Events on Nov 22

  • 0365[Felix II] ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0498St. Symmachus begins his reign as Pope replacing Anastasius II
  • 1221Frederik II Hohenstaufen crowned Roman-German Emperor
  • 1346Street fights in Utrecht, Hollandsgezinde Gunterlingen statements
  • 1497Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama rounds Cape of Good Hope
  • 1542Spain delegates "New Laws" against slavery in America
  • 1675English King Charles II adjourns parliament
  • 1683Purcells "Welcome to All the Pleasures, " premieres in London
  • 1699Treaty of Preobrasjensku Denmark / Russia / Saksen / Poland divide Sweden
  • 1707Prince Johan Willem Friso sworn in as Viceroy of Friesland
  • 1714King Karel XII leaves Turkish captivity to return to Sweden
  • 1794Strasbourg Alsace-Lorraine, prohibits circumcision and wearing of beards
  • 1809Peregrine Williamson of Baltimore patents a steel pen
  • 1831Opera "Robert Le Diable" is produced (Paris)
  • 1842Mount St. Helens in Washington, erupts
  • 1861Battle of Ft McRee, Florida
  • 1864Battle at Griswoldville, Georgia, ends after 650 casualties
  • 1864Union General O Howard orders plunderers, shot to death
  • 1884T Thomas Fortune starts New York Freeman (NY Age) newspaper
  • 1886Victoria Street Cable Tram route begins in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1898Opera "Iris" premieres (Rome)
  • 1905British, Italian, Russ, French and Aust-Hung fleet attack Lesbos
  • 1906International Radio Telecommunications Com adopts "SOS" as new call for help
  • 19081st US-Japanese baseball game Reach All-Americans defeat Waseda University, 5-0
  • 1910Arthur Knight patents steel shaft golf clubs
  • 1914Ypres Belgium burned by German bombing
  • 1918Bathe: grand Duke Frederik II resigns
  • 1918Marshal J Pilsudski becomes 1st President (dictator) of Poland
  • 1918Polish forces attack Jewish community of Lemberg (Lvov)
  • 191915,000 men are cremated at Domela Newenhouse, Amsterdam

Born on Nov 22

  • 1450Jacob Obrecht: Composer
  • 1511Erasmus Reinhold: Germany -- Mathematician (calculated planetary table)
  • 1515Marie Guise: French Wife of King James V of Scotland
  • 1535John [the Old]: Earl of Nassau / tribal father Netherlands royal family
  • 1579Jan Baptist Stalpart van der Wiele: Dutch lawyer / pastor / lyricist
  • 1606Pieter II de Jode: Flemish engraver / publisher
  • 1690Francois Collin de Blamont: Composer
  • 1709Frantisek Benda: Composer
  • 1771Paul R Cantzlaar: Gov of Saba / St-Eustatius / Curacao / Dutch-West Indies
  • 1780Conradin Kreutzer: Composer
  • 1805Benjamin Hugur: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1877
  • 1818Samuel Gibbs French: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1910
  • 1819George Eliot [Mary A Evans]: England, United Kingdom -- Author (Silas Marner)
  • 1823Nathan Kimball: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1898
  • 1832George Henry Chapman: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1882
  • 1835Frank Crawford Armstrong: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1842Anna S Barbiers: Actress (Uncle Tom)
  • 1849Friedrich von Bernhardi: German historian (Germany and the Next War)
  • 1856Heber J Grant: Salt Lake City, Utah -- 7th President of Mormon church
  • 1857George Gissing: English author (Thyrza, Crown of Life)
  • 1870Howard Brockway: Composer
  • 1873Leopold CMS Amery: British Minister of Colonies (India)
  • 1875Elizabeth Patterson: Savannah, Tennessee -- Actress (Climax, Tall Story)
  • 1875Georges Rency: Belgian poet
  • 1890Charles de Gaulle: Lille, France -- President of France (1958-69)
  • 1891Bengt Axel von Torne: Composer
  • 1891Edward Bernays: PR expert
  • 1891Erik Lindahl: Swedish economist (Theory of Money & Capital)
  • 1896Mario La Broca: Composer
  • 1899Hoagy Carmichael: Bloomington, Indiana -- Actor / songwriter (Stardust)

Died on Nov 22

  • 0365Felix II: Italian anti-pope
  • 0950Lotharius: King of Italy (947-50)
  • 1247Robin Hood: Dies (from "A Lytell Geste of Robyn Hood")
  • 1594Martin Frobisher: English Vice-Admiral / explorer
  • 1617Ahmed I: 14th Sultan of Turkey (1603-17)
  • 1718Edward "Blackbeard" Teach: English pirate, killed off Virginia coast
  • 1751Anton Englert: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1773Robert Clive: English occupier (India), dies at about 48
  • 1776Johann Caspar Simon: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1781John Ekels [the Old]: Amsterdam Painter / cartoonist, dies at 57
  • 1782John Barueth: Vicar / pamphleter
  • 1799Baroness van Dorth: Orangist, executed
  • 1803Bernardus Bosch: Dutch vicar / patriot, dies at 57
  • 1813Johann Gottfried Vierling: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1825Ann Bailey: Pioneer
  • 1826Pavel Lambert Masek: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1852August Alexander Klengel: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1859Ludwig "Louis" Spohr: German violinist / Composer (Faust), dies at 75
  • 1871Oscar J Dunn: (Lt Gov-La), dies suddenly, charges he was poisoned
  • 1890Johanne Luise Heiberg: Danish actress, dies at 77
  • 1896George Washington Gale Ferris: Inventor (Ferris wheel)
  • 1896Leon Leopold Lewandoski: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1900Arthur S Sullivan: England, Composer (Mikado, Ivanhoe), dies at 58
  • 1902Friedrich A Krupp: Cannon manufacturer, commits suicide
  • 1902Septimus Winner: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1906Earnest Josephson: Swedish painter
  • 1916Jack London: Author, dies at 40
  • 1924Herman Heijermans, Jr.: Author (On Hope, Heap of Blessing)
  • 1936Louis F H Apol: Painter / etcher / literary, dies at 86
  • 1940Waclaw Berent: Polish Novelist, dies at 67

Historical events on November 23

  • 1165Pope Alexander III returns from exile to Rome
  • 1334St. Clemens Flood: Dike breaks at Flemish / Zeeuwse / Dutch coast
  • 1556King Philip II confers with Dutch financial experts
  • 1577Water Geuzen under Captain Slope enter Amsterdam
  • 1584English parliament throws out Jesuits
  • 1700Cardinal Francesco Albani elected Pope Clemens XI
  • 1744English Premier John Carteret resigns
  • 1783Annapolis Maryland, becomes US capital (until June 1784)
  • 1832French take Antwerp in liberation of Belgium
  • 1835Henry Burden patents Horseshoe manufacturing machine (Troy NY)
  • 1848Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston
  • 1863Battle of Chattanooga and Orchard Knob, TN begins
  • 1863Patent granted for a process of making color photographs
  • 1868Louis Ducos du Hauron patents trichrome color photo process
  • 1871Railway bridge over Dutch Deep opens
  • 1876Columbia, Harvard and Princeton form Intercollegiate Football Association
  • 1885Amsterdam police attack meeting of social-democrats united
  • 1887Notre Dame loses its 1st football game 8-0 to Michigan
  • 1889Debut of 1st jukebox (Palais Royale Saloon, San Francisco)
  • 1892Battle of Lomani Congo: Belgian unit beats Arabs, 1000-3000 killed
  • 1892P de Coubertin launches plan for Modern Olympic Games
  • 1897Andrew J Beard invents "jerry coupler, " to connect railroad cars
  • 1897Pencil sharpener patented by J L Love
  • 18991st jukebox (Palais Royal Hotel, San Francisco)
  • 1899Battle at Belmont, Cape colony: general Methuen beats Farmers
  • 1903Enrico Caruso US debut (Metropolitan Opera House, NY) in "Rigoletto"
  • 19043rd Olympic games close in St. Louis
  • 1905Henry Watson Furness, an Indiana physican, named Minister of Haiti
  • 1906Joseph Smith, leader of the Mormon Church, convicted of polygamy
  • 19097.17" (18.2 cm) of rainfall, Rattlesnake Creek, Idaho (state rec)

Born on November 23

  • 0912Otto I [the Great]: German King, Holy Roman Emperor (962-73)
  • 1221Alfonso X [the Wise]: King of Castile and Leon (1252-84)
  • 1553Prospero Alpini: Italy -- Botanist / Physician (De Medocoma Aegyptorum)
  • 1616John Wallis: English mathematician / cryptographer (product of Wallis)
  • 1669Johann K Amman: Swiss / Dutch deaf-mute teacher (Surdus Loquens)
  • 1690Ernst J Earl van Biron: Russian Duke of Koerland / regent of Ivan VI
  • 1748Etienne Joseph Floquet: Composer
  • 1749Edward Rutledge: (Gov-South Carolina) / attorney / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1760Gracchus Babeuf: French utopian socialist (Tribun du Peuple)
  • 1765Thomas Attwood: Composer
  • 1785Joannes P Roothaan: 1st Dutch General of the Jesuits (1829-53)
  • 1794Joan F Van Oordt: Vicar (Groninger direction)
  • 1797Gabor Matray: Composer
  • 1800Michail P Pogodin: Russian historian / author (Povesti)
  • 1804Franklin Pierce: Hillsboro, New Hampshire -- (D) 14th President (1853-1857)
  • 1809Horatio Phillips Van Cleve: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1815William Dennison: Postmaster / General (Union), died in 1882
  • 1819Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1901
  • 1820John Willis Ellis: Governor (Confederacy) died in 1861
  • 1821Charles Meryon: British / French etcher
  • 1826Agustin Bethencourt: Venezuela -- Publisher on Curacao
  • 1830Kaspar CE Ritter von Zumbusch: German / Austria sculptor
  • 1837John van der Waals: Physicist (Nobel 1910, Liquid & Gas States)
  • 1843Josef Sucher: Composer
  • 1860Karl Branting: Sweden -- Statesman / diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize 1921)
  • 1862Alberto Williams: Buenos Aires, Argentina -- Composer (Etrerno Reposo)
  • 1862Theo van Rysselberghe: Belgian painter (pointillism)
  • 1878Andre Caplet: Composer
  • 1878Ernest J King: US fleet Admiral / Chief of Naval Operations (WWII)
  • 1878Holcombe Ward: Tennis champ (US Open-1904)

Died on November 23

  • 0615Columbanus: Irish monastery founder / Poet / Saint (Poenitentiale)
  • 1249Ajjoeb: Sultan of Egypt
  • 1457Ladislaus V Posthumus: King of Hungary / Bohemia, dies at 17
  • 1499Perkin Warbeck: Flemish sailor, hanged
  • 1558Charles: Earl of Lalaing / land guardian of the Netherlands, dies at 52
  • 1585Thomas Tallis: Composer
  • 1709Hans Willem baron Bentinck: Dutch / English Earl of Portland, dies at 60
  • 1752Conrad Michael Schneider: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1787Anton Schweitzer: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1814Elbridge Gerry: US Merchant / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 70
  • 1848Alfred Julius Becher: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1853Francisco Andrevi y Castellar: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1853Johann Christian Friedrich Schneider: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1865Josef Leopold Zvonar: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1872Ten Bears (Parra-Wa-Samen): US Poet / Comanche chief
  • 1902Walter Reed: US bacteriologist (Yellow Fever)
  • 1910Hawley H Crippen: Doctor / murderer, executed
  • 1914Elbrige Gerry: VP (of Gerrymander fame), dies at 70
  • 1916Eduard Napravnik: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1920Mohammed ibn Addoellah: Somalian resistances leader "Mad Molla"
  • 1926Frederic Ayers: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1927S Przybyszewski: Writer
  • 1931Evert Cornelis: Dutch conductor / pianist
  • 1932Percy Pitt: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1937Louis Victor Saar: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1938August TC Kiehl: Actor (Hope of Blessing), dies at 84
  • 1940Catherina van Rennes: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1946Fawzi Husseini: Arabic High Director for Palestine, murdered
  • 1948Stanner E V Taylor: US director / writer (Lucky Jim, Ramona), dies at 71
  • 1948Uzeir Abdul Huseyn Hajibeyov: Composer, dies at 63