Events on Oct 31

  • 0802Empress Irene of Byzantium driven out
  • 08341st All Hallows Eve (Halloween) observed to honor the saints
  • 1517Luther posts 95 theses on Wittenberg church-Protestant Reformation
  • 1552Emperor Karel and Markgraaf Albecht strike siege for Metz
  • 1596English / French / Dutch delegates sign anti-Spanish "Drievoudig Covenant"
  • 1617Laurens Reael resigns as Governor-General of East-Indies
  • 1714Georg Ludwig van Hannover crowned as English King George I
  • 1759Earthquake in Safed Palestine kills hundred
  • 1793Execution of Girondins at Paris, during Reign of Terror
  • 1794John Dalton 1st lecture to Manchester Literary / Philosophical Society
  • 1808Holland Brigade battle at Durango, Spain
  • 1837Collision of river boat Monmouth and Trement on Miss; 300 die
  • 1846Donner party, unable to cross the Donner Pass, construct a winter camp
  • 1864Nevada admitted as 36th state
  • 1868Standard uniform approved for postal carriers
  • 1871Founding of the Netherlands Protestant Union in Dokkum
  • 1876Cyclone hits Bengal, about 200,000 die
  • 1881Metropolitan club plays its last game of its non-league season They win 80 of 151 games (18-43 versus NL teams)
  • 1888John Boyd Dunlop patents pneumatic bicycle tire
  • 1900AL President Ban Johnson writes to NL President Nick Young seeking peace
  • 1905Great revolutionary demonstration for amnesty in St. Petersburg
  • 19084th Olympic games ends in London
  • 1914Great Britain and France declare war on Turkey
  • 1918Spanish flu-virus kills 21,000 in US in 1 week
  • 1920Romania annexes Bessarabia
  • 1921Federation Sportive Feminine International forms (1st Woman Track & Field Association)
  • 1922Benito Mussolini (Il Duce) becomes Premier of Italy
  • 1925Cossack officer Reza Chan replaces Sultan Ahmad Shah in Persia
  • 1932Greek government of Venizelos falls
  • 1937Spanish government moves from Valencia to Barcelona

Born on Oct 31

  • 1291Philippe de Vitry: French composer / poet
  • 1345Ferdinand I [the wise one]: King of Portugal (built navy)
  • 1424Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk: King of Poland / Hungary
  • 1541Hendrik van Kinschot: Dutch lawyer
  • 1620John Evelyn: British diarist (Life of Mrs Godolphin)
  • 1632Jan Vermeer: Holland, Netherlands -- Painter (Procuress, astronomer)
  • 1638Meindert Hobbema: Amsterdams landscape painter, baptised
  • 1705Clemens XIV [Giovanni Ganganelli]: Pope (1769-74)
  • 1740William Paca: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1750Leonor de Almeida Marquesa de Alorna: Portuguese poet
  • 1755Jean Louis van Aelbroeck: Flemish agronomist
  • 1757Ignaz Spangler: Composer
  • 1761Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck: Dutch patriot / Earl / Grand Pensionary
  • 1785George F Kersting: German painter
  • 1791Ferdinand Huber: Composer
  • 1795John Keats: London, England -- Romantic poet (Ode to a Grecian Urn)
  • 1815Karl Weierstrass: Germany -- Mathematician (theory of functions)
  • 1825Raleigh Edward Colston: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896
  • 1826Hugh Boyle Ewing: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
  • 1831Daniel Butterfield: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1901
  • 1835Adelbert Ames: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1933
  • 1835J F W Adolf Ritter von Baeyer: German chemist (Nobel 1905)
  • 1847Galileo Ferraris: Italian physicist (2-fasenmotor)
  • 1852Mary E W Freeman: US writer (Revolt of Mother)
  • 1854Georg A Erman: German Egyptologist (Grammar of Ancient Egypt)
  • 1860Juliette Gordon Low: Activist / founder (Girl Scouts of America)
  • 1875Seerp Anema: Poet / writer (Dutch Coasts)
  • 1876Eduard van Oort: Zoologist (Ornithology of the Netherlands)
  • 1887Chiang Kai-shek: Chekiang Province, China -- President of Nationalist China
  • 1887Edouard Lalonde: Canada -- NHL (Montreal Canadiens) / lacrosse player

Died on Oct 31

  • 1448Johannes VIII Palaeologus: Emperor of Byzantine
  • 1556John Sleidanus: German humanist / Historian (Commentary), dies at 50
  • 1634Erasmus Widmann: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1641Cornelis C Jol [Houtebeen]: Adm (South-America), dies at about 41
  • 1654Francisco Correa de Arauxo: Composer
  • 1664Willem Frederik of Nassau-Dietz: Viceroy of Friesland, dies at 51
  • 1744Leonardo Ortensio Salvatore de Leo: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1765Duke of Cumberland: English politician / uncle of George III
  • 1768Francesco Maria Veracini: Italian opera composer, dies at 78
  • 1793Pierre V Vergniaud: French politician / police leader, guillotined at 40
  • 1806Sophie Mereau: Writer, dies at 36
  • 1815Daniel Belknap: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1851Peter II Petrovic Njegos: Bishop of Montenegro (1830-51), dies at 37
  • 1860Johan Nathan: Murderer, hanged
  • 1863Louis Ludwig Blenker: German / US Brigadier General (Union), dies at 51
  • 1865William Parson: 3rd Earl of Rosse and maker of large telescopes
  • 1870Mihaly Mosonyi: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1879Big Snake: Brother of Ponca chief Standing Bear
  • 1887George Alexander Macfarren: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1895Franz Hedrich: Austria writer, dies at about 62
  • 1902Jean-Baptist Colyns: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1918Egon Schiele: Austria Painter / graphic artist, dies at 28
  • 1918Stephen Tisza: Hungarian Prime Minister (-1917), assassinated by soldiers
  • 1925Max Linder: Actor (Man in the Silk Hat), dies at 41
  • 1926Harry Houdini [Erich Weisz]: US magician, dies in Detroit
  • 1939Otto Rank [Rosenfeld]: Austria psychoanalyst (Trauma of Geburt)
  • 1941Herwarth Walden: Writer, dies at 63
  • 1943Max Reinhardt: Austrian stage manager (Turandot)
  • 1945Henry Ainley: Actor (As You Like It), dies at 66
  • 1948Cissy van Marxfield [Setske Beek-de Han]: Writer

Historical events on November 1

  • 0079Pompei buried by Mt Vesuvius
  • 09961st use of name "Austria" for Ostarrichi / in oorkonde
  • 1210King John of England begins imprisoning Jews
  • 1248Earl Willem II of Holland crowned as RC German Emperor
  • 1349Duke of Brabant orders execution of all Jews in Brussels, accusing them of poisoning the wells
  • 1462Archduke Albrecht VI van Habsburg occupies Vienna
  • 1570Netherlands hit by flood disaster, 1,000s killed
  • 1623Fire at Plymouth, Massachusetts destroys several buildings
  • 1628French King Louis XIII occupies La Rochelle
  • 1671French King Louis XIV and RC German Emperor Leopold I sign secret anti-Dutch treaty
  • 1721Prince Eugenius of Savoye unveals statue of himself
  • 1755Lisbon earthquake kills more than 50,000
  • 1765Stamp Act goes into effect in British colonies
  • 1776Mission San Juan Capistrano founded in California
  • 1784Maryland grants citizenship to Lafayette and his descendents
  • 17871st free school in NYC (African Free School) opens
  • 18001st President to live in White House (John Adams)
  • 18341st published reference to poker (as Mississippi riverboat game)
  • 1849Dutch government of Thorbecke forms
  • 1861Gen George B McClellan made general in chief of Union armies
  • 1863Fortifications built on Angel Island (SF Bay) by troops
  • 1865Zutphen-Fishing Dutch railway opens
  • 18661st Civil Rights Bill passes
  • 1867"Harpers Bazaar" publishes
  • 1869Deli Me forms T B V tobacco in Sumatra
  • 1870US Weather Bureau begins operations (24 locations)
  • 1876King Willem III opens North Sea Canal (Amsterdam-IJmuiden)
  • 1877Dutch government of Heemskerk-Van Lynden resigns
  • 1878Edward Scripps and John Sweeney found Penny Press (Cleveland Press)
  • 1885Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Immortale Dei

Born on November 1

  • 0846Louis II [the Stutterer]: King of France (877-79)
  • 1500Benvenuto Cellini: Sculptor / goldsmith / author (Perseus)
  • 1618Johannes Flittner: Composer
  • 1666James Sherard: Composer
  • 1731Theodore-Jean Tarade: Composer
  • 1748Christoph Rheineck: Composer
  • 1757Antonio Canova: Italian sculptor
  • 1761Antonin Josef Alois Volanek: Composer
  • 1762Spencer Perceval: (Tory), British Prime Minister (1809-12)
  • 1782Viscount Goderich: (Tory), British Prime Minister (1827-28)
  • 1798Benjamin Lee: Baronet Guinness, United Kingdom -- Irish brewer / Dublin Mayor
  • 1805Alessandro Nini: Composer
  • 1815Crawford Williamson Long: Surgeon / pioneer (use of ether)
  • 1815Douglas Hancock Cooper: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1879
  • 1825Joseph Benjamin Palmer: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1890
  • 1832Johann Gottfred Matthison-Hansen: Composer
  • 1835Godfrey Weitzel: (Union volunteers Major General, died in 1884)
  • 1853Jose Santos Zelaya: (L), ruler of Nicaragua (1893-1910)
  • 1855Guido Adler: Austria -- Musicologist (Still in the Music)
  • 1859Charles Brantley Aycock: (Gov-North Carolina)
  • 1859William Henry Grattan Flood: Composer
  • 1862Johan Wagenaar: Dutch composer / conductor / Organist (Cyrano)
  • 1863Alfred Reisenauer: Composer
  • 1871Alexander Afanasii Spendiaryan: Composer
  • 1871Stephen Crane: United States -- Novelist / poet (Red Badge of Courage)
  • 1877Roger Quilter: British composer
  • 1878Carlos Saavedra Lamas: Argentina -- Jurist (Nobel Peace Prize 1936)
  • 1879Pal Teleki-von Szek: Geographer / Premier Hungary (1920-21, 39-41)
  • 1880Alfred L Wegener: German meteorologist (continental shift)
  • 1880Grantland Rice: Sportswriter (NY Her Trib 1914-30, Colliers 1925-37)

Died on November 1

  • 1546Giulio Romano: Italian Painter / Architect (Ondergang der Titanen)
  • 1672Heinrich Schutz: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1700Carlos II: King of Spain (1665-1700), dies at 39
  • 1711Christian Demelius: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1750Gustaaf W van Imhoff: Dutch Governor of Ceylon (1736-40), dies at 45
  • 1768Pierre van Maldere: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1788Johann Samuel Schroeter: Composer
  • 1810Georg Anton Kreusser: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1817Giovanni Calisto Andrea Zanotti: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1825Rodrigo Ferreira da Costa: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1841Antoine PFGdV Celles: Belgium / Dutch / French MP
  • 1844August Ferdinand Haeser: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1881Jacques F H Perk: Dutch Poet (Iris), dies at 22
  • 1891John A Neuhuys: Painter, dies at 59
  • 1894Aleksandr III A Romanov: Czar of Russia (1881-94), dies at 49
  • 1895Aleksander Zarzycki: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1903[Christian M] Theodor Mommsen: German Historian (Nobel 1902)
  • 1907Alfred Jarry: Writer, dies at 33
  • 1914Christopher "Kit" Cradock: English Admiral, dies in battle
  • 1926Louis H Chrispijn: Dutch actor / director (Krates), dies at 72
  • 1927Florence Mills: Dancer / singer, dies in New York City at 32
  • 1941Camille Melloy [the Paepe]: Belgian priest / Poet (Requiem), dies at 50
  • 1942Hugo Distler: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1950Griselio Torresola: Attempted to assassinate President Truman, shot dead
  • 1955W H van Eemlandt [Haasse]: Author (Treasure Hunter of Amstel)
  • 1956Lajos Asztalos: International Chess Master (1950), dies at 67
  • 1959Gershon Agron: Mayor of Jerusalem, dies at 66
  • 1961Alexander Cohen: Dutch anarchist / author, dies at 97
  • 1961Joan McCracken: Actress (Claudie The Story of a Marriage), dies at 38
  • 1962Winter Haynes Watts: Composer, dies at 78