Events on Oct 19

  • 0615St. Deusdedit I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1031Abbot Humbertus van Echternach opens grave of Saint Willibrord
  • 1298Rindfleish-140 Jews of Heilbron Germany are murdered
  • 14532nd Battle at Castillon: France beats English, end of hundred year war
  • 14662nd Peace of Thorn
  • 1492Columbus sites "Isabela" (Fortune Island, Bahamas)
  • 1576Dutch provinces begin consultation about Spanish existence
  • 1630In Boston the 1st general court is held
  • 1634Beach Island in North sea destroyed by a heavy storm flood
  • 1682English Lord Shaftesbury flees to Holland
  • 1722French C Hopffer patents fire extinguisher
  • 1765Stamp Act Congress met in NY, wrote Declaration of Rights and Liberties
  • 1781Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown at 2pm; Revolutionary War ends
  • 1812Napoleon begins his retreat from Moscow
  • 1818US and Chicasaw Indians sign a treaty
  • 1849Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in US to receive medical degree
  • 18531st flour mill in Hawaii begins operations
  • 1856James Kelly and Jack Smith fight bareknuckle for 6h15m in Melbourne
  • 1859Wilhelm Tempel discovers diffuse nebula around Pleid star Merope
  • 1863Battle of Buckland Mills, Virginia
  • 1864Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, Union beats back Confederate attackers
  • 1864US Brigadier General Emory Upton (25) promoted to General Major
  • 18701st (4) blacks elected to House of Reps
  • 1870British SS Cambria leaves for Noth sea coast, 196 killed
  • 1874Mary Walsh and Charles Colson are 1st couple to be married in a balloon
  • 1879Thomas Edison demonstrates electric light
  • 1882Pierre de Brazza meets Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1888Moshav Gederah is attacked by Arabs
  • 1900Henry O Tanner, painter, wins Medal of Honor at Paris Exposition
  • 1900S African President Paul Kruger departs for Europe

Born on Oct 19

  • 1507Viglius ab Aytta Zuichemus [Aytta van Zwichem]: Dutch priest
  • 1545Giovanale Ancina: Composer
  • 1581Dimitri Ivanovitch: Russian Son of Ivan IV "the Terrible"
  • 1605Thomas Browne: British writer (Garden of Cyrus)
  • 1652Louis Le Quointe: Composer
  • 1684Johann Christoph Fravenholtz: Composer
  • 1690Giuseppi Maria Carretti: Composer
  • 1784Leigh Hunt: British writer (Lord Byron)
  • 1792Dirk Donker Curtius: Dutch attorney / Minister of Justice (liberal)
  • 1810Cassius Marcellus Clay: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1903
  • 1819Joseph C Juglar: French Physician / economist (Crises Commercial)
  • 1824Frantisek Pivoda: Composer
  • 1824Rufus Saxton: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1908
  • 1828Adolfo Fumagalli: Composer
  • 1834Francis Channing Barlow: US lawyer / General Major / co-founder (ABA)
  • 1850Annie S Peck: Mountain climber / explorer / diplomat
  • 1859Georg Knorr: German engineer (brake system trains)
  • 1863John Huston Finley: Illinois, United States -- Editor (NY Times (1937-38)
  • 1866Clarence Lucas: Composer
  • 1868Bertha Landes: 1st woman elected Mayor of a major US city (Seattle)
  • 1871Walter B Cannon: US physiologist (Wisdom of the Body)
  • 1873Jaap Eden: Dutch World Champion cycling and speed skating
  • 1876Mordecai [3 finger] Brown: Hall of fame pitcher
  • 1882Vincas Kreve-Mickievicius: Lithuania -- Poet / philologist / playwright
  • 1889Uncle Art Satherly: Entertainer (1968 Academy of Country Music Award)
  • 1892Alexander A Aljechin: Russian / French chess champ (1927-35, 37-46)
  • 1892Ilmari Hannikainen: Composer
  • 1895Louis Mumford: Cultural historian / city planner / writer
  • 1899Miguel Asturias: Guatemala -- Poet / diplomat (Hombres de Maiz, Nobel 67)
  • 1900Theodoro Valcarcel: Composer

Died on Oct 19

  • 1268Konradin von Hohenstaufen: Duke of Zwaben, beheaded
  • 1547Pierino del Vaga: Italian painter, dies at about 46
  • 1608Martinus A del Rio: Spanish lawyer Historian / theologist
  • 1609Jacobus Arminius [Jacob Hermans]: Theologist, dies at about 49
  • 1758Johan H Roman: Finnish / Swedish Composer / conductor / violinist
  • 1786Pietro Alessandro Pavona: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1790Lyman Hall: US Physician / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 66
  • 1793Francisco Morera: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1813Josef Poniatovski: Polish General / marshal of France, dies in battle
  • 1834Cornelis Loots: Accountant / Poet (Volkswoede), dies at 69
  • 1835Henry Doeff: Translator (Dutch-Japanese dictionary), dies at 57
  • 1838Henry Fagel: Baron / court clerk of States-General / diplomat, dies at 73
  • 1864Daniel Davidson Bidwell: Magistrate / Brigadier General, dies in battle at 45
  • 1888Amaat Vyncke: Flemish Missionary / founder (Flemish Wind), dies at 38
  • 1909Cesare Lombroso: Italian psychiatrist / criminologist
  • 1918Joseph Lesage: French Painter / etcher (WWI), dies at 34
  • 1921Antonio Granjo: Premier (Portugal), murdered
  • 1932Arthur Friedheim: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1934Johan J Arch: Graphic artist (houtgravures), dies at 63
  • 1937Ernest Rutherford baron of Nelson: Engl physicist (Nobel 1908)
  • 1955John Hodiak: Actress (Lifeboat, Battleground), dies at 41
  • 1957Vere G Childe: British archaeologist / prehistorian, dies at 65
  • 1959Boughera El Quafi: Marathoner (1928 Olympics - Gold Medalist), shot to death at 60
  • 1959Stanley Bate: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1961Benjamin Merkelbach: Architect / city builder of Amsterdam, dies at 60
  • 1961John Axel Fernstrom: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1964Maurice Gosfield: Actor (Doberman-Phil Silvers Show), dies at 51
  • 1966Elizabeth Arden: US cosmetic manufacturer
  • 1971Alberto Pirelli: Italian industrial, dies at 89
  • 1971Betty Bronson: Actress (Naked Kiss), dies after brief illness at 64

Historical events on October 20

  • 10971st Crusaders arrive in Antioch
  • 1528Treaty of Gorinchem (Emperor & church)
  • 1536Danish / Norw King Christian III leads reform in Catholic possessions
  • 1576Spanish troops occupies and plunder Maastricht
  • 1587Battle at Coultras: Henri van Navarra beats Catholic League
  • 1603Chinese uprising in Philippines fails after 23,000 killed
  • 1634English King Charles I disbands new "Ship Money" tax
  • 1714Georg Ludwig of Hannover crowned as King George I
  • 1740Maria Theresa became ruler of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia
  • 1751Royal ship Duc de Bourgogne launched at Rochefort
  • 1774Continental Congress orders discouragment of entertainment
  • 1786Harvard University organizes 1st astronomical expedition in US
  • 1803US Senate ratifies Louisiana Purchase
  • 1813German Kingdom of Westphalia abolished
  • 18171st Mississippi "Showboat, " leaves Nashville on maiden voyage
  • 181849th parallel forms as border between US and Canada
  • 1818US and Britain agree to joint control of Oregon country
  • 1820Spain sells part of Florida to US for $5 million
  • 18221st edition of London Sunday Times
  • 1827Battle at Navarino: Engl / Russ / French fleet beat Turk / Egyptian fleet
  • 1833Charles Darwin reaches river mouth of Parana
  • 1835HMS Beagle leaves Galapagos Archipelago / sails to Tahiti
  • 18431st Chinese immigrant arrives in Suriname
  • 1847Little William Nelman poisons his grandpa
  • 1856Arnhem-Oberhausen railway in the Netherlands opens
  • 1862Amnesty proclaimed for escaped slaves of Suriname
  • 1864Lincoln formaly establishes Thanksgiving as a National holiday
  • 1873P T Barnum Hippodrome featuring "Greatest Show on Earth, " opens (NYC)
  • 1880Amsterdam Free University opens
  • 1883Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile

Born on October 20

  • 1435Andrea Della Robbia: Florence, Italy -- Sculptor, nephew of Luca
  • 1475Giovanni Rucellai: Italian poet (Le Api)
  • 1496Claude de Lutherans: Duke of Guise
  • 1632Christopher Wren: England, United Kingdom -- Astronomer / great architect
  • 1637Nicolaas van der Veken: Flemish sculptor (confessional chairs)
  • 1679Samuel von Cocceji: German lawyer
  • 1719Gottfried Achenwall: German lawyer / statistician / economist
  • 1740Belle van Zuylen: Netherlands -- Swiss writer (Three Women)
  • 1751Hendrik van Stralen: Dutch MP / Secretary of Interior
  • 1780M Pauline Bonaparte: Corsican Duchess of Parma / Guastalla
  • 1784Lord Henry JT Palmerston: English Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1788Philip Knapton: Composer
  • 1792Anton Bernhard Furstenau: Composer
  • 1792Colin Campbell / Lord Clyde: British officer (Sepoy-uprising)
  • 1808Karl [Theodor] Andree: German geographer / journalist (Globus)
  • 1812Austin Flint: 19th century heart research pioneer
  • 1819Daniel Edgar Sickles: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1914
  • 1819Karol Mikuli: Composer
  • 1820Benjamin Franklin Cheatham: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1820George Jerrison Stannard: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1822Mansfield Lovell: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1884
  • 1843Victor de Stuers: Dutch art connoisseur
  • 1854Alphonse Allais: French author / humorist (Pass the Bile)
  • 1854Arthur Rimbaud: France -- Poet / adventurer (Illuminations)
  • 1859John Dewey: Philosopher, educational theorist / writer (Learn by doing)
  • 1871Frederick Burton: Indiana, United States -- Actor (One Way Passage)
  • 1874Charles Edward Ives: Danbury, Connecticut -- Composer (Holiday Quick Step)
  • 1874Viscount Palmerston: (Whig) British Prime Minister (1855-65)
  • 1877Josephine McGill: Composer
  • 1884Thomas Chalmers: NYC, New York -- Actor (Blind Alleys, Outrage)

Died on October 20

  • 0460Eudocia Aelia Athenais: Empress Oostromeinse Rich / poetess
  • 1139Henry X the Trotse: Duke of Bayern (1126-38)
  • 1187Urbanus III [Umberto Crivelli]: Italian Pope (1185-87)
  • 1268Conrad Hohenstaufen [Conrad van Zwaben]: Son of Conrad IV
  • 1268Konradijn Hohenstaufen: Son of Koenraad IV, beheaded in Naples
  • 1274Engelbert II of Falkenburg: Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1438Jacopo di Piero della Quercia: Italian sculptor, dies at about 64
  • 1525Joannes Custos: S Netherlands humanist, dies at about 50
  • 1676Christopher Gibbons: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1740Karl VI: German Emperor (1711-40)
  • 1765William August Duke of Cumberland: Engl Supreme Commander, dies at 44
  • 1794James Adam: System Architect (essays on agriculture), dies at about 64
  • 1819Lambert-Francois Godecharle: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1864Stephen Dodson Ramseur: Confederate General Major, dies at 27
  • 1870Michael William Balfe: Composer (Bohemian Girl), dies at 62
  • 1871Charles Babbage: English Mathematician (calculator), dies at 78
  • 1876Jeronimo de Bosch Kemper: Dutch sociologist / historian, dies at 68
  • 1899Robert H "Bobby" Gunning: British Colonel (60th Rifles), dies in battle
  • 1900Charles Dudley Warner: US writer (As We Go), dies at 70
  • 1904Henry Hiles: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1906William "Buck" Ewing: Hall of fame catcher (New York Giants), dies at 67
  • 1913Leander Schlegel: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1927Mikhail Mikhaylovich Ivanov: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1929Rudolf Kittel: German theologist, dies at 76
  • 1931Emanuel Moor: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1942May Robson: Actress (Star is Born, Reckless), dies at 84
  • 1944Gabriel Groulez: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1950Henry Lewsis Stimson: US Minister of War / Governor-General
  • 1952Basil Radford: Actor (Whisky Galore, Dead of Night), dies at 55
  • 1954Willie Shaw: Race car driver (Indy 500-1937, 39, 40), dies at 51