Events on Oct 26

  • 1366Comet 55P / 1366 U1 (Tempel-Tuttle) approaches 0.0229 AUs of Earth
  • 1387Amsterdam buccaneer Herman of Kuinre sign peace
  • 1407Mobs attack Jewish community of Cracow
  • 1492Lead pencils 1st used
  • 1524Spanish troops give Milan to France
  • 1529Thomas More appointed English Lord Chancellor
  • 1534Charles V names Joris of Egmont, Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1662Charles II of England sold Dunkirk to France
  • 1674Prince Willem III occupies Grave
  • 1682William Penn accepts area around Delaware River from Duke of York
  • 1749Georgia Colony reverses itself and rules slavery is legal
  • 17741st Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia
  • 1774Minute Men organized in colonies
  • 1787"Federalist Papers" published, calls for ratification of Constitution
  • 1810US annexes western Florida
  • 1822King Willem I obligates inhabitants of Brussels to use Dutch language
  • 1825Erie Canal between Hudson River and Lake Erie opened
  • 1830Belgian rebels occupy Antwerp
  • 1858Hamilton Smith patents rotary washing machine
  • 1861Pony Express ends
  • 1863Football Association forms in England, standardizing soccer
  • 1863Soccer rules standardized; rugby starts as a separate game
  • 1863Worldwide Red Cross organized in Geneva
  • 1868White terrorists kill several blacks in St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana
  • 18691st American steeplechase horserace (Westchester, NY)
  • 1876President sends federal troops to South Carolina
  • 1881Gunfight at OK Corral, in Tombstone, Arizona
  • 1887Detroit (NL) beats St. Louis (AA) 10 games to 5 in World Series
  • 1896Abyssinia and Italy sign peace treaty
  • 1900After 4 years of work, 1st section of New York subway opens

Born on Oct 26

  • 1466Desiderius Erasmus: Holland, Netherlands -- Scholar / author (In Praise of Folly)
  • 1483Hans Buchner: Composer
  • 1645Aert de Gelder: Dutch painter (King David)
  • 1673Dimitrie Cantemir: Romanians historian / Monarch of Moldova (1710-11)
  • 1685Giuseppe Domenico Scarlatti: Composer
  • 1694Johan Helmich Roman: Finnish / Swedish composer / conductor / violinist
  • 1719Joaquin de Oxinaga: Composer
  • 1740Ernest Louis Muller: Composer
  • 1758Louis-Charles-Joseph Rey: Composer
  • 1759Georges Danton: France -- Revolutionary leader / Minister of Justice
  • 1789Joseph Mayseder: Composer
  • 1791Charles Sprague: Boston, Massachusetts -- Banker / poet (Curiosity)
  • 1795Nicolaos Mantzaros: Composer
  • 1800Helmuth K B von Moltke: Prussian General-Field Marshal
  • 1804Lorenzo Thomas: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1875
  • 1813Henry Thomas Smart: Composer
  • 1818Stefano Golinelli: Composer
  • 1823Karl Weinhold: German sociologist
  • 1824Arthur Middleton Manigault: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1830Polibo Fumagalli: Composer
  • 1830Stephen Elliott, Jr.: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1866
  • 1837James Lawlor Kiernan: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1869
  • 1843Vasili V Vereshchagin: Russian painter (War & Peace)
  • 1845Hendrick Waelput: Flemish composer / conductor (Forest, Stella)
  • 1854August T C Kiehl: Dutch actor (Pearl of Zaandam)
  • 1855Charles Post: Who had a way with breakfast cereals (Post Cereals)
  • 1859Arthur Friedheim: Composer
  • 1861Richard D Sears: Boston, Massachusetts -- Tennis champ (US Open 1881)
  • 1864Joseph Moorat: Composer
  • 1871Hermann Lohr: Composer

Died on Oct 26

  • 1132Floris the Black: Brother of Earl Dirk VI of Holland, murdered
  • 1440Gilles de Rais: French marshal, killer of 140 children, hanged
  • 1576Frederick II the Vrome: Ruler of Palts
  • 1607Philipp Nicolai: German Lutherian Theologist / Poet / composer, dies at 52
  • 1608Juan Pantoja de la Cruz: Spanish royal painter
  • 1640Pietro Tacca: Italian Sculptor / architect, dies at 63
  • 1661Johann B Schup [Schuppius]: German Poet / Historian / vicar
  • 1678John Jenkins: Composer
  • 1693Coenraad van Beuningen: Mayor of Amsterdam / diplomat, dies at 71
  • 1706Andreas Werkmeister: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1733Antonio Veracini: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1749Louis-Nicholas Clerambault: French Composer / organist, dies at 72
  • 1756Johann Theodor Romhild: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1823Josef Preindl: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1848Vissarion G Belinski: Russian literature critic
  • 1858Isac Baker Woodbury: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1867John Fawcett: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1868B F Randolph: SC state senator, assassinated
  • 1874Peter Cornelius: German composer, dies at 49
  • 1881Billy Clanton: Brother of Ike
  • 1890Collodi [Carlo Lorenzini]: Italian writer (Pinocchio)
  • 1903Herbert Stanley Oakeley: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1903Victorin de Joncieres: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1909Horiboemi Ito: Prince of Japan, assassinated by a Korean
  • 1929Arno Holz: Writer, dies at 66
  • 1935Akos Buttykai: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1936Bob Dellemijn: Lourdes-ganger / Franco-volunteer, dies in battle at 18
  • 1954Floris HL Prims: Flemish priest / Historian / archivist of Antwerp
  • 1955Arne Eggen: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1956Walter Gieseking: German pianist / composer, dies at 60

Historical events on October 27

  • 0625Honorius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1492Christopher Columbus discovers Cuba and claims it for Spain
  • 1523English troops occupy Montalidier France
  • 16442nd Battle at Newbury: King Charles I beats parliamentary armies
  • 1651English troops occupy Limerick Ireland
  • 1662England sells Duinkerken to France for 2.5 million livres
  • 1676Poland and Turkey sign Peace of Warsaw
  • 1688King James II fires Premier Robert Spencer
  • 1702English troops plunder St. Augustine Florida
  • 1787Federalist letters start appearing in New York newspapers
  • 1795Treaty of San Lorenzo, provides free navigation of Mississippi
  • 1810US annexes West Florida from Spain
  • 1858RH Macy and Co opens 1st store, (6th Ave-NYC) Gross receipts $1106
  • 1863Dutch railway to Harlingen opens
  • 1864Battle of Fair Oaks, Va near Richmont
  • 1864Battle of Newtonia, MI
  • 1864Confederate ship Albemarle torpedoed / sinks
  • 1864Siege of Petersburg, Virginia
  • 1867Garibaldi marches on Rome
  • 1871Boss Tweed (William Macy Tweed), Democratic leader of Tammany Hall, arrested after New York Times exposed his corruption
  • 1880Theodore Roosevelt marries Alice Hathaway Lee, on his 22nd birthday
  • 1884Architect Henry Hardenberghs Dakota-complex opens in New York City
  • 1886Musical fantasy "Night on Bald Mountain, " performed in Russia
  • 1893Hurricane hits coast between Savannah Georgia and Charleston, South Carolina
  • 18961st Pali Road completed in Hawaii (winds so strong streams flow UP!)
  • 1913President Wilson says US will never attack another country
  • 1914British battleship Audacious sunk by mine
  • 19161st published reference to "jazz" appears (Variety)
  • 1919Axeman of New Orleans claims last victim
  • 1919US Congress sign Volstead Act

Born on October 27

  • 1728James Cook: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Captain / explorer (discovered Sandwich Islands)
  • 1739Franz Ignaz Kaa: Composer
  • 1746Georg Anton Kreusser: Composer
  • 1760August W A Grave von Gneisenau: Prussian Field Marshal
  • 1762Gijsbert K van Hogendorp: Dutch count / Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1775Traugott Maximilian Eberwein: Composer
  • 1800Benjamin Franklin Wade: MC (Union), died in 1878
  • 1809Peter "Peerke" Donders: Dutch RC Missionary to Suriname
  • 1811Issac Merrit Singer: Inventor (1st practical home sewing machine)
  • 1817Antoni Katski: Composer
  • 1828Jacob Dolson Cox: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1900
  • 1829Christopher Columbus Andres: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1842Giovanni Giolitti: 5x Premier of Italy (1892..1921)
  • 1844Klas Arnoldson: Sweden -- Politician / pacifist (Nobel 1908)
  • 1873Henry Tate: Composer
  • 1876Jacqueline Royaards-Sandberg: Actress (Un Soir Un Train)
  • 1889Enid Bagnold: Novelist (Chalk Garden, 1956 Award of Merit)
  • 1892Graciliano Ramos: Brazilian author / Mayor of Palmeira
  • 1892Victor E van Vriesland: Dutch poet / critic (Mirror of Dutch poetry)
  • 1893Johan G Dancer: Dutch poet (Meetings)
  • 1894Antonius "Toon" Verhey: Violin cellist / conductor (Residence-orch)
  • 1894Fritz Sauckel: German Nazi General of Labor
  • 1895John Boles: Greenville, Texas -- Singer / actor (Babes in Baghdad)
  • 1896Edith Haisman: Titanic survivor
  • 1906Anton AM Struyken: Minister of justice / Governor Dutch Antilles
  • 1907Helmut Walcha: German Organist (church music)
  • 1907Moises F da Costa Gomez: Premier Dutch Antilles
  • 1910Fred de Cordova: Film / TV producer (Tonight Show)
  • 1910Jack Carson: Manitoba, Canada -- Actor (Star is Born, Mildred Pierce)
  • 1911Leif Erickson: California, United States -- Actor (Invaders from Mars, On the Waterfront)

Died on October 27

  • 0925Rhazes [Abu Bakr Mohammed ibn Zakarijja al-Razi]: Persian
  • 0939Aethelstan III: King of England
  • 1331Aboe al-Fida [Aboelfeda]: Arabic writer / Sultan of Hama
  • 1439Albrecht II von Habsburg: King of Bohemia / Hungary / Germany, dies at 42
  • 1449Ulugh Beg: A USSR astronomer, dies at 56
  • 1485Rudolph Agricola [Roelof Huysman]: Humanist / organist
  • 1505Ivan III de Great: Russian tsar (1462-1505)
  • 1542Abraham ben Avigdor: Rabbi / Author (commentary on Tur)
  • 1553Michael Servetus: Spanish physician, burns at stake for heresy
  • 1580John Bonga: Beggar
  • 1651Jan III van Foreest: Dutch lawyer / Poet / Mayor of Hoorn
  • 1652Henry: Count of Nassau-Siegen, Colonel / gov of Hulst
  • 1659Marmaduke Stevenson: Quaker in Boston, hanged
  • 1725Jacob Hop: Politician / diplomat, dies at 71
  • 1771Johann Gottlieb Graun: Composer
  • 1781Herman-Francois Delange: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1796Anton Thadaus Johann Nepomuk Stamitz: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1822Christian Frederich Gottlieb Schwencke: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1833Ferdinand Franzl: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1848Alexander Egorovich Varlamov: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1864Andreas Randel: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1925Wilhelm Gericke: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1933Julius Klengel: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1933Meir Shapira: Rabbi / organizer (Daf Yomi)
  • 1938Lascelles Abercrombie: English Poet / critic, dies at 57
  • 1940Fini Valdemar Henriques: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1943Bela Reinitz: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1944Iman J Van de Bosch: Belgian resistance fighter
  • 1953Zdzislaw Jachimecki: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1955Clark Griffith: Baseball player / manager (New York Yankees), dies at 85