Events on Oct 20

  • 10971st Crusaders arrive in Antioch
  • 1528Treaty of Gorinchem (Emperor & church)
  • 1536Danish / Norw King Christian III leads reform in Catholic possessions
  • 1576Spanish troops occupies and plunder Maastricht
  • 1587Battle at Coultras: Henri van Navarra beats Catholic League
  • 1603Chinese uprising in Philippines fails after 23,000 killed
  • 1634English King Charles I disbands new "Ship Money" tax
  • 1714Georg Ludwig of Hannover crowned as King George I
  • 1740Maria Theresa became ruler of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia
  • 1751Royal ship Duc de Bourgogne launched at Rochefort
  • 1774Continental Congress orders discouragment of entertainment
  • 1786Harvard University organizes 1st astronomical expedition in US
  • 1803US Senate ratifies Louisiana Purchase
  • 1813German Kingdom of Westphalia abolished
  • 18171st Mississippi "Showboat, " leaves Nashville on maiden voyage
  • 181849th parallel forms as border between US and Canada
  • 1818US and Britain agree to joint control of Oregon country
  • 1820Spain sells part of Florida to US for $5 million
  • 18221st edition of London Sunday Times
  • 1827Battle at Navarino: Engl / Russ / French fleet beat Turk / Egyptian fleet
  • 1833Charles Darwin reaches river mouth of Parana
  • 1835HMS Beagle leaves Galapagos Archipelago / sails to Tahiti
  • 18431st Chinese immigrant arrives in Suriname
  • 1847Little William Nelman poisons his grandpa
  • 1856Arnhem-Oberhausen railway in the Netherlands opens
  • 1862Amnesty proclaimed for escaped slaves of Suriname
  • 1864Lincoln formaly establishes Thanksgiving as a National holiday
  • 1873P T Barnum Hippodrome featuring "Greatest Show on Earth, " opens (NYC)
  • 1880Amsterdam Free University opens
  • 1883Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile

Born on Oct 20

  • 1435Andrea Della Robbia: Florence, Italy -- Sculptor, nephew of Luca
  • 1475Giovanni Rucellai: Italian poet (Le Api)
  • 1496Claude de Lutherans: Duke of Guise
  • 1632Christopher Wren: England, United Kingdom -- Astronomer / great architect
  • 1637Nicolaas van der Veken: Flemish sculptor (confessional chairs)
  • 1679Samuel von Cocceji: German lawyer
  • 1719Gottfried Achenwall: German lawyer / statistician / economist
  • 1740Belle van Zuylen: Netherlands -- Swiss writer (Three Women)
  • 1751Hendrik van Stralen: Dutch MP / Secretary of Interior
  • 1780M Pauline Bonaparte: Corsican Duchess of Parma / Guastalla
  • 1784Lord Henry JT Palmerston: English Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1788Philip Knapton: Composer
  • 1792Anton Bernhard Furstenau: Composer
  • 1792Colin Campbell / Lord Clyde: British officer (Sepoy-uprising)
  • 1808Karl [Theodor] Andree: German geographer / journalist (Globus)
  • 1812Austin Flint: 19th century heart research pioneer
  • 1819Daniel Edgar Sickles: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1914
  • 1819Karol Mikuli: Composer
  • 1820Benjamin Franklin Cheatham: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1820George Jerrison Stannard: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1822Mansfield Lovell: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1884
  • 1843Victor de Stuers: Dutch art connoisseur
  • 1854Alphonse Allais: French author / humorist (Pass the Bile)
  • 1854Arthur Rimbaud: France -- Poet / adventurer (Illuminations)
  • 1859John Dewey: Philosopher, educational theorist / writer (Learn by doing)
  • 1871Frederick Burton: Indiana, United States -- Actor (One Way Passage)
  • 1874Charles Edward Ives: Danbury, Connecticut -- Composer (Holiday Quick Step)
  • 1874Viscount Palmerston: (Whig) British Prime Minister (1855-65)
  • 1877Josephine McGill: Composer
  • 1884Thomas Chalmers: NYC, New York -- Actor (Blind Alleys, Outrage)

Died on Oct 20

  • 0460Eudocia Aelia Athenais: Empress Oostromeinse Rich / poetess
  • 1139Henry X the Trotse: Duke of Bayern (1126-38)
  • 1187Urbanus III [Umberto Crivelli]: Italian Pope (1185-87)
  • 1268Conrad Hohenstaufen [Conrad van Zwaben]: Son of Conrad IV
  • 1268Konradijn Hohenstaufen: Son of Koenraad IV, beheaded in Naples
  • 1274Engelbert II of Falkenburg: Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1438Jacopo di Piero della Quercia: Italian sculptor, dies at about 64
  • 1525Joannes Custos: S Netherlands humanist, dies at about 50
  • 1676Christopher Gibbons: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1740Karl VI: German Emperor (1711-40)
  • 1765William August Duke of Cumberland: Engl Supreme Commander, dies at 44
  • 1794James Adam: System Architect (essays on agriculture), dies at about 64
  • 1819Lambert-Francois Godecharle: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1864Stephen Dodson Ramseur: Confederate General Major, dies at 27
  • 1870Michael William Balfe: Composer (Bohemian Girl), dies at 62
  • 1871Charles Babbage: English Mathematician (calculator), dies at 78
  • 1876Jeronimo de Bosch Kemper: Dutch sociologist / historian, dies at 68
  • 1899Robert H "Bobby" Gunning: British Colonel (60th Rifles), dies in battle
  • 1900Charles Dudley Warner: US writer (As We Go), dies at 70
  • 1904Henry Hiles: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1906William "Buck" Ewing: Hall of fame catcher (New York Giants), dies at 67
  • 1913Leander Schlegel: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1927Mikhail Mikhaylovich Ivanov: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1929Rudolf Kittel: German theologist, dies at 76
  • 1931Emanuel Moor: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1942May Robson: Actress (Star is Born, Reckless), dies at 84
  • 1944Gabriel Groulez: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1950Henry Lewsis Stimson: US Minister of War / Governor-General
  • 1952Basil Radford: Actor (Whisky Galore, Dead of Night), dies at 55
  • 1954Willie Shaw: Race car driver (Indy 500-1937, 39, 40), dies at 51

Historical events on October 21

  • 0310St. Eusebius ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0335Constantinople Emperor Constantine the Great rules laws against Jews
  • 0686Conon begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1096Sultan Kilidj Arslan of Nicea defeats 1st Crusaders
  • 1187Alberto de Morra elected as Pope Gregorius VIII (12 / 17 / 1187)
  • 1492Columbus lands on San Salvador Island
  • 1520Ferdinand Magellen arrives at Tierra Del Fuego (Pacific Ocean)
  • 1553Volumes of Talmud are burned
  • 1555Emperor Charles V makes Erard of Pallandt Earl of Culemborg
  • 1555English parliament refuses to recognize Philip of Spain as King
  • 15682nd Altenburger sermon: Philippisten / Gnesiolutheranen
  • 1591Nijmegen surrenders to Earl Mauritius van Nassau
  • 1639Dunes (Marten Tromp defeats Spanish armada under De Oquendo)
  • 1639Sea battle at Dunes: Lieutenant Admiral Maarten Tromp beats Spanish Armada
  • 1641Catholic uprising in Ulster: 1000s English and Scots killed
  • 1652King Louis XIV returns to Paris
  • 1708Dutch and English troops occupy Lille (Rijsel)
  • 1727Russian and Chinese accord to correct boundaries
  • 1797US Navy frigate Constitution, Old Ironsides, launched in Boston
  • 1805Battle of Trafalgar, Admiral Nelson defeats French and Spanish fleet and dies
  • 1824Joseph Aspdin patents Portland cement (Yorkshire England)
  • 1858In Paris, the Can-Can is 1st performed
  • 1868Severe earthquake at 7:53 AM, centered in Hayward, California
  • 18691st shipment of fresh oysters comes overland from Baltimore
  • 18711st US amateur outdoor athletic games (NY)
  • 1878German Republic chancellor Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism"
  • 1879Thomas Edison perfects carbonized cotton filament light bulb
  • 1887Detroit clinches best-of-15 touring World Championship with its 8th victory in Game 11 this afternoon in Baltimore, 13-3
  • 1897Yerkes Observatory of University of Chicago is dedicated
  • 1899Battle at Elandslaagte Natal: (Boers vs. British army)

Born on October 21

  • 1570Wolfgang Schonsleder: Composer
  • 1574Nicolo Rubini: Composer
  • 1582Johan Ernst Earl of Nassau-Siegen: Military / Son of Johan VII
  • 1650Jean Bart: French captain / sea hero (Escape from Plymouth)
  • 1680Francisco Jose Coutinho: Composer
  • 1751David Moritz Michael: Composer
  • 1762Herman W Daendels: Brigadier General / Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1807-11)
  • 1767Francesco Ruggi: Composer
  • 1772Samuel Taylor Coleridge: England, United Kingdom -- Poet (Rime of Ancient Mariner)
  • 1775Guiseppi Baini: Composer
  • 1803George Wright: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1865
  • 1807Hanri Reber: Composer
  • 1807Miguel Hilarion Eslava y Elizondo: Composer
  • 1822Levinus Keuchenius: Dutch Minister of Colonies (1888-90)
  • 1823Pasqual Juan Emilio Arrieta y Corera: Composer
  • 1827Petrus PM Alberdingk Thijm: Dutch historian / writer
  • 1833Alfred Bernhard Nobel: Stockholm, Sweden -- Created dynamite and Peace Prizes
  • 1839Georg von Siemens: Founder (Deutsche Bank)
  • 1843Mark M Antokolski: Russian / French sculptor (Peter the Great)
  • 1846Edmondo de Amicis: Italian writer (Cuore)
  • 1847Guiseppe Giacosa: Italian songwriter (libretti opera Puccini)
  • 1873George P Gooch: English historian / MP
  • 1874Albert Aftalion: Bulgaria -- French economist
  • 1879Marie Joseph Canteloube de Malaret: Composer
  • 1885Egon Joseph Wellesz: Austria -- Composer / musicologist
  • 1885Jan Altink: Dutch painter / co-founder (Ploeg)
  • 1890Gerrit Engelke: German writer / poet (Love Letters)
  • 1891John Metzelaar: Dutch / US (About Tropical Atl Visschen)
  • 1891Ted Shawn: US dancer / choreographer (Dance We Must)
  • 1895Shukichi Mitsukuri: Composer

Died on October 21

  • 1422Charles VI: King of France (1380-1422), dies at 54
  • 1439Traversari Ambrosius: Italian humanist / leader, dies at 53
  • 1558Julius Caesar Scaliger: Italian Physician (Poetice), dies at 74
  • 1561Johannes Vasaeus: Flemish humanist / historian, dies at about 49
  • 1627Frederik de Houtman: Navigator / Governor of Ambon, dies at about 56
  • 1629Tumengung Buraksa: Matarams / Javanese General, dies in battle
  • 1637Laurens Reael: Vice-governor of Ambon / Poet / Admiral, dies at 54
  • 1650Pedro de Espinosa: Spanish Poet / writer
  • 1662Henry Lawes: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1765Giovanni Paolo Pannini / Panini: Italian Painter / architect, dies at 73
  • 1773Johann Conrad Schlaun: German barok architect, dies at 78
  • 1793Johann Ernst Hartmann: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1798Johann Christoph Schmugel: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1805Horatio Nelson: Dies in Battle of Trafalgar
  • 1805Johann Baptist Lasser: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1810Franz Teyber: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1861Edward Dickinson Baker: US attorney / senator, dies in battle at 50
  • 1861John Breckinridge Grayson: Confederate Brigadier General
  • 1863Lambertus GC Ledeboer: Dutch old-reformed vicar, dies at 55
  • 1872Jacques Babinet: French physicist / Mathematician / astronomer, dies at 78
  • 1897Paul Kuczynski: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1905Jose Teodor Vilar: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1906[Georgette A] Helena Amelung: Actress (Small Lord), dies at 55
  • 1919Sven August Korling: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1924Martin Pierre Joseph Marsick: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1931A Schnitzler: Writer, dies at 69
  • 1943Alfred DPR Pound: British Admiral / 1st Sealord (Jutland, WWII)
  • 1961Nils J E Ferlin: Swedish songwriter (Goggles)
  • 1963George B Cressey: US geographer (Crossroads), dies at 66
  • 1965Bill Black: Rocker, dies at 39