Events on Nov 20

  • 1168Giovanni di Struma elected anti-Pope
  • 1272Edward I proclaimed King of England
  • 1342Pope Clemens VI names John IV of Arkel as Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1347Roman tribunal Coke di Rienzo beats nobles
  • 14311st meeting of Order of Guilder Flies
  • 1520Friesland hit by heavy hail storm
  • 1521Arabs attribute shortage of water in Jerusalem to Jews making wine
  • 1583Duke of Parma conquerors Aalst
  • 1616Bishop Richelieu becomes French Minister of Foreign Affairs / War
  • 1637Peter Minuit and 1st Swedish immigrants to Delaware sail from Sweden
  • 1719Sweden and Hannover sign peace Treaty of Stockholm
  • 1755English Minister William Pitt Sr resigns
  • 1780Britain declares war on Holland
  • 1789New Jersey is 1st state to ratify Bill of Rights
  • 1795Curacao government forbids slave work on Sunday
  • 18152nd Peace of Paris: France and allies
  • 1815Russia, Prussia, Austria and England signs Great Alliance
  • 18171st Seminole War begins in Florida
  • 1829Jews expelled from Nikolayev and Sevastopol Russia
  • 1833Charles Darwin reaches Punta Gorda, sees Rio Uruguay
  • 1862Armies of Mississippi / Kentucky merge as Army of Tennessee
  • 1862Confederate army of Tennessee, organizes under General Braxton Bragg
  • 1865Howard University forms in Washington DC
  • 1866Howard University founded (Washington, DC)
  • 1866Pierre Lalemont patents rotary crank bicycle
  • 1873Rival cities of Buda and Pest unite to form the capital of Hungary
  • 1888William Bundy patents timecard clock
  • 1889Gustav Mahlers 1st Symphony
  • 1890Pope Leo XIII encyclical On slavery in missions
  • 1894US intervenes in Bluefields, Nicaragua

Born on Nov 20

  • 1327Bassui Tokusho: Zen founder (Kogakuji monastery in Nakamura Japan)
  • 1602Otto von Guericke: Inventor (air pump)
  • 1606Abraham de Wicquefort: Dutch diplomat / historian
  • 1620Peregrine White: Son of WM and Susanna White, born aboard Mayflower
  • 1625Artus II Quellinus "the Young": Flemish sculptor, baptised
  • 1652Romanus Weichlein: Composer
  • 1752Thomas Chatterton: English poet (Christabel)
  • 1757Giovanni Battista Gaiani: Composer
  • 1759Nikolaus Paul Zmeskall: Composer
  • 1761Pius VIII [Francesco S Castiglioni]: Italy -- 253rd Pope (1829-30)
  • 1765Friedrich Heinrich Himmel: Composer
  • 1766John Wall Calcott: Composer
  • 1781Karl F Eichhorn: German law historian
  • 1802James Lawrence Lardner: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1881
  • 1830Patrick Henry Jones: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1900
  • 1834Franjo Zaver Kuhac: Composer
  • 1836John Thomas Croxton: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1874
  • 1841Wilfrid Laurier: (L) 7th Canadian Prime Minister (1896-1911)
  • 1850Arthor Goring Thomas: Composer
  • 1862Willem H Vliegen: Dutch typographer / co-founder / Chairman (SDAP)
  • 1863Maria H "Mina" Beersmans: Flemish actress (Black Griet)
  • 1864Gerard W Kernkamp: Dutch historian / editor (Groene Amsterdammer)
  • 1866Kenesaw Mountain Landis: Judge / 1st commissioner of baseball
  • 1867Vicente Ripolles: Composer
  • 1869Clark Griffith: Missouri, United States -- Baseball player / manager (New York Yankees)
  • 1871William H Kilpatrick: US mathematician / philosopher / educator
  • 1873Daniel Gregory Mason: Brookline, Massachusetts -- Composer (Chanticker)
  • 1879Franz Pfemfert: Writer
  • 1884Norman Thomas: Marion, Ohio -- Socialist (Presidential Candidate 1928-48)
  • 1886Karl von Frisch: Zoologist / bee expert (Nobel 1973)

Died on Nov 20

  • 0967Aboe al-Faradj al-Isfahani: Arabic Author (Book of liederen)
  • 1347Stefano Colonna: Roman senator, dies in battle
  • 1480Eleonora van Austrian: Translator
  • 1518Pierre de la Rue / Peter van Straten: Flemish composer
  • 1527Wendelmoet "Weyntjen" Claesdochter: 1st Dutch woman burned as heretic
  • 1669Arnold Geulincx: South Netherlands philosopher (Cholera), dies at 45
  • 1675Francisco de Moura y Cortereal: Spanish land guardian of the Netherlands (1664-68)
  • 1678Charles Dujardin: Painter / etcher (Learned Dog), dies at about 56
  • 1713Thomas Tompion: English clock maker (cylinder tunnel)
  • 1737Caroline of Ansbach: Queen of Great-Britain
  • 1741Melchior de Polignac: French diplomat / clergyman
  • 1750Wilhelmus Schortinghuis: Theologist (Christian religion), dies at 50
  • 1758Johan Helmich Roman: Finnish Composer / violist, dies at 64
  • 1764Christian Goldbach: German mathematician
  • 1827Alexey Nikolayevich Titov: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1851Wenzel Sedlak: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1856Farkas / Wolfgang Bolyai: Hungarian mathematician, dies at 81
  • 1863James Bruce: Count of Elgin and Kincardine, Governor Jamaica, dies at 52
  • 1882Bela Albrecht Pal Keler: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1887Louis Gallait: Belgian Painter (Egmont & Receiver), dies at 77
  • 1894Anton Rubinstein: Russian Composer (Dmitri Donskoi), dies at 64
  • 1898John Fowler: English engineer (London Metropolitan Railway)
  • 1899Carl A E Ahlqvist [A Oksanen]: Finnish translator, dies at 63
  • 1925Alexandra: Danish princess / Queen of Great Britain, dies at 80
  • 1927Karl Wilhelm Eugen Stenhammer: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1939Marie Joseph Leon Desire Paque: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1944Sekio Nishina: Japanese inventor (kaiten-suicide submarine)
  • 1950Francesco Cilea: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1952Benedetto Croce: Italian philosopher (La Critica), dies at 86
  • 1957Weldon Hart: Composer, dies at 46

Historical events on November 21

  • 0235St. Anterus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0496St. Gelasius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0695Pope Sergius names Willibrord as Archbishop Clemens of Friezen
  • 1317Frederik of Sierck / Zyrick becomes Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1620Mayflower Compact signed by Pilgrims in Cape Cod
  • 1620Pilgrim Fathers reach America: Provincetown Harbor, Massachusetts
  • 1654Richard Johnson, a free black, granted 550 acres in Virginia
  • 1696J Vanbrughes "Relapse or Virtue in Danger, " premieres in London
  • 1729Netherlands signs Treaty of Seville
  • 1759Battle at Maxen: Prussian army surrenders to Austrians
  • 1787Andrew Jackson admitted to bar
  • 1789North Carolina ratifies constitution, becomes 12th US state
  • 1794Honolulu Harbor discovered
  • 1806Decree of Berlin: Emperor Napoleon I bans all trade with England
  • 1813Stettin surrenders to allied armies
  • 18241st Jewish Reform congregation forms, Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1834HMS Beagle anchors at Bay of San Carlos, Chile
  • 1837Thomas Morris of Australia skips rope 22,806 times
  • 1847Steamer "Phoenix" is lost on Lake Michigan, kills 200
  • 1848Cincinnati Turngemeinde founded
  • 1852Duke University, founded in 1838 as Union Institute chartered as Normal College
  • 1865Shaw University forms in Raleigh, North Carolina
  • 1871Moses F Gale patents a cigar lighter (NYC)
  • 1871The 1st human cannonball, Emilio Onra, is shot
  • 1877Tom Edison announces his "talking machine" invention (phonograph)
  • 1880Henry Stanley and Pierre de Brazza quarrel about possession of Congo
  • 1895Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Bruce Partington Plans" (BG)
  • 19021st night football game, Philadelphia Athletics beats Kanaweola AC, 39-0
  • 19051st game ever played in the Australian Tennis Open
  • 1906China prohibits opium trade

Born on November 21

  • 1495John Bale: England, United Kingdom -- Bishop / anti-Catholic playwright (Kynge Johan)
  • 1561Carolus Scribani: Italian / Flemish Jesuit / author
  • 1637Catharina Questiers: Dutch poetess (Friend of Abandoned Child)
  • 1645Johann Lohner: Composer
  • 1683Johann Michael Muller: Composer
  • 1692Carlo Fragoni: Italy -- Poet
  • 1694Voltaire [Francois-Marie Arouet]: France -- Thinker (Candide)
  • 1724John Ekels [the Old]: Amsterdam painter / cartoonist
  • 1729Josiah Bartlett: US Physician / judge / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1742Alessandro Felici: Composer
  • 1768Friedrich Schleiermacher: German theologist / philosopher
  • 1785William Beaumont: Surgeon (studied digestion)
  • 1787Samuel Cunard: Founder (1st regular Atlantic steamship line)
  • 1817Richard Brooke Garnett: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1828William McComb: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1918
  • 1829Peter A de Genestet: Dutch vicar / poet
  • 1831John Franklin Miller: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
  • 1834Henrietta [Hetty] Green: Financier (Witch of Wall Street)
  • 1834Joseph Jackson Bartlett: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1893
  • 1840Victoria: Empress of Germany / Queen of Prussia
  • 1852Francisco Tarrega y Eixea: Composer
  • 1853Hussain Kamil: Sultan of Egypt (1914-17)
  • 1854Benedict XV [Giacomo PGB marques della Chiessa]: 258th Pope (1914-22)
  • 1861Joao da Cruz: Brazilian poet
  • 1863Arthur Quiller-Couch [Q]: Editor (Oxford Book of English Verse)
  • 1863Mina Dilis-Beersmans: Flemish actress / Wife of John Dilis (Poppenhuis)
  • 1867Vladimir N Ipatiev: Russian chemist
  • 1871Panayot Pipkov: Composer
  • 1877Louis Campbell-Tipton: Composer
  • 1877Sigfrid Karg-Elert: Composer

Died on November 21

  • 1481Ikkyu Sojun: Zen head of Daitokuji temple, dies at 87 in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1555Georg Agricola [Bauer]: German mineralogist (zinc), dies at 61
  • 1580Willem Van Hoorn: Baron of Heze, Governor of Brussels, executed
  • 1610Benedict van Canfield [William Fish]: English missionary
  • 1695Henry Purcell: English Composer (Indian Queen), dies at 36
  • 1710Barnardo Pasquini: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1728Fjodor M graaf Apraksin: Russian gen-admiral, dies at about 57
  • 1811Heinrich W von Kleist: German playwright, dies at 34
  • 1813William Russell: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1863Joseph Mayseder: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1870Karel J Erben: Czech Poet (Ruiker), dies at 69
  • 1875Friedrich A Lange: Philosopher / socialist (Neo-Kantianism), dies at 67
  • 1882Sergei G Netsjajev: Russian nihilist, dies at 35
  • 1899Garret Augustus Hobart: 24th VP
  • 1907Gaetano Braga: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1916Franz Jozef I: King of Austria / Hungary
  • 1920Caryl Florio: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1920William James Robjohn: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1928Hermann Sudermann: German Author (Frau Sorge)
  • 1932Vito Pardo: Italian Sculptor (Columbus monument Argentina)
  • 1938Leopold Godowsky: Pianist / composer, dies at 68
  • 1941Juanita Spellini: First women executed in California
  • 1942James Barry M Hertzog: South African Premier (1914-39), dies at 76
  • 1945Robert Benchley: US humorist (My 10 years in a quandary), dies at 56
  • 1952William Green: Union Chairman (AFL 1924-52), dies at 79
  • 1954Karol Rathaus: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1954Prof Werner Elert: German Lutheran theologist, dies at 69
  • 1958Mel Ott: New York Giant baseball star (1926-1947), dies at 49
  • 1959Max Baer: United States -- Heavyweight boxing champ (1934), dies at 49
  • 1963Luis Cernuda: Spanish Poet (Perfil del Aire), dies at 61