Events on Nov 8

  • 0392Emperor Theodosius declares Christian religion, state religion
  • 0618St. Deusdedit I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0911Duke Koenraad I chosen German King
  • 1322Pope John XXII names John van Diest, Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1575French Roman Catholics and Huguenots signs treaty
  • 1576Pacificatie of Gent: 17 Dutch provinces signs anti-Spanish covenant
  • 1598Spanish troops under of Bernardino de Mendoza conquer Doetinchem
  • 1620Battle of White Mountain, Prague
  • 1638Anne Hutchinson banished from Massachusetts
  • 1658Battle of Sont: Swedish fleet beats Dutch
  • 1701William Penn presents Charter of Priviliges
  • 1731In Philadelphia, Benjamin Franklin opens 1st US library
  • 1734Cook Vincent la Chapelle forms Freemasons Lodge
  • 1789Bourbon Whiskey, 1st distilled from corn (by Elijah Craig, Bourbon Ky)
  • 1793Louvre in Paris, opens
  • 1805Lewis and Clark reach Pacific Ocean
  • 1833Train derails at Hightstown NJ; 2 die
  • 1837Mount Holyoke Seminary in Mass-1st US college founded for women
  • 1842Belgium King Leopold I proclaims child labor laws (for 1889)
  • 1861Battle of Mount Ivy, Kentucky
  • 1861US removes Confederate officials from British steamer Trent
  • 1864Abraham Lincoln (R) elected to his 2nd term as President
  • 1870Democratic Governor elected in Tennessee
  • 1883English freighter Nisero stranded at Atjeh (crew taken hostage)
  • 1889Montana admitted as 41st state
  • 1892Grover Cleveland (D) elected President
  • 1895Wilhelm Roentgen (Germany) discovers X-rays
  • 1904President Theodore Roosevelt (R) defeats Alton B Parker (D)
  • 19101st Washington State election in which women could vote
  • 1917Telephone Co runs 1st ad for Army operators, gets 7,000 applicants

Born on Nov 8

  • 1572Johan Sigismund: Elector of Brandenburg / Duke of Prussia
  • 1590Francesco Gonzaga: Composer
  • 1592Domenico Mazzocchi: Composer
  • 1622Karl X Gustaf: King of Sweden (1654-60)
  • 1647Pierre Bayle: French / Netherlands theologist / philosopher / writer
  • 1693Leonhard Trautsch: Composer
  • 1715Elisabeth C van Brunswick-Bevern: Wife of Frederik II "the Great"
  • 1760Jean-Baptiste Dumonceau de Bergendael: South Netherlands Earl / General
  • 1770Friedrich Witt: Composer
  • 1785Friedrich Wilhelm Michael Kalkbrenner: Composer
  • 1814Girolamo / Jeromin de Rada: Albanian poet (Skanderbeku)
  • 1817Claudius Wistar Sears: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1891
  • 1817Theodoor J Canneel: Flemish painter
  • 1829Samuel Wylie Crawford: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1892
  • 1830Oliver Otis Howard: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1909
  • 1831Edward R L Bulwer-Lytton: English under King of India
  • 1848Gottlob Frege: Germany -- Mathematician / logician (Begriffsschrift)
  • 1849Edward Julius Biedermann: Composer
  • 1867Ilmari Henrik Reinhold Krohn: Composer
  • 1876Frank L Gillespie: Arkansas, United States -- Founded Supreme Life Insurance Company
  • 1878Marshall Walter "Major" Taylor: World champion cyclist (1899)
  • 1879King Baggot I: St. Louis, Missouri -- Director (Tumbleweeds)
  • 1882Lazare Saminsky: Composer
  • 1883Arnold Edward Trevor Bax: London, England -- Composer (Farewell My Youth)
  • 1883Ethel Clayton: Missouri, United States -- Actress (Hotel Continental)
  • 1887Yury Alexandrovich Shaporin: Composer
  • 1888David Monrad Johansen: Composer
  • 1893John Miljan: Lead City, South Dakota -- Actor (Possessed, Final Extra, Susan Lenox)
  • 1895Hermann Schey: German / Netherlands singer
  • 1896Bucky Harris: Baseball manager (Phillies, Yankees)

Died on Nov 8

  • 0397Martin of Tours [St Martin]: Bishop of Tours
  • 0618Deusdedit / Adeodatus I: Italian Pope (615-18)
  • 1226Louis VIII [the Lion]: King of France (1223-26), dies at 39
  • 1228Dirk I: Ruler of Heinsberg / Valkenburg
  • 1308Duns Scotus: Scottish philosopher (coined the word dunce), dies at 42
  • 1494Melozzo da Forli: Italian painter, dies at about 56
  • 1517Francisco Jimenez de Cisneros: Cardinal / Chancellor of Castilia
  • 1578Johann Walter: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1590Joost Jansz Bilhamer: Master builder / cartographer, dies at about 49
  • 1595Peter Opmeer: Church Historian / humanist, dies at 69
  • 1638Johann H Alsted: German Theologist / philosopher, dies at 50
  • 1658Pieter Florisz: Dutch Admiral, dies in battle at about 50
  • 1658Witte de With: Dutch Vice-Admiral, dies in battle at 59
  • 1674John Milton: English Poet (Paradise Lost), dies at 65
  • 1694Ulrik Huber: Frisian lawyer / law Historian / polemist, dies at 58
  • 1757Pierre Prowo: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1811Charles F Bentinck: Dutch Minister of Colonies, dies at 47
  • 1817Andrea Appiana: Italian royal Painter of Napoleon, dies at 63
  • 1833Maximilian Stadler: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1873Manuel Breton de los Herreros: Spanish Poet / comic playwright, dies at 76
  • 1880Jacob Edvard Gille: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1885Johannes Kneppelhout [Klikspaan]: Dutch humorist / author, dies at 71
  • 1886Frederick J "Fred" Archer: English jockey, commits suicide at 29
  • 1908Victorien Sardou: French opera Author (Madame Sans-Gene), dies at 77
  • 1909Charles Bordes: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1909Eduard de Hartog: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1920Abraham Kuyper: Clergyman / Dutch Premier (AR 1908-12), dies at 83
  • 1920Salomon Anski: Russian / Polish yiddish Author (Dibboek), dies at 57
  • 1924Sergey Mikhaylovich Lyapunov: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1928Mauritz Stiller: Swedish actor / director (Streets of sin), dies at 45

Historical events on November 9

  • 0694Spanish King Egica accuses Jews of aiding Moslems / sentenced to slavery
  • 1492Peace of Etaples (Henry VII & Charles VIII)
  • 1520Swedish King Christian II executes 600 nobles
  • 1526Jews are expelled from Pressburg Hungary by Maria of Hapsburg
  • 1541Queen Catharine Howard confined in London Tower
  • 1569Catholic uprising under Northumberland and Westmoreland
  • 1580Spanish troops lands in Ireland
  • 1673British King Charles II fires Earl of Shaftesbury
  • 1681Hungarian parliament promises protestants freedom of religion
  • 1720Rabbi Yehuda Hasid synagogue set afire
  • 1729Spain, France and England signs Treaty of Seville
  • 1794Russian troops occupy Warsaw
  • 1799Napoleon becomes Dictator (1st consul) of France
  • 18211st US pharmacy college holds 1st classes, Philadelphia
  • 1848Post office at Clay and Pike opens
  • 1853Origin of Carrington rotation numbers for rotation of Sun
  • 1857Atlantic Monthly magazine 1st published
  • 18581st performance of New York Symphony Orchestra
  • 18611st documented Canadian football game (at University of Toronto)
  • 1861Battle of Piketon, Kentucky
  • 1862US Grant issues orders to bar Jews from serving under him
  • 18641st export of goods from Burrard Inlet, BC to a foreign country
  • 1864Sherman issues preliminary plans for his "March to the Sea"
  • 1865Confederate General Lee surrenders to Union General Grant at Appomattox
  • 1872Fire destroys nearly 1,000 buildings in Boston
  • 1877American Chemical Society chartered in New York
  • 1885Opera "Ermine, " premieres in London
  • 1899Boerenaanval up Ladysmith, Natal, attack
  • 19041st airplane flight to last more than 5 minutes
  • 1905Swedish mine workers win 5 month strike for minimum wages

Born on November 9

  • 1414Albrecht III Achilles: Elector of Brandenburg
  • 1541Menso Alting: Dutch reformed vicar / theologist
  • 1656Paul Aler: French Jesuit / poet (Gradus ad Parnassum)
  • 1664Johannes Speth: Composer
  • 1697Claudio Casciolini: Composer
  • 1710Reynier de Klerk: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies
  • 1731Benjamin Banneker: Ellicott, Maryland -- Black mathematician / surveyor (Washington, DC)
  • 1760Henri-Philippe Gerard: Composer
  • 1795Walter Geikie: Scottish painter
  • 1802Elijah P Lovejoy: American newspaper publisher / abolitionist
  • 1809Albert Taylor Bledsoe: Confederate States Assistant Secretary of War, died in 1877
  • 1810Thomas Bragg: Attorney General (Confederacy), died in 1872
  • 1812Paul Abadie: French master builder (renovated Notre Dame)
  • 1817Edward Richard Sprigg Canby: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1820Matthias de Vries: Dutch linguist (spelling)
  • 1821Jean-Baptiste Theodore Weckerlin: Composer
  • 1823William Henry Forney: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1894
  • 1825Ambrose Powell Hill: Lieutenant General (Confederate 3rd Army Corp), died in 1865
  • 1835Davorin Jenko: Composer
  • 1835Emile Gaboriau: Author (father of French detective novels)
  • 1835Jean-Theodore Radoux: Composer
  • 1837Alfred Holmes: Composer
  • 1837Gerrit Jan van Heek: Textile factory / politician
  • 1841[Albert] Edward VII: King of England (1901-10)
  • 1850Lewis Lewin: Germany -- Toxicologist / father of psychopharmacologist
  • 1854Joseph Miroslav Weber: Composer
  • 1868Emmanuel K de Bom: Flemish author (Wrakken)
  • 1869Marie Dressler [Leila M Koerber]: Cobourg, Ontario -- Actress (Caught Short)
  • 1871Florence Sabin: Scientist / 1st woman to graduate from Johns Hopkins
  • 1877Allama Iqbal: Pakistani poet / philosopher

Died on November 9

  • 0959Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus: Byzantine Emperor (913-59)
  • 1580Gaspar Schetz: South Netherlands, minster of chief treasurer, dies at 67
  • 1623William Camden: English historian: Brittania / Annales, dies at 72
  • 1677Aert van der Neer: Dutch landscape painter, dies at about 73
  • 1754Johann Christoph Fravenholtz: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1778Giovanni Battista Piranesi: Italian etcher, dies at 58
  • 1801Carl Philipp Stamitz: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1829Jean Xavier Lefevre: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1848Robert Blum: German MP (Liberal), executed
  • 1862John Bordenave Villepigue: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 32
  • 1874Israel Bak: Created 1st Hebrew printing press
  • 1897Moritz Heuzenroeder: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1911Edmund Schuecker: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1918Guillaume Apollinaire [Kostrowitsky]: Fr Poet (Alcools), dies at 38
  • 1927Ole Olsen: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1932Nadya Aliluieva: Wife of Joseph Stalin, dies at 30
  • 1939Dirk Klop: Dutch intelligence lt, shot by German Abwehr
  • 1942Edna May Oliver: Dies on 59th birthday
  • 1943Bernhard Lichtenberg: German clergyman / antifascist, dies at 67
  • 1948Edgar Kennedy: Actor (Little Orphan Annie), dies at 58
  • 1951Resurreccion Maria de Azkue: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1951Sigmund Romberg: Hungarian / US Composer (Blossom Time), dies at 64
  • 1952Chaim Weizmann: Bio-chemist / 1st President Israel, dies at 77
  • 1953Dylan Thomas: Author-poet (Adventures in the Skin Trade), dies in New York at 39
  • 1955Tom Powers: Actor (Station West, Destination Moon), dies at 65
  • 1959Frederick Preston Search: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1967Charles Bickford: Actor (Johnny Belinda, Virginian), dies at 78
  • 1968Jan Johansson: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1970William L Dawson: (Rep-D-Ill), dies at 84
  • 1971Maude Fealy: Drama coach, dies at 90