Events on Nov 18

  • 0794Japanese Emperor Kammu deallocates residence of Nara to Kioto
  • 1105Maginulf elected anti-Pope Silvester I
  • 1210Pope Innocent III excommunicates Roman Catholic Emperor Otto IV
  • 1421Holland / Zealand dikes break in storm, 1000s killed
  • 1421Southern sea floods 72 villages, killing est 10,000 in the Netherlands
  • 1424Storm flood ravages Dutch coast
  • 14771st English printed book "Dictes & Sayengis of the Phylosophers"
  • 1494French King Charles VIII occupies Florence
  • 1497Vasco da Gama reached the Cape of Good Hope
  • 1626St-Petruskerk in Rome, initiated
  • 1667Treaty of Bongaja: King Hassan-Udin of Makasar and VOC
  • 1738France and Austria sign peace
  • 1742Prussia and England sign anti-French military covenant
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Carlisle
  • 1755Worst quake in Mass Bay area strikes Boston; no deaths report
  • 1776Hessians capture Ft Lee, New Jersey
  • 17871st Unitarian Minister in US ordained, Boston
  • 1793Louvre officially opens in Paris
  • 1803Battle of Vertieres, in which Haitians defeat French
  • 1804Palver Purim 1st celebrated to commemorate miraculous escape
  • 1805Lewis and Clark reach Pacific Ocean, 1st Americans to cross continent
  • 1820Antarctica discovered by US Navy Captain Nathaniel B Palmer
  • 1833Netherlands and Belgium sign Treaty of Zonhoven
  • 1852State funeral of Duke of Wellington (London)
  • 1865Mark Twain publishes "Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County"
  • 1883Standard time zones forms by railroads in US and Canada
  • 1889Oahu Railway begins public service in Hawaii
  • 1893Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Providentissimus Deus
  • 18941st comic strip "Origin of a New Species, " by Richard Outcault
  • 18941st newspaper Sunday color comic section published (NY World)

Born on Nov 18

  • 1527Luca Cambiaso: Italian painter / sculptor
  • 1680Jean-Baptiste Loeillet: Composer
  • 1736Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch: Composer
  • 1742Felix Maximo Lopez: Composer
  • 1772Louis Ferdinand: Prince of Prussia Christian, composer
  • 1781Felice Blangini: Composer
  • 1786Henry Rowley Bishop: British composer / conductor
  • 1787Sojourner Truth: Abolitionist / feminist
  • 1803Cornelius Broere: Dutch priest / poet
  • 1808Antoine-Amable-Elie Elwart: Composer
  • 1810Asa Gray: Sauquoit, New York -- Botanist (Flora of North America)
  • 1810Benjamin Stone Roberts: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1875
  • 1812Jesse Johnson Finley: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1904
  • 1824Franz Sigel: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1902
  • 1824Isham Nicholas Hayne: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
  • 1835Americus Vespucius Rice: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1904
  • 1835Cesare Lombroso: Italian psychiatrist / criminologist
  • 1836William Schwenck Gilbert: London, England -- Composer (Gilbert & Sullivan)
  • 1839August A Kundt: German physicist (sound vibration, test of Kundt)
  • 1845John F Mellaerts: Flemish social worker (1st Belgian farm gilde)
  • 1846Aloys: Liechtenstein -- Nobleman / politician
  • 1860Ignacy Jan Paderewski: Composer / 1st Premier of Poland (1919-20)
  • 1863Richard Dehmel: Writer
  • 1869James E Sullivan: Founder (Amateur Athletic Union)
  • 1871Amadeo Vives: Composer
  • 1874Carrie White: Oldest US woman (dies November 1990 at 116)
  • 1874Clarence Shepard Day: NYC, New York -- Author (Life with Father)
  • 1874Riccardo Martin: Composer
  • 1877Arthur C Pigou: English economist (Wealth & welfare)
  • 1881Percy Lesueur: Hockey player / inventor (large goalie glove)

Died on Nov 18

  • 0942Odo van Cluny: 2nd abbott of Cluny (924-42)
  • 1170Albrecht I "Bear": 1st margrave of Brandenburg (1150-70), dies at 70
  • 1603Elisabeth van Nassau: Daughter of Juliana, dies at 61
  • 1630Esaias van der Velde: Dutch painter, buried
  • 1678Giovanni Maria Bononcini: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1771Giuseppe de Majo: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1822Anton Teyber: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1822George Knowil Jackson: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1827Wilhelm Hauff: Writer, dies at 24
  • 1841Georg Chistoph Grosheim: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1851Ernst August: Duke of Cumberland / King of Hanover (1837-51), dies at 80
  • 1852Anton Bernhard Furstenau: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1883Wilhelm Siemens: German / British physicist (steam engine)
  • 1886Chester A Arthur: 21st President (1881-85), dies in New York at 56
  • 1887Eduard Marxsen: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1887Gustav T Fechner: German psychologist / physicist, dies at 86
  • 1887Heinrich Panofka: German violist / composer, dies at 80
  • 1889William Allingham: Irish Poet (Day & Night Songs), dies at 68
  • 1904Justus van Maurik: Cigar manufacturer / Author / head of Red Guard
  • 1911Alfred Binet: French child psychologist
  • 1917Henry Spiekman: Social-democratic politician, dies at 43
  • 1919Ferdinand Domela Newenhouse: Anarchist (free socialist)
  • 1922Marcel Proust: French Author (Recherche du Temps Perdu), dies at 51
  • 1929Henricus Van de Wetering: Archbishop Utrecht (1895-1929), dies at 78
  • 1941Walter H Nernst: German chemist (Nobel Prize 1920), dies at 77
  • 1946Donald Meek: Scotland, actor (Stage Fair, Stagecoach), dies at 86
  • 1950Gerardus van de Lion: Dutch Minister of Education, dies at 60
  • 1951John H Van Maarseveen: Dutch Minister of Justice, dies at 57
  • 1951Vaclav Kalik: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1951William Henry Bennett Vodery: Composer, dies at 66

Historical events on November 19

  • 0461St. Hilary begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0498Anastasius II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0615Pope Deusdedit / Adeodatus I elected to succeed Boniface IV
  • 1302Pope Boniface VIII delegates degree "Unam sanctam"
  • 1367League of Cologne goes against Danish King Waldemar IV
  • 1493Christopher Columbus discovers Puerto Rico, on his 2nd voyage
  • 1530Augsburg: Emperor Karel I enables Edict of Worms
  • 1620Mayflower reaches Cape Cod and explores the coast
  • 1621Rabbi Isaiah b Abraham aha-Levi Horowitz arrives in Israel
  • 16441st protestant ministry society in New England
  • 1700Battle at Narva: Swedish King Karel XII beats Russians
  • 1794Jay Treaty, 1st US extradition treaty, signed with Great Britain
  • 1824Storm causes St. Petersburg flood, killing 10,000
  • 1837Floridsdorf-Deutsch Wagram railway in Austria opens
  • 1850Lord Tennyson becomes British Poet laureate
  • 1861Julia Ward Howe committed "Battle Hymn of the Republic" to paper
  • 1863Lincoln delivers his address in Gettysburg; "4 score & 7 years..."
  • 1879National Association of Trotting Horse Breeders determines what "is" a trotter
  • 1887Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Dying Detective" (BG)
  • 18931st newspaper color supplement (NY World)
  • 18941st mushroom on a stamp (China 1 and 5 Ap)
  • 1894Dutch troops occupy and plunders palace of Tjakra Negara, Lombok
  • 1895Frederick E Blaisdell patents the pencil
  • 1896Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Sussex Vampire" (BG)
  • 1903Carrie Nation attempts to address Senate
  • 1906London selected to host 1908 Olympics
  • 1909Former Dutch Premier Abraham Kuyper denies corruption
  • 1911New York receives 1st Marconi wireless transmission from Italy
  • 1919US Senate rejects (55-39) Treaty of Versailles and League of Nations
  • 1922Demonstration for a French Language University in Ghent

Born on November 19

  • 1600Charles I: King of England (1625-49); executed by Parliament
  • 1600Lieuwe van Aitzema: Dutch historian (Matters of State & War)
  • 1607Erasmus Quellinus II [Quellien]: Flemish painter / etcher
  • 1616Eustache Le Sueur: French painter
  • 1709Pierre Leclair: Composer
  • 1711Michail V Lomonosov: Russian Scholar / poet
  • 1752George Rogers Clark: Frontier military leader in Revolutionary War
  • 1753Stanislas Champein: Composer
  • 1761Joseph Supries: Composer
  • 1770Albert Bertel Thorvaldsen: Copenhagen, Denmark -- Sculptor (Dying Lion)
  • 1770Bertel Thowwaldsen: Danish sculptor
  • 1796Johann Wilhelm Mangold: Composer
  • 1805Ferdinand de Lesseps: France -- Diplomat (built Suez Canal)
  • 1810August Willich: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1878
  • 1811John Ancrum Winslow: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1873
  • 1827Isaac Munroe St John: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1880
  • 1831James A Garfield: Ohio, United States -- Gen / (R) 20th President (March 4-Sept 19, 1881)
  • 1833Wilhelm Dilthey: German philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans)
  • 1834Georg H Quincke: German physicist (test of Quincke)
  • 1835Fitzhugh Lee: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1905
  • 1846Emile C Wauters: Belgium -- Painter (Van der Goes in the Red Monastery)
  • 1859Mikhail Mikhayl Ippolitov-Ivanov: Russia -- Musician (Armenian Rhapsody)
  • 1870Vicente Lleo: Composer
  • 1874Karl Adrian Wohlfart: Composer
  • 1875Michael I Kalinin: Russian metal worker / head of state
  • 1879Karel van den Oever: Flemish author / poet (Geuzenstad)
  • 1885Erskine Sanford: Trinidad, Colorado -- Actor (Angel on My Shoulder)
  • 1886Fernand Crommelynck: Belgian playwright (Le Cocu Magnificent)
  • 1899Allen Tate: United States -- Poet (Mr Pope & Other Poems)
  • 1900Anna Seghers [Netty Radvanyi-Reiling]: German author (7th Cross)

Died on November 19

  • 0498Anastasius II: Pope (496-9)8 (Dante Inferno XI, 8-9)
  • 1272David of Augsburg: Franciscan minister / author
  • 1316Jan I: King of France (November 15-19. 1316)
  • 1389Dimitri Ivanovitch "Donskoi": Monarch of Vladimir-Soezdal, dies at 39
  • 1472Joannes / Basilius Bessarion: Archbishop of Nicaea
  • 1495Alfonso II: King of Naples (1494-95)
  • 1630Johann Hermann Schein: German Composer (Opella Nova), dies at 44
  • 1665Nicholas Poussin: French painter
  • 1692Georg F von Waldeck: German commander-in-chief (Colors)
  • 1703Man in the Iron Mask: Prisoner in Bastille prison in Paris
  • 1719Jean Deutz: Minster of Heemskerk / Merchant / Amsterdam regent, dies at 64
  • 1785Bernard de Bury: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1798Theobald W Tone: Irish nationalist
  • 1804Pietro Alessandro Guglieli: Italian opera composer, dies at 75
  • 1825Jan Vaclav Hugo Vorisek: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1854Alberich Zwyssig: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1880Bernard de Hair: Vicar / Poet / church historian, dies at 74
  • 1887Emma Lazarus: US Poet ("Give us your tired and poor"), dies in New York at 38
  • 1899[Maria] Catharina Beersmans: Belgian actress (Medea), dies at 55
  • 1908Albert Dietrich: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1911Ramon Caceres: President (Dominican Republic), murdered
  • 1915Joe Hill: Labor leader / songwriter, executed for murder
  • 1915Solomon Schechter: Theologist, dies at about 64
  • 1923French Netscher: Author / journalist (In 3rd Chamber), dies at 59
  • 1924Lee Stack: British sirdar in Egypt / Governor-General of Sudan, murdered
  • 1928Achille Simonetti: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1929Arthur H Mann: English Composer (Church of England Hymnal)
  • 1931Frederic Cliffe: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1932Marie MJ Poupelet: French Sculptor / poster artist
  • 1933Enrique Jose Varona: Cuban sociologist / Vice President, dies at 84