Events on Oct 8

  • 0314Battle at Cibalae: Emperor Constantine beats Emperor Licinius
  • 0451Council of Chalcedon (4th ecumenical council) opens
  • 0876Battle at Andernach: Louis the Young beats Charles the Bare
  • 1085San Marcos minstery in Venice initiated
  • 1600San Marino adopts constitution
  • 1633Massachusetts Bay Colony forms its 1st government
  • 1690Turkish troops occupy Belgrade
  • 1712French hijacker Jacques Cassard seen on Suriname coast
  • 1740Chinese assault on Diestpoort Batavia
  • 1775Officers decide to bar slaves and free blacks from Continental Army
  • 1806British forces lay siege to French port of Boulogne using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve
  • 1813Treaty of Ried between Bayern and Austria
  • 1815Joachim Murats forces lands at Pizzo Italy
  • 18182 English boxers are 1st to use padded gloves
  • 18221st eruption of Galunggung (Java) sends boiling sludge into valley
  • 1835HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin reaches James Island, Galapagos archipelago
  • 18401st Hawaiian constitution proclaimed
  • 1842Princess Sophia weds her cousin Duke Charles Saksen-Weimar-Eisenach
  • 1856Chinese police board British vessel Arrow, arrest 12 Chinese crewmen on suspicion of piracy and lower British flag, begins 2nd Anglo-Chinese War
  • 1860Telegraph line between LA and SF opens
  • 1862Battle of Perryville, KY-Confederate invasion halted
  • 1862Otto von Bismarck becomes German Republic chancellor
  • 1865Earthquake in Santa Cruz Mountains
  • 1871Gas explosion destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin
  • 1886Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Noble Bachelor" (BG)
  • 1887Phillies set club record 16th straight victory
  • 1892Sergei Rachmaninoff 1st performs "Prelude in C-sharp-Minor" in Moscow
  • 1895Ohio Valley Improvement Association forms
  • 1896Dow Jones starts reporting an average of selected industrial stocks
  • 1897Emperor Karl Joseph I named Gustav Mahler Director of Opera

Born on Oct 8

  • 1585Heinrich Schutz: Composer
  • 1619Philipp von Zesen: German poet / historian (Amsterdam)
  • 1621Maximilian H of Bayern: Prince-Bishop of Liege / Bishop of Hildesheim
  • 1690Jaime de Casellas: Composer
  • 1692Antonio Palella: Composer
  • 1697Cornelis Consolation: Dutch portrait painter (Unseemly Love)
  • 1740Michel-Julien Mathieu: Composer
  • 1747Johann Wilhelm Stadler: Composer
  • 1748Franz Seydelmann: Composer
  • 1790Waldemar Thrane: Composer
  • 1802Peter Hofstede [the Great]: Dutch reformed theologist
  • 1813Carl Ludwig Amand Mangold: Composer
  • 1818John Henninger Reagan: Attorney General (Confederacy)
  • 1820Stanislaw Katski: Composer
  • 1826Matt Whitaker Ransom: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1904
  • 1828Francisque Sarcey: French writer / critic
  • 1831Michal Jelski: Composer
  • 1837Otto Winter-Hjelm: Composer
  • 1838John Milton Hay: Politician (Union), died in 1905
  • 1855Gustav Ehrismann: German germanist
  • 1860Felix Woyrsch: Composer
  • 1861Theodore Roberts: San Francisco, California -- Actor (Roaring Road, 10 Commandments)
  • 1868Max Slevogt: German painter
  • 1869J Frank Duryea: Inventor (1st auto built and operated in US)
  • 1870Louis Vierne: Composer
  • 1872John Cowper Powys: British writer (Wood & Stone)
  • 1873Ejnar Hertzsprung: Denmark -- Astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram)
  • 1875Hugh L Doherty: Tennis champ (US Open-1903)
  • 1880Ernest F E Douwes Dekker: Dutch founder (National-India Party)
  • 1885William Henry Bennett Vodery: Composer

Died on Oct 8

  • 0705Abd al-Malik: Kalief of Damascus
  • 1094St Mark [the Evangelist]: Buried in San Marcos minstery in Venice
  • 1253Robert Grosseteste: English Bishop / expert (optica)
  • 1604Janus Dousa [Johan van de Does]: Literature / politician, dies at 58
  • 1606Jan [the Aged]: Count of Nassau / fathered 24
  • 1651Isaac Elsevier: Book publisher, dies at 55
  • 1656Johan Georg I: Ruler of Saxon (1611-56, Peace of Prague), dies at 71
  • 1680Elisabeth: Abbess, dies at 61
  • 1683Philipp Friedrich Boddecker: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1686Adriaen Paets: Rotterdams regent / diplomat, dies at about 55
  • 1722Gerard Callenbach: Dutch Admiral, dies at 80
  • 1728Anne Danican Philidor: French composer, dies at 47
  • 1754Henry Fielding: English lawyer / Author (Tom Jones), dies at 47
  • 1771John E Loovens: Lawyer, dies at 76
  • 1772Jean-Joseph Cassenea de Mondonville: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1793John Hancock: US Merchant / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 56
  • 1803Vittoria A Alfieri: Italian Earl / writer (Filippo), dies at 54
  • 1834Francois-Adrien Boieldieu: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1842Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1862James Streshley Jackson: Attorney / Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 39
  • 1862William Rufus Terrill: Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 28
  • 1864Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory: US Union Brigadier General, dies at about 34
  • 1865Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1869Franklin Peirce: 14th President (1853-1857), dies at 64 in Concord, New Hampshire
  • 1895Charles Oberthur: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1897Martin Pluddemann: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1904Gustav Ratzenhofer: Austria sociologist / philosopher, dies at 62
  • 1907Alfred: Liechtensteins noble of Austrian Herrenhaus, dies at 65
  • 1912Wilhelm Kuhe: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1925Abraham PC of Karnebeek: Liberal Foreign Minister (1918-27)

Historical events on October 9

  • 0768Charles the Great and Charlamane II divide French Republic
  • 0869Charles the Bare crowned King of Lotharingen
  • 1000Leif Ericson discovers "Vinland" (possibly New England)
  • 1192Richard Coeur de Leeuw leaves Jerusalem in disguise
  • 1290Last of 16,000 English Jews expelled by King Edward I, leaves
  • 1446Korean Hangual alphabet devised
  • 1514King Louis XII of France marries Mary Tudor, Daughter of Henry VIII
  • 1573Don Frederik disbands siege of Alkmaar
  • 1597Earl Mauritius occupies Breevoort
  • 1617Peace of Pavia (Spain & Savoye)
  • 1621Turkey and Poland signs Peace of Chotin
  • 1635Religious dissident Roger Williams banished from Mass Bay Colony
  • 1651English parliament proclaims Navigation Act off
  • 1668Mass society storms palace of "heretics" Spanish gov Jose de Paternina
  • 1701Collegiate School of Ct (Yale University), chartered in New Haven
  • 1716England and France sign treaty
  • 1740Netherlands Governor-General Adriaen Valckenier allows murder of 8000 Chinese inhabitants of Batavia
  • 1794French troops occupy Hertogenbosch
  • 1799British frigate HMS Lutine sinks off Dutch coast
  • 1804Hobart Tasmania founded
  • 1817University of Gent officially opens
  • 1818Congress of Aken returns to France from Libya
  • 1820Guayaquil, Ecuador declares its freedom from Ecuador
  • 1837Steamboat "Home" sinks off Okracoke NC killing 100
  • 1855Isaac Singer patents sewing machine motor
  • 1855Joshua Stoddard of Worcester, Mass patents 1st calliope
  • 1863Battle of Brady Station, VA (Culpeper Court House, Bristoe Station)
  • 18651st US underground pipeline for carrying oil is laid in Pennsylvania
  • 1870Rome is incorporated into Italy by royal decree
  • 1872Aaron Montgomery started his mail-order business

Born on October 9

  • 1201Robert de Sorbon: Founded Sorbonne University (Paris, France)
  • 1261Dionysius [the Justified]: King of Portugal (1279-1325)
  • 1547Miguel de Cervantes: Novelist (Don Quixote)
  • 1581Claude G Bachet de Meziriac: French mathematician / theologist
  • 1586Jan III van Foreest: Lawyer / poet / Mayor of Hoorn
  • 1626John Ferrabosco: Composer
  • 1663Gian M Crescimbeni: Italian literary / critic (Arcadia)
  • 1727Johann Wilhelm Hertel: Composer
  • 1760Pierre Gaveaux: Composer
  • 1766Bedrich Divis Weber: Composer
  • 1771Frederik Willem: Duke of Brunswick (1813-15)
  • 1782Lewis Cass: (Gov-Michigan)
  • 1813John Jones Pettus: Confederate Governor (D-Miss, 1859-63)
  • 1819Samuel McGowan: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
  • 1822George Sykes: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1880
  • 1823Mary Ann Shadd Cary: 1st black US newspaper publishers
  • 1830Harriet Hosmer: Sculptor
  • 1847Stephanus J du Toit: South Africa theologist / journalist (Afr Bond)
  • 1858Gerard L F Philips: Dutch engineer / manufacturer (Philips)
  • 1859Alfred Dreyfus: Accused Jewish French officer (Dreyfus Affair)
  • 1863Alexander Siloti: Kharkov, Russia -- Pianist / Professor (Moscow Cons 1888-91)
  • 1869Harry Lawrence Freeman: Composer
  • 1871Gerrit Bolkestein: Minister of Education
  • 1873Karl Schwarzschild: German astronomer (Schwarzschild effect)
  • 1884Helene Deutsch [Rosenbach]: Psychoanalyst (Boston)
  • 1884Martin Elmer Johnson: Explorer / photographer
  • 1886Frank Newburg: Actor (Homemaker)
  • 1888Hank Patterson: Alabama, United States -- Actor (Gunsmoke, Fred Ziffel-Green Acres)
  • 1888Irving Cummings, Sr.: NYC, New York -- Silent screen star / director (Curly Top)
  • 1890Aimee Semple McPherson: Evangelist (Pentecostal) / radio preacher

Died on October 9

  • 1047Clemens II [Suitger]: Pope (1046-47)
  • 1253Grosseteste: An English scholar, dies at 78
  • 1326Reinald I: Earl of Gelre / monarch, went insane
  • 1423Frederik III of Blankenheim: Bishop of Straatsburg / Utrecht
  • 1436Jacoba van Bavarian: Countess of Holland / Zealand, dies at 35
  • 1562Gabriel Fallopius: Modena Italy, anatomist
  • 1646Baltasar Carlos: Son of Spanish King Philip IV
  • 1769Marianus Konigsperger: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1781Thomas Alexander Erskine Kelly: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1797Elia van Vilnius: Latvian rabbi, dies at 77
  • 1797Elijah B Solomon Zalman: Rabbi / Gaon of Vilna
  • 1806Benjamin Banneker: Astronomer / mathematician, dies at 74
  • 1821Georg-Friederich Fuchs: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1837Charles Fourier: French utopian socialist (Harmony universal)
  • 1841Karl F Schinkel: German Painter / writer (Neue Wache), dies at 60
  • 1891Johannes Tideman: Theologist, dies at 83
  • 1897John Heemskerk Azn: Dutch Internal Minister (1866..88), dies at 79
  • 1900Heinrich von Herzogenberg: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1906Joseph F Glidden: Inventor (barbed wire)
  • 1907Romualdo Marenco: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1912Millie & Christine: Siamese twins, dies at 61
  • 1915Constant A M Cap: Flemish Poet / etcher, dies at 73
  • 1917Hussain Kamil: Sultan of Egypt (1914-17), dies at 63
  • 1918Michail V Alekseyev: Russian General (WWI), murdered at 60
  • 1934J-Louis-F Barthou: French writer / Premier / foreign minister, murdered
  • 1934King Alexander: Of Yugoslavia, killed by Georgief (Croatian terrorist)
  • 1937August de Boeck: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1937George AA Alting van Geusau: Dutch Minister of War (1918-20), dies at 73
  • 1943Gerard W Kerncamp: Historian / editor-in-chief (Green Amsterdam)
  • 1943Jan Dieters: Leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN), executed