Events on Oct 27

  • 0625Honorius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1492Christopher Columbus discovers Cuba and claims it for Spain
  • 1523English troops occupy Montalidier France
  • 16442nd Battle at Newbury: King Charles I beats parliamentary armies
  • 1651English troops occupy Limerick Ireland
  • 1662England sells Duinkerken to France for 2.5 million livres
  • 1676Poland and Turkey sign Peace of Warsaw
  • 1688King James II fires Premier Robert Spencer
  • 1702English troops plunder St. Augustine Florida
  • 1787Federalist letters start appearing in New York newspapers
  • 1795Treaty of San Lorenzo, provides free navigation of Mississippi
  • 1810US annexes West Florida from Spain
  • 1858RH Macy and Co opens 1st store, (6th Ave-NYC) Gross receipts $1106
  • 1863Dutch railway to Harlingen opens
  • 1864Battle of Fair Oaks, Va near Richmont
  • 1864Battle of Newtonia, MI
  • 1864Confederate ship Albemarle torpedoed / sinks
  • 1864Siege of Petersburg, Virginia
  • 1867Garibaldi marches on Rome
  • 1871Boss Tweed (William Macy Tweed), Democratic leader of Tammany Hall, arrested after New York Times exposed his corruption
  • 1880Theodore Roosevelt marries Alice Hathaway Lee, on his 22nd birthday
  • 1884Architect Henry Hardenberghs Dakota-complex opens in New York City
  • 1886Musical fantasy "Night on Bald Mountain, " performed in Russia
  • 1893Hurricane hits coast between Savannah Georgia and Charleston, South Carolina
  • 18961st Pali Road completed in Hawaii (winds so strong streams flow UP!)
  • 1913President Wilson says US will never attack another country
  • 1914British battleship Audacious sunk by mine
  • 19161st published reference to "jazz" appears (Variety)
  • 1919Axeman of New Orleans claims last victim
  • 1919US Congress sign Volstead Act

Born on Oct 27

  • 1728James Cook: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Captain / explorer (discovered Sandwich Islands)
  • 1739Franz Ignaz Kaa: Composer
  • 1746Georg Anton Kreusser: Composer
  • 1760August W A Grave von Gneisenau: Prussian Field Marshal
  • 1762Gijsbert K van Hogendorp: Dutch count / Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1775Traugott Maximilian Eberwein: Composer
  • 1800Benjamin Franklin Wade: MC (Union), died in 1878
  • 1809Peter "Peerke" Donders: Dutch RC Missionary to Suriname
  • 1811Issac Merrit Singer: Inventor (1st practical home sewing machine)
  • 1817Antoni Katski: Composer
  • 1828Jacob Dolson Cox: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1900
  • 1829Christopher Columbus Andres: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1842Giovanni Giolitti: 5x Premier of Italy (1892..1921)
  • 1844Klas Arnoldson: Sweden -- Politician / pacifist (Nobel 1908)
  • 1873Henry Tate: Composer
  • 1876Jacqueline Royaards-Sandberg: Actress (Un Soir Un Train)
  • 1889Enid Bagnold: Novelist (Chalk Garden, 1956 Award of Merit)
  • 1892Graciliano Ramos: Brazilian author / Mayor of Palmeira
  • 1892Victor E van Vriesland: Dutch poet / critic (Mirror of Dutch poetry)
  • 1893Johan G Dancer: Dutch poet (Meetings)
  • 1894Antonius "Toon" Verhey: Violin cellist / conductor (Residence-orch)
  • 1894Fritz Sauckel: German Nazi General of Labor
  • 1895John Boles: Greenville, Texas -- Singer / actor (Babes in Baghdad)
  • 1896Edith Haisman: Titanic survivor
  • 1906Anton AM Struyken: Minister of justice / Governor Dutch Antilles
  • 1907Helmut Walcha: German Organist (church music)
  • 1907Moises F da Costa Gomez: Premier Dutch Antilles
  • 1910Fred de Cordova: Film / TV producer (Tonight Show)
  • 1910Jack Carson: Manitoba, Canada -- Actor (Star is Born, Mildred Pierce)
  • 1911Leif Erickson: California, United States -- Actor (Invaders from Mars, On the Waterfront)

Died on Oct 27

  • 0925Rhazes [Abu Bakr Mohammed ibn Zakarijja al-Razi]: Persian
  • 0939Aethelstan III: King of England
  • 1331Aboe al-Fida [Aboelfeda]: Arabic writer / Sultan of Hama
  • 1439Albrecht II von Habsburg: King of Bohemia / Hungary / Germany, dies at 42
  • 1449Ulugh Beg: A USSR astronomer, dies at 56
  • 1485Rudolph Agricola [Roelof Huysman]: Humanist / organist
  • 1505Ivan III de Great: Russian tsar (1462-1505)
  • 1542Abraham ben Avigdor: Rabbi / Author (commentary on Tur)
  • 1553Michael Servetus: Spanish physician, burns at stake for heresy
  • 1580John Bonga: Beggar
  • 1651Jan III van Foreest: Dutch lawyer / Poet / Mayor of Hoorn
  • 1652Henry: Count of Nassau-Siegen, Colonel / gov of Hulst
  • 1659Marmaduke Stevenson: Quaker in Boston, hanged
  • 1725Jacob Hop: Politician / diplomat, dies at 71
  • 1771Johann Gottlieb Graun: Composer
  • 1781Herman-Francois Delange: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1796Anton Thadaus Johann Nepomuk Stamitz: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1822Christian Frederich Gottlieb Schwencke: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1833Ferdinand Franzl: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1848Alexander Egorovich Varlamov: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1864Andreas Randel: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1925Wilhelm Gericke: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1933Julius Klengel: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1933Meir Shapira: Rabbi / organizer (Daf Yomi)
  • 1938Lascelles Abercrombie: English Poet / critic, dies at 57
  • 1940Fini Valdemar Henriques: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1943Bela Reinitz: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1944Iman J Van de Bosch: Belgian resistance fighter
  • 1953Zdzislaw Jachimecki: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1955Clark Griffith: Baseball player / manager (New York Yankees), dies at 85

Historical events on October 28

  • 0306Mark Aurelius Valerius Maxentius proclaimed Emperor of Rome
  • 0312Emperor Constantine the Great beats rival Maxentius
  • 0969Byzantines troops occupy Antioch Syria
  • 1061Emperor disposes of Bishop Cadalus and Pope Honorius II
  • 1467Battle at Brustem: Charles the Stoute beats the Luikenaars
  • 1574Prince Willem van Orange installs university
  • 1610Thomas West baron De La Mar appointed as 1st gov of Virginia colony
  • 1612Robert Dowland appointed court luitist of King James I
  • 1628Hugenot bulwark La Rochelle surrenders to Cardinal Richelieu
  • 1636Harvard University (Cambridge, Massachusetts) founded
  • 16461st Protestant church assembly for indians (Massachusetts)
  • 1746Peruvian cities of Lima and Callao demolished by earthquake, 18,000 die
  • 1776Battle of White Plains; Washington retreats to New Jersey
  • 1790New York gives up claims to Vermont for $30,000
  • 1793Eli Whitney applies for a patent on cotton gin
  • 1846Pioneers suffer blizzard in Sierra Nevada; 42 die
  • 1863Battle at Wauhatchie Georgia: 865 killed or injured
  • 1864Battle at Fair Oaks, Virginia, ends after 1554 casualties
  • 1864Battle of Wauhatchie, Tennessee
  • 1867Maimonides College in Penns is 1st Jewish college in the US
  • 1882Athletics reveal $22,000 profit in their 1st season in the American Association
  • 1886Statue of Liberty dedicated by President Grover Cleveland, it is celebrated by 1st confetti (ticker tape) parade in New York City
  • 1890Last NL-AA World Series game Brooklyn ties Louisville 3 games and 1 tie
  • 1891Quake strikes Mino-Owari, Japan kills 7,300
  • 1900After over 5 months 2nd Olympic games in Paris France, close
  • 1904St. Louis police try a new investigation method-fingerprints
  • 1906Belgian-British "Union Minstry of Haut-Katanga" begins
  • 1911Bill Dobbie of Calgary Tigers kicks 10 singles in a game
  • 1914German battle cruiser Goeben enters Black Sea
  • 1914Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, founded at Howard University, incorporates

Born on October 28

  • 1017Henry III: Roman Catholic German Emperor (1046-56)
  • 1510Francisco Borgia: Great grandson of Pope Alexander VI / theologist / Saint
  • 1585Cornelius Otto Jansen: France -- Roman Catholic reform leader
  • 1689Michel Mathieu: Composer
  • 1733Ignaz Franz von Beecke: Composer
  • 1793Eliphalet Remington: US gun maker
  • 1795Leonardus A Lightenvelt: Minister of RC Worship (1848 . .53)
  • 1798Henri-Jerome Bertini: Composer
  • 1801Karl Georg Lickl: Composer
  • 1804Pierre F Verhulst: Belgium -- Mathematician (logistic curve)
  • 1805John Thomson: Composer
  • 1810Adley Hogan Gladden: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1834Dudley McIver DuBose: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1883
  • 1842Anna Elizabeth Dickinson: Orator (Joan of Arc of the Civil War)
  • 1842Charles Boissevain: Editor Dutch Algemeen Handelsblad (1885-1908)
  • 1846Auguste Escoffier: King of Chefs and Chef of Kings
  • 1855Ivan V Mitshurin: Russian Botanist (new types of fruit)
  • 1856Franz Xavier Arens: Composer
  • 1876Albert E Michotte van den Berck: Belgian psychologist
  • 1879Conrado del Campo y Zabaleta: Composer
  • 1884Miloje Milojevic: Composer
  • 1885V Chlebnikov: Writer
  • 1886Grigory K Ordzhonikidze [Sergo]: Russian revolutionary politician
  • 1890Andres Isasi: Composer
  • 1892Eduard J Dijksterhuis: Dutch mathematician / historian (Fall & Throw)
  • 1892Ludwig Strauss: German / Israeli writer (Night Watch)
  • 1893Christopher K Ingold: English chemist
  • 1893Otto E Huiswoud [Frank Billings]: Editor-in-chief (Negro Worker)
  • 1896Howard Hanson: Wahoo, Nebraska -- Composer / conductor (Nordic)
  • 1897Hans Speidel: Nazi Chief of Staff / NATO - Supreme Commander

Died on October 28

  • 1138Boleslaw III Kryzwousty [scheefmond]: Duke of Poland
  • 1520Great Worm: Fries Boer / rebel leader
  • 1627Djehangir / Jahangir: Great mogol of India
  • 1637Foppe van Aitzema: Diplomat, dies at about 57
  • 1703John Wallis: English Mathematician / cryptographer (wig of W)
  • 1704John Locke: English philosopher (2 treatises of govt), dies at 72
  • 1755Joseph Bodin de Boismortier: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1768Michel Blavet: French court flautist / composer, dies at 68
  • 1779Raphael Weiss: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1818Abigail Adams: 2nd first lady (1797-1801), dies at 73
  • 1852Gerhard M Roentgen: Founder Fijenoord dockyard, dies at 57
  • 1854James P Carrell: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1875William Howard Glover: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1877Johann Herbeck: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1897Hercules Robinson: South African Commissioner (1880-89, 1895-97), dies at 72
  • 1899C Grant B Allen: Canada -- British writer (Woman Who Did)
  • 1905Alphonse Allais: French humorist / writer (Le chat noir)
  • 1914Richard Heuberger: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1922Hugo Verriest: Flemish writer / Poet (Flemish Motion)
  • 1927Eaton Faning: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1929Hermann Ungar: Writer, dies at 36
  • 1936E G Winkler: Writer
  • 1939Alice Brady: Actress (My Man Godfrey, Gay Divorcee), dies at 46
  • 1959Egon Kornauth: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1962Pierre Froidebise: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1963Mart Saar: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1964Reginald Horace Blyth: Zen teacher / scholar, dies in Japan at 66
  • 1965Ben Barka: Moroccan opposition leader, kidnapped and murdered in Paris
  • 1968Henricus WJM Keuls: Lawyer / poet, dies at 85
  • 1969Constance Dowling: Actress (Blind Spot), dies of cardiac arrest at 49