Events on Oct 12

  • 0638Honorius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope; Pope Severinus elected
  • 0642John IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1165Rambam reaches Jerusalem
  • 1285180 Jews refuse baptism in Munich Germany, they are set on fire
  • 1366King Frederick III of Siciliy forbids decorations on synagogues
  • 1459Battle at Ludfor: Richard of York defeated
  • 1492Columbus arrives in Bahamas [real Columbus Day]
  • 1492Flemish rebel leader Philip van Kleef surrenders
  • 1504Queen Isabella I of Spain signs her testament
  • 1509Emperor Maximilian leaves Italy
  • 1518Pontifical ambassador interrogates Martin Luther
  • 1549John Dudley Earl of Warwick becomes English Premier
  • 1576Rudolf II succeeds Maximilian II as Archduke of Austria
  • 1654Kruittoren van Delft, explodes, 50-100 killed
  • 1659English Rump-government fires John Lambert and other generals
  • 1692Massachusetts Bay discontinues witch trials
  • 1702Battle of Bay of Vigo: Dutch and English fleet destroy and occupy Spanish silver fleet and French squadron
  • 1711Karel VI Habsburg crowned Roman Catholic Emperor
  • 1729Willem KH Friso installed as Viceroy of Gelderland
  • 1730Christian VI succeeds Frederik IV as King of Denmark
  • 1776British Brigade begins guarding Throgg Necks Road in Bronx
  • 1792Columbus Day is 1st celebrated
  • 1798Flemish uprising against French occupied Boerenkrijg
  • 1798Friedrich von Schillers "Wallensteins Lager, " premieres in Weimar
  • 1815Ex-king Joachim Murat van Naples sentenced to death
  • 18222nd eruption of Galunggung (Java) destroys summit of mountain
  • 1823Charles Macintosh of Scotland begins selling raincoats (Macs)
  • 1833Charles Darwin begins return trip to Buenos Aires
  • 183618" of snow falls in Bridgewater, New York
  • 1854Lincoln University founded as Ashmun Institute

Born on Oct 12

  • 1350Dimitri "Donskoi" Ivanovitch: Great Monarch of Vladimir-Soezdal
  • 1490Bernardo Pisano: Composer
  • 1537Edward VI: Tudor -- King of England (1547-53)
  • 1686Silvius Leopold Weiss: Composer
  • 1742Johan Peter Melchior: German sculptor
  • 1759Frantisek Vaclav Tomes: Composer
  • 1762John W Janssens: Governor-General of Cape colony / Dutch-Indies 1811
  • 1763John Ross: Composer
  • 1798A J Pedro I van Alcantara: Kaiser of Brazil (1822-31) / King of Portugal
  • 1798Charles Albert: King of Sardinia (1831-49)
  • 1807John Tideman: Dutch Remonstrant theologist
  • 1808John Liptrot Hatton: Composer
  • 1813Lyman Trumbull: MC (Union) died in 1896
  • 1815William Joseph Hardee: Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1873
  • 1822Joseph Haydn Potter: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1832Walter T Watts-Dunton: England, United Kingdom -- Lawyer / poet / writer (Aylwin)
  • 1840Helena Modjeska: Poland -- Shakespearian actress (Juliet) / anti-Russian
  • 1844George W Cable: American writer (Northampton Years)
  • 1845Amintore Galli: Composer
  • 1855August Sauer: Austria -- Literature historian (Euphorion)
  • 1860Elmer A Sperry: Inventor (gyrocompass)
  • 1866Antonie Waldrop: Painter / lithographer
  • 1866James Ramsay MacDonald: (L) British Prime Minister (1924, 1929-35)
  • 1872Ralph Vaughan Williams: Down Amp, England -- Composer (Hugh the Drover)
  • 1875Aleister [Edward S] Crowley: (75 pseudonames), British occultist
  • 1878Karl Buresch: Austria -- Politician
  • 1880Healey Willan: Composer
  • 1881Carlos Lopez Buchardo: Composer
  • 1881William Nigh: Berlin, Wisconsin -- Director (Ape, Doomed to Die, Mr Wong)
  • 1882Hermann Wolfgang Sartorius Waltershausen: German musicologist / composer

Died on Oct 12

  • 0638Honorius I [dux plebis]: Italian Pope
  • 0642Johannes IV: Dalmatisch Pope (640-42)
  • 1093Robrecht de Fries: Earl of Flanders (1071-93), dies at about 62
  • 1320Michael IX Paleologi: Emperor of Byzantine (1295-1320)
  • 1343Reinald II: Duke of Gelre
  • 1576Maximiliaan II: German King / Kaiser (1564-76)
  • 1646Francois De Bassompierre: Marshal of France
  • 1654Dirck Graswinckel: Dutch copurt clerk of States-General, dies at 66
  • 1654Rembrandt Carel Fabritius: Painter, dies in an accident
  • 1672Frederik of Nassau: Count of Buren, slain in battle
  • 1685Geeraerdt Burns: Theologist / Poet / historian, dies at 59
  • 1692Giovanni Battista Vitali: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1694Matsuo Basho: Greatest Japanese haiku poet
  • 1730Frederik IV: King of Denmark / Norway (1699-1730)
  • 1791A L Karschin: Writer, dies at 68
  • 1794James Lyon: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1797Pierre de Jelyotte: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1817Johann Franz Xaver Sterkel: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1820Elias Annes Borger: Theologist / Poet (Ode on the Rhine), dies at 36
  • 1829Jacobus Blue: Dutch regent / patriot, dies at about 73
  • 1837Frederica Louisa Wilhelmina: Queen of the Netherlands, dies at 62
  • 1844Claude Tillier: French journalist / writer (My Uncle Benjamin)
  • 1858Ando Hiroshige: Japanese painter, dies at 61
  • 1860Henry G W Smith: Leader of British-Indian forces, dies at 73
  • 1864Roger Taney: 5th Supreme Court Chief Justice (1836-64), dies at 87
  • 1865William Vincent Wallace: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1915Edith L Cavell: British nurse, executed by Germans in Belgium (WWII)
  • 1922Daisy M C Baers: Flemish philosophy / theory, dies at 33
  • 1924Anatole France: Writer, dies at 80
  • 1924Monroe A Althouse: Composer, dies at 71

Historical events on October 13

  • 1213Battle at Steppes-Bishop Pierrepont and Louis II beat Henry I of Brabant
  • 1307French King Philip IV convicts templars because of heresy
  • 1483Rabbi Issac Abarbanel starts his exegesis on Bible
  • 1492English Admiral Poynings fleet occupies Lock
  • 1501Maximilian of Austria and Louis XII sign Treaty of Trente
  • 1534Alessandro Farnese elected as Pope Paul III
  • 1629Dutch West Indies Co grants religious freedom in West Indies
  • 1659General Major John Lambert drives out English Rump-Government
  • 1660Denmark King Frederik III makes coup
  • 1702Dutch / English troops occupy Luik
  • 1710English troops occupy Acadia (Nova Scotia)
  • 1760Russian / Austrian army evacuates Berlin
  • 1775Continental Congress orders construction of a naval fleet
  • 1792Washington lays cornerstone of Executive Mansion (White House)
  • 1812Battle of Queenstown Heights, British beats US attempt to invade Canada
  • 1845Texas ratifies a state constitution
  • 18601st aerial photo taken in US (from a balloon), Boston
  • 1863Skirmish at Blountsville, Tennessee (50 casualties)
  • 1864Battle at Darbytown Road Virginia (337 casualties)
  • 1864Battle of Dalton, Georgia - surrendered
  • 1864Maryland voters adopt new constitution, including abolition of slavery
  • 1870Gustav Mahler (10) gives his 1st public piano concert
  • 1881Revival of Hebrew language as Eliezer Ben-Yehuda and friends agree to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations
  • 1884Greenwich established as universal time meridian of longitude
  • 18997000 lay-offs black mine workers of South Africa reach Natal
  • 1902Arna W Bontemps noted Poet and librarian of Fisk University
  • 1903Pirates beats Pilgrims (Red Sox) 5 games to 3 in 1st World Series
  • 1913Explosion and fire in Universal Coal Mine, South Wales
  • 1914Belgian regime forms at St. Adresse at Le Havre
  • 1914Boston Braves sweep Philadelphia Athletics, 1st sweep in World Series history

Born on October 13

  • 1474Mariotto di Bigio di Bindo Albertinelli: Italian painter
  • 1537Jane Grey: Queen of England for 9 days
  • 1563Francesco Caracciolo: Italian religious founder / Saint (Caracciolini)
  • 1652Johann Heinrich Kittel: Composer
  • 1759Ecco Epkema: Dutch linguist (Frisian, old-Frisian)
  • 1769Horace H Hayden: Cofounded 1st dental college
  • 1783Frantiszek Soltyk: Composer
  • 1792Moritz Hauptmann: Composer
  • 1794Anselm Huttenbrenner: Composer
  • 1797William Motherwell: Scottish civil servant / poet
  • 1808Henry Haywood Bell: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1868
  • 1810James Shedden Palmer: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1867
  • 1815Jules Quicherat: French historian / archaeologist
  • 1821Rudolf Virchow: German politician / antropologist (cell pathology)
  • 1822Karl Reinthaler: Composer
  • 1823Immanuel Faisst: Composer
  • 1824Henry Stephen Cutler: Composer
  • 1826Lafayette Curry Baker: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
  • 1853Lillie Langtry [Jersey Lily]: Vaudevillian actress (Lillie)
  • 1853Maria E "Beppie" Bakker: Dutch actress / Wife of Piet Vink Sr
  • 1863C-E Auguste Rateau: French mining engineer (Rateau steam turbine)
  • 1867Pierre Bonnard: French painter / illustrator
  • 1879Peter Van Anrooy: Dutch conductor / composer (Piet Hein Rhapsodie)
  • 1881George Bacovia [Vasiliu]: Romanian poet / composer / painter
  • 1885Harry Hershfield: Cedar Rapids, Iowa -- Cartoonist (Can You Top This?)
  • 1889Douglass Dumbrille: Hamilton, Ontario -- Actor (Mr Deed Goes to Town)
  • 1890Conrad Richter: Writer (Light in the Forest)
  • 1890Gosta Nystroem: Composer
  • 1891Irene Rich [Luther]: Buffalo, New York -- Actress (Beau Brummell, Champ)
  • 1891Ludwig Weber: Composer

Died on October 13

  • 0054Claudius: Roman Emperor, dies of poison mushrooms at 63
  • 1093Robrecht I [the Fries]: Count of Flanders
  • 1311Gwijde van Names: Flemish marshal (Golden Track), dies at 35
  • 1643Sweder van Haersolte: Mister of Swaluwenborch / diplomat, dies at 61
  • 1652Abraham Verhoeven: Flemish printer / newspaper publisher
  • 1680Francois Roberday: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1701Andreas Anton Schmelzer: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1774Willem Bentinck: Mister of Rhoon / Pendrecht / Orangist, dies at 69
  • 1777Dismas Hatas: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1795William Prescott: American Revolutionary soldier
  • 1805Johann Christoph Kuhnau: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1812Isaac Brock: English General (conquered Detroit), dies in battle
  • 1815Joachim Murat: Marshal of France / King of Naples (1808-15), executed
  • 1819Giovanni Battista Gaiani: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1822Antonio Canova: Italian sculptor, dies at 64
  • 1825Maximiliaan I Jozef: King of Bayern
  • 1855Gottfried Rieger: Composer, dies at 91
  • 1869Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve: French writer (Tableau Historique)
  • 1905Henry Irving [John H Brodribb]: English actor (Hamlet), dies at 67
  • 1909Francisco Ferrer: Spanish anarchist, executed
  • 1918Gerrit Engelke: German writer (Briefer der Liebe)
  • 1926Hans E Kinck: Norwegian philological / writer (Driftekaren), dies at 61
  • 1941GJ Berenschot: General / Supreme Commander Dutch East Indies army
  • 1947Sydney Webb: England, writer / husband of Beatrice Potter
  • 1948Samuel S Hinds: Actor (Raven, Test Pilot), dies at 73
  • 1958Alexander Moiseyevich Veprik: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1959K Rudolf Mengelberg: Dutch Composer (Concert Amsterdam), dies at 67
  • 1968Bea Benaderet: Actress (Petticoat Junction), dies of lung cancer at 62
  • 1970Julia Culp: Mezzo-soprano, dies at 90
  • 1974Ed Sullivan: TV host (Ed Sullivan Show, Toast of the Town), dies at 73