Events on Nov 13

  • 0866Pope Nicholas I answers the envoys of Boris (Ad consulta vestra)
  • 1002English King Ethelred II launches massacre of Danish settlers
  • 1511England signs on to the Saint League
  • 1553English Lady Jane Grey / Bishop Cranmer accused of high treason
  • 1565Pope Pius IV publishes degree Professi fidei
  • 1642Battle at Turnham Green, London: King Charles I vs. English parliament
  • 1673Prince Willem III / Raimundo Earl Montecuccoli conquer Bonn
  • 1715Battle at Sheriffmuir: English army beats Scottish Earl of Mar
  • 1715Pro-James Edward Stuart-rebellion surrenders
  • 1781English troops occupy Negapatam Ceylon
  • 1789Ben Franklin writes "Nothing . . . certain but death & taxes"
  • 1830Oliver Wendell Holmes publishes "Old Ironsides"
  • 18391st US anti-slavery party, Liberty Party, convenes in New York
  • 1843Mt Rainier in Washington State erupts
  • 1849Peter Burnett elected 1st Governor of California
  • 18511st meeting of anti-revolutionary "Netherlands and Orange"
  • 1851Telegraph connection between London-Paris linked
  • 1854"New Era" sinks off New Jersey coast with loss of 300
  • 18651st US gold certificates issued
  • 1865US issues 1st gold certificates
  • 1868American Philological Association organized in New York
  • 1875Harvard-Yale game is 1st college football contest with uniforms
  • 1875National Bowling Association organized in New York City
  • 1885Serbian army occupies Bulgaria
  • 18951st shipment of canned pineapple from Hawaii
  • 1906C W Gregory out for 383 as NSW make 763 vs. Queensland
  • 1907French cyclist Paul Cornu flies 1st helicopter (twin rotor)
  • 1909259 miners die in a fire at St. Paul Mine at Cherry, Illinois
  • 1909Ben Simpson of Hamilton Tigers kicks 9 singles in a game
  • 19131st modern elastic brassiere patented by Mary Phelps Jacob

Born on Nov 13

  • 1312Edward III: King of England (1327-77, raped Countess of Salisbury)
  • 1504Philip the Generous: Landgrave of Hesse
  • 1559Albrecht / Albertus: Archduke of Austria / Cardinal / Viceroy of Portugal
  • 1663Friedrich Wilhelm Zachow: Composer
  • 1699Jan Zach: Composer
  • 1718Anton Laube: Composer
  • 1759Timothy Olmstead: Composer
  • 1789Martin de Ron: Composer
  • 1792Edward John Trelawney: England, United Kingdom -- Traveler / author (Adv of Younger Son)
  • 1804Theophilus Hunter Holmes: Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1880
  • 1809John AB Dahlgren: US Union Lieutenant Admiral / inventor (Civil war Dahlgren-cannon)
  • 1811Yuri Arnold: Composer
  • 1813John Wolcott Phelps: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1885
  • 1813Peter II Petrovic Njegos: Poet / ruler of Montenegro (1830-51)
  • 1814Joseph Hooker: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1879
  • 1819Henry Brinley Richards: Pianist / composer
  • 1831James Maxwell: Edinburgh, Scotland -- Physicist (Treatise on Electricity)
  • 1833Edwin Thomas Booth: United States -- US Hall of Fame / actor (Hamlet)
  • 1834Ignacio M Altamirano: Mexican author (El Zarco)
  • 1838Joseph F Smith: 6th President of Mormon church
  • 1848Albert HK: Monarch of Monaco (1889-1922)
  • 1854George Whitfield Chadwick: Lowell, Massachusetts -- Composer (Judi Van Winke)
  • 1856Louis D Brandeis: Massachusetts, United States -- 68th Supreme Court Justice (1916-39)
  • 1856Sigwart Aspestrand: Composer
  • 1868Pierre Maurice: Composer
  • 1875Rogelio del Villar: Composer
  • 1878John C Kielstra: Dutch economist / Governor of Suriname (1933-44)
  • 1879Maurice Delage: Composer
  • 1882John Lowry: Mount Vernon, New York -- Builder (Radio City Music Hall)
  • 1885Montague Fawcett Phillips: Composer

Died on Nov 13

  • 1004Abbo van Fleury [Floriacensis]: French abbott / saint
  • 1093Edward Macduncan: Scot crown prince / Son of Malcolm II, dies in battle
  • 1093Malcolm III MacDuncan: King of Scotland, dies in battle
  • 1319Erik VI Menved: King of Denmark (1286-1319)
  • 1359Ivan II: Great ruler of Moscow and Vladimir
  • 1460Henry the Navigator: Prince of Portugal, dies at 66
  • 1687Nell [Eleanor] Gwyn: Mistress of Charles II of England, dies at 37
  • 1689Philipp von Zesen: German Poet (Bescheibung of Amsterdam), dies at 70
  • 1770George Grenville: British Premier (1763-65) / Stamp Act, dies at 58
  • 1771Conrad E Ackermann: German actor / theater director, dies at 61
  • 1779Thomas Chippendale: English furniture maker, dies at 61
  • 1849William Etty: English Painter (nudist), dies at 62
  • 1862Ludwig Uhland: Writer, dies at 75
  • 1863Carnot Posey: Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 50
  • 1868Gioachino (Antonio) Rossini: Composer (Barber of Seville), dies at 76
  • 1877Pietro Coppola: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1896Antonio Pena y Goni: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1903Wilhelm von Polenz: German Author (Country of Zukunft)
  • 1909Aeneas Mackay: Dutch Internal Minister (ARP) / Colonization, dies at 70
  • 1916Frederik Septimus Kelly: Composer, dies at 35
  • 1917Emile Durkheim: French sociologist (Le suicide)
  • 1918Marten Baersma [MH Bottema]: Fries author, dies at 28
  • 1928Abraham M "Mark" Lidzbarski: Polish / German orientalist, dies at 60
  • 1939George Nicholls, Jr.: Actor (Finishing School), dies at 42
  • 1942Daniel J Callaghan: US spy (at Guadalcanal)
  • 1942Douglas H Fox: US captain of destroyer Barton, dies in battle
  • 1942Norman Scott: US Admiral (at Guadalcanal)
  • 1944Paul Graener: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1944Wang Tjing-Wei: Premier China (1932-35)
  • 1951Hugo Leichtentritt: Composer, dies at 77

Historical events on November 14

  • 1380King Charles VI of France crowned at age 12
  • 1550Pope Julius III proclaims new seat on Council of Trente
  • 1666Samuel Pepys reports on 1st blood transfusion (between dogs)
  • 1675Pope Clemens X declares Gorcumse martyrs divine
  • 1677Prince Willem III Henry marries English Princess Mary Stuart
  • 1698Spanish King Carlos appoints grandson Prince Jozef Ferdinand as heir
  • 17321st US professional librarian, Louis Timothee, hired in Philadelphia
  • 1755Henry Fox appointed English Secretary of State
  • 1792Captain George Vancouver is 1st Englishman to enter SF Bay
  • 1833Charles Darwin departs by horse to Montevideo
  • 1834William Thomson enters Glasgow University at 10 yrs 4 months
  • 1851"Moby Dick, " by Herman Melville, published
  • 1863Bedford Forrest is assigned to command of West Tennessee
  • 1863Skirmish at Danville, Mississippi
  • 1888St. Andrews Golf Club, Yonkers NY, opens with just 6 holes
  • 1888USC Trojans (then Methodists) play their 1st football game
  • 1893Gerhart Hauptmanns "Hanneles Himmelfahrt, " premieres in Berlin
  • 1894Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Golden Pince-Nez" (BG)
  • 1896Power plant at Niagara Falls begins operation
  • 1908Albert Einstein presents quantum theory of light
  • 19101st airplane flight from deck of a ship, Norfolk, Virginia
  • 1914Billy Mallett of Hamilton Tigers kicks 10 singles in a game
  • 1915Thomas Masaryk demands independence for Czechoslovakia
  • 1918Republic of Czechoslovakia created with T.G. Masaryk as President
  • 1919Red Army captures Omsk, Siberia
  • 1922BBC begins domestic radio service from 2LO at Marconi House
  • 1922German Reichs Chancellor Joseph Wirth term ends
  • 1927Worlds largest gas tank in Pittsburgh Penn explodes; 28 die
  • 1931Ottawa Mint Act is proclaimed in England
  • 1935FDR proclaims Philippine Islands a free commonwealth

Born on November 14

  • 1511Janus Secundus: Neo latin poet (Basia)
  • 1650Willem III Henry [Dutch William]: King of England (1689-1702)
  • 1663Friederich Wilhelm Zachow: Composer
  • 1679Omobono Stradivari: Italian violin maker / Son of Antonius
  • 1719Johann Georg Leopold Mozart: Composer
  • 1774Gaspare Luigi Pacifico Spontini: Composer
  • 1776Henri Dutrochet: Discovered and named process of osmosis
  • 1778Johann Nepomuk Hummel: Composer
  • 1796Carlo Conti: Composer
  • 1797Charles Lyell: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Geologist (Principles of Geology)
  • 1800Heinrich Ludwig Egmont Dorn: Composer
  • 1802August F Pott: German philologist (Etymology Forschungen)
  • 1805Fanny Cacilia Mendelssohn Hensel: Composer
  • 1814Michael Kelly Lawler: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), dies in 1882
  • 1816John Curwen: Composer
  • 1822William Harrow: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1872
  • 1823Robert J Fruin: Historian (80 year war)
  • 1825August Reissmann: Composer
  • 1827Isaac Wistar: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
  • 1828James Birdseye MacPherson: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
  • 1829Giulio Roberti: Composer
  • 1833Antonius von der Linde: Netherlands -- German librarian / chess player
  • 1838August Senoa: Croatian author (Zlatarevo zlato)
  • 1840Claude Monet: France -- Impressionist (Water Lilies)
  • 1842Walter Williams: Claimed to be last survivor of Civil War (d 1959)
  • 1845Johann Ernst Perabo: Composer
  • 1861Frederick Jackson Turner: Wisconsin, United States -- Historian / educator (Harvard University)
  • 1863Leo H A Baekeland: Belgian / US chemist (bakelite)
  • 1875Jakob Schaffner: Switzerland -- Writer (Conrad Pilater)
  • 1879Geoffrey Turton Shaw: Composer

Died on November 14

  • 0563Justinianus: Co-Emperor of Byzantium (527-563), dies at 82
  • 0784Alberik I: Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1263Alexander Nevski [Aleksandr]: Russian ruler (1252-63), dies at 43
  • 1359Gregorius Palamas: Byzantine mystic / Archbishop / saint
  • 1522Anne de Beaujeu: Daughter of French King Louis XI, dies at 61
  • 1589Philipp Apianus [Bennewitz / Bienewitz]: German geographer, dies at 58
  • 1625Giulio C Procaccini: Italian Sculptor / painter
  • 1673Michael Wisniowieki: King of Poland
  • 1687Eleanor "Nell" Gwyn: English mistress of King Charles II, dies at 37
  • 1692Christoph Bernhard: German composer, dies at 64
  • 1716Gottfried W Leibniz: German philosopher / theologist, dies at 70
  • 1734Louise de Keroualle: English Duchess / mistress of King Charles II
  • 1780Jacobus Houbraken: Engraver / illustrator, dies at 81
  • 1794Pieter Nieuwland: Prodigy / "Dutch Newton", dies at 30
  • 1804Agatha "Aagje" Blanket: Literary (Sara Burgerhart), dies at 62
  • 1825Jean Paul: Writer, dies at 62
  • 1831Ignaz Joseph Pleyel: Austrian Composer / piano builder, dies at 74
  • 1832Charles Carroll: Large landowner / signed Declaration of Independence, dies at 95
  • 1832Rasmus Rask: Danish language scholar, dies at 44
  • 1841Thomas Bruce: Count of Elgin and Kincardine, British diplomat
  • 1842Henry de Cock: Reform vicar, dies at 41
  • 1844Flora Tristan: Writer, dies at 41
  • 1860Feliks Ostrowski: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1902Paulus T van der Maesen the Sombreff: Foreign minister
  • 1906Hendrik J Schimmel: Author / dramatist
  • 1908Kwang-siu: Emperor of China
  • 1914Frederick Sleigh "Bobs" Roberts: Governor of Natal, dies at 82
  • 1915Booker T Washington: Educator / organizier, dies at 59 in Tuskegee, Alabama
  • 1915Theodor Leschetizky: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1922Carl Michael Ziehrer: Composer, dies at 79