Events on Oct 4

  • 1209Pope Innocent II crowns German King Otto of Wittelsbach
  • 15351st full English translation of the Bible printed in Switzerland
  • 1539King Henry VIII and Anna of Kleef marry
  • 1582Last Julian calender day in Spain / Portugal / pontifical states
  • 16361st code of law for Plymouth Colony
  • 1636Battle at Wittstock, Brandenburg: Sweden beat Ferdinand III
  • 1648Peter Stuyvesant establishes Americas 1st volunteer firemen
  • 1675Christian Huygens patents pocket watch
  • 1712Utrecht banishes poor Jews
  • 1767Prince Willem V marries Prussian Princess Wilhelmina
  • 1777Battle of Germantown
  • 1824Mexico becomes a Republic
  • 1830Provisional government declares secession of Belgium from Netherlands
  • 1854Abraham Lincoln made his 1st political speech at Illinois State Fair
  • 1862Battle of Corinth ends
  • 1864National black convention meets (Syracuse NY)
  • 1864New Orleans Tribune, 1st black daily newspaper, forms
  • 1873Toronto Argonaut Football Club forms
  • 1880University of California founded in Los Angeles
  • 1881Edward Leveaux patents automatic player piano
  • 18951st US Golf Open: Horace Rawlins shoots a 173 at Newport Golf Club - Rhode Island
  • 1895Horace Rawlins wins 1st US Open golf tournament (Newport RI)
  • 1900Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Problem of Thor Bridge" (BG)
  • 19041st day of NYC subway, 350,000 people ride 9.1 mile tracks
  • 1906Chicago Cubs win their 116th game (116-36 .763) of year
  • 1910Portugal becomes a Republic, King Manuel II flees to England
  • 1913Brooklyn Dodger Jake Daubert earns a new Chalmers auto as NL MVP
  • 1913Freddy Wilson of Regina Roughriders kicks 10 singles in a game
  • 1914Dardanellen (French and English) fleet bombs Turkish forts
  • 1915Dinosaur National Monument in Colorado and Utah is established

Born on Oct 4

  • 1289Louis X [the Stubborn]: King of France (1314-16)
  • 1515Lucas Cranach [the Younger]: German painter
  • 1542Roberto Bellarmino: Italian theologist / diplomat
  • 1607Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla: Span playwright (Del Rey Abajo Ninguno)
  • 1626Richard Cromwell: Lord protector of England (1658-59)
  • 1659Franz Weichlein: Composer
  • 1720Giovanni Battista Piranesi: Italian etcher
  • 1744Domenico Corri: Composer
  • 1749Jean-Louis Duport: Composer
  • 1762Tommaso Sogner: Composer
  • 1772Francois-Louis Perne: Composer
  • 1787Francois P G Guizot: French historian / politician
  • 1796John Richardson: Canadian writer (Wacousta, or the prophecy)
  • 1797J Gotthelf: Writer
  • 1809Albrecht F H: Prince of Prussia
  • 1809Robert Cumming Schenck: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1890
  • 1816Egbert Benson Brown: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1902
  • 1818Francesco Crispi: Italian Minister of War / Premier
  • 1822Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Delaware, Ohio -- (R) 19th President (1877-81)
  • 1832William Griggs: Inventor (photo chromo lithography)
  • 1836Juliette Adam-Lamber: French author (Salon / Nouvelle Revue)
  • 1840Charles Ferdinand Lenepveu: Composer
  • 1841Stephen Albert Emery: Composer
  • 1850John W McGraw: (Gov-R-Washington) (1893-97)
  • 1857Henry Schoenfeld: Composer
  • 1859Henryk Pachulski: Composer
  • 1860Sidney Paget: British illustrator (Sherlock Holmes)
  • 1861Frederic Remington: United States -- Artist / sculptor of American West
  • 1861Joao Marcellino Arroyo: Composer
  • 1865Max Halbe: Writer

Died on Oct 4

  • 1540Helius Eobanus Hessus: German humanist / Poet (Silvae)
  • 1564Pietro P Vergerio: Italian Theologist / Bishop of Croatia
  • 1582Theresia van Avila: Spanish mystic writer
  • 1590Cujacius [Jacques Cujas]: French lawyer, dies at about 68
  • 1713Valentin Molitor: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1721Abraham Alewijn: Poet / playwright (Beslikte Swaantje), dies at 36
  • 1743John Campbell: 2nd Duke of Argyll / Field Marshal, dies at 64
  • 1755Samuel von Cocceji: German lawyer
  • 1830Hans DL Earl Yorck von Wartenburg: Governor-General of E-Prussia, dies at 71
  • 1838Eleanore Sophia Maria Westenholz: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1848Louis Massonneau: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1859Karl Baedeker: German tour guide (Die Schweiz), dies at 57
  • 1862William Duncan Smith: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 36
  • 1863Gerrit Schimmelpenninck: Earl of Nijenhuis / Peckedam, dies at 69
  • 1880William Lassell: English astronomer (1st moon of Neptune)
  • 1892Guillaume Van Kerckhoven: Belgian captain, dies at 39
  • 1893Pieter J Elout van Soeterwoude: MP (AR), dies at 88
  • 1904Frederic Auguste Bertholdi: French Sculptor (Statue of Liberty)
  • 1907Alfredo Kiel: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1912Gen Zeledon: Nicaraguan opponent of US occupation, is executed
  • 1929John Metzelaar: Dutch / US writer (Report on the Fishes), dies at 37
  • 1943Richard T Ely: US economist (Ground under our feet)
  • 1947Max KEL Planck: German physicist (constantly of P, Nobel 1918)
  • 1949Edmund Eysler: Austrian composer, dies at 75
  • 1955Alexander Papagos: Greek Field Marshal
  • 1962John Lowry: Mount Vernon NY, NYC builder, dies at 79
  • 1966Sherman Billingsley: Talk show host (Stork Club), dies at 66
  • 1970George Frederick McKay: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1970Janis Joplin: Rock singer (Down on Me), dies of a drug overdose at 27
  • 1971Edit Angold: Actor (Suspense, Molly, Blue Angel), dies at 76

Historical events on October 5

  • 08694th Council of Constantinople (8th ecumenical council) opens
  • 1430Duke Philip the Good of Bourgondy visits Brussels
  • 1450Jews are expelled from Lower Bavaria by order of Ludwig IX
  • 1465French King Louis XI signs peace with Charles the Stout
  • 1511Eedgenootschap signs anti-French Saint League
  • 1568Conference of York begins: trial against Mary Stuart
  • 1568Willem of Oranges army occupies Brabant
  • 1582Gregorian calendar introduced in Italy, other Catholic countries
  • 1632Henry Casimir I appointed Viceroy of Groningen
  • 1762Opera "Orfeo Ed Euridice" is produced (Vienna)
  • 1777Washington begins assault on Germantown, Penn
  • 1796Spain declares war on England
  • 1813Battle of Thames in Canada; Americans defeat British
  • 1823Weber visits Beethoven
  • 1830King Willem I mobilizes Dutch army
  • 1833Charles Darwin moves with Parana to Santa Fe Bajada Argentina
  • 1862Battle of Big Hatchie River, Mississippi
  • 1862Federal fleet occupies Galveston, Texas
  • 1863Confederate sub David damages Union ship Ironsides
  • 1864Battle of Allatoona, 1 / 3 of Union troops die repulsing South
  • 1864Most of Calcutta destroyed by cyclone (approximately 60,000 die)
  • 1867Last day of Julian calendar in Alaska
  • 1875Palace Hotel on Market Street, SF opens
  • 1892Dalton Gang ends in shoot-out in Coffeville, Kansas bank holdup
  • 1897Solomon Andrees baloon / polar expedition reaches White Island
  • 19006th US Golf Open: Harry Vardon shoots a 313 at Chicago Golf Club - Illinois
  • 1900Harry Vardon wins US Open golf tournament
  • 1907Interprovincial Rugby Football Union plays 1st game (Mtl 17 Tor 8)
  • 1907Philadelphia Athletics Rube Vickers no-hits Washingston Senators, 4-0 in 5 inning game
  • 1908Bulgaria declares independence from Turkey, Ferdinand I becomes Tsar

Born on October 5

  • 1458Kazimierz de Saint: Polish ruler / Saint
  • 1609Paul Fleming: Writer
  • 1626Johann Schop: Composer
  • 1684Johann Jacob de Neufville: Composer
  • 1703Jonathan Edwards: United States -- Theologian / philosopher (Original Sin)
  • 1712Francesco Guardi: Italian painter
  • 1722Gregorio Sciroli: Composer
  • 1743Giuseppi Gazzaniga: Composer
  • 1758Thomas Greatorex: Composer
  • 1799Anthony G O Ridder Van Rappard: Dutch Minister of Reformed Worship
  • 1804Robert Parker Parrott: Inventor, died in 1877
  • 1808Thomas Algeo Rowley: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1808Winand C H Staring: Geologist (Geology of the Netherlands)
  • 1817Eduard Franck: Composer
  • 1822Hans Hampel: Composer
  • 1823Feliks Jaronski: Composer
  • 1830Chester Alan Arthur: Fairfield, Vermont -- (R) 21st President (1881-85)
  • 1833Cyrus Bussey: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1915
  • 1836George Washington Gordon: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1911
  • 1840Fran Gerbic: Composer
  • 1840John Addington Symonds: British historian / writer (Probs in Greek Ethics)
  • 1858Heinrich M von Battenberg: German son-in-law of Queen Victoria
  • 1863Ludwig Borchardt: German Egyptologist
  • 1875Cyril Rootham: Composer
  • 1878Louise Dresser [Kerlin]: Evansville, Indiana -- Actress (Maid of Salem)
  • 1879Halfdan Cleve: Composer
  • 1879John Erskine: United States -- Poet / pianist (Private Life of Helen of Troy)
  • 1881Otto V Kuusinen: Fin / Rus communist President of Karelo-Finnish SR (1940-56)
  • 1882Giorgio Abetti: Italian astronomer (Solar physics)
  • 1882Robert Hutchings Goddard: Worcester, Massachusetts -- Rocket pioneer

Died on October 5

  • 0578Justinus II: Byzantine Emperor (565-78)
  • 1056Henry III: RC German King (1039-56)
  • 1111Robrecht II of Jerusalem: Count of Flanders (1st Crusader)
  • 1285Philippe III [the Stout]: King of France (1270-85)
  • 1399Raymundus of Capua: Italian General
  • 1496Ferdinand II: King of Naples
  • 1557Il Bacchiacca [Franceso Ubertini]: Italian painter, dies at 63
  • 1631Arabella Holles: Wife of English politician Thomas Wentworth
  • 1707Daniel Speer: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1763August III: King of Poland, dies at 66
  • 1787Thomas Stone: US attorney / signer (Dec of Ind), dies at about 44
  • 1813Etienne Ozi: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1813Tecumseh: US Shawnee-chief / English General (Battle of Thames)
  • 1837Hortense de Beauharnais: French Queen of the Netherlands (1806-10), dies at 54
  • 1867Thomas Taglichsbeck: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1892Bill Powers: US member of Daltonbende
  • 1892Bob Dalton: US leader of Daltonbende
  • 1892Dick Broadwell: US member of Daltonbende
  • 1892Grat Dalton: US member of Daltonbende
  • 1899Johann Nepomuk Fuchs: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1911Charles-Theodore Malherbe: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1915Jose Maria Usandizaga: Composer, dies at 28
  • 1915Otto Valdemar Malling: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1918Roland Garros: French stunt flyer
  • 1919Jean Louis Nicode: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1924Joseph Vezina: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1933Nikolaj N Joedenitsj: Russian General / contra revolutionary, dies at 71
  • 1933Renee Adoree: Actress (Big Parade), dies at 35
  • 1934Jean Vigo: French filmer
  • 1940Silvestre Revueltas: Mexican composer: Cuauhnahuac / Planos, dies at 40