Events on Oct 3

  • 1143Cardinal Guido elected Pope Coelestinus II
  • 1247Willem II of Holland elected Roman Catholic German Emperor
  • 1264Comet said to predict death of Pope Urban IV is last seen
  • 1430Jews are expelled from Eger Bohemia
  • 1569Battle of Montcontour: Duke of Anjou beats Huguenots
  • 1574Fleet under Admiral Boisot seize Spanish
  • 1605Chinese uprising on Philippines, Tondo / Quiapo massacre
  • 1657French troops occupy Mardyke
  • 1691English and Dutch army occupies Limerick Ireland
  • 1735France and Emperor Karel VI sign peace accord
  • 1778Captain Cook anchors at Alaska
  • 1789Washington proclaims 1st national Thanksgiving Day on November 26
  • 1833Composer Hector Berlioz marries actress Harriet Smithson
  • 1862Skirmish at Bardstown, Kentucky
  • 1863Lincoln designates last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day
  • 1890Captain Guillaume of Kerckhoven marches into Boma Congo
  • 1899J S Thurman patents motor-driven vacuum cleaner
  • 1900Edward Elgar / Cardinal Newmans oratorium premieres in Birmingham
  • 1904France and Spain sign treaty for Morocco Independence
  • 1904Giants Christy Mathewson strikes out then record 16 Cards
  • 1904Mary McLeod Bethune opens Daytona Normal and Industrial School
  • 1906SOS adopted as warning signal by 1st conference on wireless telegraphy
  • 1906US regime names Charles Magoon, Governor of Cuba
  • 1913Federal Income Tax signed into law (at 1%)
  • 19157.8 earthquake shakes Pleasant Valley, Nevada
  • 1918Boris becomes King of Bulgaria
  • 1918Czar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria does distance of throne
  • 1918Selwyn Theater opens at 229 W 42nd St, New York City
  • 1919Reds Adolfo Luque is 1st Latin player to appear in a World Series
  • 1919Serbian, Croatian and Slavic parliment accord for 8 hour work day

Born on Oct 3

  • 1573Entonius Walaeus: Dutch calvinist theologist
  • 1631Sebastian Anton Scherer: Composer
  • 1647Johannes Voet: Dutch lawyer
  • 1647John Foot: Lawyer
  • 1713Antoine Dauvergne: Composer
  • 1720Johann P Uz: German poet (Lyrische Poem)
  • 1733Francois Krafft: Composer
  • 1789Francis Hoyt Gregory: Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1866
  • 1792Cipriani Potter: Composer
  • 1800George Bancroft: Historian (Hall of Fame)
  • 1803John Gorrie: Inventor (cold-air process of refrigeration)
  • 1804Townsend Harris: 1st Western consul to reside in Japan
  • 1807Heinrich Panofka: Composer
  • 1814Mikhail Yurevich Lermontov: Russian poet / writer (Demon & other poems)
  • 1828Woldemar Bargiel: Composer
  • 1834Vilem Blodek: Composer
  • 1844Patrick Manson: "Father of tropical medicine"
  • 1854William Crawford Gorgas: United States -- Surgeon General - helped cure yellow fever
  • 1859Elenora Duse: Italy -- Actress (Hedda Gabler)
  • 1860Annie EF Horniman: England, United Kingdom -- Theater owner (Abbey Theatre, Dublin)
  • 1865Johannes IJWJ Eilerts de Haan: Dutch sea officer (Lucie R, Suriname)
  • 1866Learmont Drysdale: Composer
  • 1871Stijn Streuvels [Frank Lateur]: Flemish writer (De Valschaard)
  • 1872Edward Faber Schneider: Composer
  • 1880Warner Oland: Umea, Sweden -- Actor (Jazz singer, Charlie Chan)
  • 1881Ludomir Michal Rogowski: Composer
  • 1886Henri Alain-Fournier: French Novelist (Great Adventure)
  • 1888Carl von Ossietzky: Germany -- Journalist / pacifist (Nobel 1935)
  • 1888Claud Allister: London, England -- Actor (Bulldog Drummond)
  • 1888Roy Webb: Composer

Died on Oct 3

  • 1283Dafydd ap Gruffyd: Last Monarch of Gwynnedd (North-Wales)
  • 1564Christophorus Fabritius [Christoffel Smit]: Calvinist vicar, burned
  • 1568Elisabeth van Valois: French Queen of Spain, dies at 23
  • 1646Virgilio Mazzocchi: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1653Mark Zuesius Boxhorn: Historian, dies at 41
  • 1656Myles Standish: Plymouth Colony leader
  • 1685Fidel Molitor: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1703Pieter van Wooden: Amersfoorts rebel leader, beheaded
  • 1703Richard Saab: Amersfoorts rebel leader, beheaded
  • 1750Georg Matthias Monn: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1795Tula: Leader Curacaose slave uprising, executed
  • 1820Ludwig Wenzel Lachnith: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1826Jens I Baggesen: Danish writer / linguist (Labyrinth)
  • 1828Josephus Andreas Fodor: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1853Andre Georges Louis Onslow: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1862Pleasant Adam Hackleman: Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 47
  • 1884Hans Makart: Austrian Painter (Geur), dies at 44
  • 1889Karel Miry: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1896William Morris: Writer, dies at 62
  • 1903Benedetto Junck: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1907Alfred Reisenauer: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1912Guido Papini: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1919Daniel Brink Towner: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1929Gustav Stresemann: German chancellor (Nobel 1926), dies at 51
  • 1929Jeanne Eagels: Actress (The Letter), dies at 35
  • 1930Charles LP "Philip" Zilcken: Painter / etcher / Author (Bauer), dies at 73
  • 1931Carl August Nielsen: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1941Wilhelm Kienzl: Austria Composer (Kuhreigen), dies at 84
  • 1952Alfred Neumann: German writer, dies at 56
  • 1953Arnold Bax: British composer, dies at 69

Historical events on October 4

  • 1209Pope Innocent II crowns German King Otto of Wittelsbach
  • 15351st full English translation of the Bible printed in Switzerland
  • 1539King Henry VIII and Anna of Kleef marry
  • 1582Last Julian calender day in Spain / Portugal / pontifical states
  • 16361st code of law for Plymouth Colony
  • 1636Battle at Wittstock, Brandenburg: Sweden beat Ferdinand III
  • 1648Peter Stuyvesant establishes Americas 1st volunteer firemen
  • 1675Christian Huygens patents pocket watch
  • 1712Utrecht banishes poor Jews
  • 1767Prince Willem V marries Prussian Princess Wilhelmina
  • 1777Battle of Germantown
  • 1824Mexico becomes a Republic
  • 1830Provisional government declares secession of Belgium from Netherlands
  • 1854Abraham Lincoln made his 1st political speech at Illinois State Fair
  • 1862Battle of Corinth ends
  • 1864National black convention meets (Syracuse NY)
  • 1864New Orleans Tribune, 1st black daily newspaper, forms
  • 1873Toronto Argonaut Football Club forms
  • 1880University of California founded in Los Angeles
  • 1881Edward Leveaux patents automatic player piano
  • 18951st US Golf Open: Horace Rawlins shoots a 173 at Newport Golf Club - Rhode Island
  • 1895Horace Rawlins wins 1st US Open golf tournament (Newport RI)
  • 1900Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Problem of Thor Bridge" (BG)
  • 19041st day of NYC subway, 350,000 people ride 9.1 mile tracks
  • 1906Chicago Cubs win their 116th game (116-36 .763) of year
  • 1910Portugal becomes a Republic, King Manuel II flees to England
  • 1913Brooklyn Dodger Jake Daubert earns a new Chalmers auto as NL MVP
  • 1913Freddy Wilson of Regina Roughriders kicks 10 singles in a game
  • 1914Dardanellen (French and English) fleet bombs Turkish forts
  • 1915Dinosaur National Monument in Colorado and Utah is established

Born on October 4

  • 1289Louis X [the Stubborn]: King of France (1314-16)
  • 1515Lucas Cranach [the Younger]: German painter
  • 1542Roberto Bellarmino: Italian theologist / diplomat
  • 1607Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla: Span playwright (Del Rey Abajo Ninguno)
  • 1626Richard Cromwell: Lord protector of England (1658-59)
  • 1659Franz Weichlein: Composer
  • 1720Giovanni Battista Piranesi: Italian etcher
  • 1744Domenico Corri: Composer
  • 1749Jean-Louis Duport: Composer
  • 1762Tommaso Sogner: Composer
  • 1772Francois-Louis Perne: Composer
  • 1787Francois P G Guizot: French historian / politician
  • 1796John Richardson: Canadian writer (Wacousta, or the prophecy)
  • 1797J Gotthelf: Writer
  • 1809Albrecht F H: Prince of Prussia
  • 1809Robert Cumming Schenck: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1890
  • 1816Egbert Benson Brown: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1902
  • 1818Francesco Crispi: Italian Minister of War / Premier
  • 1822Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Delaware, Ohio -- (R) 19th President (1877-81)
  • 1832William Griggs: Inventor (photo chromo lithography)
  • 1836Juliette Adam-Lamber: French author (Salon / Nouvelle Revue)
  • 1840Charles Ferdinand Lenepveu: Composer
  • 1841Stephen Albert Emery: Composer
  • 1850John W McGraw: (Gov-R-Washington) (1893-97)
  • 1857Henry Schoenfeld: Composer
  • 1859Henryk Pachulski: Composer
  • 1860Sidney Paget: British illustrator (Sherlock Holmes)
  • 1861Frederic Remington: United States -- Artist / sculptor of American West
  • 1861Joao Marcellino Arroyo: Composer
  • 1865Max Halbe: Writer

Died on October 4

  • 1540Helius Eobanus Hessus: German humanist / Poet (Silvae)
  • 1564Pietro P Vergerio: Italian Theologist / Bishop of Croatia
  • 1582Theresia van Avila: Spanish mystic writer
  • 1590Cujacius [Jacques Cujas]: French lawyer, dies at about 68
  • 1713Valentin Molitor: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1721Abraham Alewijn: Poet / playwright (Beslikte Swaantje), dies at 36
  • 1743John Campbell: 2nd Duke of Argyll / Field Marshal, dies at 64
  • 1755Samuel von Cocceji: German lawyer
  • 1830Hans DL Earl Yorck von Wartenburg: Governor-General of E-Prussia, dies at 71
  • 1838Eleanore Sophia Maria Westenholz: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1848Louis Massonneau: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1859Karl Baedeker: German tour guide (Die Schweiz), dies at 57
  • 1862William Duncan Smith: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 36
  • 1863Gerrit Schimmelpenninck: Earl of Nijenhuis / Peckedam, dies at 69
  • 1880William Lassell: English astronomer (1st moon of Neptune)
  • 1892Guillaume Van Kerckhoven: Belgian captain, dies at 39
  • 1893Pieter J Elout van Soeterwoude: MP (AR), dies at 88
  • 1904Frederic Auguste Bertholdi: French Sculptor (Statue of Liberty)
  • 1907Alfredo Kiel: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1912Gen Zeledon: Nicaraguan opponent of US occupation, is executed
  • 1929John Metzelaar: Dutch / US writer (Report on the Fishes), dies at 37
  • 1943Richard T Ely: US economist (Ground under our feet)
  • 1947Max KEL Planck: German physicist (constantly of P, Nobel 1918)
  • 1949Edmund Eysler: Austrian composer, dies at 75
  • 1955Alexander Papagos: Greek Field Marshal
  • 1962John Lowry: Mount Vernon NY, NYC builder, dies at 79
  • 1966Sherman Billingsley: Talk show host (Stork Club), dies at 66
  • 1970George Frederick McKay: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1970Janis Joplin: Rock singer (Down on Me), dies of a drug overdose at 27
  • 1971Edit Angold: Actor (Suspense, Molly, Blue Angel), dies at 76