Events on Oct 1

  • 0366St. Damasus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0704Aengibald gives away Bishop Willibrord estate in Waalre
  • 0965John XIII Crescentii elected to succeed Pope Leo VIII
  • 1273Earl Rudolf van Habsburg becomes Roman Catholics-German King
  • 1569Duke of Norfolk arrested
  • 1653Russian parliament accepts annexation of Ukraine
  • 1657Treaty of Raalte: Willem II no longer Viceroy of Overijssel
  • 1661Yachting begins in England; King Charles II beats his brother James
  • 1688Prince Willem III accept invitation of English crown to occupy
  • 1746Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France
  • 1768English troops under general Gauge lands in Boston
  • 17911st session of new French legislative assembly
  • 1791Dutch Prince Willem Frederik marries his niece Princess Frederika Louise Wilhelmina of Prussia
  • 1795France annexes Southern Netherlands
  • 1800Spain cedes Louisiana to France in a secret treaty
  • 1801England and France signs Preliminary of London
  • 1830General Trade Journal newspaper begins publishing in Amsterdam
  • 1833Charles Darwin reaches Rio Tercero Argentina
  • 1837Treaty with Winnebago Indians
  • 1838Civil Code enforced (- Jan 1, 1992)
  • 1847Maria Mitchell discovers a non-naked-eye comet
  • 18511st Hawaiian stamps issued
  • 18635 Russian warships welcomed in New York City
  • 1863Dutch Breda-Tilburg railway opens
  • 1864Cyclone strikes Calcutta: 70,000 killed
  • 1864John S Staples is paid $500 as a substitute for President Lincoln
  • 1866Dutch Eindhoven-Venlo railway opens
  • 18681st edition of Maasbode published
  • 18691st postcards are issued (Vienna)
  • 1871General Dutch Werkliedenverbond (ANWV), forms in Utrecht

Born on Oct 1

  • 1207Henry III: King of England (1216-72)
  • 1549Anna of H Bartolomaeus: Flemish prioress / founded a nunnery
  • 1620Nicolaes Pietersz Berchem: Dutch landscape painter / etcher
  • 1644Alessandro Stradella: Italian violinist / composer
  • 1644Jean Rousseau: Composer
  • 1685Charles VI: German Emperor / King of Spain (1711-40)
  • 1724Giovanni Battista Cirri: Composer
  • 1730Richard Stockton: US attorney / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1735Johann Baptist Christoph Toeschi: Composer
  • 1760William Beckford: British writer (Epsiodes of Vathek)
  • 1770Vincenzo Cuoco: Italian historian (Naples Revolution 1799)
  • 1771Pierre MF de Sales Baillot: French violinist / composer
  • 1791Sergey Aksakov: Russia -- Novelist (Chronicles of a Russian Family)
  • 1799Rufus Choate: United States -- Lawyer (Hall of Fame)
  • 1808Fryderyk Edward Sobolewski: Composer
  • 1820Gustav Adolf Heinze: Composer
  • 1830Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1890
  • 1831Claudius Charles Wilson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1832Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison: 1st Wife of Benjamin Harrison
  • 1832Henry Clay Work: Composer
  • 1834Francis Marion Cockrell: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1915
  • 1835Robert Houston Anderson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1888
  • 1835William Hicks "Red" Jackson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1842Charles Cros: French mathematician / chemist / poet (Le Hareng Saur)
  • 1847Annie Besant [Wood]: England, United Kingdom -- Philosopher (Esoteric Christianity)
  • 1870Pieter van Essen: Dutch artillery officer / inventor (grape-shot shells)
  • 1878Othmar Spann: Austria -- Economist / sociologist (Geschichtsfilosofie)
  • 1881Leonid Leonidovich Sabaneyev: Composer
  • 1881William Edward Boeing: Founded aircraft co (Boeing)
  • 1885Louis Untermeyer: NYC, New York -- Poet / critic (Immortal Poems, Story Poems)

Died on Oct 1

  • 0290[Christian] Bacchus: Roman soldier / martyred saint, killed
  • 0540Vedastus St Vaast: 1st Bishop of Atrecht / saint
  • 0552Teja: King of Ostrogoten, dies in battle
  • 1404Boniface IX [Pietro Tomacelli]: Pope (1389-1404)
  • 1574Maarten van Heemskerck: Painter (Christ)
  • 1602Hernando de Cabezon: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1633Filaret [Fjodor N Romanov]: Patriarch of Moscow
  • 1684Pierre Corneille: Fr lawyer / dramatist (El Cid, Polyeucte), dies at 42
  • 1704Cornelis Dusart: Painter / engraver, dies at 44
  • 1708John Blow: Composer (Venus & Adonis), dies at 59
  • 1768Robert Simson: Scotland mathematician, dies at 80
  • 1770Louis-Gabriel Guillemain: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1795Robert Bakewell: English cattle breeder, dies at about 70
  • 1814Jakob I van Przysucha: Polish hassidic leader
  • 1864John Dunovant: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 1868Rama IV [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua]: King of Thai (1851-68), dies at 63
  • 1876Henri-Jerome Bertini: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1881Frantisek Matej Hilmar: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1901Abdoer-Rahman: Emir of Afghanistan
  • 1904William GGVV Harcourt: Historian / English Secretary of State, dies at 76
  • 1911Wilhelm Dilthey: German philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans), dies at 77
  • 1927Wilhelm Harteveld: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1930Ricardo Drigo: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1943Antoine T Broekman: Resistance fighter, executed at 32
  • 1943Anton JT Koreman: Resistance fighter, executed at 27
  • 1943Antoon Pleyte: Resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • 1943Dionysius Remiens: Resistance fighter, executed at 24
  • 1943Earnest Klijzing: Resistance fighter, executed
  • 1943Gideon Boissevain: Resistance fighter, executed at 22
  • 1943Hans Katan: Resistance fighter, executed at 24

Historical events on October 2

  • 0939Battle at Andernach: King Otto and Hermann of Zwaben beat Eberhard of France and Giselbert of Lutherans
  • 1134Storm flood ravages Zeeland county
  • 1187Sultan Saladin captures Jerusalem from Crusaders
  • 1492King Henry VII of England invades France
  • 1518English Cardinal Thomas Wolsey makes European plan
  • 1540Venice / Turkey signs peace
  • 1572Spanish army occupies / plunders / destroys Mechelen
  • 1586Battle at Zutphen: English-Dutch army
  • 1608Prototype of modern reflecting telescope completed by Jan Lippershey
  • 1614French King Louis XIII (13) declared an adult
  • 1656US colony Connecticut passes law against Quakers
  • 1700Spanish King Carlos II appoints Philip van Anjou, heir to throne
  • 1787Maagden House opens in Amsterdam
  • 1792Baptist Missionary Society forms in London
  • 1795Tula (leader slave uprising) sentence to death in Curacao
  • 1799Duke of York and Russians capture Alkmaar in the Netherlands
  • 1804England mobilizes to protect against French invasion
  • 1833Charles Darwin rides through Corunda to Santa Fe Argentina
  • 1833New York Anti-Slavery Society organized
  • 1836Darwin returns to England aboard HMS Beagle (after 5 years)
  • 1853Austrian law forbids Jews from owning land
  • 1861Former VP John C Breckinridge flees Kentucky
  • 1864Battle of Saltville, Virginia
  • 1866J Osterhoudt patents tin can with key opener
  • 1870Italy annexes Rome and Papal States; Rome made Italian capital
  • 1871Brigham Young, mormon leader, arrest for bigamy
  • 1872Morgan State University founded
  • 1879Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Musgrave Ritual" (BG)
  • 18891st Pan American conference (Washington DC)
  • 18951st cartoon comic strip is printed in a newspaper

Born on October 2

  • 1452King Richard III: Of England (1483-85)
  • 1595Jacob Louys: Flemish engraver
  • 1616A Gryphius: Writer
  • 1646Guillaume Poitevin: Composer
  • 1704Frantisek Ignac Antonin Tuma: Composer
  • 1715Peter II: Czar of Russia (1727-30)
  • 1737Francis Hopkinson: United States -- Writer / lawyer (design Stars & Stripes)
  • 1737Franz Schneider: Composer
  • 1752Samuel Story: Dutch Admiral (Battle at Kamperduin)
  • 1756Jacob van Strij: Dutch cartoonist / graphic artist
  • 1756Josef Jawurek: Composer
  • 1792Philip Cipriani Hambley Potter: Pianist / composer
  • 1800Nat Turner: Virginia, United States -- Leader of major slave rebellion (1831)
  • 1809Anton Emil Titl: Composer
  • 1817Gunnar Wennerberg: Composer
  • 1819George Washington Getty: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1901
  • 1821Alexander Peter "Old Straight" Stewart: Lieutenant General (Confederate Army)
  • 1822Joannes Kappeyne van de Coppello: Dutch Internal Minister (1877-79)
  • 1827Edmund Jackson Davis: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1883
  • 1832Edward Burnett Tylor: English anthropologist
  • 1832Julius von Sachs: Botanist / naturalist
  • 1835Louis A Ranvier: French anatomist / historian
  • 1839Hans Thoma: Painter
  • 1847Paul Ludwig Hans von Beneckendorf und Hindenburg: German President
  • 1851Ferdinand Foch: France -- Responsible for Allies winning WWI
  • 1852William Ramsay: Chemist
  • 1857Marthinus T Steyn: President of Orange-Free state (1896-1902)
  • 1866Charles de Souzy Ricketts: Artist
  • 1869Mahatma Karamchand Ghandi: Porbandar Kathiawad, India -- Pacifist
  • 1871Cordell Hull: US Secretary of State (1933-44), lowered tariffs (Nobel 1945)

Died on October 2

  • 0472Olybrius: Emperor of Westromeinse Republic (472)
  • 0939Giselbert: Duke of Lutheran, drowns at about 49
  • 1113Mawdoed: Selchuk emir / Governor of Mosul
  • 1517John Murmelius: Humanist / theory / school book writer, dies at about 37
  • 1564Andreas Vesalius [Andries of Wesel]: Flemish anatomist, dies at 49
  • 1588Bernardino Telesio: Italian philosopher (Rerum in Child)
  • 1617Isaac Oliver: Miniature painter
  • 1656Stephan Otto: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1678Wu San-kuei: General, invited Manchus to China, dies trying to expel them
  • 1707Anne Jules Duke the Noailles: Marshal of France (huguenot), dies at 57
  • 1721Benott Audran: Artist / engraver
  • 1729Arnold Boonen: Portrait painter, dies at 60
  • 1786August Keppel: 1st viscount / naval commander / politican
  • 1803Samuel Adams: US revolutionary (Boston Massacre-Tea Party), dies at 81
  • 1809Wybo Fijnje: Politician / patriot / journalist, dies at 59
  • 1842Jose Mariano Elizaga: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1842William Ellery Channing: Cleric / writer
  • 1850Sarah Biffin / Beffin: Limbless miniature painter
  • 1853D Francois J Arago: French astronomer / physicist (chromosome)
  • 1860Louis Hersent: Painter
  • 1863Justinus van de Brugghen: Lawyer / Minister of Justice
  • 1872Eberhard F Walcker: Organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt A / M)
  • 1873Cornelius Varley: Water-color painter
  • 1905Jose Maria de Heredia: Cuban / French sonnet poet, dies at 62
  • 1915Russell Alexander: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1916Benjamin Kidel: English sociologist (Social Evolution), dies at 58
  • 1920Max Bruch: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1927Svante August Arrhenius: Chemist
  • 1931Thomas Johnstone Lipton: Sportsman / merchant
  • 1943Robert Nathaniel Dett: Composer, dies at 60