Events on Oct 25

  • 0625Boniface V ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1131Crowning of Louis VII the Young, King of France
  • 1147King Afonso I of Portugal occupiers Lisbon
  • 1241Goffredo Castiglioni elected as Pope Coelestinus IV (-Nov 10 1241)
  • 1415Battle of Agincourt, Welsh longbow defeat armored knight
  • 1415John IV van Bourgondy becomes Duke of Brabant / Limburg
  • 1492Christopher Columbus and ship Santa Maria land in Dominican Republic
  • 1521Emperor Charles V bans wooden buildings in Amsterdam
  • 1555Emperor Karel puts son Philip II in charge of the Netherlands / Naples / Milan
  • 1577Pope Gregory XIII asks renewal of ecclesiastical hymns
  • 1596Spanish fleet sails from Lisbon to Ireland
  • 1616VOC-ship "The Eendracht" discovers Dirk-Hartogeiland, Australia
  • 1621Gov Bradford of US colony Plymouth disallows sport on Christmas Day
  • 1666Brandenburg / Brunswick / Denmark / Netherlands form anti-French Quadruple Alliance
  • 1671Giovanni Cassini discovers Iapetus, satellite of Saturn
  • 1760George III ascends British throne
  • 1764John Adams marries Abigail Smith (marriage lasts 54 years)
  • 1812US frigate United States captures British vessel Macedonian
  • 1825Erie Canal opens, linking Great Lakes and Atlantic Ocean
  • 1854Charge of Light Brigade (Battle of Balaklava, Crimean War), 409 die
  • 1854Prince Menshikov of Krim occupies British base at Balaclava
  • 1859Merchant vessel Royal Charter runs aground at Liverpool, 459 die
  • 1861Telegraph message sent from St. Louis to San Francisco
  • 1864Battle of Marais Des Cygnes River, Kansas (Mine Creek)
  • 1864Skirmish at Mine Creek, KS and Turkeytown, Alabama
  • 1870Pimlico Race Course opens in Baltimore
  • 1870Postcards 1st used in US
  • 1881Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday and Clanton engage in "Shootout at OK Corral"
  • 18841st World Series OK by AA, Providence (NL) sweeps New York Mets (AA) in 3
  • 18911st International 6 day bike race (NY Madison Square Garden) ends

Born on Oct 25

  • 1360Louis: Founder of house of Anjou
  • 1528Seerp Galama: Dutch nobleman / soldier / politician
  • 1576Thomas Weelkes: Composer
  • 1692Elisabeth Farnese: Princess of Parma / Queen of Spain
  • 1709Georg Gebel: Composer
  • 1709John Wagenaar: Amsterdam Merchant / historian, baptised
  • 1716Petronio Maria Pio Sgabazzi: Composer
  • 1721Pierre Talon: Composer
  • 1735James Beattie: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Poet / philosopher (Essay on Truth)
  • 1759Baron Grenville: (Whig) British Prime Minister (1806-07)
  • 1772Corneille Vander Planken: Composer
  • 1800Thomas Babington Macaulay: England, United Kingdom -- Poet / historian (Ivry, Naaseby)
  • 1803Maria van Ackere-Doolaeghe: Flemish poetess (Daisies)
  • 1806Max Stirner [Johann C Schmidt]: German philosopher (Der Einzige)
  • 1815Ernesto Camillo Sivori: Composer
  • 1815Philipp Fahrbach: Composer
  • 1819Zachariah Cantey Deas: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1882
  • 1825Johann Baptist Strauss [the younger]: Austria -- Composer (Waltz King)
  • 1838Georges Alexandre-Cesar-Leopold Bizet: France -- Composer (Carmen)
  • 1843Gleb Uspensky: Russia -- Author (Power of the Soil)
  • 1859Stephanie H [Lapidoth-]Swarth: Dutch author (Lonely Flowers)
  • 1864Alexander Tikhonovich Gretsjaninow: Russ / US composer (Snow White)
  • 1866Georg Alfred Schumann: Composer
  • 1869August Otto Halm: Composer
  • 1869John Heisman: Pioneering football coach / trophy namesake
  • 1877Henry Norris Russell: Astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram)
  • 1878Nico van Suchtelen: Dutch publisher
  • 1879Jean Rogister: Composer
  • 1879Mayhew Lake: Composer
  • 1882Heinrich Max Ludwig: Composer

Died on Oct 25

  • 0304Marcellinus: Bishop of Rome
  • 0625Boniface V: Italian Pope (619-25)
  • 1047Magnus I Godhi: King of Norway / Denmark (1035-47)
  • 1154Stefanus van Blois: King of England (1135-54)
  • 1400Geofrey Chaucer: Author (Canterbury Tales), dies in London
  • 1415Eduard: Duke of York, dies at 45
  • 1415Philip of Nevers: French earl, dies in battle
  • 1415Robert of Bar: French knight, dies in battle
  • 1495John II [the Perfect / Consummate]: King of Portugal (1481-95)
  • 1510Il Giorgione [Giorgio del Castelfranco]: Italian painter, dies at 32
  • 1604Claude de la Tremoille: French Duke of Thouars / huguenot
  • 1676Justus G Schottel [Schottelius]: German linguistic / poet, dies at 64
  • 1760George II (August): King of Great-Britain (1727-60), dies at 76
  • 1833Abbas Mirza: Persian Governor / heir to the throne, dies at 44
  • 1845Carel H Verhuell: Dutch / French Vice-Admiral, dies at 81
  • 1855Willem F Earl van Bylandt: Military, dies at 84
  • 1861Friedrich C von Savigny: German lawyer, dies at 82
  • 1878Ludwig Wilhelm Maurer: Composer, dies at 89
  • 1892Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison: 1st lady (1889-1892), dies at 60
  • 1895Charles Halle: British pianist
  • 1902[B] Frank[lin] Norris: US writer (Pit), dies at 32
  • 1902Frank Norris: Writer, dies at 32
  • 1904Teresa Milanollo: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1907Edmund Hart Turpin: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1920Alexander: King of Greece (1917-20), dies after ape bite at 27
  • 1926Frederick JR Zech: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1936Jaime de Magalhes Lima: Portuguese Author / poet, dies at 76
  • 1939Cornelis JK van Aalst: President Dutch Business Society, dies at 73
  • 1943H van Zanten: Guerrilla leader on North Sumatra, executed
  • 1944Fake Krist: Nazi collaborator, killed

Historical events on October 26

  • 1366Comet 55P / 1366 U1 (Tempel-Tuttle) approaches 0.0229 AUs of Earth
  • 1387Amsterdam buccaneer Herman of Kuinre sign peace
  • 1407Mobs attack Jewish community of Cracow
  • 1492Lead pencils 1st used
  • 1524Spanish troops give Milan to France
  • 1529Thomas More appointed English Lord Chancellor
  • 1534Charles V names Joris of Egmont, Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1662Charles II of England sold Dunkirk to France
  • 1674Prince Willem III occupies Grave
  • 1682William Penn accepts area around Delaware River from Duke of York
  • 1749Georgia Colony reverses itself and rules slavery is legal
  • 17741st Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia
  • 1774Minute Men organized in colonies
  • 1787"Federalist Papers" published, calls for ratification of Constitution
  • 1810US annexes western Florida
  • 1822King Willem I obligates inhabitants of Brussels to use Dutch language
  • 1825Erie Canal between Hudson River and Lake Erie opened
  • 1830Belgian rebels occupy Antwerp
  • 1858Hamilton Smith patents rotary washing machine
  • 1861Pony Express ends
  • 1863Football Association forms in England, standardizing soccer
  • 1863Soccer rules standardized; rugby starts as a separate game
  • 1863Worldwide Red Cross organized in Geneva
  • 1868White terrorists kill several blacks in St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana
  • 18691st American steeplechase horserace (Westchester, NY)
  • 1876President sends federal troops to South Carolina
  • 1881Gunfight at OK Corral, in Tombstone, Arizona
  • 1887Detroit (NL) beats St. Louis (AA) 10 games to 5 in World Series
  • 1896Abyssinia and Italy sign peace treaty
  • 1900After 4 years of work, 1st section of New York subway opens

Born on October 26

  • 1466Desiderius Erasmus: Holland, Netherlands -- Scholar / author (In Praise of Folly)
  • 1483Hans Buchner: Composer
  • 1645Aert de Gelder: Dutch painter (King David)
  • 1673Dimitrie Cantemir: Romanians historian / Monarch of Moldova (1710-11)
  • 1685Giuseppe Domenico Scarlatti: Composer
  • 1694Johan Helmich Roman: Finnish / Swedish composer / conductor / violinist
  • 1719Joaquin de Oxinaga: Composer
  • 1740Ernest Louis Muller: Composer
  • 1758Louis-Charles-Joseph Rey: Composer
  • 1759Georges Danton: France -- Revolutionary leader / Minister of Justice
  • 1789Joseph Mayseder: Composer
  • 1791Charles Sprague: Boston, Massachusetts -- Banker / poet (Curiosity)
  • 1795Nicolaos Mantzaros: Composer
  • 1800Helmuth K B von Moltke: Prussian General-Field Marshal
  • 1804Lorenzo Thomas: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1875
  • 1813Henry Thomas Smart: Composer
  • 1818Stefano Golinelli: Composer
  • 1823Karl Weinhold: German sociologist
  • 1824Arthur Middleton Manigault: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1830Polibo Fumagalli: Composer
  • 1830Stephen Elliott, Jr.: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1866
  • 1837James Lawlor Kiernan: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1869
  • 1843Vasili V Vereshchagin: Russian painter (War & Peace)
  • 1845Hendrick Waelput: Flemish composer / conductor (Forest, Stella)
  • 1854August T C Kiehl: Dutch actor (Pearl of Zaandam)
  • 1855Charles Post: Who had a way with breakfast cereals (Post Cereals)
  • 1859Arthur Friedheim: Composer
  • 1861Richard D Sears: Boston, Massachusetts -- Tennis champ (US Open 1881)
  • 1864Joseph Moorat: Composer
  • 1871Hermann Lohr: Composer

Died on October 26

  • 1132Floris the Black: Brother of Earl Dirk VI of Holland, murdered
  • 1440Gilles de Rais: French marshal, killer of 140 children, hanged
  • 1576Frederick II the Vrome: Ruler of Palts
  • 1607Philipp Nicolai: German Lutherian Theologist / Poet / composer, dies at 52
  • 1608Juan Pantoja de la Cruz: Spanish royal painter
  • 1640Pietro Tacca: Italian Sculptor / architect, dies at 63
  • 1661Johann B Schup [Schuppius]: German Poet / Historian / vicar
  • 1678John Jenkins: Composer
  • 1693Coenraad van Beuningen: Mayor of Amsterdam / diplomat, dies at 71
  • 1706Andreas Werkmeister: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1733Antonio Veracini: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1749Louis-Nicholas Clerambault: French Composer / organist, dies at 72
  • 1756Johann Theodor Romhild: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1823Josef Preindl: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1848Vissarion G Belinski: Russian literature critic
  • 1858Isac Baker Woodbury: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1867John Fawcett: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1868B F Randolph: SC state senator, assassinated
  • 1874Peter Cornelius: German composer, dies at 49
  • 1881Billy Clanton: Brother of Ike
  • 1890Collodi [Carlo Lorenzini]: Italian writer (Pinocchio)
  • 1903Herbert Stanley Oakeley: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1903Victorin de Joncieres: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1909Horiboemi Ito: Prince of Japan, assassinated by a Korean
  • 1929Arno Holz: Writer, dies at 66
  • 1935Akos Buttykai: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1936Bob Dellemijn: Lourdes-ganger / Franco-volunteer, dies in battle at 18
  • 1954Floris HL Prims: Flemish priest / Historian / archivist of Antwerp
  • 1955Arne Eggen: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1956Walter Gieseking: German pianist / composer, dies at 60