Events on Nov 21

  • 0235St. Anterus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0496St. Gelasius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0695Pope Sergius names Willibrord as Archbishop Clemens of Friezen
  • 1317Frederik of Sierck / Zyrick becomes Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1620Mayflower Compact signed by Pilgrims in Cape Cod
  • 1620Pilgrim Fathers reach America: Provincetown Harbor, Massachusetts
  • 1654Richard Johnson, a free black, granted 550 acres in Virginia
  • 1696J Vanbrughes "Relapse or Virtue in Danger, " premieres in London
  • 1729Netherlands signs Treaty of Seville
  • 1759Battle at Maxen: Prussian army surrenders to Austrians
  • 1787Andrew Jackson admitted to bar
  • 1789North Carolina ratifies constitution, becomes 12th US state
  • 1794Honolulu Harbor discovered
  • 1806Decree of Berlin: Emperor Napoleon I bans all trade with England
  • 1813Stettin surrenders to allied armies
  • 18241st Jewish Reform congregation forms, Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1834HMS Beagle anchors at Bay of San Carlos, Chile
  • 1837Thomas Morris of Australia skips rope 22,806 times
  • 1847Steamer "Phoenix" is lost on Lake Michigan, kills 200
  • 1848Cincinnati Turngemeinde founded
  • 1852Duke University, founded in 1838 as Union Institute chartered as Normal College
  • 1865Shaw University forms in Raleigh, North Carolina
  • 1871Moses F Gale patents a cigar lighter (NYC)
  • 1871The 1st human cannonball, Emilio Onra, is shot
  • 1877Tom Edison announces his "talking machine" invention (phonograph)
  • 1880Henry Stanley and Pierre de Brazza quarrel about possession of Congo
  • 1895Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Bruce Partington Plans" (BG)
  • 19021st night football game, Philadelphia Athletics beats Kanaweola AC, 39-0
  • 19051st game ever played in the Australian Tennis Open
  • 1906China prohibits opium trade

Born on Nov 21

  • 1495John Bale: England, United Kingdom -- Bishop / anti-Catholic playwright (Kynge Johan)
  • 1561Carolus Scribani: Italian / Flemish Jesuit / author
  • 1637Catharina Questiers: Dutch poetess (Friend of Abandoned Child)
  • 1645Johann Lohner: Composer
  • 1683Johann Michael Muller: Composer
  • 1692Carlo Fragoni: Italy -- Poet
  • 1694Voltaire [Francois-Marie Arouet]: France -- Thinker (Candide)
  • 1724John Ekels [the Old]: Amsterdam painter / cartoonist
  • 1729Josiah Bartlett: US Physician / judge / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1742Alessandro Felici: Composer
  • 1768Friedrich Schleiermacher: German theologist / philosopher
  • 1785William Beaumont: Surgeon (studied digestion)
  • 1787Samuel Cunard: Founder (1st regular Atlantic steamship line)
  • 1817Richard Brooke Garnett: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1828William McComb: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1918
  • 1829Peter A de Genestet: Dutch vicar / poet
  • 1831John Franklin Miller: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
  • 1834Henrietta [Hetty] Green: Financier (Witch of Wall Street)
  • 1834Joseph Jackson Bartlett: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1893
  • 1840Victoria: Empress of Germany / Queen of Prussia
  • 1852Francisco Tarrega y Eixea: Composer
  • 1853Hussain Kamil: Sultan of Egypt (1914-17)
  • 1854Benedict XV [Giacomo PGB marques della Chiessa]: 258th Pope (1914-22)
  • 1861Joao da Cruz: Brazilian poet
  • 1863Arthur Quiller-Couch [Q]: Editor (Oxford Book of English Verse)
  • 1863Mina Dilis-Beersmans: Flemish actress / Wife of John Dilis (Poppenhuis)
  • 1867Vladimir N Ipatiev: Russian chemist
  • 1871Panayot Pipkov: Composer
  • 1877Louis Campbell-Tipton: Composer
  • 1877Sigfrid Karg-Elert: Composer

Died on Nov 21

  • 1481Ikkyu Sojun: Zen head of Daitokuji temple, dies at 87 in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1555Georg Agricola [Bauer]: German mineralogist (zinc), dies at 61
  • 1580Willem Van Hoorn: Baron of Heze, Governor of Brussels, executed
  • 1610Benedict van Canfield [William Fish]: English missionary
  • 1695Henry Purcell: English Composer (Indian Queen), dies at 36
  • 1710Barnardo Pasquini: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1728Fjodor M graaf Apraksin: Russian gen-admiral, dies at about 57
  • 1811Heinrich W von Kleist: German playwright, dies at 34
  • 1813William Russell: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1863Joseph Mayseder: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1870Karel J Erben: Czech Poet (Ruiker), dies at 69
  • 1875Friedrich A Lange: Philosopher / socialist (Neo-Kantianism), dies at 67
  • 1882Sergei G Netsjajev: Russian nihilist, dies at 35
  • 1899Garret Augustus Hobart: 24th VP
  • 1907Gaetano Braga: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1916Franz Jozef I: King of Austria / Hungary
  • 1920Caryl Florio: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1920William James Robjohn: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1928Hermann Sudermann: German Author (Frau Sorge)
  • 1932Vito Pardo: Italian Sculptor (Columbus monument Argentina)
  • 1938Leopold Godowsky: Pianist / composer, dies at 68
  • 1941Juanita Spellini: First women executed in California
  • 1942James Barry M Hertzog: South African Premier (1914-39), dies at 76
  • 1945Robert Benchley: US humorist (My 10 years in a quandary), dies at 56
  • 1952William Green: Union Chairman (AFL 1924-52), dies at 79
  • 1954Karol Rathaus: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1954Prof Werner Elert: German Lutheran theologist, dies at 69
  • 1958Mel Ott: New York Giant baseball star (1926-1947), dies at 49
  • 1959Max Baer: United States -- Heavyweight boxing champ (1934), dies at 49
  • 1963Luis Cernuda: Spanish Poet (Perfil del Aire), dies at 61

Historical events on November 22

  • 0365[Felix II] ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0498St. Symmachus begins his reign as Pope replacing Anastasius II
  • 1221Frederik II Hohenstaufen crowned Roman-German Emperor
  • 1346Street fights in Utrecht, Hollandsgezinde Gunterlingen statements
  • 1497Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama rounds Cape of Good Hope
  • 1542Spain delegates "New Laws" against slavery in America
  • 1675English King Charles II adjourns parliament
  • 1683Purcells "Welcome to All the Pleasures, " premieres in London
  • 1699Treaty of Preobrasjensku Denmark / Russia / Saksen / Poland divide Sweden
  • 1707Prince Johan Willem Friso sworn in as Viceroy of Friesland
  • 1714King Karel XII leaves Turkish captivity to return to Sweden
  • 1794Strasbourg Alsace-Lorraine, prohibits circumcision and wearing of beards
  • 1809Peregrine Williamson of Baltimore patents a steel pen
  • 1831Opera "Robert Le Diable" is produced (Paris)
  • 1842Mount St. Helens in Washington, erupts
  • 1861Battle of Ft McRee, Florida
  • 1864Battle at Griswoldville, Georgia, ends after 650 casualties
  • 1864Union General O Howard orders plunderers, shot to death
  • 1884T Thomas Fortune starts New York Freeman (NY Age) newspaper
  • 1886Victoria Street Cable Tram route begins in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1898Opera "Iris" premieres (Rome)
  • 1905British, Italian, Russ, French and Aust-Hung fleet attack Lesbos
  • 1906International Radio Telecommunications Com adopts "SOS" as new call for help
  • 19081st US-Japanese baseball game Reach All-Americans defeat Waseda University, 5-0
  • 1910Arthur Knight patents steel shaft golf clubs
  • 1914Ypres Belgium burned by German bombing
  • 1918Bathe: grand Duke Frederik II resigns
  • 1918Marshal J Pilsudski becomes 1st President (dictator) of Poland
  • 1918Polish forces attack Jewish community of Lemberg (Lvov)
  • 191915,000 men are cremated at Domela Newenhouse, Amsterdam

Born on November 22

  • 1450Jacob Obrecht: Composer
  • 1511Erasmus Reinhold: Germany -- Mathematician (calculated planetary table)
  • 1515Marie Guise: French Wife of King James V of Scotland
  • 1535John [the Old]: Earl of Nassau / tribal father Netherlands royal family
  • 1579Jan Baptist Stalpart van der Wiele: Dutch lawyer / pastor / lyricist
  • 1606Pieter II de Jode: Flemish engraver / publisher
  • 1690Francois Collin de Blamont: Composer
  • 1709Frantisek Benda: Composer
  • 1771Paul R Cantzlaar: Gov of Saba / St-Eustatius / Curacao / Dutch-West Indies
  • 1780Conradin Kreutzer: Composer
  • 1805Benjamin Hugur: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1877
  • 1818Samuel Gibbs French: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1910
  • 1819George Eliot [Mary A Evans]: England, United Kingdom -- Author (Silas Marner)
  • 1823Nathan Kimball: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1898
  • 1832George Henry Chapman: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1882
  • 1835Frank Crawford Armstrong: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1842Anna S Barbiers: Actress (Uncle Tom)
  • 1849Friedrich von Bernhardi: German historian (Germany and the Next War)
  • 1856Heber J Grant: Salt Lake City, Utah -- 7th President of Mormon church
  • 1857George Gissing: English author (Thyrza, Crown of Life)
  • 1870Howard Brockway: Composer
  • 1873Leopold CMS Amery: British Minister of Colonies (India)
  • 1875Elizabeth Patterson: Savannah, Tennessee -- Actress (Climax, Tall Story)
  • 1875Georges Rency: Belgian poet
  • 1890Charles de Gaulle: Lille, France -- President of France (1958-69)
  • 1891Bengt Axel von Torne: Composer
  • 1891Edward Bernays: PR expert
  • 1891Erik Lindahl: Swedish economist (Theory of Money & Capital)
  • 1896Mario La Broca: Composer
  • 1899Hoagy Carmichael: Bloomington, Indiana -- Actor / songwriter (Stardust)

Died on November 22

  • 0365Felix II: Italian anti-pope
  • 0950Lotharius: King of Italy (947-50)
  • 1247Robin Hood: Dies (from "A Lytell Geste of Robyn Hood")
  • 1594Martin Frobisher: English Vice-Admiral / explorer
  • 1617Ahmed I: 14th Sultan of Turkey (1603-17)
  • 1718Edward "Blackbeard" Teach: English pirate, killed off Virginia coast
  • 1751Anton Englert: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1773Robert Clive: English occupier (India), dies at about 48
  • 1776Johann Caspar Simon: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1781John Ekels [the Old]: Amsterdam Painter / cartoonist, dies at 57
  • 1782John Barueth: Vicar / pamphleter
  • 1799Baroness van Dorth: Orangist, executed
  • 1803Bernardus Bosch: Dutch vicar / patriot, dies at 57
  • 1813Johann Gottfried Vierling: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1825Ann Bailey: Pioneer
  • 1826Pavel Lambert Masek: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1852August Alexander Klengel: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1859Ludwig "Louis" Spohr: German violinist / Composer (Faust), dies at 75
  • 1871Oscar J Dunn: (Lt Gov-La), dies suddenly, charges he was poisoned
  • 1890Johanne Luise Heiberg: Danish actress, dies at 77
  • 1896George Washington Gale Ferris: Inventor (Ferris wheel)
  • 1896Leon Leopold Lewandoski: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1900Arthur S Sullivan: England, Composer (Mikado, Ivanhoe), dies at 58
  • 1902Friedrich A Krupp: Cannon manufacturer, commits suicide
  • 1902Septimus Winner: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1906Earnest Josephson: Swedish painter
  • 1916Jack London: Author, dies at 40
  • 1924Herman Heijermans, Jr.: Author (On Hope, Heap of Blessing)
  • 1936Louis F H Apol: Painter / etcher / literary, dies at 86
  • 1940Waclaw Berent: Polish Novelist, dies at 67