Events on Oct 11

  • 0732Battle at Tours: France under Karel Martel beat Moors
  • 1521Pope Leo X titles King Henry VIII of England "Defender of the Faith"
  • 1531Battle at Kappel: Swiss RC kantons beat protestant
  • 1540Emperor Karel names his son Philip, Duke of Milan
  • 1573Battle of South Seas - Dutch rebels beat Spanish navy
  • 1643Battle at Wincebt: English New Model-army beats royalists
  • 1687Hungary accepts Habsburgse sovereignty
  • 1689Peter the Great becomes tsar of Russia
  • 1698France, England and Netherlands signs 1st Extermination treaty
  • 1726Benjamin Franklin returns to Philadelphia from England
  • 1746Battle at Rocourt: French drive out English / Austria / Netherlands armies
  • 1797Battle at Kamperduin: English fleet destroys Bataafse
  • 1797British naval forces defeat Dutch off Camperdown, Netherlands
  • 1811The Juliana, 1st steam-powered ferryboat, begins operation
  • 1861Battle of Dumfries, VA (Quantico Creek)
  • 1864Slavery abolished in Maryland
  • 1865President Johnson paroles CSA VP Alexander Stephens
  • 1868Thomas Edison patents his 1st invention: electric voice machine
  • 1871Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, 300 killed
  • 1873Toronto Argonaut Football Club 1st game losing to University of Toronto
  • 1881David Houston patents roll film for cameras
  • 1887A Miles patents elevator
  • 18901st 100 yard dash under 10 seconds (John Owens 9-4 / 5 seconds, Washington DC)
  • 1890Daughters of American Revolution forms
  • 1895Emperor Menelik II of Addis Ababa draws against Italians
  • 1899South African Boers declare war on Great Britain
  • 19028th US Golf Open: Laurie Auchterlonie shoots a 307 at Garden City, New York
  • 1902Lawrence Auchterlonie wins US Open golf tournament
  • 1906San Francisco begins school for "Asians"
  • 1906White Sox Ed Walsh strikes out then record 12 in a World Series game

Born on Oct 11

  • 1573Jacob Boonen: South Netherlands clergyman / lawyer
  • 1593Claes P "Nicolaas" Tulip: Anatomy / Mayor of Amsterdam (1654..71)
  • 1611Hugues de Lionne [Marquess de Berry]: French ambassador to Rome
  • 1661Melchior de Polignac: French diplomat / elect (Anti-Lucretius)
  • 1671Frederik IV: King of Denmark / Norway (1699-1730)
  • 1738Arthur Phillip: Admiral / 1st Governor New-South Wales
  • 1747Marian Paradeiser: Composer
  • 1758Wilhelm Olbers: Discovered asteroids (Pallas and Vesta)
  • 1768Adriaan van den Ende: Dutch vicar / educationalist
  • 1782Steen Steensen Blicher: Denmark -- Poet / short-story writer (E Binddstouw)
  • 1788Simon Sechter: Composer
  • 1803Albartus Telting: Frisian poet (Frisianch Jierboeckjen)
  • 1806Aleksandar I Karadjordjevic: Monarch of Serbia (1842-58)
  • 1815Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte: Corsican representative of the people
  • 1820Alfred Washington Ellet: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 1821Angelo Maurizio Gaspare Mariani: Composer
  • 1821George Williams: England, United Kingdom -- Founder YMCA
  • 1825C F Meyer: Writer
  • 1825Elkanah Brackin Greer: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1877
  • 1835Hunter Holmes McGuire: Med Director (Confederate Army), died in 1900
  • 1841Freidrich Hegar: Composer
  • 1863Xavier Henry Napoleon Leroux: Composer
  • 1865Hans E Kinck: Norwegian philological / writer (Mot Karnaval)
  • 1869Gordon Frederic Norton: Composer
  • 1872Harlan Fiske Stone: New Hampshire, United States -- Supreme Court (1925-41) Chief Justice (41-46)
  • 1875Stefan O Iosif: Romania -- Poet (Beautiful Irine)
  • 1876G von Le Fort: Writer
  • 1877John Parsons Beach: Composer
  • 1881Stark Young: US critic / writer (So Red the Rose)
  • 1882Robert Nathaniel Dett: Composer

Died on Oct 11

  • 0732Abd ar-Rahman: Yemenite General strategist (Bordeaux occupier)
  • 0965Bruno I: Archbishop of Cologne / Duke of Lutheran, dies at about 40
  • 1303Boniface VIII [Benedetto Gaetani]: Lawyer / pope (1294-1303)
  • 1347Louis IV: Duke of Bayern / Romania-Germany King / Emperor
  • 1424Jan Zizka: Czech (army)leader (Hussieten), dies of plague at 46
  • 1531Huldrych Zwingli: Swiss church Reformer (Zwinglianen)
  • 1617Franchois Vranck: Economist / writer (Deduction), dies at about 62
  • 1666Henry de Fleury dee Coulan: Mister of Buat / ritmeester
  • 1705Guillaume Amontons: French physicist, dies at 42
  • 1779Casimir Pulaski: General
  • 1809Meriwether Lewis: (Lewis & Clark Expedition), commits suicide at 35
  • 1812Jurriaan F de Frederici: Dutch Governor-General (Suriname), dies at 60
  • 1837Samuel Wesley: Composer (Exultate Deo), dies at 71
  • 1839Leonor de Almeida marquesa de Alorna: Portuguese poet, dies at 88
  • 1850Louisa Maria: Queen of Belgium (1832-50) / Wife of Leopold I, dies at 38
  • 1891Charles Stewart Parnells: Remains buried in Ireland
  • 1896Anton Bruckner: Austr Composer (Te Deum, Wagner Symphony), dies at 72
  • 1925Karl M Lybeck: Fin / Swedish language Poet (Samlade Arbeten), dies at 71
  • 1933Josef Hofmiller: Writer
  • 1942Leonid Vladimirovich Nikolayev: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1958J R Becher: Writer, dies at 67
  • 1959Bert Bell: NFL hall of famer, dies at 64
  • 1960Richard Cromwell: Actor (Jezebel, Riot Squad), dies of cancer at 50
  • 1961Leonard "Chico" Marx: Comedian (Marx Brothers), dies at 74
  • 1963Jean Cocteau: French Author (La Voie Humaine), dies at 73
  • 1970Anis Fuleihan: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1971Chester Conklin: Actor (Greed, Modern Times), dies at 83
  • 1976Connie Boswell: Actress (Artists & Models), dies at 68
  • 1977Mason Gross: Professor (Think Fast, 2 for the Money), dies at 66
  • 1985Tex Williams: Country-western singer, dies at 68 of cancer

Historical events on October 12

  • 0638Honorius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope; Pope Severinus elected
  • 0642John IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1165Rambam reaches Jerusalem
  • 1285180 Jews refuse baptism in Munich Germany, they are set on fire
  • 1366King Frederick III of Siciliy forbids decorations on synagogues
  • 1459Battle at Ludfor: Richard of York defeated
  • 1492Columbus arrives in Bahamas [real Columbus Day]
  • 1492Flemish rebel leader Philip van Kleef surrenders
  • 1504Queen Isabella I of Spain signs her testament
  • 1509Emperor Maximilian leaves Italy
  • 1518Pontifical ambassador interrogates Martin Luther
  • 1549John Dudley Earl of Warwick becomes English Premier
  • 1576Rudolf II succeeds Maximilian II as Archduke of Austria
  • 1654Kruittoren van Delft, explodes, 50-100 killed
  • 1659English Rump-government fires John Lambert and other generals
  • 1692Massachusetts Bay discontinues witch trials
  • 1702Battle of Bay of Vigo: Dutch and English fleet destroy and occupy Spanish silver fleet and French squadron
  • 1711Karel VI Habsburg crowned Roman Catholic Emperor
  • 1729Willem KH Friso installed as Viceroy of Gelderland
  • 1730Christian VI succeeds Frederik IV as King of Denmark
  • 1776British Brigade begins guarding Throgg Necks Road in Bronx
  • 1792Columbus Day is 1st celebrated
  • 1798Flemish uprising against French occupied Boerenkrijg
  • 1798Friedrich von Schillers "Wallensteins Lager, " premieres in Weimar
  • 1815Ex-king Joachim Murat van Naples sentenced to death
  • 18222nd eruption of Galunggung (Java) destroys summit of mountain
  • 1823Charles Macintosh of Scotland begins selling raincoats (Macs)
  • 1833Charles Darwin begins return trip to Buenos Aires
  • 183618" of snow falls in Bridgewater, New York
  • 1854Lincoln University founded as Ashmun Institute

Born on October 12

  • 1350Dimitri "Donskoi" Ivanovitch: Great Monarch of Vladimir-Soezdal
  • 1490Bernardo Pisano: Composer
  • 1537Edward VI: Tudor -- King of England (1547-53)
  • 1686Silvius Leopold Weiss: Composer
  • 1742Johan Peter Melchior: German sculptor
  • 1759Frantisek Vaclav Tomes: Composer
  • 1762John W Janssens: Governor-General of Cape colony / Dutch-Indies 1811
  • 1763John Ross: Composer
  • 1798A J Pedro I van Alcantara: Kaiser of Brazil (1822-31) / King of Portugal
  • 1798Charles Albert: King of Sardinia (1831-49)
  • 1807John Tideman: Dutch Remonstrant theologist
  • 1808John Liptrot Hatton: Composer
  • 1813Lyman Trumbull: MC (Union) died in 1896
  • 1815William Joseph Hardee: Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1873
  • 1822Joseph Haydn Potter: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1832Walter T Watts-Dunton: England, United Kingdom -- Lawyer / poet / writer (Aylwin)
  • 1840Helena Modjeska: Poland -- Shakespearian actress (Juliet) / anti-Russian
  • 1844George W Cable: American writer (Northampton Years)
  • 1845Amintore Galli: Composer
  • 1855August Sauer: Austria -- Literature historian (Euphorion)
  • 1860Elmer A Sperry: Inventor (gyrocompass)
  • 1866Antonie Waldrop: Painter / lithographer
  • 1866James Ramsay MacDonald: (L) British Prime Minister (1924, 1929-35)
  • 1872Ralph Vaughan Williams: Down Amp, England -- Composer (Hugh the Drover)
  • 1875Aleister [Edward S] Crowley: (75 pseudonames), British occultist
  • 1878Karl Buresch: Austria -- Politician
  • 1880Healey Willan: Composer
  • 1881Carlos Lopez Buchardo: Composer
  • 1881William Nigh: Berlin, Wisconsin -- Director (Ape, Doomed to Die, Mr Wong)
  • 1882Hermann Wolfgang Sartorius Waltershausen: German musicologist / composer

Died on October 12

  • 0638Honorius I [dux plebis]: Italian Pope
  • 0642Johannes IV: Dalmatisch Pope (640-42)
  • 1093Robrecht de Fries: Earl of Flanders (1071-93), dies at about 62
  • 1320Michael IX Paleologi: Emperor of Byzantine (1295-1320)
  • 1343Reinald II: Duke of Gelre
  • 1576Maximiliaan II: German King / Kaiser (1564-76)
  • 1646Francois De Bassompierre: Marshal of France
  • 1654Dirck Graswinckel: Dutch copurt clerk of States-General, dies at 66
  • 1654Rembrandt Carel Fabritius: Painter, dies in an accident
  • 1672Frederik of Nassau: Count of Buren, slain in battle
  • 1685Geeraerdt Burns: Theologist / Poet / historian, dies at 59
  • 1692Giovanni Battista Vitali: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1694Matsuo Basho: Greatest Japanese haiku poet
  • 1730Frederik IV: King of Denmark / Norway (1699-1730)
  • 1791A L Karschin: Writer, dies at 68
  • 1794James Lyon: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1797Pierre de Jelyotte: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1817Johann Franz Xaver Sterkel: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1820Elias Annes Borger: Theologist / Poet (Ode on the Rhine), dies at 36
  • 1829Jacobus Blue: Dutch regent / patriot, dies at about 73
  • 1837Frederica Louisa Wilhelmina: Queen of the Netherlands, dies at 62
  • 1844Claude Tillier: French journalist / writer (My Uncle Benjamin)
  • 1858Ando Hiroshige: Japanese painter, dies at 61
  • 1860Henry G W Smith: Leader of British-Indian forces, dies at 73
  • 1864Roger Taney: 5th Supreme Court Chief Justice (1836-64), dies at 87
  • 1865William Vincent Wallace: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1915Edith L Cavell: British nurse, executed by Germans in Belgium (WWII)
  • 1922Daisy M C Baers: Flemish philosophy / theory, dies at 33
  • 1924Anatole France: Writer, dies at 80
  • 1924Monroe A Althouse: Composer, dies at 71