Events on Oct 22

  • 1335Ex-Emperor Hanazono became a Zen priest
  • 1708Great Alliance occupies Rijsel
  • 1721Czar Peter the Great becomes "All-Russian Imperator"
  • 1746Princeton University (NJ) received its charter
  • 1799Russia leaves second anti-French Coalition
  • 1812Duke of Wellington seizes Burgos Spain
  • 18191st ship sails by Erie-channel (Rome-Utica)
  • 1836Sam Houston inaugurated as 1st elected President of the Republic of Texas
  • 18447th day adventists wait for appearance of Jesus
  • 18611st telegraph line linking West and East coasts completed
  • 1862Battle at Old Fort Wayne, Indian Territory
  • 1862Confederate troops reconquer Cumperland Gap, Tennessee
  • 1875Sons of American Revolution organizes
  • 1881Boston Symphony Orchestra gives its 1st concert
  • 18831st New York Horse Show held (Madison Square Garden)
  • 1883Original Metropolitan Opera House (NYC) grand opening (Faust)
  • 1884General Gordon receives letter of Mahdi
  • 1884Sporting Life announces that both pennant winners will meet in 3 game series October 23-25 at Polo Grounds NYC to determine baseball champion
  • 1885John Ward and several teammates secretly form Brotherhood of Prof Base Ball Players, 1st baseball union
  • 1899British troops flee Dundee, Natal South Africa
  • 1904Russian fleet shoots at British fishing ship
  • 19063000 blacks demonstrate and riot in Philadelphia
  • 1907Ringling Brothers Greatest Show on Earth buys Barnum and Bailey circus
  • 1913Explosion at Dawson NM coal mine kills 263 mine workers
  • 1922Lucerne Street in Bronx named
  • 1928China expels all Russian instructors and civil servants
  • 1928President Hoover speaks of "American system of rugged individualism"
  • 1929French government of Briand falls
  • 1929James H Scullin forms Australia government
  • 19301st concerto of BBC Symphony Orchestra, under Adrian Boult

Born on Oct 22

  • 1686Georg Balthasar Schott: Composer
  • 1698Nicola Bonifacio Logroscino: Composer
  • 1737Vincenzo Manfredini: Composer
  • 1752Ambrogio Minoja: Composer
  • 1761Johann Christian Gottlob Eidenbenz: Composer
  • 1765Daniel Steibelt: Composer
  • 1790Jan Ackersdijk: Dutch political economist
  • 1809Federico Ricci: Composer
  • 1810Henry Bohlen: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1811Franz Liszt: Raiding, Hungary -- Romantic composer / virtuoso pianist
  • 1818Leconte de Lisle: Writer
  • 1826Guglielmo Quarenghi: Composer
  • 1832August Labitzky: Composer
  • 1832Leopold Damrosch: Composer
  • 1838Carl Fuchs: Composer
  • 1845Sarah Bernhardt: France -- Actress (Camille, Queen Elizabeth)
  • 1847Jacobus Herculas [Uncle Koos] de la Rey: South African politician
  • 1870Ivan Bunin: Russia -- Poet / Novelist (Gentleman from SF-Nobel 1933)
  • 1876Karl B Adam: German theologist (Christ our Brother)
  • 1880Joe Carr: Ohio, United States -- NFL hall of famer / NFL President (1921-39)
  • 1883Adolf A Joffe: Russian revolutionary / writer (Brest-Litovsk)
  • 1883Viktor Jacobi: Composer
  • 1885Giovanni Martinelli: Montagnana, Italy -- Opera singer (New York Met)
  • 1885Lothar Windsperger: Composer
  • 1887John Reed: Journalist who reported on Mexican, Russian revolutions
  • 1891Fidelio Friedrich Finke: Composer
  • 1896Charles Glenn King: Biochemist (discovered vitamin C)
  • 1898Damaso Alonso: Spanish poet (Hijos de la ira)
  • 1898Marcel Mihalovici: Composer
  • 1900Edward R Stettinius: United States -- Foreign Minister (1944-45) / diplomat

Died on Oct 22

  • 0741Charles Martel: Ruler of the Franks, dies at 63
  • 1383Ferdinand I [the Wise]: King of Portugal
  • 1494Gian Galeazzo: Italian Duke of Milan (1476-94)
  • 1651Jacob Praetorius: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1707Cloudesley Shovell: Admiral, drowns at Scilly
  • 1708Herman Witsius [Wits]: Reformed theologist, dies at 72
  • 1725Alessandro Scarlatti: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1725Pietro Alessandro Gaspare Scarlotti: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1751Willem IV KH Friso: Prince of Orange-Nassau, dies at 40
  • 1763French van Mieris "the Young": Painter / historian, dies at 73
  • 1802Samuel Arnold: English composer, dies at 62
  • 1813August Harder: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1818Joachim H Campe: German theory / author, dies at 72
  • 1835Willem G F Bentinck: Earl / politician / organist, dies at 73
  • 1852Hans C E Freiherr von Gagern: German advisor to Dutch King, dies at 86
  • 1854J Gotthelf: Writer, dies at 57
  • 1859Louis (Ludwig) Spohr: Composer (Faust), dies at 75
  • 1869Michael Sars: Norwegian zoologist, dies at 64
  • 1881Janis Cimze: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1889Olivier Metra: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1919Bruce F Cummings: English Author (Enjoying Life), dies at 30
  • 1926Jules Van de Hill: Belgian lawyer / politician
  • 1932Anna Dickinson: Dies just a week shy of her 90th birthday
  • 1934Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd: Gangster, shot dead at 30 by FBI in Ohio
  • 1942Gustave "Staff" de Clercq: Leader Flemish Nationally Covenant
  • 1942Sybren Tulip: NSBer / supt of police in Amsterdam (1941-42)
  • 1943Josef Venantius von Woss: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1948Augustyn Hlond: Polish cardinal
  • 1954Prosper Cocquyt: Belgian brewer / pilot, dies at 54
  • 1960Edgar Scauflaire: Belgian, Painter / decorator, dies at 67

Historical events on October 23

  • 0787Byzantine empress Irene recovers Iconclastic cult at Nicaea
  • 1086Battle of Zalaka: Alfonso VI vs. Almoravids
  • 1229Otto II becomes Earl of Gelre
  • 1520King Carlos I crowned, German Emperor Charles V
  • 1642Battle at Edgeville (Warwick): King Charles I vs. English parliament
  • 1644Sea battle of Fehmarn Sont: Admiral Thijssen beats Denen
  • 1668Jews of Barbados forbidden to engage in retail trade
  • 1679Meal Tub Plot against James II of England
  • 1681French troops under King Louis XIV occupy Staatsburg
  • 1684Colony Massachusetts under authority of English crown mounted
  • 1690Revolt in Haarlem after public ban on smoking
  • 17601st Jewish prayer books printed in US
  • 1775Continental Congress approves resolution barring blacks from army
  • 1790Slaves revolt in Haiti (later suppressed)
  • 1805Sailing ship "Aeneus" sinks off Newfoundland killing 340
  • 1812Failed coup against Emperor Napoleon
  • 18141st plastic surgery is performed (England)
  • 18241st steam locomotive is introduced
  • 1853Maastricht-Aken railway in the Netherlands opens
  • 1854The Times give precise British positions in Krim
  • 1864Union General Samuel R Curtis defeats Confederate General Stirling Price
  • 1876New Orleans Mint reopens as an assay office
  • 18841st World Series OKed by AA, Providence (NL) beats New York Mets (AA) 6-0
  • 1886St. Louis Browns win World Championship by beating Chicago 4-3 in 10
  • 1888Pelham Bay Park in Bronx, vested
  • 1890Opera "Prince Igor" is produced (St Petersburg)
  • 1910Blanche Scott became 1st woman solo a public airplane flight
  • 1910Philadelphia Athletics beat Chicago Cubs 4 games to 1 in 7th World Series
  • 1910Ritz Hotel in Madrid opens: 200 chambers / 100 bathtubs
  • 19151st national horseshoe throwing championship (Kellerton, Iowa)

Born on October 23

  • 1543Juan de la Cueva: Spain -- Dramatist
  • 1654Johann Bernhard Staudt: Composer
  • 1698Ange-Jacques Gabriel: French court architect (Palace de la Concorde)
  • 1713Peter Burmannus Secundus [Pieter Burman]: Dutch classicist
  • 1715Peter II Aleksejevitsj: Emperor of Russia (1727-30)
  • 1752Nicolas Appert: Inventor (food canning, bouillon tablet)
  • 1767H Benjamin Constant [de Rebeque]: French politician / writer
  • 1773Pietro Generali: Composer
  • 1794Joseph Panny: Composer
  • 1797John J Rochussen: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1845-51)
  • 1801Gustav Albert Lortzing: Composer
  • 1805Adalbert Stifter: Austrian author (Nachsommer)
  • 1810[Sarah] Margaret Fuller Ossoli: US feminist / revolutionary (New York Tribune)
  • 1819Isac Baker Woodbury: Composer
  • 1820James Monroe Goggin: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1889
  • 1824Thomas Gamble Pitcher: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 1828Turner Ashby: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1835Adlai Stevenson: (D) 23rd VP (1893-97)
  • 1844Robert S Bridges: England, United Kingdom -- Poet laureate (Eros & Psyche)
  • 1851Guillaume Couture: Composer
  • 1852Jean-Louis Forain: French etcher / lithographer
  • 1868Rama V [Chulalongkorn]: Leader of Thailand (-1910)
  • 1869Jacobus H "Koos" Speenhoff: Dutch singer
  • 1899Lilyan Tashman: Brooklyn, New York -- Actor (Bulldog Drummond)
  • 1902Otmar Nussio: Composer
  • 1902Otto J Gombosi: Hungarian / US musicologist
  • 1903Milford Dolliole: Pioneer jazz drummer
  • 1905Felix Bloch: Swiss / US nuclear physicist (Nobel 1952)
  • 1906Gertrude Ederle: NYC, New York -- Swimmer (1924 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1906Miriam Gideon: Composer

Died on October 23

  • 1260Koetoez: Turkish Sultan of Egypt, murdered
  • 1450Johannes van Capestrano: Italian saint, dies at 70
  • 1602Franciscus Junius: French / Netherlands calvinist Theologist / vicar, dies at 57
  • 1753Columban Praelisauer: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1782Joseph Reipel: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1799William Paca: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 58
  • 1801Johann Gottlieb Naumann: German composer, dies at 60
  • 1806Franz Seydelmann: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1869Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Tolbecque: Belgian composer, dies at 72
  • 1886Johann Nepomuk Kafka: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1890Karel M M Verlat: Flemish Painter / graphic artist
  • 1892Mehemed Emin Pasja: German explorer, murdered at 52
  • 1899W Penn Symons: British General Major, dies in battle
  • 1901Georg von Siemens: Founder (Deutsche Bank)
  • 1903Francis Ellingwood Abbot: Theologian (Scientific Theism), dies at 66
  • 1921John B Dunlop: Scottish inventor air tire (Dunlop Rubber), dies at 81
  • 1925Vyacheslav Gavrilovich Karatigin: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1928F A Alphonse Aulard: French historian
  • 1929Thomas F Tout: Historian (Manch school of historiography), dies at 74
  • 1935Abe Landau: US gangster, murdered
  • 1935Dutch Schultz [Arthur Flegenheimer]: US gangster, murdered at 33
  • 1935Otto "Aba Daba" Berman: US gangster, murdered
  • 1936(Marie) Louise Hens: Flemish actress (Bitter Pill), dies at 80
  • 1939Zane Grey: US western writer (Spirit of the Border), dies at 67
  • 1942Georg Stumme: German General / Commandant of African corps
  • 1942Ralph Rainger: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1948Eugeniusz Morawsky-Dabrowa: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1950Al Jolson [Asa Yoelson]: Singer / actor (Jazz Singer), dies at 64
  • 1952Susan Peters: Actress (Random Harvest), dies at 31
  • 1953Maurice Lugeon: Swiss geologist (nappism), dies at 83