Events on Oct 10

  • 0680Battle at Kerbela: Kalief Yazid beats pretender al-Hussein
  • 1375Westfriese sea wall breaks flooding Northern Netherlands
  • 1471Battle of Brunkeberg Stockholm (Sten Sture beats Christian I)
  • 1549Duke of Somerset fired as Lord Protector and imprisoned
  • 1578Count Johan Casimir occupies Ghent with 500 horsemen
  • 1631Saxon army occupies Prague
  • 1695King Willem III escapes South Netherlands, back to England
  • 1720French government proclaims strike on banknotes
  • 1733France declares war on Emperor Charles VI
  • 1760Suriname Colonial Regime signs treaty with Aukaners (ex-slaves)
  • 1780Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000 to 30,000 in Caribbean
  • 1787Amsterdam surrenders to Prussian invasion army
  • 1799Convention of Alkmaar: English / Russian invasion army departs
  • 18021st non indian settlement in Oklahoma
  • 1839British troops under General Charles Napier occupy Beirut
  • 1845Naval School (now called US Naval Academy) opens at Annapolis
  • 1846Alexis the Tocqueville writes about "Algerian problem"
  • 1854US Assay Office in New York City, New York opens
  • 1857American Chess Association formed (NYC)
  • 1863Skirmish at Blue Springs, Tennessee (166 casualties)
  • 1865John Hyatts patents billard ball
  • 18681st written account of a Canadian football game
  • 1868Cuba revolts for independence against Spain
  • 1874Fiji becomes a British possession
  • 18861st dinner jacket worn to autumn ball at Tuxedo Park, New York (tuxedo)
  • 1888Teatotalers excursion train crushed, killing 64 (Mud Run Pa)
  • 1899IR Johnson patents bicycle frame
  • 1904Boston pitchers achieve 148 complete games-an AL record, also record for total complete games AL 1,098, NL 1,089
  • 1904Liberty Theater opens at 234 W 42nd St, New York City
  • 1904Yanks 2 games out play 1st place Red Sox on final day doubleheader 41 game winner Chesbro loses 1st game and chance at pennant

Born on Oct 10

  • 1486Charles III: Duke of Savoy
  • 1599Jacob Aertsz Colom: Dutch publisher (Consolation of the Sea)
  • 1678John Campbell: 2nd Duke of Argyll / Field Marshal (Union of 1707)
  • 1684Jean Antoine Watteau: French rococo painter (Onverschillige)
  • 1731Henry Cavendish: England, United Kingdom -- Physicist / chemist (discovered hydrogen)
  • 1738Benjamin West: Painter (Death of General Wolfe)
  • 1757Erik Acharius: Swedish Botanist (lichens)
  • 1779Antoine PFGdV Celles: Belgium -- French MP
  • 1790George Gerson: Composer
  • 1804Albin Masek: Composer
  • 1817Christophorus H D Buys Ballot: Dutch meteorologist / founder KNMI
  • 1819Zebulon York: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1900
  • 1823Theodore Furchtegott Kirchner: Composer
  • 1825Paulus Kruger: President of South African Republic (1883), Boer leader
  • 1829Dandridge McRae: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899
  • 1830Isabella II: Queen of Spain (1833-68)
  • 1832Theodore Shelton Bowers: Bvt Brigadier General (Union Army), died in 1866
  • 1834Aleksis Kivi [Stenvall]: Finland -- Writer / poet (Nummisuutarit)
  • 1847Gheorghe Dima: Composer
  • 1854Jeronimo Gimenez y Bellido: Composer
  • 1861Fridtjof Nansen: Norwegian Arctic explorer / humanitarian (Nobel 1922)
  • 1862Arthur De Greef: Composer
  • 1865Raffaele Merry del Val: Spanish Cardinal
  • 1868Guillermo M Tomas: Composer
  • 1876Walter Niemann: Composer
  • 1884Ferdinand Bordewijk: Dutch lawyer / writer (Bint)
  • 1887Rie Cramer [Marie Holman]: Dutch cartoonist / author
  • 1889Han [Henricus A] Van Meegeren: Dutch painter / art forger (Vermeer)
  • 1892Ivo Andric: Yugoslavia -- Novelist (Bridge on Drina, Nobel 1961)
  • 1893August Balthazar: Belgian politician

Died on Oct 10

  • 0019Julius Caesar Germanicus: Roman Commandant of Rijnleger, dies at 33
  • 0413Nicias: Athens politician (Peace of Nicias), killed at about 57
  • 0680Hussein: Grandson of prophet Mohammed, beheaded
  • 1616Maria van Nassau: Countess of Buren, dies at 60
  • 1651Philippus Rovenius [Rouveen]: Apostole, dies at 77
  • 1659Able J Tasmania: Navigator / discovered (Tasmania, NZ), dies at about 56
  • 1676Sebastian Knupfer: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1745Jacobus Nozeman: Dutch Composer / organist, dies at 52
  • 1789Pierre-Louis Couperin: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1791C F D Schubart: Writer
  • 1797Carter Braxton: US boer / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 61
  • 1827Ugo Foscolo: Italian poet, dies at 49
  • 1836Jacob-Joseph-Balthasar Martinn: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1843Karl Theodor Toeschi: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1856Michal Wielhorski: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1858Karl A Varnhagen von Ense: German Author / Poet / diplomat, dies at 73
  • 1864David Bullock Harris: US Confederate Colonel, dies of yellow fever
  • 1867Ignacy Feliks Dobrzynski: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1875Aleksei K Tolstoi [Kozjma Prutkov]: Russian Poet / writer, dies at 58
  • 1886David L Yule: 1st Jewish US senator
  • 1889Adolph von Henselt: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1910Willem Maris: Painter (Hague School), dies at 66
  • 1914Gijsbert van Tienhoven: Mayor (Amsterdam) / foreign minister, dies at 73
  • 1914Karol I: Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, King of Romania (1881-1914)
  • 1931Karl von Bach: German engineer (Maschinenelemente), dies at 84
  • 1935Arthur Henderson: British Labour Minister (Nobel 1934), dies at 72
  • 1942Richard von Schaukal: Austria Poet / writer (Schlemihle), dies at 68
  • 1959Friedrich: Prince of Liechtenstein
  • 1964Eddie Cantor: Comedian (Eddie Cantor Comedy Theater), dies at 72
  • 1964Frantisek Picha: Composer, dies at 71

Historical events on October 11

  • 0732Battle at Tours: France under Karel Martel beat Moors
  • 1521Pope Leo X titles King Henry VIII of England "Defender of the Faith"
  • 1531Battle at Kappel: Swiss RC kantons beat protestant
  • 1540Emperor Karel names his son Philip, Duke of Milan
  • 1573Battle of South Seas - Dutch rebels beat Spanish navy
  • 1643Battle at Wincebt: English New Model-army beats royalists
  • 1687Hungary accepts Habsburgse sovereignty
  • 1689Peter the Great becomes tsar of Russia
  • 1698France, England and Netherlands signs 1st Extermination treaty
  • 1726Benjamin Franklin returns to Philadelphia from England
  • 1746Battle at Rocourt: French drive out English / Austria / Netherlands armies
  • 1797Battle at Kamperduin: English fleet destroys Bataafse
  • 1797British naval forces defeat Dutch off Camperdown, Netherlands
  • 1811The Juliana, 1st steam-powered ferryboat, begins operation
  • 1861Battle of Dumfries, VA (Quantico Creek)
  • 1864Slavery abolished in Maryland
  • 1865President Johnson paroles CSA VP Alexander Stephens
  • 1868Thomas Edison patents his 1st invention: electric voice machine
  • 1871Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, 300 killed
  • 1873Toronto Argonaut Football Club 1st game losing to University of Toronto
  • 1881David Houston patents roll film for cameras
  • 1887A Miles patents elevator
  • 18901st 100 yard dash under 10 seconds (John Owens 9-4 / 5 seconds, Washington DC)
  • 1890Daughters of American Revolution forms
  • 1895Emperor Menelik II of Addis Ababa draws against Italians
  • 1899South African Boers declare war on Great Britain
  • 19028th US Golf Open: Laurie Auchterlonie shoots a 307 at Garden City, New York
  • 1902Lawrence Auchterlonie wins US Open golf tournament
  • 1906San Francisco begins school for "Asians"
  • 1906White Sox Ed Walsh strikes out then record 12 in a World Series game

Born on October 11

  • 1573Jacob Boonen: South Netherlands clergyman / lawyer
  • 1593Claes P "Nicolaas" Tulip: Anatomy / Mayor of Amsterdam (1654..71)
  • 1611Hugues de Lionne [Marquess de Berry]: French ambassador to Rome
  • 1661Melchior de Polignac: French diplomat / elect (Anti-Lucretius)
  • 1671Frederik IV: King of Denmark / Norway (1699-1730)
  • 1738Arthur Phillip: Admiral / 1st Governor New-South Wales
  • 1747Marian Paradeiser: Composer
  • 1758Wilhelm Olbers: Discovered asteroids (Pallas and Vesta)
  • 1768Adriaan van den Ende: Dutch vicar / educationalist
  • 1782Steen Steensen Blicher: Denmark -- Poet / short-story writer (E Binddstouw)
  • 1788Simon Sechter: Composer
  • 1803Albartus Telting: Frisian poet (Frisianch Jierboeckjen)
  • 1806Aleksandar I Karadjordjevic: Monarch of Serbia (1842-58)
  • 1815Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte: Corsican representative of the people
  • 1820Alfred Washington Ellet: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 1821Angelo Maurizio Gaspare Mariani: Composer
  • 1821George Williams: England, United Kingdom -- Founder YMCA
  • 1825C F Meyer: Writer
  • 1825Elkanah Brackin Greer: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1877
  • 1835Hunter Holmes McGuire: Med Director (Confederate Army), died in 1900
  • 1841Freidrich Hegar: Composer
  • 1863Xavier Henry Napoleon Leroux: Composer
  • 1865Hans E Kinck: Norwegian philological / writer (Mot Karnaval)
  • 1869Gordon Frederic Norton: Composer
  • 1872Harlan Fiske Stone: New Hampshire, United States -- Supreme Court (1925-41) Chief Justice (41-46)
  • 1875Stefan O Iosif: Romania -- Poet (Beautiful Irine)
  • 1876G von Le Fort: Writer
  • 1877John Parsons Beach: Composer
  • 1881Stark Young: US critic / writer (So Red the Rose)
  • 1882Robert Nathaniel Dett: Composer

Died on October 11

  • 0732Abd ar-Rahman: Yemenite General strategist (Bordeaux occupier)
  • 0965Bruno I: Archbishop of Cologne / Duke of Lutheran, dies at about 40
  • 1303Boniface VIII [Benedetto Gaetani]: Lawyer / pope (1294-1303)
  • 1347Louis IV: Duke of Bayern / Romania-Germany King / Emperor
  • 1424Jan Zizka: Czech (army)leader (Hussieten), dies of plague at 46
  • 1531Huldrych Zwingli: Swiss church Reformer (Zwinglianen)
  • 1617Franchois Vranck: Economist / writer (Deduction), dies at about 62
  • 1666Henry de Fleury dee Coulan: Mister of Buat / ritmeester
  • 1705Guillaume Amontons: French physicist, dies at 42
  • 1779Casimir Pulaski: General
  • 1809Meriwether Lewis: (Lewis & Clark Expedition), commits suicide at 35
  • 1812Jurriaan F de Frederici: Dutch Governor-General (Suriname), dies at 60
  • 1837Samuel Wesley: Composer (Exultate Deo), dies at 71
  • 1839Leonor de Almeida marquesa de Alorna: Portuguese poet, dies at 88
  • 1850Louisa Maria: Queen of Belgium (1832-50) / Wife of Leopold I, dies at 38
  • 1891Charles Stewart Parnells: Remains buried in Ireland
  • 1896Anton Bruckner: Austr Composer (Te Deum, Wagner Symphony), dies at 72
  • 1925Karl M Lybeck: Fin / Swedish language Poet (Samlade Arbeten), dies at 71
  • 1933Josef Hofmiller: Writer
  • 1942Leonid Vladimirovich Nikolayev: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1958J R Becher: Writer, dies at 67
  • 1959Bert Bell: NFL hall of famer, dies at 64
  • 1960Richard Cromwell: Actor (Jezebel, Riot Squad), dies of cancer at 50
  • 1961Leonard "Chico" Marx: Comedian (Marx Brothers), dies at 74
  • 1963Jean Cocteau: French Author (La Voie Humaine), dies at 73
  • 1970Anis Fuleihan: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1971Chester Conklin: Actor (Greed, Modern Times), dies at 83
  • 1976Connie Boswell: Actress (Artists & Models), dies at 68
  • 1977Mason Gross: Professor (Think Fast, 2 for the Money), dies at 66
  • 1985Tex Williams: Country-western singer, dies at 68 of cancer