Events on Oct 24

  • 149224 Jews are burned at stake in Mecklenburg Germany
  • 1531Bavaria joins Schmalkaldische Union
  • 1648Treaty of Westphalia ends 30 year war and Holy Roman Empire
  • 1656Treaty of Vilnius: Russia and Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant
  • 1681Earl of Shaftesbury accused of high treason in London
  • 17953rd partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • 1818Felix Mendelssohn, 9, performs his 1st public concert (Berlin)
  • 1836A Phillips patents match
  • 1851William Lassell discovers Ariel and Umbriel, satellites of Uranus
  • 1856Constitution of South Australia adopted
  • 18611st transcontinental telegram sent ending Pony Express
  • 18611st US transcontinental telegram is sent (from SF to Washington DC)
  • 1861West Virginia seceded from Virginia
  • 1871Mob in LA hangs 18 Chinese
  • 1881Levi P Morton, US ambas to France drives 1st rivet in Stat of Liberty
  • 1882Dr Robert Koch discovers germ that causes tuberculosis
  • 1889Softball rules adopted by Mid Winter Indoor Baseball League
  • 1899Battle at Rietfontein, South Africa: Boers vs. British army
  • 1900General Redvers Buller returns to England
  • 19011st woman to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel (Anna Taylor)
  • 19031st trotter to run a mile under 2 minutes (Lou Dillon 1:58.1)
  • 1903George Sutton becomes billard champ
  • 19041st New York subway opens
  • 1908Billy Murray hits the charts with "Take Me Outto the Ball Game"
  • 1913Joe Tinker fired as Cin Reds manager
  • 1916Moroccan troops capture Ft Douaumont
  • 1917Battle at Caporetto: German and Austria smash Italian army
  • 1922German parliament mandates Ebert President until July 1925
  • 1922Irish Parliament adopts a constitution for an Irish Free State
  • 1923Gen Otto von Lossow calls Reichswehr to Berlin to form a dictatorship

Born on Oct 24

  • 1607John Lievensz: Painter / etcher / wood carver
  • 1632Antony van Leeuwenhoek: Naturalist (Philosophical Transactions)
  • 1788Sarah Josepha Hale: Author (Mary Had a Little Lamb)
  • 1789Jean C Baud: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1834-6)
  • 1789Ramon Carnicer y Batlle: Composer
  • 1794Friedrich B Freiherr von Gagern: German / Dutch army Commandant
  • 1796August v Platen: Writer
  • 1808Ernst Friedrich Richter: Composer
  • 1811Ferdinand Hiller: German pianist / composer / conductor
  • 1815John Edwards: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1894
  • 1830Belva Bennett Lockwood: Attorney (1st lady to argue in Supreme Court)
  • 1842Josef Nesvera: Composer
  • 1844Karl Lueger: Anti semitic Mayor of Vienna
  • 1854Hendrik W Bakhuis Roozeboom: Chemist (Heterogenen Gleichgewichte)
  • 1863Manuel Manrique de Lara y Berry: Composer
  • 1867Franco Leoni: Composer
  • 1877Rika H E Hopper: Dutch actress (Anastasia)
  • 1878Hermann Claudius: German folk poet (Meister Bertram)
  • 1881Paulus B Barth: Switzerland -- Painter / lithographer
  • 1882Sybil Thorndike: England, United Kingdom -- Actress (Saint Joan)
  • 1885Ernest Claes: Belgian author (Saints from Zichem)
  • 1886Delmira Augustini: Uruguayan poet (El Libro Blanco)
  • 1887Victoria von Battenberg: Wife of Spanish King Alfonso
  • 1890Chicago Mainbocher: Uniform designer (Red Cross, Girl Scouts, Waves)
  • 1890Kathleen Lockhart Manning: Composer
  • 1891Geertruida M W "Truus" Bakker: Dutch actress (The Two Orphans)
  • 1891Rafael L Trujillo Molina: President / Dictator of Dominican Republic (1930-61)
  • 1892Kurt Huber: German philosopher / resistance fighter
  • 1896Jack Warner [Waters]: London, England -- Actor (Christmas Carol)
  • 1897Lazar Weiner: Composer

Died on Oct 24

  • 0996Hugo Capet: King of France (987-96), dies at 58
  • 1521Robert Fayrfax: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1537Jane Seymour: 3rd Wife of Henry VIII
  • 1579Albrecht V von Wittelsbach: Duke of Bavaria, dies at 51
  • 1649Ferdinand van Boisschot: South Netherlands diplomat, dies at about 89
  • 1655Pierre Gassendi: French philosopher, dies at 63
  • 1667Gabriel Metsu: Dutch painter, buried
  • 1679Barent Avercamp: Dutch landscape painter, dies at about 66
  • 1785Jean-Jacques Robson: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1789Joaquin de Oxinaga: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1789Lucretia W van Winter-van Merken: Dutch poet, dies at 68
  • 1799Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf: Austrian composer, dies at 59
  • 1852Daniel Webster: Lawyer / speaker / Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 70
  • 1860Elie Decazes: French Bourbon Restoration politician, dies at 80
  • 1864James Jay Archer: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 46
  • 1897Francis Turner Palgrave: Poet / editor (Golden Treasury), dies at 73
  • 1901Paul Henrion: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1902Vladislav Ivanovich Zaremba: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1912Louis van Haecke: Flemish chaplain / Author (Zeesterre), dies at 83
  • 1918Alexander Charles Lecocq: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1925Jindrich S Baar: Czech pastor / writer (Lusy), dies at 56
  • 1929Peter J Blok: Dutch historian, dies at 74
  • 1930Renaat Verheijen: Flemish actor / director (Dr Faustus), dies at 26
  • 1938Ernst Barlach: Writer, dies at 68
  • 1940Victor Hollaender: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1944Lauri S A Haarla: Finnish writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja), dies at 54
  • 1945Robert Ley: German Nazi, commits suicide
  • 1945Vidkun Quisling: Norwegian Minister of Defense / Prime Minister (1942-45), executed at 58
  • 1948Franz Lehar: Austrian / Hungarian Composer (Wiener Frauen), dies at 78
  • 1949Joaquin Nin y Castellanos: Composer, dies at 70

Historical events on October 25

  • 0625Boniface V ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1131Crowning of Louis VII the Young, King of France
  • 1147King Afonso I of Portugal occupiers Lisbon
  • 1241Goffredo Castiglioni elected as Pope Coelestinus IV (-Nov 10 1241)
  • 1415Battle of Agincourt, Welsh longbow defeat armored knight
  • 1415John IV van Bourgondy becomes Duke of Brabant / Limburg
  • 1492Christopher Columbus and ship Santa Maria land in Dominican Republic
  • 1521Emperor Charles V bans wooden buildings in Amsterdam
  • 1555Emperor Karel puts son Philip II in charge of the Netherlands / Naples / Milan
  • 1577Pope Gregory XIII asks renewal of ecclesiastical hymns
  • 1596Spanish fleet sails from Lisbon to Ireland
  • 1616VOC-ship "The Eendracht" discovers Dirk-Hartogeiland, Australia
  • 1621Gov Bradford of US colony Plymouth disallows sport on Christmas Day
  • 1666Brandenburg / Brunswick / Denmark / Netherlands form anti-French Quadruple Alliance
  • 1671Giovanni Cassini discovers Iapetus, satellite of Saturn
  • 1760George III ascends British throne
  • 1764John Adams marries Abigail Smith (marriage lasts 54 years)
  • 1812US frigate United States captures British vessel Macedonian
  • 1825Erie Canal opens, linking Great Lakes and Atlantic Ocean
  • 1854Charge of Light Brigade (Battle of Balaklava, Crimean War), 409 die
  • 1854Prince Menshikov of Krim occupies British base at Balaclava
  • 1859Merchant vessel Royal Charter runs aground at Liverpool, 459 die
  • 1861Telegraph message sent from St. Louis to San Francisco
  • 1864Battle of Marais Des Cygnes River, Kansas (Mine Creek)
  • 1864Skirmish at Mine Creek, KS and Turkeytown, Alabama
  • 1870Pimlico Race Course opens in Baltimore
  • 1870Postcards 1st used in US
  • 1881Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday and Clanton engage in "Shootout at OK Corral"
  • 18841st World Series OK by AA, Providence (NL) sweeps New York Mets (AA) in 3
  • 18911st International 6 day bike race (NY Madison Square Garden) ends

Born on October 25

  • 1360Louis: Founder of house of Anjou
  • 1528Seerp Galama: Dutch nobleman / soldier / politician
  • 1576Thomas Weelkes: Composer
  • 1692Elisabeth Farnese: Princess of Parma / Queen of Spain
  • 1709Georg Gebel: Composer
  • 1709John Wagenaar: Amsterdam Merchant / historian, baptised
  • 1716Petronio Maria Pio Sgabazzi: Composer
  • 1721Pierre Talon: Composer
  • 1735James Beattie: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Poet / philosopher (Essay on Truth)
  • 1759Baron Grenville: (Whig) British Prime Minister (1806-07)
  • 1772Corneille Vander Planken: Composer
  • 1800Thomas Babington Macaulay: England, United Kingdom -- Poet / historian (Ivry, Naaseby)
  • 1803Maria van Ackere-Doolaeghe: Flemish poetess (Daisies)
  • 1806Max Stirner [Johann C Schmidt]: German philosopher (Der Einzige)
  • 1815Ernesto Camillo Sivori: Composer
  • 1815Philipp Fahrbach: Composer
  • 1819Zachariah Cantey Deas: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1882
  • 1825Johann Baptist Strauss [the younger]: Austria -- Composer (Waltz King)
  • 1838Georges Alexandre-Cesar-Leopold Bizet: France -- Composer (Carmen)
  • 1843Gleb Uspensky: Russia -- Author (Power of the Soil)
  • 1859Stephanie H [Lapidoth-]Swarth: Dutch author (Lonely Flowers)
  • 1864Alexander Tikhonovich Gretsjaninow: Russ / US composer (Snow White)
  • 1866Georg Alfred Schumann: Composer
  • 1869August Otto Halm: Composer
  • 1869John Heisman: Pioneering football coach / trophy namesake
  • 1877Henry Norris Russell: Astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram)
  • 1878Nico van Suchtelen: Dutch publisher
  • 1879Jean Rogister: Composer
  • 1879Mayhew Lake: Composer
  • 1882Heinrich Max Ludwig: Composer

Died on October 25

  • 0304Marcellinus: Bishop of Rome
  • 0625Boniface V: Italian Pope (619-25)
  • 1047Magnus I Godhi: King of Norway / Denmark (1035-47)
  • 1154Stefanus van Blois: King of England (1135-54)
  • 1400Geofrey Chaucer: Author (Canterbury Tales), dies in London
  • 1415Eduard: Duke of York, dies at 45
  • 1415Philip of Nevers: French earl, dies in battle
  • 1415Robert of Bar: French knight, dies in battle
  • 1495John II [the Perfect / Consummate]: King of Portugal (1481-95)
  • 1510Il Giorgione [Giorgio del Castelfranco]: Italian painter, dies at 32
  • 1604Claude de la Tremoille: French Duke of Thouars / huguenot
  • 1676Justus G Schottel [Schottelius]: German linguistic / poet, dies at 64
  • 1760George II (August): King of Great-Britain (1727-60), dies at 76
  • 1833Abbas Mirza: Persian Governor / heir to the throne, dies at 44
  • 1845Carel H Verhuell: Dutch / French Vice-Admiral, dies at 81
  • 1855Willem F Earl van Bylandt: Military, dies at 84
  • 1861Friedrich C von Savigny: German lawyer, dies at 82
  • 1878Ludwig Wilhelm Maurer: Composer, dies at 89
  • 1892Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison: 1st lady (1889-1892), dies at 60
  • 1895Charles Halle: British pianist
  • 1902[B] Frank[lin] Norris: US writer (Pit), dies at 32
  • 1902Frank Norris: Writer, dies at 32
  • 1904Teresa Milanollo: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1907Edmund Hart Turpin: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1920Alexander: King of Greece (1917-20), dies after ape bite at 27
  • 1926Frederick JR Zech: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1936Jaime de Magalhes Lima: Portuguese Author / poet, dies at 76
  • 1939Cornelis JK van Aalst: President Dutch Business Society, dies at 73
  • 1943H van Zanten: Guerrilla leader on North Sumatra, executed
  • 1944Fake Krist: Nazi collaborator, killed