Events on Oct 2

  • 0939Battle at Andernach: King Otto and Hermann of Zwaben beat Eberhard of France and Giselbert of Lutherans
  • 1134Storm flood ravages Zeeland county
  • 1187Sultan Saladin captures Jerusalem from Crusaders
  • 1492King Henry VII of England invades France
  • 1518English Cardinal Thomas Wolsey makes European plan
  • 1540Venice / Turkey signs peace
  • 1572Spanish army occupies / plunders / destroys Mechelen
  • 1586Battle at Zutphen: English-Dutch army
  • 1608Prototype of modern reflecting telescope completed by Jan Lippershey
  • 1614French King Louis XIII (13) declared an adult
  • 1656US colony Connecticut passes law against Quakers
  • 1700Spanish King Carlos II appoints Philip van Anjou, heir to throne
  • 1787Maagden House opens in Amsterdam
  • 1792Baptist Missionary Society forms in London
  • 1795Tula (leader slave uprising) sentence to death in Curacao
  • 1799Duke of York and Russians capture Alkmaar in the Netherlands
  • 1804England mobilizes to protect against French invasion
  • 1833Charles Darwin rides through Corunda to Santa Fe Argentina
  • 1833New York Anti-Slavery Society organized
  • 1836Darwin returns to England aboard HMS Beagle (after 5 years)
  • 1853Austrian law forbids Jews from owning land
  • 1861Former VP John C Breckinridge flees Kentucky
  • 1864Battle of Saltville, Virginia
  • 1866J Osterhoudt patents tin can with key opener
  • 1870Italy annexes Rome and Papal States; Rome made Italian capital
  • 1871Brigham Young, mormon leader, arrest for bigamy
  • 1872Morgan State University founded
  • 1879Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Musgrave Ritual" (BG)
  • 18891st Pan American conference (Washington DC)
  • 18951st cartoon comic strip is printed in a newspaper

Born on Oct 2

  • 1452King Richard III: Of England (1483-85)
  • 1595Jacob Louys: Flemish engraver
  • 1616A Gryphius: Writer
  • 1646Guillaume Poitevin: Composer
  • 1704Frantisek Ignac Antonin Tuma: Composer
  • 1715Peter II: Czar of Russia (1727-30)
  • 1737Francis Hopkinson: United States -- Writer / lawyer (design Stars & Stripes)
  • 1737Franz Schneider: Composer
  • 1752Samuel Story: Dutch Admiral (Battle at Kamperduin)
  • 1756Jacob van Strij: Dutch cartoonist / graphic artist
  • 1756Josef Jawurek: Composer
  • 1792Philip Cipriani Hambley Potter: Pianist / composer
  • 1800Nat Turner: Virginia, United States -- Leader of major slave rebellion (1831)
  • 1809Anton Emil Titl: Composer
  • 1817Gunnar Wennerberg: Composer
  • 1819George Washington Getty: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1901
  • 1821Alexander Peter "Old Straight" Stewart: Lieutenant General (Confederate Army)
  • 1822Joannes Kappeyne van de Coppello: Dutch Internal Minister (1877-79)
  • 1827Edmund Jackson Davis: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1883
  • 1832Edward Burnett Tylor: English anthropologist
  • 1832Julius von Sachs: Botanist / naturalist
  • 1835Louis A Ranvier: French anatomist / historian
  • 1839Hans Thoma: Painter
  • 1847Paul Ludwig Hans von Beneckendorf und Hindenburg: German President
  • 1851Ferdinand Foch: France -- Responsible for Allies winning WWI
  • 1852William Ramsay: Chemist
  • 1857Marthinus T Steyn: President of Orange-Free state (1896-1902)
  • 1866Charles de Souzy Ricketts: Artist
  • 1869Mahatma Karamchand Ghandi: Porbandar Kathiawad, India -- Pacifist
  • 1871Cordell Hull: US Secretary of State (1933-44), lowered tariffs (Nobel 1945)

Died on Oct 2

  • 0472Olybrius: Emperor of Westromeinse Republic (472)
  • 0939Giselbert: Duke of Lutheran, drowns at about 49
  • 1113Mawdoed: Selchuk emir / Governor of Mosul
  • 1517John Murmelius: Humanist / theory / school book writer, dies at about 37
  • 1564Andreas Vesalius [Andries of Wesel]: Flemish anatomist, dies at 49
  • 1588Bernardino Telesio: Italian philosopher (Rerum in Child)
  • 1617Isaac Oliver: Miniature painter
  • 1656Stephan Otto: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1678Wu San-kuei: General, invited Manchus to China, dies trying to expel them
  • 1707Anne Jules Duke the Noailles: Marshal of France (huguenot), dies at 57
  • 1721Benott Audran: Artist / engraver
  • 1729Arnold Boonen: Portrait painter, dies at 60
  • 1786August Keppel: 1st viscount / naval commander / politican
  • 1803Samuel Adams: US revolutionary (Boston Massacre-Tea Party), dies at 81
  • 1809Wybo Fijnje: Politician / patriot / journalist, dies at 59
  • 1842Jose Mariano Elizaga: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1842William Ellery Channing: Cleric / writer
  • 1850Sarah Biffin / Beffin: Limbless miniature painter
  • 1853D Francois J Arago: French astronomer / physicist (chromosome)
  • 1860Louis Hersent: Painter
  • 1863Justinus van de Brugghen: Lawyer / Minister of Justice
  • 1872Eberhard F Walcker: Organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt A / M)
  • 1873Cornelius Varley: Water-color painter
  • 1905Jose Maria de Heredia: Cuban / French sonnet poet, dies at 62
  • 1915Russell Alexander: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1916Benjamin Kidel: English sociologist (Social Evolution), dies at 58
  • 1920Max Bruch: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1927Svante August Arrhenius: Chemist
  • 1931Thomas Johnstone Lipton: Sportsman / merchant
  • 1943Robert Nathaniel Dett: Composer, dies at 60

Historical events on October 3

  • 1143Cardinal Guido elected Pope Coelestinus II
  • 1247Willem II of Holland elected Roman Catholic German Emperor
  • 1264Comet said to predict death of Pope Urban IV is last seen
  • 1430Jews are expelled from Eger Bohemia
  • 1569Battle of Montcontour: Duke of Anjou beats Huguenots
  • 1574Fleet under Admiral Boisot seize Spanish
  • 1605Chinese uprising on Philippines, Tondo / Quiapo massacre
  • 1657French troops occupy Mardyke
  • 1691English and Dutch army occupies Limerick Ireland
  • 1735France and Emperor Karel VI sign peace accord
  • 1778Captain Cook anchors at Alaska
  • 1789Washington proclaims 1st national Thanksgiving Day on November 26
  • 1833Composer Hector Berlioz marries actress Harriet Smithson
  • 1862Skirmish at Bardstown, Kentucky
  • 1863Lincoln designates last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day
  • 1890Captain Guillaume of Kerckhoven marches into Boma Congo
  • 1899J S Thurman patents motor-driven vacuum cleaner
  • 1900Edward Elgar / Cardinal Newmans oratorium premieres in Birmingham
  • 1904France and Spain sign treaty for Morocco Independence
  • 1904Giants Christy Mathewson strikes out then record 16 Cards
  • 1904Mary McLeod Bethune opens Daytona Normal and Industrial School
  • 1906SOS adopted as warning signal by 1st conference on wireless telegraphy
  • 1906US regime names Charles Magoon, Governor of Cuba
  • 1913Federal Income Tax signed into law (at 1%)
  • 19157.8 earthquake shakes Pleasant Valley, Nevada
  • 1918Boris becomes King of Bulgaria
  • 1918Czar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria does distance of throne
  • 1918Selwyn Theater opens at 229 W 42nd St, New York City
  • 1919Reds Adolfo Luque is 1st Latin player to appear in a World Series
  • 1919Serbian, Croatian and Slavic parliment accord for 8 hour work day

Born on October 3

  • 1573Entonius Walaeus: Dutch calvinist theologist
  • 1631Sebastian Anton Scherer: Composer
  • 1647Johannes Voet: Dutch lawyer
  • 1647John Foot: Lawyer
  • 1713Antoine Dauvergne: Composer
  • 1720Johann P Uz: German poet (Lyrische Poem)
  • 1733Francois Krafft: Composer
  • 1789Francis Hoyt Gregory: Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1866
  • 1792Cipriani Potter: Composer
  • 1800George Bancroft: Historian (Hall of Fame)
  • 1803John Gorrie: Inventor (cold-air process of refrigeration)
  • 1804Townsend Harris: 1st Western consul to reside in Japan
  • 1807Heinrich Panofka: Composer
  • 1814Mikhail Yurevich Lermontov: Russian poet / writer (Demon & other poems)
  • 1828Woldemar Bargiel: Composer
  • 1834Vilem Blodek: Composer
  • 1844Patrick Manson: "Father of tropical medicine"
  • 1854William Crawford Gorgas: United States -- Surgeon General - helped cure yellow fever
  • 1859Elenora Duse: Italy -- Actress (Hedda Gabler)
  • 1860Annie EF Horniman: England, United Kingdom -- Theater owner (Abbey Theatre, Dublin)
  • 1865Johannes IJWJ Eilerts de Haan: Dutch sea officer (Lucie R, Suriname)
  • 1866Learmont Drysdale: Composer
  • 1871Stijn Streuvels [Frank Lateur]: Flemish writer (De Valschaard)
  • 1872Edward Faber Schneider: Composer
  • 1880Warner Oland: Umea, Sweden -- Actor (Jazz singer, Charlie Chan)
  • 1881Ludomir Michal Rogowski: Composer
  • 1886Henri Alain-Fournier: French Novelist (Great Adventure)
  • 1888Carl von Ossietzky: Germany -- Journalist / pacifist (Nobel 1935)
  • 1888Claud Allister: London, England -- Actor (Bulldog Drummond)
  • 1888Roy Webb: Composer

Died on October 3

  • 1283Dafydd ap Gruffyd: Last Monarch of Gwynnedd (North-Wales)
  • 1564Christophorus Fabritius [Christoffel Smit]: Calvinist vicar, burned
  • 1568Elisabeth van Valois: French Queen of Spain, dies at 23
  • 1646Virgilio Mazzocchi: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1653Mark Zuesius Boxhorn: Historian, dies at 41
  • 1656Myles Standish: Plymouth Colony leader
  • 1685Fidel Molitor: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1703Pieter van Wooden: Amersfoorts rebel leader, beheaded
  • 1703Richard Saab: Amersfoorts rebel leader, beheaded
  • 1750Georg Matthias Monn: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1795Tula: Leader Curacaose slave uprising, executed
  • 1820Ludwig Wenzel Lachnith: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1826Jens I Baggesen: Danish writer / linguist (Labyrinth)
  • 1828Josephus Andreas Fodor: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1853Andre Georges Louis Onslow: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1862Pleasant Adam Hackleman: Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 47
  • 1884Hans Makart: Austrian Painter (Geur), dies at 44
  • 1889Karel Miry: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1896William Morris: Writer, dies at 62
  • 1903Benedetto Junck: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1907Alfred Reisenauer: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1912Guido Papini: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1919Daniel Brink Towner: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1929Gustav Stresemann: German chancellor (Nobel 1926), dies at 51
  • 1929Jeanne Eagels: Actress (The Letter), dies at 35
  • 1930Charles LP "Philip" Zilcken: Painter / etcher / Author (Bauer), dies at 73
  • 1931Carl August Nielsen: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1941Wilhelm Kienzl: Austria Composer (Kuhreigen), dies at 84
  • 1952Alfred Neumann: German writer, dies at 56
  • 1953Arnold Bax: British composer, dies at 69