Events on Sep 30

  • 1199Rambam (Maimonides) authorizes Samuel Ibn Tibbon to translate Guide of Perplexed from Arabic into Hebrew
  • 1399King Richard II of England abdicates throne
  • 1544King Henry VIII draws his armies out of France
  • 1555Oxford Bishop Nicholas Ridley sentenced to death as a heretic
  • 1619Remonstrant Society forms in Antwerp
  • 1649Last Swedish troops vacate Prague
  • 1659Peter Stuyvesant of New Netherlands forbids tennis playing during religious services (1st mention of tennis in US)
  • 1659Robinson Crusoe is shipwrecked (according to Defoe)
  • 1681Netherlands and Sweden sign treaty
  • 1730Duke Victor Amadeus XI of Savoye resigns
  • 1777Congress, flees to York Pa, as British forces advance
  • 17871st US voyage around the world - Columbia leaves Boston
  • 1805Napoleons army draws into the Rhine
  • 1808Covent Garden Theatre Royal destroyed by fire
  • 1818Congress of Aken: Russia, Austria, Prussia, France and England
  • 1841Samuel Slocum patented the stapler
  • 1846Anesthetic ether used for 1st time (Dr Wm Morton extracts a tooth)
  • 1857US occupies Sand, Baker, Howland and Jarvis Is south of Hawaii
  • 1862Battle of Newtonia, Mississippi
  • 1864Black Soldiers given Medal of Honor
  • 1867Midway Islands formally declared a US possession
  • 18771st US amateur swim meet (NY Athletic Club)
  • 18781st Portuguese immigrants arrive in Hawaii
  • 1880Henry Draper takes that 1st photograph of Orion Nebula
  • 1885Bechuanaland becomes a British protectorate
  • 1887Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure "Five Orange Pips" (BG)
  • 1888"Jack the Ripper" butchers 2 more women, Liz Stride and Kate Eddowes
  • 1895France proclaims a protectorate over Madagascar
  • 1898City of New York established
  • 1904White Sox lefty Doc White, pitches his 5th shutout in 18 days

Born on Sep 30

  • 1622Johann Sebastiani: Composer
  • 1627Robinson Crusoe: Fictional character according to Daniel Defoe
  • 1685Gunther Jacob Wenceslaus: Composer
  • 1743Jeronymo Francisco de Lima: Composer
  • 1752Justin Heinrich Knecht: Composer
  • 1805Samuel Peter Heintzelman: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1808Lambertus GC Ledeboer: Dutch vicar (Folies-old Calvinist communities)
  • 1824Peter Milne: Composer
  • 1827Carlo A Alfieri: Italian MP (Liberal)
  • 1827Kenner Garrard: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1879
  • 1832Frederick Sleigh "Bobs" Roberts: British Gov of Natal (Ireland-Boer war)
  • 1833Ferdinand von Saar: Writer
  • 1840Johan Severin Svendsen: Composer
  • 1847Wilhelmina E Drucker [Lensing]: Dutch feminist
  • 1852Charles Villiers Stanford: Irish Organist / composer
  • 1856Andrejs Jurjans: Composer
  • 1857Hermann Sudermann: German writer (Honor, That Ehre, Frau Sorge)
  • 1862Georgy Eduardovich Konyus: Composer
  • 1863Reinhard Scheer: German Admiral (WWI)
  • 1870Jean Perrin: France -- Physicist, studied Brownian motion (Nobel 1926)
  • 1871John Fabricius: Netherlands -- English stageauthor (Ring of Prophet)
  • 1871Ruben Mattias Liljefors: Composer
  • 1876Katherine Griffith: San Francisco, California -- Actress (Pollyanna, Fast Company)
  • 1879Ernst Isler: Composer
  • 1879Henry Casadesus: Composer
  • 1882George Bancroft: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Actor (Underworld) / Wife of Octavia Brooke
  • 1894Dirk J Bush: Dutch / US mathematician (Concise History of Mathematics)
  • 1897Lil Dagover [Marta-Maria Lillits]: Pati Java, Indonesia -- Actress (Spiders)
  • 1898Felix Kersten: Baltic-German / Finnish masseuse (Heinrich Himmler)
  • 1898Johannes Rontgen: Composer

Died on Sep 30

  • 1351Muso Soseki: Zen teacher / Rinzai line / head of Nanzenji, dies in Japan
  • 1572Francisco Borgia: Theologist / saint, dies at 61
  • 1612Ercole Bottrigari: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1630John Billington: Murderer, 1st American execution, hanged
  • 1712Johann Michael Zacher: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1716Heinrich Georg Neuss: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1755Francesco Durante: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1803Charles Broche: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1811Thomas Percy: English Bishop of Dromore, dies at 82
  • 1819Nicolas Roze: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1862Isaac Peace Rodman: Banker / Union Brigadier General, dies of injury at about 40
  • 1884Louis Lacombe: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1885Maria J Small-Gartmann: Actress, dies at 60
  • 1888Catherine Eddowes: English, murdered by Jack the Ripper at 45
  • 1888Elizabeth Stride: Long Liz, English, murdered by Jack the Ripper at 45
  • 1904Sigurd Lie: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1912Mary Frances Allitsen: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1921Oskar Panizza: Writer, dies at 77
  • 1922Paul Barth: German philosopher / sociologist, dies at 64
  • 1929Charles E Bonin: French explorer / diplomat (China)
  • 1940Walter Kollo: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1952Waldorf Astor: House of Lords and Commons / owner of Observer
  • 1955James Dean: Actor (Rebel Without a Cause), dies in car crash at 24
  • 1958Niels Bjerrum: Danish chemist (ph-stipulation), dies at 79
  • 1959John H Kliegl: Developer of Klieg light, dies at 89
  • 1959Taylor Holmes: Actor (Gentlemen Prefer Blondes), dies at 81
  • 1960Harry St John Philby [sheik Abdullah]: British explorer
  • 1963Arnold Foster: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1965E[dward] E[lmer] "Doc" Smith: Sci-fi Author (Triplanetary), dies at 75
  • 1970Patrick Aherne: Actor (Bwana Devil, Botany Bay), dies at 69

Historical events on October 1

  • 0366St. Damasus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0704Aengibald gives away Bishop Willibrord estate in Waalre
  • 0965John XIII Crescentii elected to succeed Pope Leo VIII
  • 1273Earl Rudolf van Habsburg becomes Roman Catholics-German King
  • 1569Duke of Norfolk arrested
  • 1653Russian parliament accepts annexation of Ukraine
  • 1657Treaty of Raalte: Willem II no longer Viceroy of Overijssel
  • 1661Yachting begins in England; King Charles II beats his brother James
  • 1688Prince Willem III accept invitation of English crown to occupy
  • 1746Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France
  • 1768English troops under general Gauge lands in Boston
  • 17911st session of new French legislative assembly
  • 1791Dutch Prince Willem Frederik marries his niece Princess Frederika Louise Wilhelmina of Prussia
  • 1795France annexes Southern Netherlands
  • 1800Spain cedes Louisiana to France in a secret treaty
  • 1801England and France signs Preliminary of London
  • 1830General Trade Journal newspaper begins publishing in Amsterdam
  • 1833Charles Darwin reaches Rio Tercero Argentina
  • 1837Treaty with Winnebago Indians
  • 1838Civil Code enforced (- Jan 1, 1992)
  • 1847Maria Mitchell discovers a non-naked-eye comet
  • 18511st Hawaiian stamps issued
  • 18635 Russian warships welcomed in New York City
  • 1863Dutch Breda-Tilburg railway opens
  • 1864Cyclone strikes Calcutta: 70,000 killed
  • 1864John S Staples is paid $500 as a substitute for President Lincoln
  • 1866Dutch Eindhoven-Venlo railway opens
  • 18681st edition of Maasbode published
  • 18691st postcards are issued (Vienna)
  • 1871General Dutch Werkliedenverbond (ANWV), forms in Utrecht

Born on October 1

  • 1207Henry III: King of England (1216-72)
  • 1549Anna of H Bartolomaeus: Flemish prioress / founded a nunnery
  • 1620Nicolaes Pietersz Berchem: Dutch landscape painter / etcher
  • 1644Alessandro Stradella: Italian violinist / composer
  • 1644Jean Rousseau: Composer
  • 1685Charles VI: German Emperor / King of Spain (1711-40)
  • 1724Giovanni Battista Cirri: Composer
  • 1730Richard Stockton: US attorney / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1735Johann Baptist Christoph Toeschi: Composer
  • 1760William Beckford: British writer (Epsiodes of Vathek)
  • 1770Vincenzo Cuoco: Italian historian (Naples Revolution 1799)
  • 1771Pierre MF de Sales Baillot: French violinist / composer
  • 1791Sergey Aksakov: Russia -- Novelist (Chronicles of a Russian Family)
  • 1799Rufus Choate: United States -- Lawyer (Hall of Fame)
  • 1808Fryderyk Edward Sobolewski: Composer
  • 1820Gustav Adolf Heinze: Composer
  • 1830Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1890
  • 1831Claudius Charles Wilson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1832Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison: 1st Wife of Benjamin Harrison
  • 1832Henry Clay Work: Composer
  • 1834Francis Marion Cockrell: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1915
  • 1835Robert Houston Anderson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1888
  • 1835William Hicks "Red" Jackson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1842Charles Cros: French mathematician / chemist / poet (Le Hareng Saur)
  • 1847Annie Besant [Wood]: England, United Kingdom -- Philosopher (Esoteric Christianity)
  • 1870Pieter van Essen: Dutch artillery officer / inventor (grape-shot shells)
  • 1878Othmar Spann: Austria -- Economist / sociologist (Geschichtsfilosofie)
  • 1881Leonid Leonidovich Sabaneyev: Composer
  • 1881William Edward Boeing: Founded aircraft co (Boeing)
  • 1885Louis Untermeyer: NYC, New York -- Poet / critic (Immortal Poems, Story Poems)

Died on October 1

  • 0290[Christian] Bacchus: Roman soldier / martyred saint, killed
  • 0540Vedastus St Vaast: 1st Bishop of Atrecht / saint
  • 0552Teja: King of Ostrogoten, dies in battle
  • 1404Boniface IX [Pietro Tomacelli]: Pope (1389-1404)
  • 1574Maarten van Heemskerck: Painter (Christ)
  • 1602Hernando de Cabezon: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1633Filaret [Fjodor N Romanov]: Patriarch of Moscow
  • 1684Pierre Corneille: Fr lawyer / dramatist (El Cid, Polyeucte), dies at 42
  • 1704Cornelis Dusart: Painter / engraver, dies at 44
  • 1708John Blow: Composer (Venus & Adonis), dies at 59
  • 1768Robert Simson: Scotland mathematician, dies at 80
  • 1770Louis-Gabriel Guillemain: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1795Robert Bakewell: English cattle breeder, dies at about 70
  • 1814Jakob I van Przysucha: Polish hassidic leader
  • 1864John Dunovant: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 1868Rama IV [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua]: King of Thai (1851-68), dies at 63
  • 1876Henri-Jerome Bertini: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1881Frantisek Matej Hilmar: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1901Abdoer-Rahman: Emir of Afghanistan
  • 1904William GGVV Harcourt: Historian / English Secretary of State, dies at 76
  • 1911Wilhelm Dilthey: German philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans), dies at 77
  • 1927Wilhelm Harteveld: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1930Ricardo Drigo: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1943Antoine T Broekman: Resistance fighter, executed at 32
  • 1943Anton JT Koreman: Resistance fighter, executed at 27
  • 1943Antoon Pleyte: Resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • 1943Dionysius Remiens: Resistance fighter, executed at 24
  • 1943Earnest Klijzing: Resistance fighter, executed
  • 1943Gideon Boissevain: Resistance fighter, executed at 22
  • 1943Hans Katan: Resistance fighter, executed at 24