Events on Oct 13

  • 1213Battle at Steppes-Bishop Pierrepont and Louis II beat Henry I of Brabant
  • 1307French King Philip IV convicts templars because of heresy
  • 1483Rabbi Issac Abarbanel starts his exegesis on Bible
  • 1492English Admiral Poynings fleet occupies Lock
  • 1501Maximilian of Austria and Louis XII sign Treaty of Trente
  • 1534Alessandro Farnese elected as Pope Paul III
  • 1629Dutch West Indies Co grants religious freedom in West Indies
  • 1659General Major John Lambert drives out English Rump-Government
  • 1660Denmark King Frederik III makes coup
  • 1702Dutch / English troops occupy Luik
  • 1710English troops occupy Acadia (Nova Scotia)
  • 1760Russian / Austrian army evacuates Berlin
  • 1775Continental Congress orders construction of a naval fleet
  • 1792Washington lays cornerstone of Executive Mansion (White House)
  • 1812Battle of Queenstown Heights, British beats US attempt to invade Canada
  • 1845Texas ratifies a state constitution
  • 18601st aerial photo taken in US (from a balloon), Boston
  • 1863Skirmish at Blountsville, Tennessee (50 casualties)
  • 1864Battle at Darbytown Road Virginia (337 casualties)
  • 1864Battle of Dalton, Georgia - surrendered
  • 1864Maryland voters adopt new constitution, including abolition of slavery
  • 1870Gustav Mahler (10) gives his 1st public piano concert
  • 1881Revival of Hebrew language as Eliezer Ben-Yehuda and friends agree to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations
  • 1884Greenwich established as universal time meridian of longitude
  • 18997000 lay-offs black mine workers of South Africa reach Natal
  • 1902Arna W Bontemps noted Poet and librarian of Fisk University
  • 1903Pirates beats Pilgrims (Red Sox) 5 games to 3 in 1st World Series
  • 1913Explosion and fire in Universal Coal Mine, South Wales
  • 1914Belgian regime forms at St. Adresse at Le Havre
  • 1914Boston Braves sweep Philadelphia Athletics, 1st sweep in World Series history

Born on Oct 13

  • 1474Mariotto di Bigio di Bindo Albertinelli: Italian painter
  • 1537Jane Grey: Queen of England for 9 days
  • 1563Francesco Caracciolo: Italian religious founder / Saint (Caracciolini)
  • 1652Johann Heinrich Kittel: Composer
  • 1759Ecco Epkema: Dutch linguist (Frisian, old-Frisian)
  • 1769Horace H Hayden: Cofounded 1st dental college
  • 1783Frantiszek Soltyk: Composer
  • 1792Moritz Hauptmann: Composer
  • 1794Anselm Huttenbrenner: Composer
  • 1797William Motherwell: Scottish civil servant / poet
  • 1808Henry Haywood Bell: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1868
  • 1810James Shedden Palmer: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1867
  • 1815Jules Quicherat: French historian / archaeologist
  • 1821Rudolf Virchow: German politician / antropologist (cell pathology)
  • 1822Karl Reinthaler: Composer
  • 1823Immanuel Faisst: Composer
  • 1824Henry Stephen Cutler: Composer
  • 1826Lafayette Curry Baker: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
  • 1853Lillie Langtry [Jersey Lily]: Vaudevillian actress (Lillie)
  • 1853Maria E "Beppie" Bakker: Dutch actress / Wife of Piet Vink Sr
  • 1863C-E Auguste Rateau: French mining engineer (Rateau steam turbine)
  • 1867Pierre Bonnard: French painter / illustrator
  • 1879Peter Van Anrooy: Dutch conductor / composer (Piet Hein Rhapsodie)
  • 1881George Bacovia [Vasiliu]: Romanian poet / composer / painter
  • 1885Harry Hershfield: Cedar Rapids, Iowa -- Cartoonist (Can You Top This?)
  • 1889Douglass Dumbrille: Hamilton, Ontario -- Actor (Mr Deed Goes to Town)
  • 1890Conrad Richter: Writer (Light in the Forest)
  • 1890Gosta Nystroem: Composer
  • 1891Irene Rich [Luther]: Buffalo, New York -- Actress (Beau Brummell, Champ)
  • 1891Ludwig Weber: Composer

Died on Oct 13

  • 0054Claudius: Roman Emperor, dies of poison mushrooms at 63
  • 1093Robrecht I [the Fries]: Count of Flanders
  • 1311Gwijde van Names: Flemish marshal (Golden Track), dies at 35
  • 1643Sweder van Haersolte: Mister of Swaluwenborch / diplomat, dies at 61
  • 1652Abraham Verhoeven: Flemish printer / newspaper publisher
  • 1680Francois Roberday: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1701Andreas Anton Schmelzer: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1774Willem Bentinck: Mister of Rhoon / Pendrecht / Orangist, dies at 69
  • 1777Dismas Hatas: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1795William Prescott: American Revolutionary soldier
  • 1805Johann Christoph Kuhnau: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1812Isaac Brock: English General (conquered Detroit), dies in battle
  • 1815Joachim Murat: Marshal of France / King of Naples (1808-15), executed
  • 1819Giovanni Battista Gaiani: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1822Antonio Canova: Italian sculptor, dies at 64
  • 1825Maximiliaan I Jozef: King of Bayern
  • 1855Gottfried Rieger: Composer, dies at 91
  • 1869Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve: French writer (Tableau Historique)
  • 1905Henry Irving [John H Brodribb]: English actor (Hamlet), dies at 67
  • 1909Francisco Ferrer: Spanish anarchist, executed
  • 1918Gerrit Engelke: German writer (Briefer der Liebe)
  • 1926Hans E Kinck: Norwegian philological / writer (Driftekaren), dies at 61
  • 1941GJ Berenschot: General / Supreme Commander Dutch East Indies army
  • 1947Sydney Webb: England, writer / husband of Beatrice Potter
  • 1948Samuel S Hinds: Actor (Raven, Test Pilot), dies at 73
  • 1958Alexander Moiseyevich Veprik: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1959K Rudolf Mengelberg: Dutch Composer (Concert Amsterdam), dies at 67
  • 1968Bea Benaderet: Actress (Petticoat Junction), dies of lung cancer at 62
  • 1970Julia Culp: Mezzo-soprano, dies at 90
  • 1974Ed Sullivan: TV host (Ed Sullivan Show, Toast of the Town), dies at 73

Historical events on October 14

  • 0530[Discorus] ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1066Battle of Hastings, in which William the Conqueror wins England
  • 1529Sultan Suleiman II ceases Vienna
  • 1586Mary Queen of Scots goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth
  • 1700Rabbi Judah Hasid and Chayim Molocho arrive in Jerusalem
  • 1745French help convoy reaches Montrose Scotland
  • 1758Battle at Hochkirk, Saksen: Austrian army beats Prussia
  • 17741st American colonial declaration of rights with sinking of Peggy Stewart
  • 17741st Continental Congress is 1st to declare colonial rights (Philadelphia)
  • 1806Battle of Auerstadt-French beat Prussians
  • 18341st black to obtain a US patent, Henry Blair, for a corn planter
  • 1834George Eastman patented paper-strip photographic film
  • 1862Baseballer James Creighton ruptures bladder hitting HR
  • 1862Excelsiors defeat Unions of Morrisania 13-9
  • 1863Battle at Bristoe Station Virginia (about 2000 casualties)
  • 186715th and last Tokugawa Shogun resigns in Japan
  • 1884George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film
  • 1893George Edwardes "Gaiety Girl" premieres in London
  • 1893Harry Wright suggests umps keep ball-strike count a secret
  • 1899Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill departs to South Africa
  • 1905New York Giants beats Philadelphia Athletics, 4 games to 1 in 2nd World Series
  • 1906All Chicago World Series, 1st AL victory, White Sox win 4 games to 2 Cubs losers share of $439.50 is lowest for World Series
  • 1908Baseball Writers Association of America, forms
  • 1908Cubs beat Tigers 4 games to 1 in 5th World Series, 1st rematch
  • 1908Smallest crowd at World Series, 6,210 fans see Cubs beat Tigers
  • 1909Pirates beat Tigers, 5-4, forces 1st full 7 game world series
  • 1912Bull Moose Teddy Roosevelt shot while campaigning in Milwaukee
  • 1913Explosion in coal mine at Cardiff kills 439
  • 1914German troops occupy Brug
  • 1920Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland

Born on October 14

  • 1542Abul-Fath Djalal-ud-Din: 3rd Mogol Emperor of India (1556-1605)
  • 1606Johan Maetsuyker: Dutch Governor-General of Ceylon (1653-78)
  • 1633James II Stuart: King of England / Scotland (James VII) (1685-88)
  • 1639Simon van der Stel: Dutch Governor of Cape colony (1679-99)
  • 1687Robert Simson: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Mathematician
  • 1712George Grenville: British Prime Minister (1763-65)
  • 1730Jean Joseph Rodolphe: Composer
  • 1734Francis Lightfoot Lee: US farmer / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1738Giovanni Calisto Andrea Zanotti: Composer
  • 1740Joannes Siberg: Dutch Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1801-05)
  • 1753Franz Anton Dimmler: Composer
  • 1764Charles-Henri Plantade: Composer
  • 1774Hubert MAJ van Asch van Wijck: Dutch politician
  • 1784Ferdinand VII MF: King of Spain
  • 1789Constant van Crombrugghe: Flemish monastery founder
  • 1796Adolf Ganz: Composer
  • 1801Joseph AF Plateau: Belgium -- Physicist
  • 1827James Sidney Robinson: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1827William GGVV Harcourt: English lawyer / Minister of Finance
  • 1837Ellison Capers: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1908
  • 1853Ciprian Porumbescu: Composer
  • 1855George Edwardes: British composer (Gaiety Girl)
  • 1857Elwood Haynes: Auto pioneer, built one of 1st US autos
  • 1859Camille Chevillard: Composer
  • 1861Bjarni Thorsteinsson: Composer
  • 1864Maurice de Plessys: French poet (Palace Occidental)
  • 1867Masaoka Shiki: Japan -- Haiku and tanka poet / diarist (Salt Water Ballads)
  • 1869Joseph Duveen: England, United Kingdom -- Art connoisseur (Elgin marbles)
  • 1871Alexander von Zemlinsky: Vienna, Austria -- Composer (Schneeman)
  • 1873Jose Serrano Simeon: Composer

Died on October 14

  • 0530Dioscurus: Anti-Pope (530)
  • 1066Harold II: King of England (1066)
  • 1092Aboe Ali Hasan ibn Nizam al-Moelk: Writer (Sijasetname), assassinated
  • 1536Garcilaso de la Vega: Spanish Poet / diplomat, dies in battle
  • 1570Floris van Montmorency: Baron of Montigny, dies at 43
  • 1660Francesco Albana: Italian Painter (Hemelopneming of Maria), dies at 72
  • 1669Antonio Cesti: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1719Arnold Houbraken: Painter / writer), dies at 59
  • 1771Franz Xaver Brixi: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1775Johann Jacob Rowalt: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1790William Hooper: US attorney / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 48
  • 1847William Michael Rooke: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1857Ignacy Marceli Komorowski: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1872Albrecht FH: Prince of Prussia, dies at 63
  • 1877Antoine-Amable-Elie Elwart: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1880Victorio: Apache chief / murderer, killed by Mexican army
  • 1893Conradus Leemans: Dutch archaeologist, dies at 84
  • 1900Albert de Vriendt: Flemish historical Painter / etcher
  • 1900Sandor Erkel: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1909Johann Gottfred Matthison-Hansen: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1919Wilhelm von Siemens: German industrial / Son of Werner
  • 1923George Elbridge Whiting: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1923Marcellus Emants: Writer / Poet (Refrained from Confession)
  • 1930Sam[uel] van Houten: Lib minister (Child labor laws)
  • 1944Erwin Rommel: German Field Marshal (WWII-Africa), suicide at 52
  • 1957Carl Natanael Berg: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1958Jean Poveigh: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1959Errol Flynn: US actor (Captain Blood), dies of heart attack at 50
  • 1960Abram F Joffe: Russian physicist (crystal)
  • 1966Arcady Dubensky: Composer, dies at 75