Events on Oct 9

  • 0768Charles the Great and Charlamane II divide French Republic
  • 0869Charles the Bare crowned King of Lotharingen
  • 1000Leif Ericson discovers "Vinland" (possibly New England)
  • 1192Richard Coeur de Leeuw leaves Jerusalem in disguise
  • 1290Last of 16,000 English Jews expelled by King Edward I, leaves
  • 1446Korean Hangual alphabet devised
  • 1514King Louis XII of France marries Mary Tudor, Daughter of Henry VIII
  • 1573Don Frederik disbands siege of Alkmaar
  • 1597Earl Mauritius occupies Breevoort
  • 1617Peace of Pavia (Spain & Savoye)
  • 1621Turkey and Poland signs Peace of Chotin
  • 1635Religious dissident Roger Williams banished from Mass Bay Colony
  • 1651English parliament proclaims Navigation Act off
  • 1668Mass society storms palace of "heretics" Spanish gov Jose de Paternina
  • 1701Collegiate School of Ct (Yale University), chartered in New Haven
  • 1716England and France sign treaty
  • 1740Netherlands Governor-General Adriaen Valckenier allows murder of 8000 Chinese inhabitants of Batavia
  • 1794French troops occupy Hertogenbosch
  • 1799British frigate HMS Lutine sinks off Dutch coast
  • 1804Hobart Tasmania founded
  • 1817University of Gent officially opens
  • 1818Congress of Aken returns to France from Libya
  • 1820Guayaquil, Ecuador declares its freedom from Ecuador
  • 1837Steamboat "Home" sinks off Okracoke NC killing 100
  • 1855Isaac Singer patents sewing machine motor
  • 1855Joshua Stoddard of Worcester, Mass patents 1st calliope
  • 1863Battle of Brady Station, VA (Culpeper Court House, Bristoe Station)
  • 18651st US underground pipeline for carrying oil is laid in Pennsylvania
  • 1870Rome is incorporated into Italy by royal decree
  • 1872Aaron Montgomery started his mail-order business

Born on Oct 9

  • 1201Robert de Sorbon: Founded Sorbonne University (Paris, France)
  • 1261Dionysius [the Justified]: King of Portugal (1279-1325)
  • 1547Miguel de Cervantes: Novelist (Don Quixote)
  • 1581Claude G Bachet de Meziriac: French mathematician / theologist
  • 1586Jan III van Foreest: Lawyer / poet / Mayor of Hoorn
  • 1626John Ferrabosco: Composer
  • 1663Gian M Crescimbeni: Italian literary / critic (Arcadia)
  • 1727Johann Wilhelm Hertel: Composer
  • 1760Pierre Gaveaux: Composer
  • 1766Bedrich Divis Weber: Composer
  • 1771Frederik Willem: Duke of Brunswick (1813-15)
  • 1782Lewis Cass: (Gov-Michigan)
  • 1813John Jones Pettus: Confederate Governor (D-Miss, 1859-63)
  • 1819Samuel McGowan: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
  • 1822George Sykes: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1880
  • 1823Mary Ann Shadd Cary: 1st black US newspaper publishers
  • 1830Harriet Hosmer: Sculptor
  • 1847Stephanus J du Toit: South Africa theologist / journalist (Afr Bond)
  • 1858Gerard L F Philips: Dutch engineer / manufacturer (Philips)
  • 1859Alfred Dreyfus: Accused Jewish French officer (Dreyfus Affair)
  • 1863Alexander Siloti: Kharkov, Russia -- Pianist / Professor (Moscow Cons 1888-91)
  • 1869Harry Lawrence Freeman: Composer
  • 1871Gerrit Bolkestein: Minister of Education
  • 1873Karl Schwarzschild: German astronomer (Schwarzschild effect)
  • 1884Helene Deutsch [Rosenbach]: Psychoanalyst (Boston)
  • 1884Martin Elmer Johnson: Explorer / photographer
  • 1886Frank Newburg: Actor (Homemaker)
  • 1888Hank Patterson: Alabama, United States -- Actor (Gunsmoke, Fred Ziffel-Green Acres)
  • 1888Irving Cummings, Sr.: NYC, New York -- Silent screen star / director (Curly Top)
  • 1890Aimee Semple McPherson: Evangelist (Pentecostal) / radio preacher

Died on Oct 9

  • 1047Clemens II [Suitger]: Pope (1046-47)
  • 1253Grosseteste: An English scholar, dies at 78
  • 1326Reinald I: Earl of Gelre / monarch, went insane
  • 1423Frederik III of Blankenheim: Bishop of Straatsburg / Utrecht
  • 1436Jacoba van Bavarian: Countess of Holland / Zealand, dies at 35
  • 1562Gabriel Fallopius: Modena Italy, anatomist
  • 1646Baltasar Carlos: Son of Spanish King Philip IV
  • 1769Marianus Konigsperger: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1781Thomas Alexander Erskine Kelly: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1797Elia van Vilnius: Latvian rabbi, dies at 77
  • 1797Elijah B Solomon Zalman: Rabbi / Gaon of Vilna
  • 1806Benjamin Banneker: Astronomer / mathematician, dies at 74
  • 1821Georg-Friederich Fuchs: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1837Charles Fourier: French utopian socialist (Harmony universal)
  • 1841Karl F Schinkel: German Painter / writer (Neue Wache), dies at 60
  • 1891Johannes Tideman: Theologist, dies at 83
  • 1897John Heemskerk Azn: Dutch Internal Minister (1866..88), dies at 79
  • 1900Heinrich von Herzogenberg: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1906Joseph F Glidden: Inventor (barbed wire)
  • 1907Romualdo Marenco: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1912Millie & Christine: Siamese twins, dies at 61
  • 1915Constant A M Cap: Flemish Poet / etcher, dies at 73
  • 1917Hussain Kamil: Sultan of Egypt (1914-17), dies at 63
  • 1918Michail V Alekseyev: Russian General (WWI), murdered at 60
  • 1934J-Louis-F Barthou: French writer / Premier / foreign minister, murdered
  • 1934King Alexander: Of Yugoslavia, killed by Georgief (Croatian terrorist)
  • 1937August de Boeck: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1937George AA Alting van Geusau: Dutch Minister of War (1918-20), dies at 73
  • 1943Gerard W Kerncamp: Historian / editor-in-chief (Green Amsterdam)
  • 1943Jan Dieters: Leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN), executed

Historical events on October 10

  • 0680Battle at Kerbela: Kalief Yazid beats pretender al-Hussein
  • 1375Westfriese sea wall breaks flooding Northern Netherlands
  • 1471Battle of Brunkeberg Stockholm (Sten Sture beats Christian I)
  • 1549Duke of Somerset fired as Lord Protector and imprisoned
  • 1578Count Johan Casimir occupies Ghent with 500 horsemen
  • 1631Saxon army occupies Prague
  • 1695King Willem III escapes South Netherlands, back to England
  • 1720French government proclaims strike on banknotes
  • 1733France declares war on Emperor Charles VI
  • 1760Suriname Colonial Regime signs treaty with Aukaners (ex-slaves)
  • 1780Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000 to 30,000 in Caribbean
  • 1787Amsterdam surrenders to Prussian invasion army
  • 1799Convention of Alkmaar: English / Russian invasion army departs
  • 18021st non indian settlement in Oklahoma
  • 1839British troops under General Charles Napier occupy Beirut
  • 1845Naval School (now called US Naval Academy) opens at Annapolis
  • 1846Alexis the Tocqueville writes about "Algerian problem"
  • 1854US Assay Office in New York City, New York opens
  • 1857American Chess Association formed (NYC)
  • 1863Skirmish at Blue Springs, Tennessee (166 casualties)
  • 1865John Hyatts patents billard ball
  • 18681st written account of a Canadian football game
  • 1868Cuba revolts for independence against Spain
  • 1874Fiji becomes a British possession
  • 18861st dinner jacket worn to autumn ball at Tuxedo Park, New York (tuxedo)
  • 1888Teatotalers excursion train crushed, killing 64 (Mud Run Pa)
  • 1899IR Johnson patents bicycle frame
  • 1904Boston pitchers achieve 148 complete games-an AL record, also record for total complete games AL 1,098, NL 1,089
  • 1904Liberty Theater opens at 234 W 42nd St, New York City
  • 1904Yanks 2 games out play 1st place Red Sox on final day doubleheader 41 game winner Chesbro loses 1st game and chance at pennant

Born on October 10

  • 1486Charles III: Duke of Savoy
  • 1599Jacob Aertsz Colom: Dutch publisher (Consolation of the Sea)
  • 1678John Campbell: 2nd Duke of Argyll / Field Marshal (Union of 1707)
  • 1684Jean Antoine Watteau: French rococo painter (Onverschillige)
  • 1731Henry Cavendish: England, United Kingdom -- Physicist / chemist (discovered hydrogen)
  • 1738Benjamin West: Painter (Death of General Wolfe)
  • 1757Erik Acharius: Swedish Botanist (lichens)
  • 1779Antoine PFGdV Celles: Belgium -- French MP
  • 1790George Gerson: Composer
  • 1804Albin Masek: Composer
  • 1817Christophorus H D Buys Ballot: Dutch meteorologist / founder KNMI
  • 1819Zebulon York: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1900
  • 1823Theodore Furchtegott Kirchner: Composer
  • 1825Paulus Kruger: President of South African Republic (1883), Boer leader
  • 1829Dandridge McRae: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899
  • 1830Isabella II: Queen of Spain (1833-68)
  • 1832Theodore Shelton Bowers: Bvt Brigadier General (Union Army), died in 1866
  • 1834Aleksis Kivi [Stenvall]: Finland -- Writer / poet (Nummisuutarit)
  • 1847Gheorghe Dima: Composer
  • 1854Jeronimo Gimenez y Bellido: Composer
  • 1861Fridtjof Nansen: Norwegian Arctic explorer / humanitarian (Nobel 1922)
  • 1862Arthur De Greef: Composer
  • 1865Raffaele Merry del Val: Spanish Cardinal
  • 1868Guillermo M Tomas: Composer
  • 1876Walter Niemann: Composer
  • 1884Ferdinand Bordewijk: Dutch lawyer / writer (Bint)
  • 1887Rie Cramer [Marie Holman]: Dutch cartoonist / author
  • 1889Han [Henricus A] Van Meegeren: Dutch painter / art forger (Vermeer)
  • 1892Ivo Andric: Yugoslavia -- Novelist (Bridge on Drina, Nobel 1961)
  • 1893August Balthazar: Belgian politician

Died on October 10

  • 0019Julius Caesar Germanicus: Roman Commandant of Rijnleger, dies at 33
  • 0413Nicias: Athens politician (Peace of Nicias), killed at about 57
  • 0680Hussein: Grandson of prophet Mohammed, beheaded
  • 1616Maria van Nassau: Countess of Buren, dies at 60
  • 1651Philippus Rovenius [Rouveen]: Apostole, dies at 77
  • 1659Able J Tasmania: Navigator / discovered (Tasmania, NZ), dies at about 56
  • 1676Sebastian Knupfer: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1745Jacobus Nozeman: Dutch Composer / organist, dies at 52
  • 1789Pierre-Louis Couperin: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1791C F D Schubart: Writer
  • 1797Carter Braxton: US boer / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 61
  • 1827Ugo Foscolo: Italian poet, dies at 49
  • 1836Jacob-Joseph-Balthasar Martinn: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1843Karl Theodor Toeschi: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1856Michal Wielhorski: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1858Karl A Varnhagen von Ense: German Author / Poet / diplomat, dies at 73
  • 1864David Bullock Harris: US Confederate Colonel, dies of yellow fever
  • 1867Ignacy Feliks Dobrzynski: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1875Aleksei K Tolstoi [Kozjma Prutkov]: Russian Poet / writer, dies at 58
  • 1886David L Yule: 1st Jewish US senator
  • 1889Adolph von Henselt: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1910Willem Maris: Painter (Hague School), dies at 66
  • 1914Gijsbert van Tienhoven: Mayor (Amsterdam) / foreign minister, dies at 73
  • 1914Karol I: Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, King of Romania (1881-1914)
  • 1931Karl von Bach: German engineer (Maschinenelemente), dies at 84
  • 1935Arthur Henderson: British Labour Minister (Nobel 1934), dies at 72
  • 1942Richard von Schaukal: Austria Poet / writer (Schlemihle), dies at 68
  • 1959Friedrich: Prince of Liechtenstein
  • 1964Eddie Cantor: Comedian (Eddie Cantor Comedy Theater), dies at 72
  • 1964Frantisek Picha: Composer, dies at 71