prime Minister of South Africa (1910-19)
  • 1864Alexander Cohen: Dutch anarchist / author
  • 1866Tryggve Andersen: Norwegian writer (Fra Cancelliraadens Dage)
  • 1867Rosa Lewis: Society caterer / owner (Cavandish Hotel-England)
  • 1875Grazia Deledda: Italy -- Novelist (Old Man of the Mtn-Nobel 1926)
  • 1879Cyril M Scott: English pianist / composer / author (Heroic Suite)
  • 1881Ernest Samuel Williams: Composer
  • 1881Johanna "Annie" Bakker: Dutch revue-artist / singer / actress
  • 1881William J Clothier: 1st President of tennis hall of fame / (US Open-1906)
  • 1887Anton Roemer: Dutch actor (Potasch & Perlemoer, Boefje)

Died on Sep 27

  • 1259Ezzeline III da Romano: Gentleman of Verona / "cruel monster"
  • 1404William of Wykeham: Chancellor / Bishop of Winchester
  • 1566Marcus A Vida [Marcus Hieronymus]: Italian humanist / Poet / Bishop
  • 1590Urban VII [Giambattista Castagna]: Italian Pope (1590)
  • 1612Piotr Skarga: Polish theology / PM (Sanctity of Life), dies at 76
  • 1617Johan Earnest Count of Nassau-Siegen
  • 1651Maximilian I: Duke / ruler of Bayern (Codex Maximilianus), dies at 78
  • 1660St Vincent de Paul: Vincentian Cong founder
  • 1674Thomas Traherne: English Poet / mystic (Roman Forgeries)
  • 1700Innocent XII [Antonio Pignatelli]: Pope (1691-1700), dies at 85
  • 1784Boniface Stoecki: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1808Gaetano B Vestris: Ballerina, dies at 79
  • 1821Luis (Philippus) Brion: Curacaos Admiral / Supreme Commander, dies at 39
  • 1831Henry van Wine: Archivist / founder General Rijksarchief, dies at 91
  • 1844Charles Nodier: French writer (History du chien the Brisquet)
  • 1868Alexander Walewski: French Earl / duke / diplomat / Foreign minister
  • 1870Henry TP Comstock: Canadian silver prospector, dies at 50
  • 1891I Gontscharow: Writer
  • 1915Conrad T van Deventer: Dutch jurist / MP (liberal), dies at 57
  • 1915Kaspar C E Ritter von Zumbusch: German / Austrian sculptor, dies at 84
  • 1916Emile A G Verhaeren: Belgian writer (Les Heures du Soir), dies at 61
  • 1917Edgar Degas: Painter, Paris
  • 1919Adelina [Adela JM] Patti: Italian soprano (Lucio), dies at 76
  • 1921Engelbert Humperdinck: German opera Composer (Schneewittchen), dies at 67
  • 1935Alan Gray: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1942Douglas Munro: Only US Coast Guard with WWII-Med of Honor
  • 1943Waclaw Gieburowski: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1944Aimee Semple McPherson: Canada / US evangelist / faith healer, dies at 53
  • 1944Aristide Maillol: Fr Sculptor / graphic artist, dies in car crash at 82
  • 1948Frank Cellier: Actor (Spider, Quiet Wedding, Big Blockade), dies at 64

Historical events on September 28

  • 0235Bishop of Rome Pontianus steps down
  • 0351Battle at Mursa: Emperor Constantine II beats Emperor Maxentius
  • 0351Constantine II beats Emperor Maxentius
  • 1066William the Conqueror troops sail to England
  • 1106Battle at Tinchebrai: English King Henry I beats his brother Robert
  • 1362Guillaum de Grimoard elected as Pope Urban V
  • 1528Spanish fleet sinks in Florida hurricane; about 380 die
  • 1538Battle at Preveza: Turkish fleet under Barbarossa beats Spanish
  • 1542Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo discovers California, at San Diego Bay
  • 1621Battle at Chocim Dniester: King Sigismund II beats Turks
  • 1652English-Dutch sea battle at Kentish Knock
  • 1687Venetians take Athens from the Turks
  • 1701Divorce legalized in Maryland
  • 1704Maryland allows divorce if wife mispleases clergyman / preacher
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charlie becomes King of Scotland
  • 1760Russian and Austrian army occupies Berlin
  • 1767Gentlemen 17 forbid private slave transport India to Cape of Good Hope
  • 17819,000 American forces and 7,000 French forces begin siege of Yorktown
  • 1785Napoleon Bonaparte (16) graduates from the military academy in Paris (42nd in a class of 51)
  • 1787Congress sends Constitution to state legislatures for their approval
  • 1815Joachim Murats fleet sails from Corsica to Naples
  • 1850US Navy abolishes flogging as punishment
  • 1867Toronto becomes capital of Ontario
  • 1868Battle of Alcolea, causes Queen Isabella 2 of Spain to flee to France
  • 1868Opelousas Massacre at St. Landry Parish Louisiana (200 blacks killed)
  • 1879Sydney Australia inaugurates steam motor tram route
  • 1887Gele River (Huang Ho) in China floods, kills about 1.5 million
  • 1889Carlos I crowned King of Portugal (1889-1908)
  • 1894Simon Marks and Tom Spencer open Penny Bazaar in Manchester
  • 1899Transvaal mobilizes

Born on September 28

  • 1493Agnolo Firenzuola [Giovannini]: Italian Monk (Golden Donkey)
  • 1565Alessandro Tassoni: Modena, Italy -- Political writer (Rape of Bucket)
  • 1573Caravaggio: Italy -- Painter
  • 1573Michelangelo Buanarroti: Caprese, Italy -- Painter / sculpter
  • 1596Vredius [Olivier de Wree]: Flemish historian / poet / Mayor
  • 1605Boulliau: Mathematician
  • 1612Michel Anguier: French sculptor
  • 1679Mihael Omerza: Composer
  • 1681Johann Mattheson: Hamburg, Germany -- Composer
  • 1698Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis: France -- Mathematician / astronomer
  • 1705Henry Fox: England, United Kingdom -- 1st Baron Holland, corrupt politician (Chiswick)
  • 1705Johann Peter Kellner: Composer
  • 1735August Henry Fitzroy: 3rd Duke of Grafton / English Premier
  • 1746William Jones: London, England -- British Orientalist / jurist
  • 1748Johann Michael Demmler: Composer
  • 1761Budan de Boislaurent: Mathematician
  • 1780Elie Decazes: France -- Bourbon Restoration political figure
  • 1785David Walker: Wilmington, North Carolina -- Abolitionist (Appeal to Colored Citizens)
  • 1793Denis-Auguste Affre Franc: Archbishop / opponent of King Louis-Philippe
  • 1807Arnold Henry Guyot: Switzerland -- US geologist / geographer / meteorologist
  • 1811Friedrich Hecker: Baden -- German revolutionary Republican politician
  • 1813Anton Wallerstein: Composer
  • 1819Jacob G de Hoop Scheffer: Dutch vicar / theologist
  • 1820Freidrich Engels: German social philosopher
  • 1824Alfred Gilpin Jones: Weymouth, Nova Scotia -- Lt-gov of Nova Scotia (1900-06)
  • 1824Francis Turner Palgrave: England, United Kingdom -- Poet (Golden Treasury) / Professor (Oxford)
  • 1828Friedrich A Lange: Prussia -- Philosopher / socialist (Neo-Kantianism)
  • 1833James Deering Fessenden: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1840Alexander Swift "Sandie" Pendleton: Lieutenant Colonel (Confederate Army)
  • 1840Rudolf Baumbach: Thuringia, Germany -- Writer of student drinking songs

Died on September 28

  • 0929Wenceslaus I: Duke of Bohemia, murdered
  • 1104Pedro I: King of Navarra and Aragon
  • 1197Henry VI von Hohenstaufen: Roman Catholic German King (1169-97)
  • 1296Adolf VII: Earl of Mountain (1259-96)
  • 1509Siwara / Sjoerd Aylva: Fries army leader (siege of Franeker)
  • 1618Gilles van Ledenberg: Secretary of Utrecht States (1588-1618), suicide at 68
  • 1649Ottavio Vernizzi: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1652John Asselijn: Landscape Painter / etcher, dies at about 42
  • 1657Emilia Secunda Antwerpiana: Daugher of Willem of Orange, dies at 75
  • 1667Jacobus Golius: Mathematician / founder (Leidse observ), dies at 71
  • 1694Mouton: Mathematician
  • 1702Robert Spencer 2nd Earl of Sunderland: English Prime Minister (1687-88), dies at 61
  • 1757Andrea Zani: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1759Cornelis Pronk: Portrait Painter / cartoonist, dies at 67
  • 1789Thomas Day: Author, killed by fall from a horse at Wargrave Berkshire
  • 1815Nicolas Desmarest: French geographer (Volcanos), dies at 90
  • 1819Karl Haack: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1833Lemuel Haynes: Revolutionary War veteran, dies at 88
  • 1852Johann Friedrich Schwencke: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1859Rinse Posthumus: Fries writer
  • 1868Thomas Carmichael Hindman: Attorney / Confederate General Major, shot at 40
  • 1869Libri: Mathematician
  • 1873Emile Gaboriau: Detective writer (Monsieur Lecoq), dies at 37
  • 1879Nathan C Meeker: United States -- Poet / writer, murdered
  • 1891Herman Melville: Writer (Billy Budd, Moby Dick), dies at 72
  • 1899Giovanni Segantini: Italian Painter (Become his fare)
  • 1903Jesus Monasterio: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1907Frederich I W L: Grand Duke of Baden (1856-1907), dies at 81
  • 1911Louis Pincoffs: Businessman / Dutch politician 1st-Chamber
  • 1914Stevan Mokranjac: Composer, dies at 58