Events on Oct 21

  • 0310St. Eusebius ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0335Constantinople Emperor Constantine the Great rules laws against Jews
  • 0686Conon begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1096Sultan Kilidj Arslan of Nicea defeats 1st Crusaders
  • 1187Alberto de Morra elected as Pope Gregorius VIII (12 / 17 / 1187)
  • 1492Columbus lands on San Salvador Island
  • 1520Ferdinand Magellen arrives at Tierra Del Fuego (Pacific Ocean)
  • 1553Volumes of Talmud are burned
  • 1555Emperor Charles V makes Erard of Pallandt Earl of Culemborg
  • 1555English parliament refuses to recognize Philip of Spain as King
  • 15682nd Altenburger sermon: Philippisten / Gnesiolutheranen
  • 1591Nijmegen surrenders to Earl Mauritius van Nassau
  • 1639Dunes (Marten Tromp defeats Spanish armada under De Oquendo)
  • 1639Sea battle at Dunes: Lieutenant Admiral Maarten Tromp beats Spanish Armada
  • 1641Catholic uprising in Ulster: 1000s English and Scots killed
  • 1652King Louis XIV returns to Paris
  • 1708Dutch and English troops occupy Lille (Rijsel)
  • 1727Russian and Chinese accord to correct boundaries
  • 1797US Navy frigate Constitution, Old Ironsides, launched in Boston
  • 1805Battle of Trafalgar, Admiral Nelson defeats French and Spanish fleet and dies
  • 1824Joseph Aspdin patents Portland cement (Yorkshire England)
  • 1858In Paris, the Can-Can is 1st performed
  • 1868Severe earthquake at 7:53 AM, centered in Hayward, California
  • 18691st shipment of fresh oysters comes overland from Baltimore
  • 18711st US amateur outdoor athletic games (NY)
  • 1878German Republic chancellor Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism"
  • 1879Thomas Edison perfects carbonized cotton filament light bulb
  • 1887Detroit clinches best-of-15 touring World Championship with its 8th victory in Game 11 this afternoon in Baltimore, 13-3
  • 1897Yerkes Observatory of University of Chicago is dedicated
  • 1899Battle at Elandslaagte Natal: (Boers vs. British army)

Born on Oct 21

  • 1570Wolfgang Schonsleder: Composer
  • 1574Nicolo Rubini: Composer
  • 1582Johan Ernst Earl of Nassau-Siegen: Military / Son of Johan VII
  • 1650Jean Bart: French captain / sea hero (Escape from Plymouth)
  • 1680Francisco Jose Coutinho: Composer
  • 1751David Moritz Michael: Composer
  • 1762Herman W Daendels: Brigadier General / Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1807-11)
  • 1767Francesco Ruggi: Composer
  • 1772Samuel Taylor Coleridge: England, United Kingdom -- Poet (Rime of Ancient Mariner)
  • 1775Guiseppi Baini: Composer
  • 1803George Wright: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1865
  • 1807Hanri Reber: Composer
  • 1807Miguel Hilarion Eslava y Elizondo: Composer
  • 1822Levinus Keuchenius: Dutch Minister of Colonies (1888-90)
  • 1823Pasqual Juan Emilio Arrieta y Corera: Composer
  • 1827Petrus PM Alberdingk Thijm: Dutch historian / writer
  • 1833Alfred Bernhard Nobel: Stockholm, Sweden -- Created dynamite and Peace Prizes
  • 1839Georg von Siemens: Founder (Deutsche Bank)
  • 1843Mark M Antokolski: Russian / French sculptor (Peter the Great)
  • 1846Edmondo de Amicis: Italian writer (Cuore)
  • 1847Guiseppe Giacosa: Italian songwriter (libretti opera Puccini)
  • 1873George P Gooch: English historian / MP
  • 1874Albert Aftalion: Bulgaria -- French economist
  • 1879Marie Joseph Canteloube de Malaret: Composer
  • 1885Egon Joseph Wellesz: Austria -- Composer / musicologist
  • 1885Jan Altink: Dutch painter / co-founder (Ploeg)
  • 1890Gerrit Engelke: German writer / poet (Love Letters)
  • 1891John Metzelaar: Dutch / US (About Tropical Atl Visschen)
  • 1891Ted Shawn: US dancer / choreographer (Dance We Must)
  • 1895Shukichi Mitsukuri: Composer

Died on Oct 21

  • 1422Charles VI: King of France (1380-1422), dies at 54
  • 1439Traversari Ambrosius: Italian humanist / leader, dies at 53
  • 1558Julius Caesar Scaliger: Italian Physician (Poetice), dies at 74
  • 1561Johannes Vasaeus: Flemish humanist / historian, dies at about 49
  • 1627Frederik de Houtman: Navigator / Governor of Ambon, dies at about 56
  • 1629Tumengung Buraksa: Matarams / Javanese General, dies in battle
  • 1637Laurens Reael: Vice-governor of Ambon / Poet / Admiral, dies at 54
  • 1650Pedro de Espinosa: Spanish Poet / writer
  • 1662Henry Lawes: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1765Giovanni Paolo Pannini / Panini: Italian Painter / architect, dies at 73
  • 1773Johann Conrad Schlaun: German barok architect, dies at 78
  • 1793Johann Ernst Hartmann: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1798Johann Christoph Schmugel: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1805Horatio Nelson: Dies in Battle of Trafalgar
  • 1805Johann Baptist Lasser: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1810Franz Teyber: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1861Edward Dickinson Baker: US attorney / senator, dies in battle at 50
  • 1861John Breckinridge Grayson: Confederate Brigadier General
  • 1863Lambertus GC Ledeboer: Dutch old-reformed vicar, dies at 55
  • 1872Jacques Babinet: French physicist / Mathematician / astronomer, dies at 78
  • 1897Paul Kuczynski: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1905Jose Teodor Vilar: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1906[Georgette A] Helena Amelung: Actress (Small Lord), dies at 55
  • 1919Sven August Korling: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1924Martin Pierre Joseph Marsick: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1931A Schnitzler: Writer, dies at 69
  • 1943Alfred DPR Pound: British Admiral / 1st Sealord (Jutland, WWII)
  • 1961Nils J E Ferlin: Swedish songwriter (Goggles)
  • 1963George B Cressey: US geographer (Crossroads), dies at 66
  • 1965Bill Black: Rocker, dies at 39

Historical events on October 22

  • 1335Ex-Emperor Hanazono became a Zen priest
  • 1708Great Alliance occupies Rijsel
  • 1721Czar Peter the Great becomes "All-Russian Imperator"
  • 1746Princeton University (NJ) received its charter
  • 1799Russia leaves second anti-French Coalition
  • 1812Duke of Wellington seizes Burgos Spain
  • 18191st ship sails by Erie-channel (Rome-Utica)
  • 1836Sam Houston inaugurated as 1st elected President of the Republic of Texas
  • 18447th day adventists wait for appearance of Jesus
  • 18611st telegraph line linking West and East coasts completed
  • 1862Battle at Old Fort Wayne, Indian Territory
  • 1862Confederate troops reconquer Cumperland Gap, Tennessee
  • 1875Sons of American Revolution organizes
  • 1881Boston Symphony Orchestra gives its 1st concert
  • 18831st New York Horse Show held (Madison Square Garden)
  • 1883Original Metropolitan Opera House (NYC) grand opening (Faust)
  • 1884General Gordon receives letter of Mahdi
  • 1884Sporting Life announces that both pennant winners will meet in 3 game series October 23-25 at Polo Grounds NYC to determine baseball champion
  • 1885John Ward and several teammates secretly form Brotherhood of Prof Base Ball Players, 1st baseball union
  • 1899British troops flee Dundee, Natal South Africa
  • 1904Russian fleet shoots at British fishing ship
  • 19063000 blacks demonstrate and riot in Philadelphia
  • 1907Ringling Brothers Greatest Show on Earth buys Barnum and Bailey circus
  • 1913Explosion at Dawson NM coal mine kills 263 mine workers
  • 1922Lucerne Street in Bronx named
  • 1928China expels all Russian instructors and civil servants
  • 1928President Hoover speaks of "American system of rugged individualism"
  • 1929French government of Briand falls
  • 1929James H Scullin forms Australia government
  • 19301st concerto of BBC Symphony Orchestra, under Adrian Boult

Born on October 22

  • 1686Georg Balthasar Schott: Composer
  • 1698Nicola Bonifacio Logroscino: Composer
  • 1737Vincenzo Manfredini: Composer
  • 1752Ambrogio Minoja: Composer
  • 1761Johann Christian Gottlob Eidenbenz: Composer
  • 1765Daniel Steibelt: Composer
  • 1790Jan Ackersdijk: Dutch political economist
  • 1809Federico Ricci: Composer
  • 1810Henry Bohlen: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1811Franz Liszt: Raiding, Hungary -- Romantic composer / virtuoso pianist
  • 1818Leconte de Lisle: Writer
  • 1826Guglielmo Quarenghi: Composer
  • 1832August Labitzky: Composer
  • 1832Leopold Damrosch: Composer
  • 1838Carl Fuchs: Composer
  • 1845Sarah Bernhardt: France -- Actress (Camille, Queen Elizabeth)
  • 1847Jacobus Herculas [Uncle Koos] de la Rey: South African politician
  • 1870Ivan Bunin: Russia -- Poet / Novelist (Gentleman from SF-Nobel 1933)
  • 1876Karl B Adam: German theologist (Christ our Brother)
  • 1880Joe Carr: Ohio, United States -- NFL hall of famer / NFL President (1921-39)
  • 1883Adolf A Joffe: Russian revolutionary / writer (Brest-Litovsk)
  • 1883Viktor Jacobi: Composer
  • 1885Giovanni Martinelli: Montagnana, Italy -- Opera singer (New York Met)
  • 1885Lothar Windsperger: Composer
  • 1887John Reed: Journalist who reported on Mexican, Russian revolutions
  • 1891Fidelio Friedrich Finke: Composer
  • 1896Charles Glenn King: Biochemist (discovered vitamin C)
  • 1898Damaso Alonso: Spanish poet (Hijos de la ira)
  • 1898Marcel Mihalovici: Composer
  • 1900Edward R Stettinius: United States -- Foreign Minister (1944-45) / diplomat

Died on October 22

  • 0741Charles Martel: Ruler of the Franks, dies at 63
  • 1383Ferdinand I [the Wise]: King of Portugal
  • 1494Gian Galeazzo: Italian Duke of Milan (1476-94)
  • 1651Jacob Praetorius: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1707Cloudesley Shovell: Admiral, drowns at Scilly
  • 1708Herman Witsius [Wits]: Reformed theologist, dies at 72
  • 1725Alessandro Scarlatti: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1725Pietro Alessandro Gaspare Scarlotti: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1751Willem IV KH Friso: Prince of Orange-Nassau, dies at 40
  • 1763French van Mieris "the Young": Painter / historian, dies at 73
  • 1802Samuel Arnold: English composer, dies at 62
  • 1813August Harder: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1818Joachim H Campe: German theory / author, dies at 72
  • 1835Willem G F Bentinck: Earl / politician / organist, dies at 73
  • 1852Hans C E Freiherr von Gagern: German advisor to Dutch King, dies at 86
  • 1854J Gotthelf: Writer, dies at 57
  • 1859Louis (Ludwig) Spohr: Composer (Faust), dies at 75
  • 1869Michael Sars: Norwegian zoologist, dies at 64
  • 1881Janis Cimze: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1889Olivier Metra: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1919Bruce F Cummings: English Author (Enjoying Life), dies at 30
  • 1926Jules Van de Hill: Belgian lawyer / politician
  • 1932Anna Dickinson: Dies just a week shy of her 90th birthday
  • 1934Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd: Gangster, shot dead at 30 by FBI in Ohio
  • 1942Gustave "Staff" de Clercq: Leader Flemish Nationally Covenant
  • 1942Sybren Tulip: NSBer / supt of police in Amsterdam (1941-42)
  • 1943Josef Venantius von Woss: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1948Augustyn Hlond: Polish cardinal
  • 1954Prosper Cocquyt: Belgian brewer / pilot, dies at 54
  • 1960Edgar Scauflaire: Belgian, Painter / decorator, dies at 67