Events on Nov 9

  • 0694Spanish King Egica accuses Jews of aiding Moslems / sentenced to slavery
  • 1492Peace of Etaples (Henry VII & Charles VIII)
  • 1520Swedish King Christian II executes 600 nobles
  • 1526Jews are expelled from Pressburg Hungary by Maria of Hapsburg
  • 1541Queen Catharine Howard confined in London Tower
  • 1569Catholic uprising under Northumberland and Westmoreland
  • 1580Spanish troops lands in Ireland
  • 1673British King Charles II fires Earl of Shaftesbury
  • 1681Hungarian parliament promises protestants freedom of religion
  • 1720Rabbi Yehuda Hasid synagogue set afire
  • 1729Spain, France and England signs Treaty of Seville
  • 1794Russian troops occupy Warsaw
  • 1799Napoleon becomes Dictator (1st consul) of France
  • 18211st US pharmacy college holds 1st classes, Philadelphia
  • 1848Post office at Clay and Pike opens
  • 1853Origin of Carrington rotation numbers for rotation of Sun
  • 1857Atlantic Monthly magazine 1st published
  • 18581st performance of New York Symphony Orchestra
  • 18611st documented Canadian football game (at University of Toronto)
  • 1861Battle of Piketon, Kentucky
  • 1862US Grant issues orders to bar Jews from serving under him
  • 18641st export of goods from Burrard Inlet, BC to a foreign country
  • 1864Sherman issues preliminary plans for his "March to the Sea"
  • 1865Confederate General Lee surrenders to Union General Grant at Appomattox
  • 1872Fire destroys nearly 1,000 buildings in Boston
  • 1877American Chemical Society chartered in New York
  • 1885Opera "Ermine, " premieres in London
  • 1899Boerenaanval up Ladysmith, Natal, attack
  • 19041st airplane flight to last more than 5 minutes
  • 1905Swedish mine workers win 5 month strike for minimum wages

Born on Nov 9

  • 1414Albrecht III Achilles: Elector of Brandenburg
  • 1541Menso Alting: Dutch reformed vicar / theologist
  • 1656Paul Aler: French Jesuit / poet (Gradus ad Parnassum)
  • 1664Johannes Speth: Composer
  • 1697Claudio Casciolini: Composer
  • 1710Reynier de Klerk: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies
  • 1731Benjamin Banneker: Ellicott, Maryland -- Black mathematician / surveyor (Washington, DC)
  • 1760Henri-Philippe Gerard: Composer
  • 1795Walter Geikie: Scottish painter
  • 1802Elijah P Lovejoy: American newspaper publisher / abolitionist
  • 1809Albert Taylor Bledsoe: Confederate States Assistant Secretary of War, died in 1877
  • 1810Thomas Bragg: Attorney General (Confederacy), died in 1872
  • 1812Paul Abadie: French master builder (renovated Notre Dame)
  • 1817Edward Richard Sprigg Canby: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1820Matthias de Vries: Dutch linguist (spelling)
  • 1821Jean-Baptiste Theodore Weckerlin: Composer
  • 1823William Henry Forney: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1894
  • 1825Ambrose Powell Hill: Lieutenant General (Confederate 3rd Army Corp), died in 1865
  • 1835Davorin Jenko: Composer
  • 1835Emile Gaboriau: Author (father of French detective novels)
  • 1835Jean-Theodore Radoux: Composer
  • 1837Alfred Holmes: Composer
  • 1837Gerrit Jan van Heek: Textile factory / politician
  • 1841[Albert] Edward VII: King of England (1901-10)
  • 1850Lewis Lewin: Germany -- Toxicologist / father of psychopharmacologist
  • 1854Joseph Miroslav Weber: Composer
  • 1868Emmanuel K de Bom: Flemish author (Wrakken)
  • 1869Marie Dressler [Leila M Koerber]: Cobourg, Ontario -- Actress (Caught Short)
  • 1871Florence Sabin: Scientist / 1st woman to graduate from Johns Hopkins
  • 1877Allama Iqbal: Pakistani poet / philosopher

Died on Nov 9

  • 0959Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus: Byzantine Emperor (913-59)
  • 1580Gaspar Schetz: South Netherlands, minster of chief treasurer, dies at 67
  • 1623William Camden: English historian: Brittania / Annales, dies at 72
  • 1677Aert van der Neer: Dutch landscape painter, dies at about 73
  • 1754Johann Christoph Fravenholtz: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1778Giovanni Battista Piranesi: Italian etcher, dies at 58
  • 1801Carl Philipp Stamitz: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1829Jean Xavier Lefevre: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1848Robert Blum: German MP (Liberal), executed
  • 1862John Bordenave Villepigue: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 32
  • 1874Israel Bak: Created 1st Hebrew printing press
  • 1897Moritz Heuzenroeder: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1911Edmund Schuecker: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1918Guillaume Apollinaire [Kostrowitsky]: Fr Poet (Alcools), dies at 38
  • 1927Ole Olsen: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1932Nadya Aliluieva: Wife of Joseph Stalin, dies at 30
  • 1939Dirk Klop: Dutch intelligence lt, shot by German Abwehr
  • 1942Edna May Oliver: Dies on 59th birthday
  • 1943Bernhard Lichtenberg: German clergyman / antifascist, dies at 67
  • 1948Edgar Kennedy: Actor (Little Orphan Annie), dies at 58
  • 1951Resurreccion Maria de Azkue: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1951Sigmund Romberg: Hungarian / US Composer (Blossom Time), dies at 64
  • 1952Chaim Weizmann: Bio-chemist / 1st President Israel, dies at 77
  • 1953Dylan Thomas: Author-poet (Adventures in the Skin Trade), dies in New York at 39
  • 1955Tom Powers: Actor (Station West, Destination Moon), dies at 65
  • 1959Frederick Preston Search: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1967Charles Bickford: Actor (Johnny Belinda, Virginian), dies at 78
  • 1968Jan Johansson: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1970William L Dawson: (Rep-D-Ill), dies at 84
  • 1971Maude Fealy: Drama coach, dies at 90

Historical events on November 10

  • 0461St. Leo I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0911Conrad I elecect German King
  • 1444Battle at Varna, Black Sea: Sultan Murad II beats crusaders
  • 1544Antwerps Painter John Matsys banished
  • 1567Battle at St-Denis: French government army vs. Huguenots
  • 1584Willem Louis of Nassau appointed Viceroy of Friesland
  • 1630Failed palace revolution against Richelieu France
  • 1674Dutch formally cede New Netherlands (NY) to English
  • 1687Pope Innocent XI publishes decree Coelestis pastor
  • 1697English parliament accept army reduction
  • 1775Congress forms US Marine Corps
  • 1785Netherlands and France signs treaty
  • 1793France ends forced worship of God
  • 1801Kentucky outlaws dueling
  • 1808Osage Treaty signed
  • 1834HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin sails from Valparaiso
  • 1836Louis Napoleon banished to America
  • 1864Austrian Archduke Maximilian became Emperor of Mexico
  • 1866Gold coins from the Sydney Mint become legal tender in Canada
  • 1871Stanley presumes to meet Livingston in Ujiji, Central Africa
  • 1883Toronto Argonauts defeat Ottawa FC 9-7, for 1st ORFU Championship
  • 1891Granville T Woods patents electric railway
  • 18921st CRU championship game: Osgoode Hall defeats Montreal, 45-5
  • 1894Fred Lugard signs accord with King Lafia "Absalamu" of Nikki
  • 1898Race riot in Wilmington NC (8 blacks killed)
  • 1905Sailors revolt in Kronstadt Russia
  • 19081st Gideon Bible put in a hotel room
  • 1911Andrew Carnegie forms Carnegie Corp (for scholarly & charitable works)
  • 1911Imperial army recaptures Nanking (blood bath)
  • 191741 suffragists are arrested in front of White House

Born on November 10

  • 1433Charles of Charolais [the Bold]: Duke of Burgundy / polyglot
  • 1483Martin Luther: Eisleben, Germany -- Founded Protestantism
  • 1566Robert Devereux: 2nd Earl of Essex / cousin / lover of Elizabeth I
  • 1577Jacob Cats [Father Cats]: Dutch grand pensionary / poet (Houwelyck)
  • 1636Francesco Passarini: Composer
  • 1668Francois Couperin: Paris, France -- Composer / Organist (Concerts Royaux)
  • 1679Johann Christian Schieferdecker: Composer
  • 1694Jean-Laurent Krafft: Composer
  • 1704Carlo Zuccari: Composer
  • 1719Georg Philipp Kress: Composer
  • 1730Oliver Goldsmith: Ireland -- Novelist / dramatist (She Stoops to Conquer)
  • 1759Frederich von Schiller: Germany -- Poet / lyricist (Ode to Joy)
  • 1772Jan Nepomuk Kanka: Composer
  • 1786Carl Eberwein: Composer
  • 1793Jared Kirtland: United States -- Physician / naturalist / reformed penitentiaries
  • 1811Louis Kufferath: Composer
  • 1819Cyrus West Field: Financier / success of 1st transatlantic cable
  • 1827Alfred Howe Terry: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1890
  • 1830Albert Gallatin Jenkins: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1833Dobri Voynikov: Composer
  • 1834Wager Swayne: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1902
  • 1844John S D Thompson: (C), 4th Prime Minister of Canada (1892-94)
  • 1846Martin Wegelius: Finnish musicologist / composer
  • 1846Paul Kuczynski: Composer
  • 1855Josiah Royce: United States -- Philosopher (conception of God)
  • 1861Robert T A Innes: Edinburgh, Scotland -- Astronomer (Proxima Centauri)
  • 1864Alexandre Levy: Composer
  • 1873Henri Rabnaud: Paris, France -- Composer (Le Premer Glaire)
  • 1875Maude Eburne: Canada -- Actress (Ladies They Talk About, Guardsman)
  • 1879Nicholas Vachel Lindsay: United States -- Poet (Gen William Booth enters Heaven)

Died on November 10

  • 0461Leo I the Great: Italian Pope (440-61)
  • 1241Celestine IV [Goffredo Castiglioni]: Pope (1241, 16 days)
  • 1285Pedro III: King of Aragon
  • 1299Jan I: Count of Holland / Zeeland (1295-99), dies at 15
  • 1444Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk: King of Poland / Hungary, dies in battle at 20
  • 1549Paul III [Alessandro Farnese]: Italian Pope (1534-49), dies at 81
  • 1665Samuel Friedrich Capricornus: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1670Geory Horn [Hornius]: Theologist / historian, dies at about 50
  • 1673Michael Korybut Wisniowiecki: King of Poland (16..-73)
  • 1779Joseph Hewes: US Merchant / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 49
  • 1821Andreas J Romberg: German violinist / Composer (Der Rabe), dies at 54
  • 1865Henry Wards: Confederate prison supt, executed for excessive cruelty
  • 1891JN Arthur Rimbaud: Poet / arms Merchant (Saison en Enfer), dies at 37
  • 1909Ludvig Schytte: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1937Nikolai Batalov: Actor (Mother), dies at 37
  • 1940Arthur Neville Chamberlain: British Premier (1937-40), dies at 71
  • 1948Julius Curtius: German Foreign Minister (1929- ), dies at 71
  • 1954Hussein Fatemi: Iran Foreign minister, executed
  • 1959Lupino Lane: Actress (Deputy Drummer), dies at 67
  • 1960Isadore Freed: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1963Otto Flake: Writer
  • 1968Gerald Mohr: Actor (Christopher-Foreign Intrigue), dies at 54
  • 1970Charles DeGaulle: General / President France (Free French), dies at 79
  • 1971Walter Van Tilburg Clark: US Author (Ox-Bow Incident), dies at 62
  • 1978Linda Scott: Actress (Escape from Hell Island), dies at 28
  • 1978Theo Lingen: Actor (Grosse Gluck), dies at 75
  • 1979Friedrich Thorberg: Writer, dies at 71
  • 1982Elio Petri: Italian director (Workers Class), dies at 53
  • 1982Leonid Ilich Brezhnev: Soviet 1st Secretary, dies of a heart attack at 77
  • 1984Sudie Bond: Actress (Tomorrow), dies at 56 of a respiratory ailment