Events on Oct 15

  • 1520King Henry VIII of England orders bowling lanes at Whitehall
  • 1581Commissioned by Catherine De Medici, the 1st ballet "Ballet Comique de la Reine, " is staged in Paris
  • 1582Many Catholic countries switch to Gregorian calendar, skip 10 days
  • 1598Spanish general strategist Bernardino de Mendoza occupies fort Rhine
  • 1641Paul de Chomedy de Maisonneuve claims Montreal
  • 1654Prince Willem III appointed Viceroy of Overijssel
  • 1655Jews of Lublin are massacred
  • 1660Asser Levy granted butchers license (kosher meat) in New Amsterdam
  • 1705English fleet under Lord Peterborough occupies Barcelona
  • 1724Cornelis Steenoven is 1st Archbishop of Old-Catholic church
  • 1756Saxon army surrenders to Prussia
  • 17891st presidental tour-George Washington in New England
  • 1815Napoleon Bonaparte exiled on Island of St. Helena
  • 1842Karl Marx becomes editor-in-chief of Rheinische Zeitung
  • 1846Dr William Thomas Green Morton 1st public use of ether
  • 186011-year-old Grace Bedell writes to Lincoln, tells him to grow a beard
  • 1863Cliff House opens in SF (1st of many on site)
  • 1864Confederate troops occupy Glasgow, Missouri
  • 1866Great fire in Quebec destroys 2,500 houses
  • 1874Child labor law takes 12 year olds out of work force
  • 187745th Congress (1877-79) convenes
  • 1878Edison Electric Light Company incorporated
  • 18811st American fishing magazine, American Angler published
  • 1883Supreme Court declares Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional
  • 1885Hoss Radbourne pitches his 60th win of season
  • 1889Amsterdam Central Station officially opens
  • 1890Alabama Penny Savings Bank organizes in Birmingham
  • 1894Captain Alfred Dreyfus arrested accused of espionage
  • 1897Aaron / Samuel Bloch carry 1st Mail Pouch
  • 1897King Leopold II takes Belgian crown

Born on Oct 15

  • 1542Djalalud-Din Mohammed Akbar: Emperor of India (1556-1605)
  • 1550Henry: Earl of Nassau-Dillenburg / Brother of William of Orange
  • 1674Robert Herrick: Massachusetts, United States -- British poet (Together)
  • 1761Peter Gronland: Composer
  • 1762Samuel Adams Holyoke: Composer
  • 1775Bernhard Henrik Crusell: Composer
  • 1784Thomas Hastings: Composer
  • 1785Jose Miguel Carrera: President of Chile (1811-14)
  • 1795Frederik Willem IV: King of Prussia (1840-61) / Germany (1849-61)
  • 1799August Ferdinand Haeser: Composer
  • 1816Amiel Weeks Whipple: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1818Irvin McDowell: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1885
  • 1819Marinus FAG Campbell: Bibliography / literary
  • 1822Alfred Meissner: Austrian Physician / writer
  • 1829Asaph Hall: Discovered satellites of Mars (Phobos and Deimos)
  • 1831Helen Maria Hunt Jackson: Author (Ramona)
  • 1832Henry Harrison Walker: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1912
  • 1836Thomas Lafayette Rosser: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1910
  • 1851George F Moore: US theologist (Hebrews, Old Testament)
  • 1852Wilhelm Posse: Composer
  • 1856R G Nivelle: French military man
  • 1858Frank Valentine Van der Stucken: Composer
  • 1858John L Sullivan: Massachusetts, United States -- Heavyweight boxing champ (1882-92)
  • 1859Jaime de Magalhes Lima: Portuguese author / poet (Salmos do Prisoneiro)
  • 1865Walther Amelung: German archaeologist
  • 1874Otallo Morales: Composer
  • 1878Paul Reynaud: Premier France (May-June 1940)
  • 1879Jane Darwell [Patti Woodward]: Palmyra, Missouri -- Actress (Huckleberry Finn)
  • 1879Sara Allgood: Dublin, Ireland -- Actress (Blackmail, Storm in a Teacup)
  • 1881P G Wodehouse: British-American writer (Stiff Upper Lip Jeeves)

Died on Oct 15

  • 0892Al-Mutamid: Kalief of Abbasiden
  • 1080Rudolf von Schwaben: German anti-King
  • 1268Dirk II: Mister of Valkenburg
  • 1271Hostiensis [Henricus the Segusia]: Cardinal / Bishop of Ostia
  • 1389Urbanus VI [Bartolomeo Prignano]: Italian Pope (1378-89)
  • 1512Antoon Keldermans: Flem builder (Middelburg town hall), dies at 72
  • 1524Joachim Patinir: Flemish landscape painter, dies at about 45
  • 1539Reynier Brunt: Procureur-General of Court of Holland
  • 1595Abu al-Faiz ibn Mubarak Faizi: Persian-Dutch E indies poet, dies at 48
  • 1605Abul-Fath Djalal-ud-Din: Mogol keizer of India (1556-1605), dies at 63
  • 1682John Ferrabosco: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1817Tadeusz AB Kosciusko: Polish Lieutenant General / freedom fighter
  • 1819F Louise W: Daughter of Viceroy Willem V, dies at 48
  • 1883Francesco Schira: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1900Zdenek Fibich: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1910Stanley "Midnight Assassin" Ketchel: HW boxing champ, shot and killed
  • 1914Aleksander Rozycki: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1917Mata Hari: Dutch dancer / German spy, executed by firing squad in Paris
  • 1937James Marcus: Actor (Clockwork Orange), dies at 60
  • 1942Dirk Bannink: Nurse / local counciller Deventer, executed
  • 1944Philip Mechanicus: Journalist, executed in Auschwitz-Birkenau
  • 1945Pierre Laval: Former Premier of Vichy France, executed at 62
  • 1946Hermann Goering: Nazi Reichmarshal, poisons himself in prison
  • 1955Fumio Hayasaka: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1958John C Poortenaar: Painter / etcher / cartoonist, dies at 72
  • 1958John Hamilton: Actor (Perry White-Superman), dies at 61
  • 1960Clara Kimball Young: Actress (Return of Chandu), dies of a stroke at 70
  • 1960Henny Porten: Silent screen actress (Mother Love), dies at 70
  • 1960Maude Eburne: Actress (Ladies They Talk About, Guardsman), dies at 84
  • 1964Cole Porter: Composer (Still of the Night), dies at 73

Historical events on October 16

  • 1311Council of Vienne (15th ecumenical council) opens
  • 1502Storm ravages Friese coast
  • 1551English Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset re-arrested
  • 1600Olivier van Noorts ships reach Philippines
  • 1710British troops occupies Port Royal, Nova Scotia
  • 1757Austrian troops occupy Berlin
  • 1775Portland, Maine burned by British
  • 1781Washington takes Yorktown
  • 1813Battle at Leipzig (Napoleon vs. Prussia, Austria and Russia)
  • 1829Tremont Hotel, 1st US modern hotel opens (Boston)
  • 1834London parliament catches fire; historic documents burn
  • 1846Dentist William T Morton demonstrates effectiveness of ether
  • 18481st US homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania
  • 1849Avery College establishes in Allegheny, Pennsylvania
  • 1849British seize Tigre Island in Gulf of Fonseca from Honduras
  • 1852Dutch Government recognize Catholics right to organize
  • 1861Confederacy starts selling postage stamps
  • 1863Grant is given command of Union forces in West
  • 1867Alaska adopts Gregorian calendar, crosses international date line
  • 1869Hotel in Boston becomes 1st to have indoor plumbing
  • 18751st Quebec vs. Ontario football game, Ontario wins
  • 1876Race riot at Cainhoy SC (5 whites & 1 black killed)
  • 1900Queen Wilhelmina leaves Duke Heinrich "Henry" von Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  • 1903Homel, 1st Jewish self defense organization founded in Russia
  • 1904Russian Baltic fleet departs to Port Arthur
  • 1907Belasco Theater opens at 111 W 44th St, New York City
  • 1908Edmonton Rugby Foot-ball Club re-organizes as Esquimoux
  • 1909Jack Johnson KOs Stanley Ketchel in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1909Pirates beat Tigers 4 games to 3 in 6th World Series
  • 1912Boston beats New York Giants, 4 games to 3 with a tie in 9th World Series

Born on October 16

  • 1605Charles C Dassoucy: French writer / singer
  • 1679Jan Dismas Zelenka: Composer
  • 1708Albrecht von Haller: Switzerland -- Experimental physiology (Academy of Science)
  • 1723Johann Andreas Joseph Giulini: Composer
  • 1729Pierre van Maldere: Composer
  • 1765Frederic Nicolas Duvernoy: Composer
  • 1806William Pitt Fessenden: Secy Treas (Union), died in 1869
  • 1811Gaetano Capocci: Composer
  • 1816William Preston: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1887
  • 1821Albert Franz Doppler: Composer
  • 1825Thomas Turpin Crittenden: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
  • 1826Piotr Studzinski: Composer
  • 1830Ferdinand van der Haeghen: Flemish librarian / bibliography
  • 1832George Crockett Strong: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1832Vicente Riva Palacio: Mexico -- Writer / diplomat
  • 1837John Francis Barnett: Composer
  • 1849Arnold Krug: Composer
  • 1849Charles Harford Lloyd: Composer
  • 1849Geoirge Washington Williams: Famous African
  • 1851James Ten Eyck: Champion rower / coach (Ten Eyck Trophy namesake)
  • 1854Karl J Kautsky: Austrian marxist / socialist
  • 1855Camille Looten: Belgian priest / literature historian
  • 1863Austen Chamberlain: British Foreign Secretary (Nobel 1925)
  • 1866Pieter J Kromsigt: Theologist / publicist (Troffel & Sword)
  • 1868Franz X Ritter von Epp: German General (China)
  • 1870Helge Rode: Danish poet / essayist
  • 1878Carlos Pedrell: Composer
  • 1885Dorando di Desiderio Pietri: Italian marathoner (1908 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1886Armin T Wegner: Writer
  • 1886David Ben-Gurion: Plonsk, Poland -- 1st Prime Minister of Israel (1948-53, 55)

Died on October 16

  • 0775Mansur: Kalief of Abbasiden
  • 1323Amadeus V the Great: Count of Flanders / Savoy, dies at 74
  • 1333Nicolaas V [Pietro Rainalducci]: Italian anti-Pope (1328-30)
  • 1473Reinoud II van Brederode: Viscount of Utrecht
  • 1553Lucas Cranach, Sr.: German painter, dies at 81
  • 1555Hugh Latimer: Royal chaplain of Anna Boley, burned at stake at 80
  • 1570Baron van Montigny: Dutch Earl of Horne, murdered
  • 1594William Allen: English Cardinal / founder seminary of Douai, dies at 62
  • 1621Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck: Organist / composer, dies at about 59
  • 1649Isaac van Ostade: Painter, buried
  • 1688Philips Koninck: Painter / etcher, buried at 68
  • 1690Margaretha M Alacoque: French mystic / saint, dies at 43
  • 1694Samuel Freiherr von Pufendorf: German lawyer, dies at 62
  • 1726Giovanni Maria Capelli: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1750Silvius Leopold Weiss: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1774Robert Fergusson: Scottish songwriter (Scottish Poems)
  • 1791Grigorij A Potemkin: Monarch of Tauris
  • 1793Marie Antoinette: Queen of France, beheaded in France
  • 1799Antoine-Frederic Gresnick: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1814Juan Jose Landaeta: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1817Manuel C Piar: Curacaos / Venezulian freedom writer
  • 1836Friedrich Theodor Frohlich: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1862George Burgwyn Anderson: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 31
  • 1867Salomon J Rappoport: Czech rabbi (Ereg miliem)
  • 1877John Zwijsen: Archbishop of Utrecht, dies at 83
  • 1880Edward Wolff: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1891Sarah Winnemucca: Indian scout
  • 1893Carlo Pedrotti: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1918Felix Arndt: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1919Charles Harford Lloyd: Composer, dies on 70th birthday