Events on Oct 30

  • 0701John VI of Greece begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0942Alberic nominates Pope Marinus II (Martinus III)
  • 1077German King Henry IV gives away bisdom Utrecht county Staveren
  • 12708th and last crusade is launched
  • 1389French King Charles VI visits Pope Clemens VII
  • 1468Charles the Stout occupies and plunders Luik
  • 1485King Henry VII Tudor crowned "Yeomen of the Guard"
  • 1489Peace of Tours, between Emperor Maximilian I and Flemings
  • 1503Queen Isabella of Spain bans violence against indians
  • 1534English Parliament passes Act of Supremacy, making King Henry VIII head of the English church - a role formerly held by the Pope
  • 1611Gustaaf II Adolf (17) becomes King of Sweden
  • 1629King Charles I gives Bahamas to Sir Robert Heath
  • 1697Germany signs French / English / Spanish / Netherlands / Brandenburgs peace treaty ending 9 year War
  • 17681st Methodist church in US initiated (Wesley Chapel, NYC)
  • 1772Captain Cook arrives with ship Resolution in Cape Town
  • 17751st navy in US forms
  • 1851Alfred de Mussets "Bettine, " premieres in Paris
  • 1862Dr Richard Gatling patents machine gun
  • 1866Jesse James gang robs bank in Lexington Missouri ($2000)
  • 1868John Menard of Louisiana is 1st black elected to Congress
  • 1871Philadelphia Athletics beat Chicago for 1st National Association baseball pennant
  • 1883Austria-Hungary / Germany / Romania signs military treaty
  • 1886Great-Britain / Germany divide boundaries in East-Africa
  • 1888In London, Jack the Ripper murders his last victim
  • 1888John J Loud patents ballpoint pen
  • 1893Senate approves repealing Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890
  • 1894Daniel Cooper patents time clock
  • 1896Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah becomes 1st female senator
  • 1899Battle at Ladysmith Natal: Boers beat Lieutenant General Whites army
  • 1899British Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill reaches Cape Town

Born on Oct 30

  • 1391Eduard [Dom Duarte]: King of Portugal (1433-38) / author
  • 1576Enrico C Davila: Padua, Italy -- Writer (Storia delguerre civili Francia)
  • 1620Michael de Ronghe: Composer
  • 1632Richard Brinsley Sheridan: Playwright (School for Scandal) (or 1751)
  • 1712Christian Wilhelm Ernst Dietrich: German painter
  • 1735Edward Miller: Composer
  • 1741Angelica Kauffmann: Switzerland -- Painter
  • 1787Karl Guhr: Composer
  • 1790Karol Joseph Lipinski: Composer
  • 1790Rinse Posthumus: Frisian writer
  • 1807James Samuel Wadsworth: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1817Hermann Kopp: German chemist (Jahresbericht of Chemistry)
  • 1821Cenobio Paniagua y Vasques: Composer
  • 1829Roscoe Conkling: MC (Union), died in 1888
  • 1830John Stevens Bowen: Major General (Confederate Army) died in 1863
  • 1839Alfred Sisley: French impressionist painter
  • 1840Carlotta Patti: Italian soprano
  • 1840William G Sumner: US sociologist / political analyst
  • 1843A G Henri Regnault: French water colors painter
  • 1845Gustav Weber: Composer
  • 1848Zinovi P Rozhestvensky: Russian Vice-Admiral
  • 1849Johan Willem: Son of Dutch Princess Marianne and coachman
  • 1857John H Aberson: 1st chancellor (Dutch Agricultural University)
  • 1864Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge: Composer
  • 1869Lawrence Grant: Bournemouth, England -- Actor (Bulldog Drummond)
  • 1873Francisco Madero: Mexico -- Revolutionary, President (1911-13)
  • 1879Eily Malyon: London, England -- Actress (Jane Eyre, I Married a Witch, Devotion)
  • 1880Abram F Joffe: Russian physicist (crystal)
  • 1881Lena Christ: Writer
  • 1882William "Bull" F Halsey: US Vice-Admiral (WWII Pacific)

Died on Oct 30

  • 1459Gianfrancesco Poggio Bracciolini: Chancellor of Florence
  • 1583Pirro Ligorio: Italian Architect / Painter / archaeologist, dies at 83
  • 1611Karl IX: King of Sweden (1604-11)
  • 1626Willebord van Roijen: Dutch mathematician, dies at 35
  • 1626Willebrord Snellius: Astronomer / mathematician, dies at about 46
  • 1632Henri de Montmorency: French duke / plotter, beheaded
  • 1661Alexander Adriaenssen: Flemish painter, dies at 74
  • 1667Johann Jakob Wolleb: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1690Hieronymus van Beverningk: Duitch General, dies at 76
  • 1757Osman III: Sultan of Turkey (1754-57)
  • 1785Gustaf P Creutz: Swedish diplomat / Poet (Daphne), dies at 54
  • 1787Ferdinando Galiani: Italian economist / philosopher / diplomat, dies at 58
  • 1833Pieter G Witsen Geysbeek: Historian / literary, dies at 58
  • 1853Pietro Raimondi: Italian Composer (Potifar, Giacobbe), dies at 66
  • 1862Ormsby Mcknight Mitchel: US astronomer / Union General Major, dies at 53
  • 1883Johann Vesque von Puttlingen: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1885Gustav Adolf Merkel: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1893John Abbott: Prime Minister of Canada (C) (1891-92), dies at 72
  • 1896Charles Tupper: Prime Minister of Canada (C) (1896)
  • 1901Opperman: South African Boer General (Spy), killed in battle
  • 1910J Henri Dunant: Swiss writer / founder (Red Cross, YMCA)
  • 1912Jan Karol Gali: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1914Ernst Stadler: Writer, dies at 31
  • 1916Silas Gamaliel Pratt: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1923Andrew Bonar Law: English Prime Minister (C), dies at 64
  • 1928Oscar George Theodore Sonneck: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1932Paul S Methuen: English Baron / Field Marshal / gov of Natal, dies at 87
  • 1944Paul Emile Ladmirault: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1958Rose Macaulay: Writer, dies at 77
  • 1959Blonde Dolly [Sybille A J Niemans]: Society prostitute, dies at 33

Historical events on October 31

  • 0802Empress Irene of Byzantium driven out
  • 08341st All Hallows Eve (Halloween) observed to honor the saints
  • 1517Luther posts 95 theses on Wittenberg church-Protestant Reformation
  • 1552Emperor Karel and Markgraaf Albecht strike siege for Metz
  • 1596English / French / Dutch delegates sign anti-Spanish "Drievoudig Covenant"
  • 1617Laurens Reael resigns as Governor-General of East-Indies
  • 1714Georg Ludwig van Hannover crowned as English King George I
  • 1759Earthquake in Safed Palestine kills hundred
  • 1793Execution of Girondins at Paris, during Reign of Terror
  • 1794John Dalton 1st lecture to Manchester Literary / Philosophical Society
  • 1808Holland Brigade battle at Durango, Spain
  • 1837Collision of river boat Monmouth and Trement on Miss; 300 die
  • 1846Donner party, unable to cross the Donner Pass, construct a winter camp
  • 1864Nevada admitted as 36th state
  • 1868Standard uniform approved for postal carriers
  • 1871Founding of the Netherlands Protestant Union in Dokkum
  • 1876Cyclone hits Bengal, about 200,000 die
  • 1881Metropolitan club plays its last game of its non-league season They win 80 of 151 games (18-43 versus NL teams)
  • 1888John Boyd Dunlop patents pneumatic bicycle tire
  • 1900AL President Ban Johnson writes to NL President Nick Young seeking peace
  • 1905Great revolutionary demonstration for amnesty in St. Petersburg
  • 19084th Olympic games ends in London
  • 1914Great Britain and France declare war on Turkey
  • 1918Spanish flu-virus kills 21,000 in US in 1 week
  • 1920Romania annexes Bessarabia
  • 1921Federation Sportive Feminine International forms (1st Woman Track & Field Association)
  • 1922Benito Mussolini (Il Duce) becomes Premier of Italy
  • 1925Cossack officer Reza Chan replaces Sultan Ahmad Shah in Persia
  • 1932Greek government of Venizelos falls
  • 1937Spanish government moves from Valencia to Barcelona

Born on October 31

  • 1291Philippe de Vitry: French composer / poet
  • 1345Ferdinand I [the wise one]: King of Portugal (built navy)
  • 1424Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk: King of Poland / Hungary
  • 1541Hendrik van Kinschot: Dutch lawyer
  • 1620John Evelyn: British diarist (Life of Mrs Godolphin)
  • 1632Jan Vermeer: Holland, Netherlands -- Painter (Procuress, astronomer)
  • 1638Meindert Hobbema: Amsterdams landscape painter, baptised
  • 1705Clemens XIV [Giovanni Ganganelli]: Pope (1769-74)
  • 1740William Paca: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1750Leonor de Almeida Marquesa de Alorna: Portuguese poet
  • 1755Jean Louis van Aelbroeck: Flemish agronomist
  • 1757Ignaz Spangler: Composer
  • 1761Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck: Dutch patriot / Earl / Grand Pensionary
  • 1785George F Kersting: German painter
  • 1791Ferdinand Huber: Composer
  • 1795John Keats: London, England -- Romantic poet (Ode to a Grecian Urn)
  • 1815Karl Weierstrass: Germany -- Mathematician (theory of functions)
  • 1825Raleigh Edward Colston: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896
  • 1826Hugh Boyle Ewing: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
  • 1831Daniel Butterfield: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1901
  • 1835Adelbert Ames: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1933
  • 1835J F W Adolf Ritter von Baeyer: German chemist (Nobel 1905)
  • 1847Galileo Ferraris: Italian physicist (2-fasenmotor)
  • 1852Mary E W Freeman: US writer (Revolt of Mother)
  • 1854Georg A Erman: German Egyptologist (Grammar of Ancient Egypt)
  • 1860Juliette Gordon Low: Activist / founder (Girl Scouts of America)
  • 1875Seerp Anema: Poet / writer (Dutch Coasts)
  • 1876Eduard van Oort: Zoologist (Ornithology of the Netherlands)
  • 1887Chiang Kai-shek: Chekiang Province, China -- President of Nationalist China
  • 1887Edouard Lalonde: Canada -- NHL (Montreal Canadiens) / lacrosse player

Died on October 31

  • 1448Johannes VIII Palaeologus: Emperor of Byzantine
  • 1556John Sleidanus: German humanist / Historian (Commentary), dies at 50
  • 1634Erasmus Widmann: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1641Cornelis C Jol [Houtebeen]: Adm (South-America), dies at about 41
  • 1654Francisco Correa de Arauxo: Composer
  • 1664Willem Frederik of Nassau-Dietz: Viceroy of Friesland, dies at 51
  • 1744Leonardo Ortensio Salvatore de Leo: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1765Duke of Cumberland: English politician / uncle of George III
  • 1768Francesco Maria Veracini: Italian opera composer, dies at 78
  • 1793Pierre V Vergniaud: French politician / police leader, guillotined at 40
  • 1806Sophie Mereau: Writer, dies at 36
  • 1815Daniel Belknap: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1851Peter II Petrovic Njegos: Bishop of Montenegro (1830-51), dies at 37
  • 1860Johan Nathan: Murderer, hanged
  • 1863Louis Ludwig Blenker: German / US Brigadier General (Union), dies at 51
  • 1865William Parson: 3rd Earl of Rosse and maker of large telescopes
  • 1870Mihaly Mosonyi: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1879Big Snake: Brother of Ponca chief Standing Bear
  • 1887George Alexander Macfarren: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1895Franz Hedrich: Austria writer, dies at about 62
  • 1902Jean-Baptist Colyns: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1918Egon Schiele: Austria Painter / graphic artist, dies at 28
  • 1918Stephen Tisza: Hungarian Prime Minister (-1917), assassinated by soldiers
  • 1925Max Linder: Actor (Man in the Silk Hat), dies at 41
  • 1926Harry Houdini [Erich Weisz]: US magician, dies in Detroit
  • 1939Otto Rank [Rosenfeld]: Austria psychoanalyst (Trauma of Geburt)
  • 1941Herwarth Walden: Writer, dies at 63
  • 1943Max Reinhardt: Austrian stage manager (Turandot)
  • 1945Henry Ainley: Actor (As You Like It), dies at 66
  • 1948Cissy van Marxfield [Setske Beek-de Han]: Writer