Events on Oct 7

  • 0336St. Mark ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1492Columbus misses Florida when he changed course
  • 1506Pope Julius II and France occupy Bologna
  • 15201st public burning of books in the Netherlands, in Louvain
  • 1542Explorer Cabrillo discovered Catalina Island off California coast
  • 1571Battle at Lepanto: Saint League (Spain & Italy) destroys Turkish fleet
  • 1579English royal marriage of Queen Elizabeth I to Duke of Anjou
  • 1637Prince Frederik Henry occupies Breda
  • 1690English attack Quebec under Louis de Buade
  • 1702English / Dutch troops under Marlborough occupy Roermond
  • 1714People riot due to beer tax in Alkmaar Neth
  • 173740 foot waves sink 20,000 small craft and kill 300,000 (Bengal, India)
  • 1763George III of Great Britain issues Proclamation of 1763, closing lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlement
  • 1765Stamp Act Congress convenes in New York
  • 1777Americans beat Brits in 2nd Battle of Saratoga and Battle of Bemis Hts
  • 1780British defeated by American militia near Kings Mountain, South Carolina
  • 1806Carbon paper patented in London by inventor Ralph Wedgewood
  • 18161st double decked steamboat, Washington, arrives in New Orleans
  • 1826Granite Railway (1st chartered railway in US) begins operations
  • 1840Willem I resigns as King of the Netherlands
  • 1856Cyrus Chambers Jr patents folding machine that folds book and newspapers
  • 1864Naval Engagement at Bahia Harbor Brazil - CSS Florida vs. USS Wachusett
  • 1868Cornell University (Ithaca NY) opens
  • 1879Germany and Austrian-Hungary sign Twofold Covenant
  • 18821st World Series (game 2), Chicago (NL) beats Cincinnati (AA) 2-0
  • 1886Spain abolishes slavery in Cuba
  • 1900The term "orienteering" is 1st used for an event
  • 1904New York Highlander Jack Chesbro wins record 41st game of season (41-12)
  • 1908Crete revolts against Turkey and aligns with Greece
  • 1908Serbia and Montenegro sign anti-Austria-Hungarian pact

Born on Oct 7

  • 1573William Laud: English Archbishop of Canterbury (1633-45)
  • 1577Ferdinand [of Bayern]: Prince-Bishop of Liege / Archbishop
  • 1698Henri Madin: Composer
  • 1728Caesar Rodney: Delaware, United States -- Judge / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1734Ralph Abercromby: English army commander (Dutch Guyana)
  • 1746William Billings: Boston, Massachusetts -- Hymn composer (Rose of Sharon)
  • 1748Charles XIII: King of Sweden (1809-18) / Norway (1814-18)
  • 1758Paul Anton Wineberger: Composer
  • 1774Ferdinando Orlandi: Composer
  • 1798Jean B Vuillaume: French violin maker (octobas)
  • 1801Adolf Muller: Composer
  • 1802Bernhard Molique: Composer
  • 1817Bushrod Rust Johnson: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1880
  • 1821Richard Heron Anderson: Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1879
  • 1821William Sill: With The Underground Railroad
  • 1826William Brimage Bate: US Confederate Brigadier General / (Gov-D-Tenn, 1882-86)
  • 1835Felix Draeseke: Composer
  • 1841Nicolaas Petrovic Njegos: King of Montenegro (1910-18)
  • 1849James Whitcomb Riley: United States -- Poet (Raggedy Man)
  • 1854Christiaan R de Wet: South Africa -- Boer General (Nicholsonsnek)
  • 1866Martha McChesney Berry: United States -- Founded Berry School for Children
  • 1868Fred H Hovey: Tennis champ (US Open-1895)
  • 1870Uncle Dave Macon: Entertainer
  • 1879Joe Hill: Jevla, Sweden -- Organizer (IWW) / songwriter (Union Scab) / martyr
  • 1879Joseph Bovet: Composer
  • 1880Jaime Pahissa: Composer
  • 1885Niels Bohr: Denmark -- Physicist, expanded quantum physics (Nobel 1922)
  • 1886Johannes B Tielrooy: Dutch literary (Chateaubriand)
  • 1887Jack Mulhall: Wappinger Falls, New York -- Actor (Ken Murray Show)
  • 1888Henry A Wallace: (D / P) 33rd VP (1941-45) / founder Progressive Party

Died on Oct 7

  • 0290[Christian] Sergius: Roman soldier / martyred saint, decapitated
  • 0336Marcus: Bishop of Rome (336)
  • 0929Charles III [the Plain]: King of France (893-929)
  • 1488Andrea del Verrochio: Sculptor / Painter / goldsmith, dies at about 52
  • 1571Ali Pasha: Turkish fleet commander, dies in battle
  • 1612Menso Alting: Dutch reformed vicar / theologist, dies at 70
  • 1639John I Pontanus: Physicist / Historian (Amsterdam), dies at 68
  • 1660Paul Scarron: French, stagewriter (Le Roman Comique), dies at 50
  • 1681Nicolaas Heinsius: Dutch philological / diplomat, dies at 61
  • 1766Andre Cheron: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1777Simon Fraser: English General, dies in battle
  • 1780Patrick Ferguson: English major in SC, dies in battle at 36
  • 1800Gabriel: Slave revolt leader (Virginia), hanged
  • 1811August R van Hekeren van Suideras: Dutch orangist, dies at 68
  • 1849Edgar Allen Poe: Poet (Raven), dies in Baltimore at 40
  • 1864Alexander Gardiner: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 1864John Gregg: US judge / Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 36
  • 1887George James Webb: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1890John Hill Hewitt: Composer, dies at 89
  • 1915Samuel Prowse Warren: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1918C Hubert H Parry: Engl musicologist / Composer (Jerusalem), dies at 70
  • 1924Clemens Baeumker: German Historian (Christian Philosophy), dies at 71
  • 1925Hubert Platt Main: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1939Harvey (William) Cushing: US neurologist, dies at 70
  • 1951Anton F Philips: CEO (Philips), dies at 77
  • 1959Mario Lanza: Opera singer, dies at 38 of a heart attack
  • 1959Prime Minister Kassem of Iraq: Assassinated
  • 1962Mauritius Dekker [Boris Robazki]: Writer (Boots in Jail), dies at 66
  • 1963Grace Darmond: Silent screen actress (Below the Surface), dies at 69
  • 1964Eugen Varga: Hungarian / Russian economist / politician, dies at 84

Historical events on October 8

  • 0314Battle at Cibalae: Emperor Constantine beats Emperor Licinius
  • 0451Council of Chalcedon (4th ecumenical council) opens
  • 0876Battle at Andernach: Louis the Young beats Charles the Bare
  • 1085San Marcos minstery in Venice initiated
  • 1600San Marino adopts constitution
  • 1633Massachusetts Bay Colony forms its 1st government
  • 1690Turkish troops occupy Belgrade
  • 1712French hijacker Jacques Cassard seen on Suriname coast
  • 1740Chinese assault on Diestpoort Batavia
  • 1775Officers decide to bar slaves and free blacks from Continental Army
  • 1806British forces lay siege to French port of Boulogne using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve
  • 1813Treaty of Ried between Bayern and Austria
  • 1815Joachim Murats forces lands at Pizzo Italy
  • 18182 English boxers are 1st to use padded gloves
  • 18221st eruption of Galunggung (Java) sends boiling sludge into valley
  • 1835HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin reaches James Island, Galapagos archipelago
  • 18401st Hawaiian constitution proclaimed
  • 1842Princess Sophia weds her cousin Duke Charles Saksen-Weimar-Eisenach
  • 1856Chinese police board British vessel Arrow, arrest 12 Chinese crewmen on suspicion of piracy and lower British flag, begins 2nd Anglo-Chinese War
  • 1860Telegraph line between LA and SF opens
  • 1862Battle of Perryville, KY-Confederate invasion halted
  • 1862Otto von Bismarck becomes German Republic chancellor
  • 1865Earthquake in Santa Cruz Mountains
  • 1871Gas explosion destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin
  • 1886Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Noble Bachelor" (BG)
  • 1887Phillies set club record 16th straight victory
  • 1892Sergei Rachmaninoff 1st performs "Prelude in C-sharp-Minor" in Moscow
  • 1895Ohio Valley Improvement Association forms
  • 1896Dow Jones starts reporting an average of selected industrial stocks
  • 1897Emperor Karl Joseph I named Gustav Mahler Director of Opera

Born on October 8

  • 1585Heinrich Schutz: Composer
  • 1619Philipp von Zesen: German poet / historian (Amsterdam)
  • 1621Maximilian H of Bayern: Prince-Bishop of Liege / Bishop of Hildesheim
  • 1690Jaime de Casellas: Composer
  • 1692Antonio Palella: Composer
  • 1697Cornelis Consolation: Dutch portrait painter (Unseemly Love)
  • 1740Michel-Julien Mathieu: Composer
  • 1747Johann Wilhelm Stadler: Composer
  • 1748Franz Seydelmann: Composer
  • 1790Waldemar Thrane: Composer
  • 1802Peter Hofstede [the Great]: Dutch reformed theologist
  • 1813Carl Ludwig Amand Mangold: Composer
  • 1818John Henninger Reagan: Attorney General (Confederacy)
  • 1820Stanislaw Katski: Composer
  • 1826Matt Whitaker Ransom: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1904
  • 1828Francisque Sarcey: French writer / critic
  • 1831Michal Jelski: Composer
  • 1837Otto Winter-Hjelm: Composer
  • 1838John Milton Hay: Politician (Union), died in 1905
  • 1855Gustav Ehrismann: German germanist
  • 1860Felix Woyrsch: Composer
  • 1861Theodore Roberts: San Francisco, California -- Actor (Roaring Road, 10 Commandments)
  • 1868Max Slevogt: German painter
  • 1869J Frank Duryea: Inventor (1st auto built and operated in US)
  • 1870Louis Vierne: Composer
  • 1872John Cowper Powys: British writer (Wood & Stone)
  • 1873Ejnar Hertzsprung: Denmark -- Astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram)
  • 1875Hugh L Doherty: Tennis champ (US Open-1903)
  • 1880Ernest F E Douwes Dekker: Dutch founder (National-India Party)
  • 1885William Henry Bennett Vodery: Composer

Died on October 8

  • 0705Abd al-Malik: Kalief of Damascus
  • 1094St Mark [the Evangelist]: Buried in San Marcos minstery in Venice
  • 1253Robert Grosseteste: English Bishop / expert (optica)
  • 1604Janus Dousa [Johan van de Does]: Literature / politician, dies at 58
  • 1606Jan [the Aged]: Count of Nassau / fathered 24
  • 1651Isaac Elsevier: Book publisher, dies at 55
  • 1656Johan Georg I: Ruler of Saxon (1611-56, Peace of Prague), dies at 71
  • 1680Elisabeth: Abbess, dies at 61
  • 1683Philipp Friedrich Boddecker: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1686Adriaen Paets: Rotterdams regent / diplomat, dies at about 55
  • 1722Gerard Callenbach: Dutch Admiral, dies at 80
  • 1728Anne Danican Philidor: French composer, dies at 47
  • 1754Henry Fielding: English lawyer / Author (Tom Jones), dies at 47
  • 1771John E Loovens: Lawyer, dies at 76
  • 1772Jean-Joseph Cassenea de Mondonville: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1793John Hancock: US Merchant / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 56
  • 1803Vittoria A Alfieri: Italian Earl / writer (Filippo), dies at 54
  • 1834Francois-Adrien Boieldieu: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1842Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1862James Streshley Jackson: Attorney / Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 39
  • 1862William Rufus Terrill: Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 28
  • 1864Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory: US Union Brigadier General, dies at about 34
  • 1865Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1869Franklin Peirce: 14th President (1853-1857), dies at 64 in Concord, New Hampshire
  • 1895Charles Oberthur: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1897Martin Pluddemann: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1904Gustav Ratzenhofer: Austria sociologist / philosopher, dies at 62
  • 1907Alfred: Liechtensteins noble of Austrian Herrenhaus, dies at 65
  • 1912Wilhelm Kuhe: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1925Abraham PC of Karnebeek: Liberal Foreign Minister (1918-27)