Events on Nov 11

  • 0537St. Silverius ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0887Parliament in Tribur: King Charles III resigns
  • 1158Emperor Frederik I Barbarossa declares himself ruler of North Italy
  • 1208Otto van Wittelsbach chosen German King
  • 12154th Lateran Council (12th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
  • 1417Oddo Colonna elected as Pope Martinus V
  • 1493Columbus discovers Saba
  • 1503Pope Julius II elected
  • 1606Turkey and Austria sign Treaty of Zsitva-Torok
  • 162041 pilgrims land in Mass, sign Mayflower Compact (just & equal laws)
  • 1640John Pym, Earl of Strafford locked in Tower of London
  • 1647Massachusetts passes 1st US compulsory school attendance law
  • 1648Dutch and French agree to divide St. Maarten, Leeward Islands
  • 1671Dutch States-General forbids importation of French wine
  • 1714A highway in Bronx is laid out, later renamed East 233rd Street
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charlies army enters England
  • 1752Theresianische Military Academy opens in Vienna
  • 1778Iroquois Indians in New York kill 40 in Cherry Valley Massacre
  • 1790Chrysanthemums are introduced into England from China
  • 1811Cartagena Colombia declares independence from Spain
  • 1813Dresden surrenders to allied armies
  • 1836Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru
  • 1838Emma Wedgwood accepts Charles Darwins marriage proposal
  • 1851Alvan Clark patents telescope
  • 18601st Jewish wedding in Buenos Aires Argentina
  • 1862Opera "La Forza Del Destino" is produced (St Petersburg Russia)
  • 1864Skirmish at Shoal Creek, Alabama
  • 1865Mary Edward Walker, 1st Army female surgeon, awarded Medal of Honor
  • 1865Thomas Robertsons "Society, " premieres in London
  • 18681st American amateur track and field meet (NYC)

Born on Nov 11

  • 1154Sancho I: King of Portugal (1185-1211)
  • 1155Alfonso VIII [the Noble One]: King of Castilia
  • 1523Joachim Hopperus [Hoppers]: Frisian lawyer / politician
  • 1579Frans Snyders: Flemish animal painter
  • 1599Ottavio Piccolomini: Italian / Spanish marshal
  • 1633George Savile: 1st Marquis of Halifax / author (Character of a Trimmer)
  • 1657Guido Starhemberg: Austria -- Earl / Field Marshal (Turkish Wars)
  • 1679Firmin Abauzit: French huguenot / Scientist
  • 1688Lorenzo Somis: Composer
  • 1690Gerhard Hoffmann: Composer
  • 1696Andrea Zani: Composer
  • 1722Johann Philipp Sack: Composer
  • 1724Willem A Alting: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1780-97)
  • 1731Carl Joseph Toeschi: Composer
  • 1736Johann H Schepp: German / Netherlands engraver
  • 1744Abigail Smith Adams: 2nd 1st lady (1797-1801)
  • 1767Bernhard Romberg: German cellist / composer / royal chaplain bandmaster
  • 1771Ephraim McDowell: Surgeon (pioneered abdominal surgery)
  • 1788Michal Wielhorski: Composer
  • 1811Ben McCulloch: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1821F M Dostojewski: Writer
  • 1821Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky: Russia -- Novelist (Crime & Punishment)
  • 1832Paolo Giorza: Composer
  • 1836Thomas Bailey Aldrich: United States -- Author / editor (Story of a Bad Boy)
  • 1864Alfred Hermann Fried: Germany -- Pacifist (Nobel 1911)
  • 1868Edouard Vuillard: French painter / graphic artist
  • 1869Victor Emmanuel III: King of Italy (1900-46) / Ethiopia
  • 1883Ernest Ansermet: Vevey, Switzerland -- Conductor (Ruilles de Printemps)
  • 1885George S Patton: US General (Sicily / Italy / Normandy) "Old Blood and Guts"
  • 1887Roland Young: London, England

Died on Nov 11

  • 0307Flavius Valerius Severus: Compassionate Emperor of Rome (306-07)
  • 0397Martinus: (St Maarten), Roman Bishop of Tours, dies at about 81
  • 0826Theodorus Studites: Byzantine Theologist / Poet / saint
  • 1150Hartbert: Bishop of Utrecht (1140-50)
  • 1331Stefanus VIII Uros III Decanski: King of Serbia (1322-31)
  • 1528Lucas van Prague: Czech leader of Bohemian Brothers, dies at about 68
  • 1638Cornelis Cornelisz: "of Haarlem", painter, dies at about 76
  • 1641Ferdinand van Austrian: Cardinal of Spain
  • 1755Johan van de Bergh: Leids regent, dies at 91
  • 1772John Mauritius Quinkhard: Portrait painter, dies at 84
  • 1810Johann Zoffany: Painter, dies at 77
  • 1895Julius Tausch: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1901Antonio Zamara: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1907Henry Gadsby: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1912Jose Canalejas Y Mendez: Premier Spain, murdered
  • 1912Joseph Wieniawski: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1917Liliuokalani: Last Queen of Hawaii (1891-93), dies from a stroke at 79
  • 1918Victor Adler: Austrian neurologist / foreign minister
  • 1929Mieczyslaw Soltys: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1936Edward German: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1942Anton H Blaauw: Botanist (Perception of the Lichtes), dies at 60
  • 1942Hector Abbas: Actor / director (Rosa Lynd Company), dies at 58
  • 1945Jerome Kern: US Composer (Sally, Leave it to Jane), dies at 60
  • 1947Martin Dibelius: German Theologist (That Drawer Jahwes), dies at 64
  • 1954John Rosamund Johnson: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1955John Loudon: Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs (1913-18), dies at 87
  • 1956Victor Young: Orchestra leader (Milton Berle Show), dies at 56
  • 1962Joseph Allen, Jr.: Actor (All Women Have Secrets), dies at 44
  • 1964Edward Steuermann: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1964H[enry] Beam Piper: United States -- Sci-fi Author (4 Day Planet), dies at 60

Historical events on November 12

  • 0295Origin of Era of Ascension
  • 0607Boniface III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0954Lotharius becomes King of France
  • 1591Castiliaans army occupies Zaragoza
  • 1614Treaty of Xanten: Guliks-Kleefse War victory ends
  • 1673Dutch troops under Willem III occupy Bonn
  • 1682Swedish King Karel XI establishes absolute monarchy
  • 1727France and Bavaria renew secret treaty
  • 1775General Washington forbids recruiting officers enlisting blacks
  • 1813Allied troops occupy Zwolle Neth
  • 1823Great North Holland Canal (Amsterdam) opens
  • 1859Jules Leotard performs 1st Flying Trapeze circus act (Paris) He also designed garment that bears his name
  • 1873Bay District Race Track opens
  • 1885Montreal and Britannia Football Clubs (QRFU) defeat Ontario Combined Team (ORFU) 3-0 in CRFU Championship game
  • 1892Allegheny Athletic Association beats Pittsburgh Athletic CLub, 4-0 in football
  • 1892Pudge Heffelfinger receives $500, becomes 1st pro football player
  • 1899British troops reach Durban Natal
  • 19101st Movie stunt: man jumps into Hudson river from a burning balloon
  • 1914Turks Sultan Jamal Pasja declares a German holy war
  • 1915Britain annexes Gilbert and Ellice archipelago
  • 1915Theodore W Richards is 1st American to win Nobel Prize in chemistry
  • 1918Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a Republic
  • 1919Ross and Keith Smith start a 1 month flight from London to Australia
  • 1920Judge Kennesaw Mountain Landis elected 1st baseball commissioner
  • 1921Washington Conference for Limitation of Armaments
  • 1923In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to sieze power November 8
  • 1924Yeshivah Slobodka opens a branch in Chevron
  • 1925US and Italy sign peace accord about war debts
  • 19271st underwater tunnel, Holland Tunnel connecting New York to New Jersey opens
  • 1927Trotsky expelled from Soviet CP; Stalin becomes undisputed Dictator

Born on November 12

  • 1676Giovanni Antonio Pollarolo: Composer
  • 1755Gerhard JD von Scharnhorst: Prussia Military / Minister of War (1807-10)
  • 1757Jacobus Bellamy [Zelandus]: Zealand poet
  • 1790Letitia Christian Tyler: 1st Wife of President Tyler
  • 1815Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Johnstown, New York -- Suffragist (80 Years & More)
  • 1817Carlo Pedrotti: Composer
  • 1817Martin Gustav Nottebohm: Composer
  • 1827Gustav Adolf Merkel: Composer
  • 1831Anton Kerner Ritter von Marilaun: Austria -- Botanist
  • 1833Aleksandr Porfirievich Borodin: Russia -- Composer (Robert LeDiable)
  • 1840Auguste Rodin: France -- Sculptor (Kiss, Thinker)
  • 1841John W Rayleigh: England, United Kingdom -- Physicist (Nobel 1904) / Cambridge (1908-14)
  • 1844Octave Fouque: Composer
  • 1853Oskar Panizza: Writer
  • 1858Alexis Contant: Composer
  • 1865Frans L M "Sas" van Aerschot: Flemish operetta actor (Paljas)
  • 1866Sun Yat-sen: Father of modern China (ROC & PRC) (traditional)
  • 1886L G Kortenhorst: Politician
  • 1886Leonardus G Kortenhorst: Dutch MP (KVP)
  • 1889DeWitt Wallace: St. Paul, Minnesota -- Publisher (founded Readers Digest -1921)
  • 1903Jack Oakie: Sedalia, Missouri -- Actor (Great Dictator, 1974 Photoplay Award)
  • 1905Solon Michaelides: Composer
  • 1908Hans Werner Richter: German author (Socially Responsible Cinema)
  • 1908Harry A Blackmun: Illinois, United States -- 100th Supreme Court Justice (1970-94)
  • 1908Shamus Culhane: Animator
  • 1911Luc Estang [Lucien Bastard]: French writer (Stigmates)
  • 1911William Thomas Pennar Davies: Poet author / Theologian
  • 1912Alphonse [Tuffy] Leemans: NFL fullback (New York Giants)
  • 1914Edward "Henricus" Schillebeeckx: Dutch theologist
  • 1914Roberto Cavanagh: Argentina -- Polo (1936 Olympics - Gold Medalist)

Died on November 12

  • 0607Boniface III: Italian Pope (607)
  • 1035Canute "The Great": King of the Danes (1016-1035), dies at 41
  • 1035Knut II [the Great]: Viking King of Engl / Den / Nor (1014-35), dies at 39
  • 1202Knut VI: King of the Denen / Turn (1182-1202), dies at about 39
  • 1555Stephen Gardiner: English Bishop of Winchester, dies at about 65
  • 1558Shalom Shakna ben Joseph: Rabbi (founder of 1st Polish Yeshiva)
  • 1567Anne Pierre Adrien Duke of Montmorency: Marshal of France, dies at 74
  • 1595John Hawkins: English navigator / treasurer of the Navy, dies at 63
  • 1600Andreas of Austrian: Land Guardian of the Netherlands (1598-1600), dies at 42
  • 1606Matthaus Ludecus: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1671Thomas: 3rd Baron Fairfax of Cameron, English General, dies at 59
  • 1722Adriaen van der Werff: Dutch Painter / engraver / architect, dies at 63
  • 1739Ludwig Ernst: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1754Jacob de Wit: Amsterdam Painter / decorater, dies at 58
  • 1802Charles van Poucke: Flemish sculptor, dies at 62
  • 1823Emmanuel Aloys Forster: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1852Georg Hellmesberger: Composer, dies at 22
  • 1869Gheorghe Asachi: Author / humanist (1st newspaper in Moldavia)
  • 1893Alexander Freiherr von Bach: Premier of Austria (1852-59), dies at 80
  • 1896Spyridon Xyndas: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1912Jose Canalejas bon Mendez: Premier of Spain (1910-12), murdered at 58
  • 1921Fernand Khnopff: Belgian Painter / sculptor, dies at 63
  • 1925Roman Statkowski: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1939(Ernest YY) Oscar Tourniaire: Actor (Bluejackets), dies at 59
  • 1940Alejandro Garcia Caturla: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1941Abe "Kid Twist" Reles: New York gangster / police informer, killed
  • 1944Edgar Stillman Kelley: US Composer (Gulliver), dies at 87
  • 1944George D Birkhoff: US Mathematician (Aesthetic measure), dies at 60
  • 1944Roy Agnew: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1947Emmuska Orczy: British Author (Scarlet Pimpernel), dies at 82