Events on Oct 16

  • 1311Council of Vienne (15th ecumenical council) opens
  • 1502Storm ravages Friese coast
  • 1551English Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset re-arrested
  • 1600Olivier van Noorts ships reach Philippines
  • 1710British troops occupies Port Royal, Nova Scotia
  • 1757Austrian troops occupy Berlin
  • 1775Portland, Maine burned by British
  • 1781Washington takes Yorktown
  • 1813Battle at Leipzig (Napoleon vs. Prussia, Austria and Russia)
  • 1829Tremont Hotel, 1st US modern hotel opens (Boston)
  • 1834London parliament catches fire; historic documents burn
  • 1846Dentist William T Morton demonstrates effectiveness of ether
  • 18481st US homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania
  • 1849Avery College establishes in Allegheny, Pennsylvania
  • 1849British seize Tigre Island in Gulf of Fonseca from Honduras
  • 1852Dutch Government recognize Catholics right to organize
  • 1861Confederacy starts selling postage stamps
  • 1863Grant is given command of Union forces in West
  • 1867Alaska adopts Gregorian calendar, crosses international date line
  • 1869Hotel in Boston becomes 1st to have indoor plumbing
  • 18751st Quebec vs. Ontario football game, Ontario wins
  • 1876Race riot at Cainhoy SC (5 whites & 1 black killed)
  • 1900Queen Wilhelmina leaves Duke Heinrich "Henry" von Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  • 1903Homel, 1st Jewish self defense organization founded in Russia
  • 1904Russian Baltic fleet departs to Port Arthur
  • 1907Belasco Theater opens at 111 W 44th St, New York City
  • 1908Edmonton Rugby Foot-ball Club re-organizes as Esquimoux
  • 1909Jack Johnson KOs Stanley Ketchel in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1909Pirates beat Tigers 4 games to 3 in 6th World Series
  • 1912Boston beats New York Giants, 4 games to 3 with a tie in 9th World Series

Born on Oct 16

  • 1605Charles C Dassoucy: French writer / singer
  • 1679Jan Dismas Zelenka: Composer
  • 1708Albrecht von Haller: Switzerland -- Experimental physiology (Academy of Science)
  • 1723Johann Andreas Joseph Giulini: Composer
  • 1729Pierre van Maldere: Composer
  • 1765Frederic Nicolas Duvernoy: Composer
  • 1806William Pitt Fessenden: Secy Treas (Union), died in 1869
  • 1811Gaetano Capocci: Composer
  • 1816William Preston: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1887
  • 1821Albert Franz Doppler: Composer
  • 1825Thomas Turpin Crittenden: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
  • 1826Piotr Studzinski: Composer
  • 1830Ferdinand van der Haeghen: Flemish librarian / bibliography
  • 1832George Crockett Strong: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1832Vicente Riva Palacio: Mexico -- Writer / diplomat
  • 1837John Francis Barnett: Composer
  • 1849Arnold Krug: Composer
  • 1849Charles Harford Lloyd: Composer
  • 1849Geoirge Washington Williams: Famous African
  • 1851James Ten Eyck: Champion rower / coach (Ten Eyck Trophy namesake)
  • 1854Karl J Kautsky: Austrian marxist / socialist
  • 1855Camille Looten: Belgian priest / literature historian
  • 1863Austen Chamberlain: British Foreign Secretary (Nobel 1925)
  • 1866Pieter J Kromsigt: Theologist / publicist (Troffel & Sword)
  • 1868Franz X Ritter von Epp: German General (China)
  • 1870Helge Rode: Danish poet / essayist
  • 1878Carlos Pedrell: Composer
  • 1885Dorando di Desiderio Pietri: Italian marathoner (1908 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1886Armin T Wegner: Writer
  • 1886David Ben-Gurion: Plonsk, Poland -- 1st Prime Minister of Israel (1948-53, 55)

Died on Oct 16

  • 0775Mansur: Kalief of Abbasiden
  • 1323Amadeus V the Great: Count of Flanders / Savoy, dies at 74
  • 1333Nicolaas V [Pietro Rainalducci]: Italian anti-Pope (1328-30)
  • 1473Reinoud II van Brederode: Viscount of Utrecht
  • 1553Lucas Cranach, Sr.: German painter, dies at 81
  • 1555Hugh Latimer: Royal chaplain of Anna Boley, burned at stake at 80
  • 1570Baron van Montigny: Dutch Earl of Horne, murdered
  • 1594William Allen: English Cardinal / founder seminary of Douai, dies at 62
  • 1621Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck: Organist / composer, dies at about 59
  • 1649Isaac van Ostade: Painter, buried
  • 1688Philips Koninck: Painter / etcher, buried at 68
  • 1690Margaretha M Alacoque: French mystic / saint, dies at 43
  • 1694Samuel Freiherr von Pufendorf: German lawyer, dies at 62
  • 1726Giovanni Maria Capelli: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1750Silvius Leopold Weiss: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1774Robert Fergusson: Scottish songwriter (Scottish Poems)
  • 1791Grigorij A Potemkin: Monarch of Tauris
  • 1793Marie Antoinette: Queen of France, beheaded in France
  • 1799Antoine-Frederic Gresnick: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1814Juan Jose Landaeta: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1817Manuel C Piar: Curacaos / Venezulian freedom writer
  • 1836Friedrich Theodor Frohlich: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1862George Burgwyn Anderson: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 31
  • 1867Salomon J Rappoport: Czech rabbi (Ereg miliem)
  • 1877John Zwijsen: Archbishop of Utrecht, dies at 83
  • 1880Edward Wolff: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1891Sarah Winnemucca: Indian scout
  • 1893Carlo Pedrotti: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1918Felix Arndt: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1919Charles Harford Lloyd: Composer, dies on 70th birthday

Historical events on October 17

  • 0532Boniface II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0733Battle at Poitiers: Charles Martel beats Abd al-Rachmans Omajjaden
  • 1387Swells convent Windesheim initiated
  • 1415Jewish autonomy in Palestine ends, as Raban Gamliel leaves office
  • 1483Tomas de Torquemada appointed Inquisitor-General of Spain
  • 1492Columbus sights isle of San Salvador (Watling Island, Bahamas)
  • 1556Ex-Emperor Karel departs Netherlands for Spain
  • 1651Future King Charles II flees from England
  • 1691New royal charter for Massachusetts, now including Maine, Plymouth
  • 1707German Composer Johann S Bach marries his niece Maria Bach
  • 1740Ivan VI becomes Czar of Russia
  • 1777British General John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga, New York
  • 1781Cornwallis defeated at Yorktown
  • 1787Boston blacks, petition legislature for equal school facilities
  • 1797Peace of Campo Formio: Austrian Dutch possessions and France
  • 1800Dutch colony Curacao transfered to England
  • 1808Political rights of Jews suspended in Duchy of Warsaw
  • 1815Napoleon arrives in St. Helena
  • 18251st French Liszts operette Don Sanche premieres in Paris
  • 1829Delaware River and Chesapeake Bay Canal formally opens
  • 1829German 1st assassination on abandoned teenager Kaspar Hauser
  • 1850Knickerbocker Engine Co Number 5 organized
  • 1855Bessemer steelmaking process patented
  • 18601st British Golf Open: Willie Park shoots a 164 at Prestwick Club
  • 18601st pro golf tournament held (Scotland) (Willie Park wins)
  • 1862Battle of Leetown and Thoroughfare Gap, Virginia
  • 1868Constitution of Grand Duchy of Luxembourg comes into effect
  • 1871Great Britain annexes Griqualand South Africa
  • 1871President Grant suspends writ of habeas corpus
  • 1877Henry Morton Stanley reaches Boma during trip cross Africa

Born on October 17

  • 1563Jodocus Hondius: Flemish mathematician / cartographer
  • 1577Cristofano Allori: Italian painter (Judith)
  • 1626Simon van Leeuwen: Lawyer / historian (Roman-Holland regt)
  • 1688Domenico Zipoli: Composer
  • 1696August III: King of Poland / monarch Frederik August II of Saksen
  • 1704Willem Bentinck: Orangist
  • 1711Jupiter Hammon: 1st American black to publish poetry (Complete Works)
  • 1720Maria Teresa Agnesi: Composer
  • 1725John Wilkes: English journalist / MP (N Briton)
  • 1729Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny: Composer
  • 1730Ernestus Weinrauch: Composer
  • 1734Grigori G Orlov: Russ guard officer / favorite of Catharina II
  • 1806Alphonse LPP de Candolle: Switzerland -- Botanist
  • 1811Albertus C van Raalte: Dutch / US vicar (owned land in Michigan)
  • 1815Emanuel Geibel: Writer
  • 1817Sajjid Ahmad Chan: Indian moslem leader / co-founder (Pakistan)
  • 1817Samuel Ringgold Ward: Maryland, United States -- Minister / abolitionist (Fugitive Negro)
  • 1844Miguel Nieto: Composer
  • 1845Franz Ehrle: German prefect of Vatican library
  • 1848William "Candy" Cummings: Created curve ball
  • 1859William "Buck" Ewing: Hall of fame catcher (New York Giants, Cin Reds)
  • 1860Dionyssios Lavrangas: Composer
  • 1864Elinor Glyn: British Novelist (3 Weeks)
  • 1875Alfred Polgar: Austrian writer (Yes & No!)
  • 1878Andrei N Rimski-Korssakov: Russian musicologist / Son of Nikolai
  • 1878Henri Mulet: Composer
  • 1883A S Neill: British headmaster (Summerhill)
  • 1885Aaf Bouber-ten Hoope: Dutch actress (Jantjes) / Wife of Herman Bouber
  • 1886Spring Byington: Colorado Springs, Colorado -- Actress (Lily Ruskin-December Bride)
  • 1892Herbert Norman Howells: Composer

Died on October 17

  • 0532Boniface II: 1st "German" Pope
  • 1312Jan II: Duke of Brabant / Limburg (charter of Kortenberg)
  • 1552Andreas Osiander: Protestant Reformation theologist, dies at 53
  • 1586Philip Sidney: English Poet / diplomat, dies in battle at 32
  • 1702Walraad the Old: Count / soverign of Nassau-Usingen
  • 1763Arnold Hoogvliet: Poet (Abraham the patriarch), dies at 76
  • 1806Jean Jacques Dessalines: Emperor of Haiti
  • 1825Peter Winter: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1837Johann Nepomuk Hummel: Austrian composer, dies at 58
  • 1887Gustav R Kirchhoff: German physicist (spectroscopy), dies at 63
  • 1890Prosper Philippe Catherine Sainton: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1897Isidor Dannstrom: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1904Nikolai Amani: Composer, dies at 32
  • 1909Nicola Spinelli: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1910Julia Ward Howe: Composer (Battle Hymn of Republic), dies at 91
  • 1910William V Moody: US Poet (Sabine Woman, Great Divide)
  • 1917Maria J "Marie" Bakker: Actress / Wife of Maarten Stranger, dies at 59
  • 1921Katherine Griffith: Actress (Pollyanna), dies at 45
  • 1944Pavel Haas: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1957John HA Eman: Founder of Aruban Peoples Party, dies at 70
  • 1963Jacques Hadamard: French Mathematician (Prime Numbers), dies at 97
  • 1966Soledad Jiminez: Spanish actor (Phantom ofthe Range), dies at 91
  • 1966Wieland Wagner: German opera director
  • 1967Henry Pu Yi: Last Emperor of China, dies at 61
  • 1973Ingeborg Bachmann: Austrian Poet (Gott von Manhattan), dies at 47
  • 1977Robert C "Cal" Hubbard: US baseball player / umpire, dies at 77
  • 1979John Stuart: Actor (Number 17), dies at 81
  • 1979Karel Reiner: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1979S J Perelman: US humorist (Around the World in 80 Days), dies at 75
  • 1981David Guion: Composer, dies at 88