Events on Nov 7

  • 06803rd Council of Constantinople (6th ecumenical council) opens
  • 0921Treaty of Bonn: East France and West France recognize each other
  • 1519University of Leuven convicts teaching of Luther
  • 1558French King Henri II occupies Calais
  • 1581Queen Elizabeth I and Francois of Anjou wed
  • 1597Emilia of Nassau weds Dom Emanuel of Portugal
  • 1631Pierre Gassendi observes transit of Mercury predicted by Kepler
  • 1637Anne Hutchinson banished from Mass bay colony as a heretic
  • 1651King Louis XIV of France (13) declarer of full age
  • 1659Peace of Pyreneeen: French King Louis XIV and Spanish King Philip IV
  • 16651st edition of "London Gazette"
  • 1667Jean Racines "Andromaque, " premieres in Paris
  • 1733France and Spain sign Escoriaal Treaty
  • 1747Organgist in the Netherlands revolt under Daniel Raap
  • 1775Lord Dunmore, promises freedom to male slaves who join British army
  • 1794French troops conquer Nijmegen
  • 1805Lewis and Clark 1st sights Pacific Ocean
  • 1811Battle of Tippecanoe, gave Harrison a presidential slogan
  • 18141st sitting of States-general in Hague
  • 1820James Monroe elected 5th US President
  • 1824St. Petersburg flood
  • 1831State Gran Colombia disbands
  • 1848General Zachary Taylor elected as President of US
  • 1861Battle of Belmont, Missouri
  • 1861Battle of Port Royal Bay, SC (Ft Walker, Ft Beauregard)
  • 18642nd session of Congress of Confederate States of America reconvenes
  • 1865London Gazette, oldest surviving journal, is founded
  • 1872Mary Celeste sails from New York to Genoa; found abandoned 4 weeks later
  • 1872US cargo ship Mary Celeste set sail from New York on a journey which ended when it is found mysteriously abandoned the following month
  • 18741st cartoon depicting elephant as Republican Party symbol, by T Nast

Born on Nov 7

  • 0994Muhammad ibn Hazm: Historian / jurist / author of Islamic Spain
  • 1656Walraad the Younger: Earl of Nassau-Ottweiler / gov of Nimegen
  • 1692Johannes G Schnabel: German author / surgeon (Insel Felsenburg)
  • 1706Carlo Cecere: Composer
  • 1758Edouard viscount de Walckiers: Netherlands
  • 1786Francisco Andrevi y Castellar: Composer
  • 1797Silas Horton Stringham: Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1876
  • 1806August Friedrich Pott: Composer
  • 1810Fritz Reuter: Writer
  • 1811Karel J Erben: Czechoslovakia -- Poet (Bouquet)
  • 1822Edouard Gregoir: Composer
  • 1828Ludwig Deppe: Composer
  • 1832Andrew Dickson White: Educator / 1st President of Cornell
  • 1839Henry Holmes: Composer
  • 1846Ignaz Brull: Composer
  • 1852Bohdan Borkowski: Composer
  • 1855Edwin H Hall: US physicist (Hall effect)
  • 1856Semyon Zonovyevich Alapin: Vilna -- Tied for chess 1st place (1878)
  • 1866Carl Emil Paul Lincke: Composer
  • 1866Paul Lincke: German composer / conductor / publisher (Frau Luna)
  • 1867Madame Marie Sklodowska Curie: Discovered radium (Nobel 1903, 1911)
  • 1876Culbert Olson: Fillmore, Utah -- (Gov-D-California)
  • 1877Henry Balfour Gardiner: Composer
  • 1878Lise Meitner: Austrian / Swedish physicist (Protactinium)
  • 1879Eugeen Yoors: Flemish etcher / glass painter
  • 1883Elder Lightfoot Solomon Michaux: Newport New, Virginia -- TV preacher
  • 1886Aaron Nimzowitsch: Latvian chess player (openings theorist)
  • 1888Chandrasekhara Raman: India -- Physicist (Nobel 1930)
  • 1889George Davis: Netherlands -- Actor (Devil May Care)
  • 1895Jakob Kaplan: French head rabbi (1955-81)

Died on Nov 7

  • 0739Willibrord [Clemens]: 1st Bishop of Utrecht / Saint 695-739, dies at 81
  • 1225Engelbert I [the Saint]: Archbishop of Cologne, murdered at 40
  • 1560Peter S Lotichius [Peter Lotz]: German Poet (Opera omnia)
  • 1573Solomon Luria (Maharshal): Talmudic Author (Yam Shel Shelomo)
  • 1633Cornelis Drebbel: Physicist / chemist / inventor (submarine)
  • 1639William Cobbold: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1678Erasmus Quellinus II [Quellien]: Flemish Painter / etcher, dies at 70
  • 1708Ludolf Backhuysen: Dutch seascape Painter / cartoonist, dies at 76
  • 1723Godfrey Kneller: English Painter (74-77)
  • 1802Johann Georg Joseph Spangler: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1817Francesco Pasquale Ricci: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1827Bartolomeo Campagnoli: Ital violinist / Composer / conductor, dies at 76
  • 1837Elijah P Lovejoy: Publisher, murdered by pro-slavery mob at 34
  • 1857Charles Heinrich Christoph Zeuner: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1859Carl Gottlieb Reissiger: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1876Albertus C van Raalte: Dutch / US vicar (Michigan), dies at 65
  • 1880Carl Friedrich Weitzmann: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1893Constantly Lievens: Flemish missionaries in India, dies at 37
  • 1901Li Hung-Tshang: Chinese rebel leader / Viceroy of Tsheli
  • 1913Alfred R Wallace: British zoologist (Is Mars habitable?)
  • 1919Hugo Haase: German MP (SPD), murdered at 56
  • 1935Lidj Jasu: Emperor of Ethiopia, dies at 39
  • 1938Earnest von Rath: German antifascist / diplomat, murdered
  • 1941Albin Zollinger: Swiss Poet / Author (Das Gewitter), dies at 46
  • 1943Dwight Frye: Actor (Vampire Bat, Dracula), dies at 44
  • 1944Richard Sorge & Ozaki: Spies, hanged in Tokyo
  • 1956Una Mae Carlisle: US pianist / singer, dies at 40
  • 1959Victor McLaglen: Actor (Gunga Din), dies of heart attack at 72
  • 1960Alvin Carter: Vocalist (Carter Family), dies at 69
  • 1961Antonius F "Anton" Coolen: Author (Peelwerkers), dies at 64

Historical events on November 8

  • 0392Emperor Theodosius declares Christian religion, state religion
  • 0618St. Deusdedit I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0911Duke Koenraad I chosen German King
  • 1322Pope John XXII names John van Diest, Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1575French Roman Catholics and Huguenots signs treaty
  • 1576Pacificatie of Gent: 17 Dutch provinces signs anti-Spanish covenant
  • 1598Spanish troops under of Bernardino de Mendoza conquer Doetinchem
  • 1620Battle of White Mountain, Prague
  • 1638Anne Hutchinson banished from Massachusetts
  • 1658Battle of Sont: Swedish fleet beats Dutch
  • 1701William Penn presents Charter of Priviliges
  • 1731In Philadelphia, Benjamin Franklin opens 1st US library
  • 1734Cook Vincent la Chapelle forms Freemasons Lodge
  • 1789Bourbon Whiskey, 1st distilled from corn (by Elijah Craig, Bourbon Ky)
  • 1793Louvre in Paris, opens
  • 1805Lewis and Clark reach Pacific Ocean
  • 1833Train derails at Hightstown NJ; 2 die
  • 1837Mount Holyoke Seminary in Mass-1st US college founded for women
  • 1842Belgium King Leopold I proclaims child labor laws (for 1889)
  • 1861Battle of Mount Ivy, Kentucky
  • 1861US removes Confederate officials from British steamer Trent
  • 1864Abraham Lincoln (R) elected to his 2nd term as President
  • 1870Democratic Governor elected in Tennessee
  • 1883English freighter Nisero stranded at Atjeh (crew taken hostage)
  • 1889Montana admitted as 41st state
  • 1892Grover Cleveland (D) elected President
  • 1895Wilhelm Roentgen (Germany) discovers X-rays
  • 1904President Theodore Roosevelt (R) defeats Alton B Parker (D)
  • 19101st Washington State election in which women could vote
  • 1917Telephone Co runs 1st ad for Army operators, gets 7,000 applicants

Born on November 8

  • 1572Johan Sigismund: Elector of Brandenburg / Duke of Prussia
  • 1590Francesco Gonzaga: Composer
  • 1592Domenico Mazzocchi: Composer
  • 1622Karl X Gustaf: King of Sweden (1654-60)
  • 1647Pierre Bayle: French / Netherlands theologist / philosopher / writer
  • 1693Leonhard Trautsch: Composer
  • 1715Elisabeth C van Brunswick-Bevern: Wife of Frederik II "the Great"
  • 1760Jean-Baptiste Dumonceau de Bergendael: South Netherlands Earl / General
  • 1770Friedrich Witt: Composer
  • 1785Friedrich Wilhelm Michael Kalkbrenner: Composer
  • 1814Girolamo / Jeromin de Rada: Albanian poet (Skanderbeku)
  • 1817Claudius Wistar Sears: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1891
  • 1817Theodoor J Canneel: Flemish painter
  • 1829Samuel Wylie Crawford: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1892
  • 1830Oliver Otis Howard: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1909
  • 1831Edward R L Bulwer-Lytton: English under King of India
  • 1848Gottlob Frege: Germany -- Mathematician / logician (Begriffsschrift)
  • 1849Edward Julius Biedermann: Composer
  • 1867Ilmari Henrik Reinhold Krohn: Composer
  • 1876Frank L Gillespie: Arkansas, United States -- Founded Supreme Life Insurance Company
  • 1878Marshall Walter "Major" Taylor: World champion cyclist (1899)
  • 1879King Baggot I: St. Louis, Missouri -- Director (Tumbleweeds)
  • 1882Lazare Saminsky: Composer
  • 1883Arnold Edward Trevor Bax: London, England -- Composer (Farewell My Youth)
  • 1883Ethel Clayton: Missouri, United States -- Actress (Hotel Continental)
  • 1887Yury Alexandrovich Shaporin: Composer
  • 1888David Monrad Johansen: Composer
  • 1893John Miljan: Lead City, South Dakota -- Actor (Possessed, Final Extra, Susan Lenox)
  • 1895Hermann Schey: German / Netherlands singer
  • 1896Bucky Harris: Baseball manager (Phillies, Yankees)

Died on November 8

  • 0397Martin of Tours [St Martin]: Bishop of Tours
  • 0618Deusdedit / Adeodatus I: Italian Pope (615-18)
  • 1226Louis VIII [the Lion]: King of France (1223-26), dies at 39
  • 1228Dirk I: Ruler of Heinsberg / Valkenburg
  • 1308Duns Scotus: Scottish philosopher (coined the word dunce), dies at 42
  • 1494Melozzo da Forli: Italian painter, dies at about 56
  • 1517Francisco Jimenez de Cisneros: Cardinal / Chancellor of Castilia
  • 1578Johann Walter: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1590Joost Jansz Bilhamer: Master builder / cartographer, dies at about 49
  • 1595Peter Opmeer: Church Historian / humanist, dies at 69
  • 1638Johann H Alsted: German Theologist / philosopher, dies at 50
  • 1658Pieter Florisz: Dutch Admiral, dies in battle at about 50
  • 1658Witte de With: Dutch Vice-Admiral, dies in battle at 59
  • 1674John Milton: English Poet (Paradise Lost), dies at 65
  • 1694Ulrik Huber: Frisian lawyer / law Historian / polemist, dies at 58
  • 1757Pierre Prowo: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1811Charles F Bentinck: Dutch Minister of Colonies, dies at 47
  • 1817Andrea Appiana: Italian royal Painter of Napoleon, dies at 63
  • 1833Maximilian Stadler: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1873Manuel Breton de los Herreros: Spanish Poet / comic playwright, dies at 76
  • 1880Jacob Edvard Gille: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1885Johannes Kneppelhout [Klikspaan]: Dutch humorist / author, dies at 71
  • 1886Frederick J "Fred" Archer: English jockey, commits suicide at 29
  • 1908Victorien Sardou: French opera Author (Madame Sans-Gene), dies at 77
  • 1909Charles Bordes: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1909Eduard de Hartog: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1920Abraham Kuyper: Clergyman / Dutch Premier (AR 1908-12), dies at 83
  • 1920Salomon Anski: Russian / Polish yiddish Author (Dibboek), dies at 57
  • 1924Sergey Mikhaylovich Lyapunov: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1928Mauritz Stiller: Swedish actor / director (Streets of sin), dies at 45