Events on Nov 17

  • 1278680 Jews arrested (293 hanged) in England for counterfeiting coins
  • 1511England and Spain sign anti-French covenant
  • 1555William of Orange becomes member of Council of State
  • 1558Elizabeth I ascends English throne upon death of Queen Mary
  • 1734John Zenger, arrested for libel against New York col gov; later acquitted
  • 1785Church of England organizes in New England
  • 1800Congress held 1st session in Washington DC in incompleted Capitol Building
  • 1800John Adams is 1st President to move into the White House
  • 1842Fugitive slave George Latimer, captured in Boston
  • 1842Opera "Linda di Chamounix" is produced (London)
  • 1853Street signs authorized at San Francisco intersections
  • 1858Origin of Modified Julian Period
  • 1862Confederate Secretary of War George B Randolph resigns
  • 1863Lincoln begins 1st draft of his Gettysburg Address
  • 1866Opera "Mignon" is produced (Paris)
  • 1869Englishman James Moore wins 1st bicycle race (13K Paris-Rouen)
  • 1869Suez Canal (Egypt) opens, links Mediterranean and Red seas
  • 1874Emigrant ship Cospatrick catches fire and sinks off Auckland, New Zealand
  • 1875American Theosophical Society founded by Mme Blavatsky and Col Olcott
  • 1877Gilbert / Sullivans operette "Sorcerer, " premieres in London
  • 1884Cops arrest John L Sullivan in 2nd round for being "cruel"
  • 1889Union Pacific begins daily through service, Chicago to Portland and San Francisco
  • 1894Daily Racing Form founded
  • 1904George Cohans musical "Little Johnny Jones, " premieres in New York City
  • 19131st US dental hygienists course forms, Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • 1914US declares Panama Canal Zone neutral
  • 1917Lenin defended "temporary" removal of freedom of the press
  • 1918Social Democratic Party becomes Communistc Party Holland: CPH
  • 1922Turkish Sultan Mehmed VI flees to Malta on British warship
  • 1927Tornado hits Washington DC

Born on Nov 17

  • 0331Flavius Claudius Julianus [Julian the Apostate]: Emperor
  • 1503Il Bronzino: Florentine painter (Eleanor de Toledo and her Son)
  • 1594Johan van Beverwijck: Dutch Physician / writer (Treasure of Health)
  • 1704Salomeja Neris [S Bacinskaite-Buciene]: Latvian poet
  • 1755Louis XVIII: 1st post-revolutionary King of France (1814-24)
  • 1771Jonathan Huntington: Composer
  • 1787Michele Carafa: Composer
  • 1794John Barrien Montgomery: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1873
  • 1799Titian Ramsey Peale: United States -- Artist / naturalist (American Ornithology)
  • 1808Alberich Zwyssig: Composer
  • 1814Joseph Finegan: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1885
  • 1816August W Ambros: Austria -- Musicologist (History of Music)
  • 1826John McArthur: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906
  • 1834Stephen Hinsdale Weed: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1837David Capriles: Director of Psychiatry of Monte Christo, Curacao
  • 1837Derk J A Haspels: Dutch actor
  • 1837Willem Coenen: Composer
  • 1854Louis HG Lyautey: French Minister of Defense (1916-17)
  • 1859Gerhard Rusenkrone Schjelderup: Composer
  • 1876Baron Joseph van de Meulebroeck: Mayor (Brussels, Belgium)
  • 1878Grace Abbott: Grand Island, Nebraska -- Social worker (US Children Bureau)
  • 1879Gerardus H de Haas: Socialist vicar
  • 1881Thomas Fermor-Hesketh: English 1st Baron of Hesketh Dutch / MP
  • 1885Henry de Man: Belgium -- Sociologist / Chairman (Belgian Workers Party)
  • 1886Crane Wilbur: Athens, New York -- Dir / writer (Bat, Canon City, Yellow Cargo)
  • 1887Bernard L Montgomery: British Field Marshal (WWII-African campaign)
  • 1888Ariantje "Jeanne" Leg: Actress (It Vijgeblaadje, It Hippie)
  • 1890Jack Cusack: Pro football pioneer (Canton Bulldogs)
  • 1891Guido Pannain: Composer
  • 1891Jean Del Val [Gautier]: France -- Actor (Sainted Devil, Flying Deuces)

Died on Nov 17

  • 0474Leo II: Byzantine Emperor (474)
  • 0594Gregorius van Tours: Frankisch Bishop of Tours
  • 1093Margaret: Widow of Scottish King Malcolm III
  • 1512Kempo Roeper: Frisian rebel, quartered
  • 1558Mary I Tudor: "Bloody Mary", Queen of England (1553-58), dies at 42
  • 1558Reginald Pole: English Cardinal / Scholar / "heretic", dies at 58
  • 1648Thomas Ford: Composer
  • 1747Alain R Lesage: French Author (Le diable boiteux), dies at 79
  • 1768Thomas Pelham-Holles: 1st Duke of Newcastle, dies at 75
  • 1770Gian Francesco de Majo: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1796Catharina II the Great: Empress of Russia (1762-96), dies at 67
  • 1818Charlotte Sophia von Mecklenburg-Strelitz: Queen of England
  • 1826Louise Reichardt: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1848Jozef B "Olim" Cannaert: Flemish lawyer
  • 1856William Knyvett: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1862Alexey Nikolayevich Verstovsky: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1875Hilario Ascasubi: Argentina Author (pampa, gauchos & indians)
  • 1893Alexander-Jozef von Battenberg: King of Bulgaria (1879-86), dies at 36
  • 1905Adolf WAKF: Duke of Nassau / grand Duke of Luxembourg, dies at 88
  • 1905Philip EFMCBLG: Earl of Flanders
  • 1917F-Auguste-R Rodin: French Sculptor (Baiser, Thinker), dies at 77
  • 1927Adolf A Joffe: Russian Author / diplomat, commits suicide at 44
  • 1929Herman Hollerith: German / US statistician (punch card), dies at 69
  • 1931Georgi Atanasov: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1931John P Lotsy: Botanist / geneticist (Resumptio Genetics), dies at 64
  • 1941Earnest Udet: German General / head air pioneer, commits suicide
  • 1943Paul Charles Rene Landormy: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1947Ricarda Huch: Writer, dies at 83
  • 1955James Price Johnson: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1959Heitor Villa-Lobos: Brazilian Composer / pianist / conductor, dies at 72

Historical events on November 18

  • 0794Japanese Emperor Kammu deallocates residence of Nara to Kioto
  • 1105Maginulf elected anti-Pope Silvester I
  • 1210Pope Innocent III excommunicates Roman Catholic Emperor Otto IV
  • 1421Holland / Zealand dikes break in storm, 1000s killed
  • 1421Southern sea floods 72 villages, killing est 10,000 in the Netherlands
  • 1424Storm flood ravages Dutch coast
  • 14771st English printed book "Dictes & Sayengis of the Phylosophers"
  • 1494French King Charles VIII occupies Florence
  • 1497Vasco da Gama reached the Cape of Good Hope
  • 1626St-Petruskerk in Rome, initiated
  • 1667Treaty of Bongaja: King Hassan-Udin of Makasar and VOC
  • 1738France and Austria sign peace
  • 1742Prussia and England sign anti-French military covenant
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Carlisle
  • 1755Worst quake in Mass Bay area strikes Boston; no deaths report
  • 1776Hessians capture Ft Lee, New Jersey
  • 17871st Unitarian Minister in US ordained, Boston
  • 1793Louvre officially opens in Paris
  • 1803Battle of Vertieres, in which Haitians defeat French
  • 1804Palver Purim 1st celebrated to commemorate miraculous escape
  • 1805Lewis and Clark reach Pacific Ocean, 1st Americans to cross continent
  • 1820Antarctica discovered by US Navy Captain Nathaniel B Palmer
  • 1833Netherlands and Belgium sign Treaty of Zonhoven
  • 1852State funeral of Duke of Wellington (London)
  • 1865Mark Twain publishes "Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County"
  • 1883Standard time zones forms by railroads in US and Canada
  • 1889Oahu Railway begins public service in Hawaii
  • 1893Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Providentissimus Deus
  • 18941st comic strip "Origin of a New Species, " by Richard Outcault
  • 18941st newspaper Sunday color comic section published (NY World)

Born on November 18

  • 1527Luca Cambiaso: Italian painter / sculptor
  • 1680Jean-Baptiste Loeillet: Composer
  • 1736Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch: Composer
  • 1742Felix Maximo Lopez: Composer
  • 1772Louis Ferdinand: Prince of Prussia Christian, composer
  • 1781Felice Blangini: Composer
  • 1786Henry Rowley Bishop: British composer / conductor
  • 1787Sojourner Truth: Abolitionist / feminist
  • 1803Cornelius Broere: Dutch priest / poet
  • 1808Antoine-Amable-Elie Elwart: Composer
  • 1810Asa Gray: Sauquoit, New York -- Botanist (Flora of North America)
  • 1810Benjamin Stone Roberts: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1875
  • 1812Jesse Johnson Finley: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1904
  • 1824Franz Sigel: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1902
  • 1824Isham Nicholas Hayne: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
  • 1835Americus Vespucius Rice: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1904
  • 1835Cesare Lombroso: Italian psychiatrist / criminologist
  • 1836William Schwenck Gilbert: London, England -- Composer (Gilbert & Sullivan)
  • 1839August A Kundt: German physicist (sound vibration, test of Kundt)
  • 1845John F Mellaerts: Flemish social worker (1st Belgian farm gilde)
  • 1846Aloys: Liechtenstein -- Nobleman / politician
  • 1860Ignacy Jan Paderewski: Composer / 1st Premier of Poland (1919-20)
  • 1863Richard Dehmel: Writer
  • 1869James E Sullivan: Founder (Amateur Athletic Union)
  • 1871Amadeo Vives: Composer
  • 1874Carrie White: Oldest US woman (dies November 1990 at 116)
  • 1874Clarence Shepard Day: NYC, New York -- Author (Life with Father)
  • 1874Riccardo Martin: Composer
  • 1877Arthur C Pigou: English economist (Wealth & welfare)
  • 1881Percy Lesueur: Hockey player / inventor (large goalie glove)

Died on November 18

  • 0942Odo van Cluny: 2nd abbott of Cluny (924-42)
  • 1170Albrecht I "Bear": 1st margrave of Brandenburg (1150-70), dies at 70
  • 1603Elisabeth van Nassau: Daughter of Juliana, dies at 61
  • 1630Esaias van der Velde: Dutch painter, buried
  • 1678Giovanni Maria Bononcini: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1771Giuseppe de Majo: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1822Anton Teyber: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1822George Knowil Jackson: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1827Wilhelm Hauff: Writer, dies at 24
  • 1841Georg Chistoph Grosheim: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1851Ernst August: Duke of Cumberland / King of Hanover (1837-51), dies at 80
  • 1852Anton Bernhard Furstenau: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1883Wilhelm Siemens: German / British physicist (steam engine)
  • 1886Chester A Arthur: 21st President (1881-85), dies in New York at 56
  • 1887Eduard Marxsen: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1887Gustav T Fechner: German psychologist / physicist, dies at 86
  • 1887Heinrich Panofka: German violist / composer, dies at 80
  • 1889William Allingham: Irish Poet (Day & Night Songs), dies at 68
  • 1904Justus van Maurik: Cigar manufacturer / Author / head of Red Guard
  • 1911Alfred Binet: French child psychologist
  • 1917Henry Spiekman: Social-democratic politician, dies at 43
  • 1919Ferdinand Domela Newenhouse: Anarchist (free socialist)
  • 1922Marcel Proust: French Author (Recherche du Temps Perdu), dies at 51
  • 1929Henricus Van de Wetering: Archbishop Utrecht (1895-1929), dies at 78
  • 1941Walter H Nernst: German chemist (Nobel Prize 1920), dies at 77
  • 1946Donald Meek: Scotland, actor (Stage Fair, Stagecoach), dies at 86
  • 1950Gerardus van de Lion: Dutch Minister of Education, dies at 60
  • 1951John H Van Maarseveen: Dutch Minister of Justice, dies at 57
  • 1951Vaclav Kalik: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1951William Henry Bennett Vodery: Composer, dies at 66