Events on Oct 23

  • 0787Byzantine empress Irene recovers Iconclastic cult at Nicaea
  • 1086Battle of Zalaka: Alfonso VI vs. Almoravids
  • 1229Otto II becomes Earl of Gelre
  • 1520King Carlos I crowned, German Emperor Charles V
  • 1642Battle at Edgeville (Warwick): King Charles I vs. English parliament
  • 1644Sea battle of Fehmarn Sont: Admiral Thijssen beats Denen
  • 1668Jews of Barbados forbidden to engage in retail trade
  • 1679Meal Tub Plot against James II of England
  • 1681French troops under King Louis XIV occupy Staatsburg
  • 1684Colony Massachusetts under authority of English crown mounted
  • 1690Revolt in Haarlem after public ban on smoking
  • 17601st Jewish prayer books printed in US
  • 1775Continental Congress approves resolution barring blacks from army
  • 1790Slaves revolt in Haiti (later suppressed)
  • 1805Sailing ship "Aeneus" sinks off Newfoundland killing 340
  • 1812Failed coup against Emperor Napoleon
  • 18141st plastic surgery is performed (England)
  • 18241st steam locomotive is introduced
  • 1853Maastricht-Aken railway in the Netherlands opens
  • 1854The Times give precise British positions in Krim
  • 1864Union General Samuel R Curtis defeats Confederate General Stirling Price
  • 1876New Orleans Mint reopens as an assay office
  • 18841st World Series OKed by AA, Providence (NL) beats New York Mets (AA) 6-0
  • 1886St. Louis Browns win World Championship by beating Chicago 4-3 in 10
  • 1888Pelham Bay Park in Bronx, vested
  • 1890Opera "Prince Igor" is produced (St Petersburg)
  • 1910Blanche Scott became 1st woman solo a public airplane flight
  • 1910Philadelphia Athletics beat Chicago Cubs 4 games to 1 in 7th World Series
  • 1910Ritz Hotel in Madrid opens: 200 chambers / 100 bathtubs
  • 19151st national horseshoe throwing championship (Kellerton, Iowa)

Born on Oct 23

  • 1543Juan de la Cueva: Spain -- Dramatist
  • 1654Johann Bernhard Staudt: Composer
  • 1698Ange-Jacques Gabriel: French court architect (Palace de la Concorde)
  • 1713Peter Burmannus Secundus [Pieter Burman]: Dutch classicist
  • 1715Peter II Aleksejevitsj: Emperor of Russia (1727-30)
  • 1752Nicolas Appert: Inventor (food canning, bouillon tablet)
  • 1767H Benjamin Constant [de Rebeque]: French politician / writer
  • 1773Pietro Generali: Composer
  • 1794Joseph Panny: Composer
  • 1797John J Rochussen: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1845-51)
  • 1801Gustav Albert Lortzing: Composer
  • 1805Adalbert Stifter: Austrian author (Nachsommer)
  • 1810[Sarah] Margaret Fuller Ossoli: US feminist / revolutionary (New York Tribune)
  • 1819Isac Baker Woodbury: Composer
  • 1820James Monroe Goggin: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1889
  • 1824Thomas Gamble Pitcher: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 1828Turner Ashby: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1835Adlai Stevenson: (D) 23rd VP (1893-97)
  • 1844Robert S Bridges: England, United Kingdom -- Poet laureate (Eros & Psyche)
  • 1851Guillaume Couture: Composer
  • 1852Jean-Louis Forain: French etcher / lithographer
  • 1868Rama V [Chulalongkorn]: Leader of Thailand (-1910)
  • 1869Jacobus H "Koos" Speenhoff: Dutch singer
  • 1899Lilyan Tashman: Brooklyn, New York -- Actor (Bulldog Drummond)
  • 1902Otmar Nussio: Composer
  • 1902Otto J Gombosi: Hungarian / US musicologist
  • 1903Milford Dolliole: Pioneer jazz drummer
  • 1905Felix Bloch: Swiss / US nuclear physicist (Nobel 1952)
  • 1906Gertrude Ederle: NYC, New York -- Swimmer (1924 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1906Miriam Gideon: Composer

Died on Oct 23

  • 1260Koetoez: Turkish Sultan of Egypt, murdered
  • 1450Johannes van Capestrano: Italian saint, dies at 70
  • 1602Franciscus Junius: French / Netherlands calvinist Theologist / vicar, dies at 57
  • 1753Columban Praelisauer: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1782Joseph Reipel: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1799William Paca: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 58
  • 1801Johann Gottlieb Naumann: German composer, dies at 60
  • 1806Franz Seydelmann: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1869Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Tolbecque: Belgian composer, dies at 72
  • 1886Johann Nepomuk Kafka: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1890Karel M M Verlat: Flemish Painter / graphic artist
  • 1892Mehemed Emin Pasja: German explorer, murdered at 52
  • 1899W Penn Symons: British General Major, dies in battle
  • 1901Georg von Siemens: Founder (Deutsche Bank)
  • 1903Francis Ellingwood Abbot: Theologian (Scientific Theism), dies at 66
  • 1921John B Dunlop: Scottish inventor air tire (Dunlop Rubber), dies at 81
  • 1925Vyacheslav Gavrilovich Karatigin: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1928F A Alphonse Aulard: French historian
  • 1929Thomas F Tout: Historian (Manch school of historiography), dies at 74
  • 1935Abe Landau: US gangster, murdered
  • 1935Dutch Schultz [Arthur Flegenheimer]: US gangster, murdered at 33
  • 1935Otto "Aba Daba" Berman: US gangster, murdered
  • 1936(Marie) Louise Hens: Flemish actress (Bitter Pill), dies at 80
  • 1939Zane Grey: US western writer (Spirit of the Border), dies at 67
  • 1942Georg Stumme: German General / Commandant of African corps
  • 1942Ralph Rainger: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1948Eugeniusz Morawsky-Dabrowa: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1950Al Jolson [Asa Yoelson]: Singer / actor (Jazz Singer), dies at 64
  • 1952Susan Peters: Actress (Random Harvest), dies at 31
  • 1953Maurice Lugeon: Swiss geologist (nappism), dies at 83

Historical events on October 24

  • 149224 Jews are burned at stake in Mecklenburg Germany
  • 1531Bavaria joins Schmalkaldische Union
  • 1648Treaty of Westphalia ends 30 year war and Holy Roman Empire
  • 1656Treaty of Vilnius: Russia and Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant
  • 1681Earl of Shaftesbury accused of high treason in London
  • 17953rd partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • 1818Felix Mendelssohn, 9, performs his 1st public concert (Berlin)
  • 1836A Phillips patents match
  • 1851William Lassell discovers Ariel and Umbriel, satellites of Uranus
  • 1856Constitution of South Australia adopted
  • 18611st transcontinental telegram sent ending Pony Express
  • 18611st US transcontinental telegram is sent (from SF to Washington DC)
  • 1861West Virginia seceded from Virginia
  • 1871Mob in LA hangs 18 Chinese
  • 1881Levi P Morton, US ambas to France drives 1st rivet in Stat of Liberty
  • 1882Dr Robert Koch discovers germ that causes tuberculosis
  • 1889Softball rules adopted by Mid Winter Indoor Baseball League
  • 1899Battle at Rietfontein, South Africa: Boers vs. British army
  • 1900General Redvers Buller returns to England
  • 19011st woman to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel (Anna Taylor)
  • 19031st trotter to run a mile under 2 minutes (Lou Dillon 1:58.1)
  • 1903George Sutton becomes billard champ
  • 19041st New York subway opens
  • 1908Billy Murray hits the charts with "Take Me Outto the Ball Game"
  • 1913Joe Tinker fired as Cin Reds manager
  • 1916Moroccan troops capture Ft Douaumont
  • 1917Battle at Caporetto: German and Austria smash Italian army
  • 1922German parliament mandates Ebert President until July 1925
  • 1922Irish Parliament adopts a constitution for an Irish Free State
  • 1923Gen Otto von Lossow calls Reichswehr to Berlin to form a dictatorship

Born on October 24

  • 1607John Lievensz: Painter / etcher / wood carver
  • 1632Antony van Leeuwenhoek: Naturalist (Philosophical Transactions)
  • 1788Sarah Josepha Hale: Author (Mary Had a Little Lamb)
  • 1789Jean C Baud: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1834-6)
  • 1789Ramon Carnicer y Batlle: Composer
  • 1794Friedrich B Freiherr von Gagern: German / Dutch army Commandant
  • 1796August v Platen: Writer
  • 1808Ernst Friedrich Richter: Composer
  • 1811Ferdinand Hiller: German pianist / composer / conductor
  • 1815John Edwards: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1894
  • 1830Belva Bennett Lockwood: Attorney (1st lady to argue in Supreme Court)
  • 1842Josef Nesvera: Composer
  • 1844Karl Lueger: Anti semitic Mayor of Vienna
  • 1854Hendrik W Bakhuis Roozeboom: Chemist (Heterogenen Gleichgewichte)
  • 1863Manuel Manrique de Lara y Berry: Composer
  • 1867Franco Leoni: Composer
  • 1877Rika H E Hopper: Dutch actress (Anastasia)
  • 1878Hermann Claudius: German folk poet (Meister Bertram)
  • 1881Paulus B Barth: Switzerland -- Painter / lithographer
  • 1882Sybil Thorndike: England, United Kingdom -- Actress (Saint Joan)
  • 1885Ernest Claes: Belgian author (Saints from Zichem)
  • 1886Delmira Augustini: Uruguayan poet (El Libro Blanco)
  • 1887Victoria von Battenberg: Wife of Spanish King Alfonso
  • 1890Chicago Mainbocher: Uniform designer (Red Cross, Girl Scouts, Waves)
  • 1890Kathleen Lockhart Manning: Composer
  • 1891Geertruida M W "Truus" Bakker: Dutch actress (The Two Orphans)
  • 1891Rafael L Trujillo Molina: President / Dictator of Dominican Republic (1930-61)
  • 1892Kurt Huber: German philosopher / resistance fighter
  • 1896Jack Warner [Waters]: London, England -- Actor (Christmas Carol)
  • 1897Lazar Weiner: Composer

Died on October 24

  • 0996Hugo Capet: King of France (987-96), dies at 58
  • 1521Robert Fayrfax: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1537Jane Seymour: 3rd Wife of Henry VIII
  • 1579Albrecht V von Wittelsbach: Duke of Bavaria, dies at 51
  • 1649Ferdinand van Boisschot: South Netherlands diplomat, dies at about 89
  • 1655Pierre Gassendi: French philosopher, dies at 63
  • 1667Gabriel Metsu: Dutch painter, buried
  • 1679Barent Avercamp: Dutch landscape painter, dies at about 66
  • 1785Jean-Jacques Robson: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1789Joaquin de Oxinaga: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1789Lucretia W van Winter-van Merken: Dutch poet, dies at 68
  • 1799Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf: Austrian composer, dies at 59
  • 1852Daniel Webster: Lawyer / speaker / Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 70
  • 1860Elie Decazes: French Bourbon Restoration politician, dies at 80
  • 1864James Jay Archer: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 46
  • 1897Francis Turner Palgrave: Poet / editor (Golden Treasury), dies at 73
  • 1901Paul Henrion: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1902Vladislav Ivanovich Zaremba: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1912Louis van Haecke: Flemish chaplain / Author (Zeesterre), dies at 83
  • 1918Alexander Charles Lecocq: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1925Jindrich S Baar: Czech pastor / writer (Lusy), dies at 56
  • 1929Peter J Blok: Dutch historian, dies at 74
  • 1930Renaat Verheijen: Flemish actor / director (Dr Faustus), dies at 26
  • 1938Ernst Barlach: Writer, dies at 68
  • 1940Victor Hollaender: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1944Lauri S A Haarla: Finnish writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja), dies at 54
  • 1945Robert Ley: German Nazi, commits suicide
  • 1945Vidkun Quisling: Norwegian Minister of Defense / Prime Minister (1942-45), executed at 58
  • 1948Franz Lehar: Austrian / Hungarian Composer (Wiener Frauen), dies at 78
  • 1949Joaquin Nin y Castellanos: Composer, dies at 70